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Critically Engaging with Embedded Values through Constrained Technology Design

Dan Richardson, Bronwyn J. Cumbo, Tom Bartindale, Delvin Varghese, Manika Saha, Pratyasha Saha, Syed Ishtiaque Ahmed, Gillian C. Oliver, Patrick Olivier
2022 Designing Interactive Systems Conference  
The rise of gig economy platforms has highlighted the impact platform and algorithm design can have upon workers' experiences. This paper reports on an extended series of collaborative design engagements with a private company and an international nongovernment organisation during the production of an Interactive Voice Response component for a gig economy platform. We present the fndings of a design ethnography undertaken during this process, and discuss how design decisions refect how each
more » ... y's values, motivations and assumptions are embedded within the fnal technology. There exists a need for simple methods to assist practitioners to surface and critically engage with the disparate values, priorities and assumptions held by the system's stakeholders. We demonstrate that this can be done during the production of realworld systems through the application of constrained design as a values lever, and discuss how constraint-based values levers can support critical refection, even in resource-constrained commercial development contexts. CCS CONCEPTS • Human-centered computing → HCI design and evaluation methods; User centered design.
doi:10.1145/3532106.3533570 fatcat:m7hvl2casffc5iqq6h7gnj37ra

Exploring Ethnicity in Hospital Patients with COVID-19 in South London

Anna Zatorska, Niladri Konar, Pratyasha Saha, Alice Moseley, Jessica Denman, Fabiola Hatahintwali, Reema Ali, Indranil Chakravorty
2020 The Physician  
Ethnicity was found to be an independent risk factor in COVID-19 outcomes in the UK and the USA during the pandemic surge. London, being in the epicentre and having one of the most ethnically diverse population in the UK, was likely to have experienced a much higher intensity of this phenomenon. Black Asian and Minority ethnic groups were more likely to be admitted, more likely to require admission to intensive care, and more likely to die from COVID-19. We undertook an analysis of a case
more » ... to explore the impact of ethnicity in hospitalised patients with confirmed COVID-19 during the 3 months of the pandemic. Our results demonstrated that although the proportion of Asian and Black patients were representative of the local population distribution, they were much younger. The prevalence of comorbidities was similar but logistic regression analysis showed that male sex (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.9; p=0.02), age (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.04, p<0.001), those in the 'Other' [Odds ratio 1.7 (1.1-2.6) p = 0.01] and 'Asian'[Odds ratio 1.8 (1.1-2.7) p=0.01], category were at higher risk of death in this cohort. Our results, therefore, are consistent with the overall data from the UK and USA indicating that ethnicity remains a significant additional risk and hence our clinical services must ensure that adequate provision is made to cater to this risk and research must be designed to understand the causes.
doi:10.38192/1.6.2.16 fatcat:z7fnnnorcrexxb66ved4aoefgu

Cardiovascular Manifestations in COVID-19

Niladri Konar, Pratyasha Saha, Alice Moseley, Jessica Denman, Fabiola Hatahintwali, Reema Ali, Anna Zatorska, Indranil Chakravorty
2020 The Physician  
Novel COVID-19 pandemic presented primarily as a severe acute respiratory distress syndrome however, in addition to respiratory features there were many with cardiovascular presentations, not 'typical' of COVID-19 that caused confusion in diagnosis and management in frontline units. A case-series was undertaken in a large London Hospital to describe cardiovascular manifestations and outcomes (discharge vs death) of all patients with a laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, admitted from
more » ... h-May 2020. Results In this cohort (n=855) there were 295 deaths (standardised mortality 345 per thousand admissions). Patients who had died were older; age 72.2 (SD 16.3) vs 64.8 (18.7) years, p<0.001, had similar length of stay - 12.3 (SD 9.7) vs 11.9 (SD 11.7) days. Almost 50% had pre-existing hypertension, ischaemic heart disease, or atrial fibrillation, 45% had radiographic changes. Ventilatory support was required in 20% of the group who were discharged versus 44% in those who died. Patients who were male, older, with palpitations, or pulmonary infiltrates and raised inflammatory markers were more likely to die. Following recovery, over 50% had abnormal findings on echocardiography. Therefore follow up should include a repeat echocardiogram and cardio-pulmonary assessment to explore long term sequelae.
doi:10.38192/1.6.3.3 fatcat:setbvzmjk5g7tnyp45kp47lrvi

