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MSc Thesis Pratibha Kumari

Pratibha Kumari
Effect of Thioflavin T on the aggregation of α-synuclein
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14045753.v1 fatcat:ppxqfpbybfbtjmevnjhokm7ive

Rectified Differential Cryptanalysis of 16 Round Present

Manoj Kumar, Pratibha Yadav, Meena Kumari
2020 Zenodo  
In this paper, we have suggested rectifications in differential cryptanalysis of ultra-lightweight block cipher PRESENT reduced to 16 rounds. We have shown that proposed differential attack by Wang [3] on 16 round PRESENT can recover at the most 30 subkey bits, although the author has claimed to recover 32 bits of subkey for last two rounds. We have also computed data complexity and success probability for recovering 30 subkey bits accordingly by the differential attack on 16 round PRESENT.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3967153 fatcat:l27qyjxhs5du3dxkfar75zrl5m

Revisting the synthesis and applications of graphene oxide

Sujata Kumari, Vandana Yadav, Pratibha Sharma, Sudip Majumder
2019 Zenodo  
Department of Chemistry, Amity School of Applied Sciences, Amity University Gurgaon, Amity Education Valley, Gurugram (Manesar)-122 413, Haryana, India E-mail: Manuscript received online 09 November 2019, revised 25 November 2019, accepted 28 November 2019 Over the last two decades, graphene and its derivatives have attracted lots of attention because of its peculiar properties. In this review, a general introduction, history, synthesis and applications of graphene and
more » ... e oxide have been provided. However, we have emphasized the different synthetic routes adopted for synthesizing graphene oxide (GO). Till now, several methods have been developed for the synthesis of graphene oxide such as micro-mechanical, exfoliation of pyrolytic graphite; CVD, epitaxial growth, etc. Here in this review paper, we have discussed four methods for the synthesis of graphene oxide, namely Brodie's method, Staudenmaier method, Hofmann method, and Hummer's method. Mostly, graphene oxide has been synthesized by graphite oxidation. Because of excellent properties, chemical functionalization and ease of production graphene and its derivatives have made their way to various applications. Few of the applications of graphene oxide like in electronic devices, energy storage devices, biosensors, coating technology, and graphene oxide composites and paper-like materials have also been incorporated into this paper.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5638583 fatcat:v2o4uzjkmbevtlkbyosp76x2t4

A Review: Nutrition In Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Neelesh Kumar Maurya, N S SENGAR, Dr. Pratibha Arya, Shikha Kumari
2018 Zenodo  
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) can result from a wide variety of different kidney diseases. Currently, 90% of patients reaching CKD have chronic diabetes mellitus, glomerulonephritis or hypertension. With CKD comes a myriad of problems related to the kidney's inability to excrete waste products leads to symptoms of uraemia. The treatments of CKD require dialysis or kidney transplantation. In this review, an attempt has been made to explain the nutritional management of CKD along with various
more » ... lysis treatment and the complications related to the dialysis method. It is important to maintain optimal nutritional status so that the patient will be a good candidate to respond to the treatment effectively.Kidney Patients necessitate following a blanced diet plan to retain normal protein stores and to avoid metabolic complications. This article deals with the therapeutic aspects of nutrition in CKD patients and will improve the quality of life Keywords: ESRD, CKD, Dialysis, Nutritional management.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1423081 fatcat:ljz54lvbazca5iewqztym7asvy

Abiotic Stress Response of Field Crops: Recent Approach

Pratibha Kumari, Reena Kumari, Babloo Sharma, Saroj Kumar Prasad, Rajesh Kumar Singh
2019 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.205 fatcat:6mmwnkr2uvgpbgeonwy6reyoom

Growth and Yield Responses of Soybean under Rainfed Condition in Selected Districts of Madhya Pradesh, India

Ritu Kumari, Pratibha Kumari, Reena Kumari, Veerendra K., Chan dola
2019 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2019.808.081 fatcat:n7dbmv3kd5fonlkmfbytngkp3y


