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MCS-IOV: Real-Time I/O Virtualization for Mixed-Criticality Systems

Zhe Jiang, Neil Audsley, Pan Dong, Nan Guan, Xiaotian Dai, Lifeng Wei
2019 2019 IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium (RTSS)  
MCS-IOV extends a real-time I/O virtualisation system, by supporting the concept of mixed criticalities and customised interfaces for schedulers, which offers good timing-preditability.  ...  In mixed-criticality systems, timely handling of I/O is a key for the system being successfully implemented and functioning appropriately.  ...  Hence, the evaluated metrics mainly focus on resource efficiency, predictability and run-time system mode switch. A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/rtss46320.2019.00037 dblp:conf/rtss/0004ADGDW19 fatcat:qbnsxflidjdtnae6xogbpn5llm

Enabling Fog-based Industrial Robotics Systems

Mohammed Salman Shaik, Gerhard Fohler, Alexandre Venito, Stefan Schulte, Vasileios Karagiannis, Thomas Nolte, Alessandro V. Papadopoulos, Nitin Desai, Van-Lan Dao, Zeinab Bakhshi, Václav Struhár
2020 Zenodo  
2020 25th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA)  ...  for Robotics and Industrial Automation.  ...  Acknowledgement: This research has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreements No.764785, FORA-Fog Computing  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5856350 fatcat:t6vlzui7zvflbhwjqug4tch7vy

Digital Quadruplets for Cyber-Physical-Social Systems based Parallel Driving: From Concept to Applications [article]

Teng Liu, Xing Yang, Hong Wang, Xiaolin Tang, Long Chen, Huilong Yu, Fei-Yue Wang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The three virtual vehicles (descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive) dynamically interact with the real one in order to enhance the safety and performance of the real vehicle.  ...  Digital quadruplets aiming to improve road safety, traffic efficiency, and driving cooperation for future connected automated vehicles are proposed with the enlightenment of ACP based parallel driving.  ...  In Section IV, the real-time interaction behaviors between the virtual and real vehicles are illustrated, with the experimental validation of the parallel driving system being performed and discussed,  ... 
arXiv:2007.10799v1 fatcat:tuoicil7d5cwzfr3ozymjdl6fe

Safepower Project: Architecture For Safe And Power-Efficient Mixed-Criticality Systems

Maher Fakih, Alina Lenz, Mikel Azkarate-Askasua, Javier Coronel, Alfons Crespo, Simon Davidmann, Juan Carlos Diaz Garcia, Nera González Romero, Kim Grüttner, Sören Schreiner, Razi Seyyedi, Roman Obermaisser (+6 others)
2017 Zenodo  
The EU project SAFEPOWER1 targets this research gap and aims to introduce certifiable methods to improve the power efficiency of mixed-criticality real-time systems (MCRTES).  ...  With the ever increasing industrial demand for bigger, faster and more efficient systems, a growing number of cores is integrated on a single chip.  ...  Predictability and Real-Time Response Requirements Predictability is an important issue in real-time systems because real-time systems must guarantee response in specific time constraint.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1216870 fatcat:46gbqu45lzct5mhsspuqt5i4wm

A virtualized separation kernel for mixed criticality systems

Ye Li, Richard West, Eric Missimer
2014 Proceedings of the 10th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGOPS international conference on Virtual execution environments - VEE '14  
Mixed criticality systems and services can then coexist on the same platform in separate virtual machines.  ...  Moreover, a hypervisor is not needed for normal operation, except to bootstrap the system and establish communication channels between sandboxes.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. This work is supported in part by NSF grants #0615153 and #1117025.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2576195.2576206 dblp:conf/vee/LiWM14 fatcat:45qwdhhv3zhc5hnnxltelqvkum

A Virtualized Separation Kernel for Mixed-Criticality Systems

Richard West, Ye Li, Eric Missimer, Matthew Danish
2016 ACM Transactions on Computer Systems  
Mixed criticality systems and services can then coexist on the same platform in separate virtual machines.  ...  Moreover, a hypervisor is not needed for normal operation, except to bootstrap the system and establish communication channels between sandboxes.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. This work is supported in part by NSF grants #0615153 and #1117025.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2935748 fatcat:zl3dd32xbvh5zjoh3biqlrhupa

A virtualized separation kernel for mixed criticality systems

Ye Li, Richard West, Eric Missimer
2014 SIGPLAN notices  
Mixed criticality systems and services can then coexist on the same platform in separate virtual machines.  ...  Moreover, a hypervisor is not needed for normal operation, except to bootstrap the system and establish communication channels between sandboxes.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. This work is supported in part by NSF grants #0615153 and #1117025.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2674025.2576206 fatcat:emgkazdz2fbmfaekrvs6zbagnq

Isolating Real-Time Safety-Critical Embedded Systems via SGX-based Lightweight Virtualization [article]

Luigi De Simone, Giovanni Mazzeo
2019 arXiv   pre-print
A promising approach for designing critical embedded systems is based on virtualization technologies and multi-core platforms.  ...  We present the advantages of leveraging both the SGX isolation and the unikernel features in order to meet the requirements of safety-critical real-time systems and ease the certification process.  ...  OS-LEVEL VIRTUALIZATION IN REAL-TIME DOMAIN Virtualization technologies are the core enabler of several computer engineering applications, ranging from cloud computing to real-time embedded systems.  ... 
arXiv:1909.09486v1 fatcat:2eenepltozg2foealytyvbriqi