Perceptions of Digital Teaching During COVID-19; A National Survey of 359 Internal Medicine Trainees

Arun Sivananthan, Victoria Nicholas, Georgina Kerry, Christopher Harlow, Pratyasha Saha, Helen-Cara Younan, Stephanie Williams, Lewis David, Clifford Lisk, Louise Schofield
2022 Advances in Medical Education and Practice  
The Covid-19 pandemic brought significant disruption to post-graduate medical education. Lecture-based training days were rapidly converted to webinars. This study aims to assess the perceptions of digital training in internal medical trainees. IMTs (internal medicine trainees) nationally were surveyed on their perceptions of digital training, ease of access, engagement, and interactivity via a 10-item questionnaire. A mixed-method approach using qualitative and quantitative questions was used.
more » ... Likert scales were analysed using a mean result of above 3 to indicate agreement. 359 trainees responded. Trainees agreed that they preferred digital training to face-to-face teaching (mean 3.68); digital training was more engaging (mean 4.25), easier to access (mean 4.49), and as effective for learning as face-to-face teaching (mean 4.69). The most reported advantages were no travel (89%) and the ability to watch later on (88%). 63% of trainees reported loss of social interaction as a disadvantage. This survey suggests that digital teaching has a potential role in IMT training beyond the pandemic.
doi:10.2147/amep.s355786 pmid:35789801 pmcid:PMC9250338 fatcat:grxmyab2i5gb3cct4cfiomn6km

Combating Misinformation in Bangladesh: Roles and Responsibilities as Perceived by Journalists, Fact-checkers, and Users [article]

Md Mahfuzul Haque, Mohammad Yousuf, Ahmed Shatil Alam, Pratyasha Saha, Syed Ishtiaque Ahmed, Naeemul Hassan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
There has been a growing interest within CSCW community in understanding the characteristics of misinformation propagated through computational media, and the devising techniques to address the associated challenges. However, most work in this area has been concentrated on the cases in the western world leaving a major portion of this problem unaddressed that is situated in the Global South. This paper aims to broaden the scope of this discourse by focusing on this problem in the context of
more » ... ladesh, a country in the Global South. The spread of misinformation on Facebook in Bangladesh, a country with a population over 163 million, has resulted in chaos, hate attacks, and killings. By interviewing journalists, fact-checkers, in addition to surveying the general public, we analyzed the current state of verifying misinformation in Bangladesh. Our findings show that most people in the 'news audience' want the news media to verify the authenticity of online information that they see online. However, the newspaper journalists say that fact-checking online information is not a part of their job, and it is also beyond their capacity given the amount of information being published online everyday. We further find that the voluntary fact-checkers in Bangladesh are not equipped with sufficient infrastructural support to fill in this gap. We show how our findings are connected to some of the core concerns of CSCW community around social media, collaboration, infrastructural politics, and information inequality. From our analysis, we also suggest several pathways to increase the impact of fact-checking efforts through collaboration, technology design, and infrastructure development.
arXiv:2007.12841v1 fatcat:litvekbmk5hzno2k4qxgwbsncm

The Investigation of Proptosis in Paediatric Practice

Sayantani Ghosh, Saugat Dey
2008 Australasian Medical Journal  
Meghnad Saha Road, PRATYASHA APARTMENT Flat-4C, KOLKATA-700074, INDIA, ghoshsayantani@rediffmail.com Corresponding Author: Ms Sayantani Ghosh Email: ghoshsayantani@rediffmail.com associated with Lisch  ... 
doi:10.4066/amj.2009.59 fatcat:62fkvr4cbfgyfct6p2ejxtjy5y

Abstracts of Oral, Poster and Video Presentations British Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy Silver Jubilee Meeting 'Preparing for a Golden Era' Central Hall Westminster, London 4th & 5th June 2015

2015 Gynecological Surgery  
1* , Pratyasha Saha 2 1 Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; 2 3rd Yr Medic, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK Suruchi Pandey 1* 1 Centre for Endometriosis and Minimally  ...  R, Saha P P16 Sandu-P42 Sankaran S, Odejinmi F P107 Sasson S P22 Shahin M, Ramakoti S P64 Shahin M, P103 Yongue G, Miskry T P13 Younas K, Chisholm B, Neelankavil J, Kevelighan E P11  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10397-015-0903-7 fatcat:pfn7wvgszjbslmwglhaceccbre