Saurabh Suman, Pratibha Warwade, Priti Kumari
2020 Journal of Water Engineering and Management  
In the present study Mann-Kendall (MK)/Modified Mann-Kendall (MMK) test, and Sen's slope test were used to determine the trend over the Southern part of Bihar at seasonal and annual time scales for 11 stations using 110 years data (1901-2010). In MMK test all stations in annual and monsoon season showed a significant decrease in rainfall trend at the 10% significance level. The maximum decrease in the magnitude of rainfall observed for the annual season was - 2.861 mm/year followed by monsoon
more » ... infall - 2.792 mm/year, and for winter rainfall - 0.085mm/year respectively. On the other hand, the maximum increase in rainfall observed for Post monsoon season was 0.225 mm/year and for summer season it was 0.138mm/year during the study period. Spatial trend depicted the Nalanda and Jamui has the greatest reduction of rainfall from the last 110 years. This study will be very helpful for policymakers, agriculturists, and framers to take a decision on water management, crop scheduling and patterns over this region.
doi:10.47884/jweam.v1i1pp55-62 fatcat:6gebwyh2jjcobpt44j53pnkyrq

An Adaptive Framework for Anomaly Detection in Time-series Audio-visual Data

Pratibha Kumari, Mukesh Saini
2022 IEEE Access  
Kumari and Saini [10] used object counts and spatialtemporal motion-based histogram features from video data for anomaly detection.  ...  Selected (K , α) pairs for the approach Kumari and Saini [10] are (8, 0.05) and (6, 0.001) for 'PhD-Lab' and 'Reception' datasets, respectively. The approach by Wang et al.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2022.3164439 fatcat:xmpmdssshvdg3lbjvjp6nmj5ti

Pap smear: A cost effective method of screening of cervical cancer in a tertiary care centre

Pratibha Kumari, Satya Kumari, Sangeeta Pankaj
2020 International Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology  
Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancer cause of death among women worldwide. >80% of all the cervical cancer cases are found in developing and low-resource countries, because of a lack of awareness and difficulty in running cytology-based screening programs. Conventional Pap smear testing has been the mainstay of most of the screening programs. Cervical cytology screening by Pap smear has been proven to decrease the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer.
doi:10.33545/gynae.2020.v4.i6d.752 fatcat:ntapm2zq7zafnpivp74r4jinau

Effect of Blended learning On Achievement and Attitude of Prospective Teachers Towards Educational Psychology

Pratibha Kumari, Rupa Gupta, Dr. Vikramjit Singh
2018 Zenodo  
Check the preview to see the full-text content
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6424095 fatcat:wjaymlzaibdjbanvaumxejm4pa

Drying Characteristics of Pointed Gourd Slices

Nisha Kumari, Pratibha Devi Sharma
2018 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
Pointed gourd (Trichosanthes dioica) is an important vegetable available seasonally. Pointed gourd slices were dried after pre-treatment using a tray dryer. To accomplish this process, raw, osmosed and blanched slices of pointed gourd were subjected to the drying air temperature of 50, 60 and 70 o C in a tray dryer. The drying time of osmosed sample was reduced to 480 minutes as compared to 600 and 840 minutes taken by blanched and raw pointed gourd samples. Drying of osmosed pointed gourd
more » ... es at 60 o C drying air temperature provided shortest drying time to produce best quality dried product at final moisture content 7.47 % wb compared to blanched and raw pointed gourd samples. K e y w o r d s
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.236 fatcat:3iogmt5sqbbc3g7pgrusus7zbq

Cost-effectiveness and Water Use Efficiency of Groundnut and Wheat under SAT Region of Central India

