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ATM local area networks: a survey of requirements, architectures, and standards

I.F. Akyildiz, K.L. Bernhardt
1997 IEEE Communications Magazine  
This article focuses on the application of ATM in the LAN environment t o interconnect high-end host computers and on the interworking of ATM-based LANs with legacy LANs.  ...  In this article, the authors introduce ATM LAN requirements, followed by a discussion of possible ATM LAN architectures to support these requirements.  ...  nonbroadcast multiple several suppliers is possible (and practical) and has been access (NBMA) network, such as ATM.  ... 
doi:10.1109/35.601745 fatcat:jw7ghr7d7jchhpqla4skzglntu

Access Networks [chapter]

2005 Connection-Oriented Networks  
This protocol is based on ARP, see Section 6.1.3, and it has been extended to operate over a nonbroadcast unicast ATM network.  ...  The first digit indicates whether the address is a unicast or multicast.  ...  GRANT fields: Provide grants to the ONUs for upstream transmission. • MESSAGE fields: Transport alarms and threshold-crossing alerts. • Bit interleaving parity (BIP): Monitor the bit-error rate (BER) on  ... 
doi:10.1002/0470016361.ch11 fatcat:kah6edcdxjgbrpc4ihj7ccvrku