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Practice-Based Ontologies: A New Approach to Address the Challenges of Ontology and Knowledge Representation in History and Archaeology [chapter]

Emad Khazraee, Michael Khoo
2011 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
This study therefore proposes a phenomenological approach to requirements gathering for knowledge representation and ontology systems for historians and archaeologists.  ...  The design requirements for ontology design can be extracted from the 'thick description' produced by this process, and used to build 'practice-based ontologies.'  ...  We are grateful to Professor Holly Pittman at the University of Pennsylvania who kindly provided access to the research site to the authors; and to the anonymous reviewers' insightful comments, which greatly  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24731-6_38 fatcat:7mtpx6ru3zfddco44reu6qmoge

Ontologies for Cultural Heritage [chapter]

Martin Doerr
2009 Handbook on Ontologies  
Extracted information could be used to produce structured metadata and to instantiate ontology-based knowledge representation systems.  ...  Its innovation is to cluster publications and other items around the notion of a common conceptual origin -the 'Work', in order to support information retrieval and to initiate a new bibliographic practice  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-92673-3_21 dblp:series/ihis/Doerr09 fatcat:vjadr4btdvfpvckomima35qmhe

Grounding governance in ontology [chapter]

2016 A Radically Democratic Response to Global Governance  
Relationships between ontology and governance practices are established, drawing upon a wide range of social, political, and administrative theory.  ...  Employing the ideal-type method and dialectical analysis to establish meanings, the authors develop a typology of four dominant approaches to governance.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge institutional support for research that enabled completion of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315623450-13 fatcat:lk5cwf6pojd55aaykfwo55ltge

Towards an Ontology-Driven Information System for Archaeological Pottery Studies: The Greyware Experience

Esther Travé Allepuz, Sonia Medina Gordo, Pablo del Fresno Bernal, Joan Vicens Tarré, Alfred Mauri Martí
2021 Applied Sciences  
The archaeological analysis of medieval and modern pottery has benefited from the consolidation of archaeometry in the domain of Medieval Archaeology in the past few decades.  ...  Its development and application prove that a little semantics goes a long way and that the creation of domain ontologies for archaeological research is an iterative process under development, as long as  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11177989 fatcat:332m5o7e6new3hz7p753sgcenm

Going Deeper or Flatter: Connecting Deep Mapping, Flat Ontologies and the Democratizing of Knowledge

Selina Springett
2015 Humanities  
It explores how deep mapping is a reflection of epistemological trends in ontological practices of connectivity and the "flattening" of knowledge systems.  ...  The concept of "deep mapping", as an approach to place, has been deployed as both a descriptor of a specific suite of creative works and as a set of aesthetic practices.  ...  Acknowledgments I am indebted to Rebecca Swain for initially introducing me to the practice of deep mapping and for Virginia Madsen for her advice.  ... 
doi:10.3390/h4040623 fatcat:crevbsjfdvh6zbnad4teir2d7m

Ceci n'est pas un subalterne. A Comment on Indigenous Erasure in Ontology-Related Archaeologies

Beatriz Marín-Aguilera
2021 Archaeological Dialogues  
this scholarship in the long-history of Western imperialism, in which Indigenous knowledge has been collected, depoliticised, classified, and then re-signified within Western frameworks.  ...  AbstractHaving followed with great interest the latest scholarly literature on ontology-related archaeologies, especially in this journal, this essay will problematise the extractive nature of much of  ...  I am sincerely grateful to Juana Paillalef for her support during my fieldwork in Chile, and for trusting me to share her experience and knowledge about community museums in general and about the Mapuche  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1380203821000234 fatcat:mmfzygty7zc7libh5opszc5nqa

Ontologies as Knowledge Organization Systems

Maria Teresa Biagetti
2021 Knowledge organization  
This contribution presents the principal features of ontologies, drawing special attention to the comparison between ontologies and the different kinds of know­ledge organization systems (KOS).  ...  The use of ontologies in the digital libraries environment, where they have replaced thesauri for query expansion in searching, and the role they are playing in the Semantic Web, especially for semantic  ...  The systems based on description logics allow human and automatic agents to realize inferences, that is, to infer new knowledge from a knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.5771/0943-7444-2021-2-152 fatcat:wfb6spocb5g5zel2iib5uoazyu

The CrossCult Knowledge Base: A Co-inhabitant of Cultural Heritage Ontology and Vocabulary Classification [chapter]

Andreas Vlachidis, Antonis Bikakis, Daphne Kyriaki-Manessi, Ioannis Triantafyllou, Angeliki Antoniou
2017 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
This paper presents the structure, design rationale and development of the CrossCult Knowledge Base, aiming to inform researchers in Digital Heritage about the challenges and opportunities of semantically  ...  CrossCult is an EU-funded research project aiming to spur a change in the way European citizens appraise History, fostering the re-interpretation of what they may have learnt in the light of cross-border  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been funded by CrossCult: "Empowering reuse of digital cultural heritage in context-aware crosscuts of European history", funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67162-8_35 fatcat:xpgpvtsl5rewparr56z6bmrz6i