Reena Kumari, Pratibha Kumari, Babloo Sharma, Ramesh Singh, R Singh
2018 International Journal of Plant & Soil Science  
[3] and Kumari et al. [9] also supported this method under semi-arid region of Vindhyan region and Bundelkhand region, respectively.  ...  Kumari et al. [9] also reported that the effective rain water use efficiency was higher than rain water use efficiency of groundnut of semi-arid regions of Bundelkhand region, India.  ... 
doi:10.9734/ijpss/2018/35524 fatcat:hiosp7um3va47ocgbobqpvkile

Anomaly Detection in Audio with Concept Drift using Adaptive Huffman Coding [article]

Pratibha Kumari, Mukesh Saini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
When detecting anomalies in audio, it can often be necessary to consider concept drift: the distribution of the data may drift over time because of dynamically changing environments, and anomalies may become normal as time elapses. We propose to use adaptive Huffman coding for anomaly detection in audio with concept drift. Compared with the existing method of adaptive Gaussian mixture modeling (AGMM), adaptive Huffman coding does not require a priori information about the clusters and can
more » ... the number of clusters dynamically depending on the amount of variation in the audio. To control the size of the Huffman tree, we propose to merge clusters that are close to each other instead of replacing rare clusters with new data. This reduces redundancy in the Huffman tree while ensuring that it never forgets past information. On a dataset of audio with concept drift which we have curated ourselves, our proposed method achieves higher area under the curve (AUC) compared with AGMM and fixed-length Huffman trees. The proposed approach is also time-efficient and can be easily extended to other types of time series data (e.g., video).
arXiv:2102.10515v2 fatcat:fb24632jmzeaxfuveitp6f3h6i

Multimedia Datasets for Anomaly Detection: A Review [article]

Pratibha Kumari, Anterpreet Kaur Bedi, Mukesh Saini
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Multimedia anomaly datasets play a crucial role in automated surveillance. They have a wide range of applications expanding from outlier objects/ situation detection to the detection of life-threatening events. For more than 1.5 decades, this field has attracted a lot of research attention, and as a result, more and more datasets dedicated to anomalous actions and object detection have been developed. Tapping these public anomaly datasets enable researchers to generate and compare various
more » ... y detection frameworks with the same input data. This paper presents a comprehensive survey on a variety of video, audio, as well as audio-visual datasets based on the application of anomaly detection. This survey aims to address the lack of a comprehensive comparison and analysis of multimedia public datasets based on anomaly detection. Also, it can assist researchers in selecting the best available dataset for bench-marking frameworks. Additionally, we discuss gaps in the existing dataset and insights for future direction towards developing multimodal anomaly detection datasets.
arXiv:2112.05410v3 fatcat:rpq4jz2j55eupo3vcelnyzyqum

Ferrocene-substituted bis(ethynyl)anthracene compounds as anticancer agents

Ajeet Singh, Pratibha Kumari, Abhinav Raghuvanshi, Shaikh M. Mobin, Pradeep Mathur
2017 Applied organometallic chemistry  
Three compounds (1-3) were synthesized, where ethynylferrocene is substituted at different positions of anthracene and anthraquinone, and their biological properties were investigated. Compounds 1-3 were characterized using NMR and mass spectroscopies and confirmed by their single-crystal X-ray structure. They were also characterized from electronic and photophysical properties. All three crystal structures were optimized using density functional theory calculations. The presence of C-H⋅⋅⋅π
more » ... ractions in 1-3 leads to the formation of two-and three-dimensional networks. The bioactivity of 1-3 was expressed by molecular docking with various cancerous proteins, which participated in progression of cancer. Compound 2 displayed the best interaction with cancer-related Aurora A protein in terms of both binding energy (−10.61 kcal mol −1 ) as well as inhibition constant (16.74 nM). The molecular docking result also coincides with cytotoxicity on cancer cell lines (A375, HeLa) and DNA/protein binding affinity.
doi:10.1002/aoc.4071 fatcat:jxxtjx3w4jeifl6lgbol76k5ka
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