4C: A Computation, Communication, and Control Co-Design Framework for CAVs [article]

Liangkai Liu, Shaoshan Liu, Weisong Shi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With programmable communications, fine-grained heterogeneous computation, and efficient vehicle controls in 4C, CAVs can handle critical scenarios and achieve energy-efficient autonomous driving.  ...  Connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) are promising due to their potential safety and efficiency benefits and have attracted massive investment and interest from government agencies, industry, and academia  ...  As a safety-critical system, real-time means the guarantee to finish the driving tasks before the deadline.  ... 
arXiv:2107.01142v2 fatcat:oht5ouetdvd6pbztistjkwmdpe

Virtualization for safety-critical, deeply-embedded devices

Felix Bruns, Dirk Kuschnerus, Attila Bilgic
2013 Proceedings of the 28th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing - SAC '13  
We present a hypervisor that provides time and space partitioning for an MMU-less system, as well as mechanisms for communication and resource sharing.  ...  Even today, safety-critical systems in many fields of application use separate processors to isolate software of different criticality from another.  ...  Real-time operating systems usually synchronize by frequent use of critical sections.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2480362.2480640 dblp:conf/sac/BrunsKB13 fatcat:3muzmbe2mbe5rkiztt2qtdlm3u

A Perspective on Safety and Real-Time Issues for GPU Accelerated ADAS

Ignacio Sanudo Olmedo, Nicola Capodieci, Roberto Cavicchioli
2018 IECON 2018 - 44th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society  
For many critical applications such as pedestrian detection, line following, and path planning the Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) is the most popular choice for obtaining orders of magnitude increases in  ...  In this work, we explore novel challenges that system engineers have to face in terms of realtime constraints and functional safety when the GPU is the chosen accelerator.  ...  REAL-TIME ISSUES FOR GPU ACCELERATORS Designing a Real-Time system means designing a predictable platform.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iecon.2018.8591540 dblp:conf/iecon/OlmedoCC18 fatcat:ih6yuaqxsvhypo2dzneoql6g3a

A survey on shared disk I/O management in virtualized environments under real time constraints

Ignacio Sañudo, Roberto Cavicchioli, Nicola Capodieci, Paolo Valente, Marko Bertogna
2018 ACM SIGBED Review  
We argue that hypervisors can be an effective means to achieve an efficient and predictable arbitration of competing requests to shared devices in order to satisfy real-time requirements.  ...  In the embedded systems domain, hypervisors are increasingly being adopted to guarantee timing isolation and appropriate hardware resource sharing among different software components.  ...  to real-time systems engineers.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3199610.3199618 fatcat:uxlpozshrfhlnldmjfwa3rpny4

Automotive Intelligence Embedded in Electric Connected Autonomous and Shared Vehicles Technology for Sustainable Green Mobility

Ovidiu Vermesan, Reiner John, Patrick Pype, Gerardo Daalderop, Kai Kriegel, Gerhard Mitic, Vincent Lorentz, Roy Bahr, Hans Erik Sand, Steffen Bockrath, Stefan Waldhör
2021 Frontiers in Future Transportation  
The safety and transparency of AI-based technology and the explainability of the purpose, use, benefits, and limitations of AI systems are critical for fulfilling trustworthiness requirements.  ...  ECAS vehicles, systems, sub-systems, and components are subjected to stringent regulatory frameworks, which set rigorous requirements for autonomous vehicles.  ...  , including AIbased digital twin's development for real-time virtual environment simulation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/ffutr.2021.688482 fatcat:3yr2mvmoanadxpk6zcbgbtjiy4

Toward a Java based infrastructure for unmanned aerial vehicles

Yu David Liu, Lukasz Ziarek
2015 Companion Proceedings of the 2015 ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Systems, Programming, Languages and Applications: Software for Humanity - SPLASH Companion 2015  
Looking forward, the exciting potential of UAVs is accompanied with significant hurdles that call for broad and concerted interdisciplinary research, with diverse focuses on real-time system design, energy  ...  efficiency, safety and security, programmability, robotics and mechanical design, among others.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the anonymous reviewers for the useful comments and suggestions. This work is sponsored by US NSF CNS-1512992 and CNS-1513006.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2814189.2817276 dblp:conf/oopsla/LiuZ15 fatcat:msfbjozqzbfyziv4wufbdw7ryq

SgInt: Safeguarding Interrupts for Hardware-Based I/O Virtualization for Mixed-Criticality Embedded Real-Time Systems Using Non Transparent Bridges [chapter]

Daniel Münch, Michael Paulitsch, Oliver Hanka, Andreas Herkersdorf
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper presents the SgInt concept to enable the safeguarding of interrupts for hardware-based I/O virtualization for safety-critical and mixed-criticality embedded real-time systems using non-transparent  ...  Safety critical systems and in particular higher functional integrated systems like mixed-criticality systems in avionics require a safeguarding that functionalities cannot interfere with each other.  ...  We also thank Xilinx and PLX Technologies for their support. Special thanks also to our colleagues from Airbus Defence and Space, especially Peter Ganal.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16086-3_2 fatcat:gnh52xnvkfcvjkivyceabqlgsa
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