Ontology-Based Photogrammetry Survey for Medieval Archaeology: Toward a 3D Geographic Information System (GIS)

Pierre Drap, Odile Papini, Elisa Pruno, Micchele Nucciotti, Guido Vannini
2017 Geosciences  
used in the domain of knowledge representation and reasoning in artificial intelligence for representing temporal relations.  ...  We propose a common formalism for describing photogrammetric survey and archaeological knowledge stemming from ontologies: indeed, ontologies are fully used to model and store 3D data and archaeological  ...  The authors wish to thank Yaaqoub Semlali for the development of the ontological editor during his internship at the CNRS.  ... 
doi:10.3390/geosciences7040093 fatcat:mshsg2inxzbhrllyz3siiy2vhm

THE CIDOC CRM GAME: A Serious Game Approach to Ontology Learning

A. Guillem, G. Bruseker
2017 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
This paper presents the rationale behind and the design of a CIDOC CRM game, the intent of which is to provide a learning mechanism to allow learners of wide backgrounds and interests to approach CIDOC  ...  The CIDOC CRM game consist of decks of cards and game boards that allow players to engage with the concepts of a formal ontology in relation to real data in an entertaining and informative way.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The present work has been supported by the Marie-Curie action ITN-DCH and the ARIADNE project.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-xlii-2-w5-317-2017 fatcat:m32pzihytjh47mwd7qr6ltejhe

A 'historical case' of Ontology-Based Data Access

Diego Calvanese, Alessandro Mosca, Jose Remesal, Martin Rezk, Guillem Rull
2015 2015 Digital Heritage  
The approach relies on the Ontology-Based Data Access (OBDA) paradigm, where the different datasets are virtually integrated by a conceptual layer (an ontology).  ...  This paper introduces a web-based platform to ease the access of scholars to historical and cultural data distributed across different data sources.  ...  ERC-2013-ADG 340828 and the EU under the large-scale integrating project (IP) Optique (Scalable End-user Access to Big Data), grant n. FP7-318338.  ... 
doi:10.1109/digitalheritage.2015.7419510 dblp:conf/dh/CalvaneseMRRR15 fatcat:2fo3roo4p5epdfoqxrpr77h5da

D4.2 – Initial report on ontology implementation

Richards Julian, Felicetti Achille, Meghini Carlo, Theodoridou Maria
2020 Zenodo  
The task concerns the implementation of the ARIADNE ontology extensions, known as application profiles, to specific subdomains of archaeology and archaeological science.  ...  The overall objective of WP4 is to Integrate the datasets of the Archaeological Research Communities, and Task 4.4 is focussed on Implementing the ARIADNE ontology.  ...  A scientific approach to the study of a work of art is indeed essential in order to address all those questions that cannot be answered just by historical/artistic assessments, and may help for instance  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4916299 fatcat:mapwkhfs2ffkfl4sya54diou2q

Ontological inference for image and video analysis

Christopher Town
2006 Machine Vision and Applications  
This paper presents an approach to designing and implementing extensible computational models for perceiving systems based on a knowledge-driven joint inference approach.  ...  Two implementations of this approach are presented. The first consists of a content based image retrieval system which allows users to search image databases using an ontological query language.  ...  Acknowledgements The author would like to acknowledge financial support from AT&T Labs Research and the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00138-006-0017-3 fatcat:hat7556tmzbctpebyvzx3xr4dy

Wikipedia in Action: Ontological Knowledge in Text Categorization

Maciej Janik, Krys J. Kochut
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We are grateful to all national and international academic, industry, and business partners in the GEXI cooperations for the innovative constructive work and the Science and High Performance  ...  We would like to express our appreciation to students in Murata-Lab, Iwate Prefectural University for taking data with our experiment. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank CHESF.  ...  In our experiments with the history knowledge base, the index building took about 2 minutes, in a standard server.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsc.2008.53 dblp:conf/semco/JanikK08 fatcat:wzj4ievka5ft3ayxxghzck2vjq

Accounting for Sustainability: Episteme Change and Ontological Plurality

Frank K. Birkin
2016 St Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies  
If the Modern episteme changes, a new possibility of knowledge in the human sciences would open new vistas, new opportunities, new demands and constraints to the extent that the knowledge of the prior  ...  A plurality of ontologies have replaced multiple representations [Latour, 2013, p. 182] and that profoundly changes the approach to accounting which now has the task of providing fair views of many,  ... 
doi:10.21638/11701/spbu05.2016.406 fatcat:elrvuwp7vbe3zgnmapmryrgnpi
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