Filters








24,796 Hits in 7.4 sec

Portioning Using Ordinal Preferences: Fairness and Efficiency

Stéphane Airiau, Haris Aziz, Ioannis Caragiannis, Justin Kruger, Jérôme Lang, Dominik Peters
2019 Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Our Nash rules are in the SD-core, and the leximin rules satisfy individual fairness properties. Both are Pareto-efficient.  ...  We study rules that decide on a distribution of the budget when voters have ordinal preference rankings over projects.  ...  Despite working in an ordinal setting, using the SD-extension, we can define a group fairness notion that uses more than just the last-ranked alternative.  ... 
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2019/2 dblp:conf/ijcai/Airiau0CKLP19 fatcat:7q73cswowfad3by4koqrg3ebwi

Fair and Efficient Resource Allocation with Partial Information [article]

Daniel Halpern, Nisarg Shah
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We also analyze the multiplicative loss in social welfare incurred due to the lack of full information with and without the fairness requirements.  ...  We characterize the value of k needed to achieve envy-freeness up to one good and approximate maximin share guarantee, two widely studied fairness notions.  ...  Related Work There has been a substantial amount of work on using ordinal preferences in fair allocation of indivisible goods.  ... 
arXiv:2105.10064v2 fatcat:u2orws545zgf5khnkean2wn7ay

Fairly efficient, efficiently fair: Lessons from designing and testing payment schemes for ecosystem services in Asia

Beria Leimona, Meine van Noordwijk, Rudolf de Groot, Rik Leemans
2015 Ecosystem Services  
Research Programme and the European Union.  ...  Acknowledgements The research reported in this paper was financed in part by grants from the International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), the CGIAR Forests, Trees and Agroforestry Consortium  ...  Proponents of fairness dimensions as elements that need to be added to effectiveness and efficiency prefer the use of the broader concept of 'rewards' (RES) rather than 'payments' for environmental services  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.12.012 fatcat:gceouzagbrfstbwoyltft7jnia

The Domain of Preference

Lewis A. Kornhauser
2003 University of Pennsylvania law review  
She might have this preference because she cares about fair processes and thinks that a representative assembly is fair. Second, the voter may not know what issues will confront the assembly.  ...  Finally, norms of fairness seem to govern some individuals' actions. See, e.g., Ernst Fehr & Klaus M. Schmidt, A Theory of Fairness, Competition, and Cooperation, 114 Q.J.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3312876 fatcat:dt4m7ok55fhm7gsavo53bpwydq

Intensity Measures of Consumer Preference

John R. Hauser, Steven M. Shugan
1980 Operations Research  
To design successful new products and services, managers need to measure consumer preferences relative to product attributes. Many existing methods use ordinal measures.  ...  distinguish which theory describes how consumers are using the intensity measures are developed, (4) functional forms appropriate for the preference functions implied by each theory are derived, and (  ...  Srinivasan and Glen Urban provided important comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1287/opre.28.2.278 fatcat:voxjlnh43ja57jy2lusi6ccibi

Characterization of Group-Fair Social Choice Rules under Single-Peaked Preferences [article]

Gogulapati Sreedurga, Soumyarup Sadhukhan, Souvik Roy, Yadati Narahari
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The proposed fairness notions turn out to be natural generalizations of existing individual-fairness notions and moreover provide non-trivial outcomes for strict ordinal preferences, unlike the existing  ...  We study fairness in social choice settings under single-peaked preferences.  ...  This interpretation, also referred to as portioning, sharing, or divisible participatory budgeting, led to the study of fairness in random social choice for ordinal as well as dichotomous preferences (  ... 
arXiv:2207.07984v1 fatcat:vhkmkx6tqfg5lhosrzfo6cu4ze

Scenario analysis report with policy recommendations: An assessment of sustainability, resilience, efficiency and fairness and effective chain relationships in VALUMICS case studies

G. Olafsdottir, S. G. Bogason, P.-M Aubert, D. Barling, M. Thakur, I Duric, M. Nicolau, S. McGarraghy, H. Sigurdardottir, A. Samoggia, N.M. Holden, L. Čechura (+13 others)
2021 Zenodo  
the four phases of the VALUMICS project, this report delivers an assessment of various factors influencing sustainability, resilience, efficiency and fairness and effective chain relationships of different  ...  analysis to better understand the functioning of the food system and, to identify the main challenges that need to be addressed to improve sustainability, integrity, resilience, and fairness of European  ...  Open markets enable fair competition and efficient resource use.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6534011 fatcat:fqzlnnn6kzgejb6ewjiqwdsxqm

Social Preferences Under Risk: Ex-Post Fairness vs. Efficiency

Alexia Gaudeul
2015 Social Science Research Network  
This draws attention to inequality in payoffs and thus gives weight to fairness concerns. We consider whether showing own payoff as a share of the total payoff changes risk preferences.  ...  Subjects also tend to prefer taking a risk rather than obtaining safe but unequal payoff distributions.  ...  individuals, or by the strong preferences of a small portion of the population.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2627664 fatcat:fu265rx4ovd6zmcrjqljyrbjoi

Ph.D.'s Preferred

Harold Benjamin
1948 Journal of Higher Education  
cus- sue lity Ss to fern e oF for rial ned les, and ela- ctor 1001 is a nits ally ans; Ses and idu- s of lical pite PH.D.’S PREFERRED of the common skills and learnings in medicine and surgery.  ...  , news letters, and reports, If the Pusshenne State College wil not move in this crisis without a national agency to stimulate and co-ordinate it, let the Petaluma State College die and be replaced by  ... 
doi:10.1080/00221546.1948.11775720 fatcat:qqsfo2omr5ehvha5paptfytoye

Social status, preferences for redistribution and optimal taxation: a survey

Andrea Gallice
2018 Economics : the Open-Access, Open-Assessment e-Journal  
The author reviews recent studies that investigate how social status concerns influence individual preferences for redistribution and impact the design of optimal tax policies.  ...  He focuses on two aspects: the relevant dimension over which relative concerns are defined and the different formalizations of the notion of social status that the authors provide.  ...  counterbalance these distortions and improve efficiency.  ... 
doi:10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2018-55 fatcat:5e2bmjchsrbyhncwk4kwtywlji

Naked Preferences and the Constitution

Cass R. Sunstein
1984 Columbia Law Review  
City of Madison, 340 U.S. 349 (1951), which held that a municipal ordinance having dispro- portionate effects on out-of-staters was subject to heightened scrutiny under the dormant commerce clause.  ...  "public use"--justifiable by reference to some public value-and not naked prefer- NAKED PREFERENCES ences at all.  ...  However these issues are resolved, the constitutional prohibition of naked preferences serves to unite the dormant commerce, privileges and immunities, equal protection, due process, contract, and eminent  ... 
doi:10.2307/1122446 fatcat:47xsw5lgcze5pkr3zkzhawmb4u

Holland's personality types versus preferences in accounting

Joanna Cewińska, Lena Grzesiak, Przemysław Kabalski, Ewa Kusidel
2017 Zeszyty Teoretyczne Rachunkowości  
The authors formulated a general hypothesis that these different personality types have different preferences and views on certain issues in accounting.  ...  Holland's personality types versus preferences in accounting The article presents the results of research on the relationship between personality according to the typol-ogy of Holland with preferences  ...  in which these preferences are expressed, and the arguments used to support these views, etc.  ... 
doi:10.5604/01.3001.0010.3188 fatcat:dxeusgazpzacxhdfwm2zp7obpa

Modeling the choices of individual decision-makers by combining efficient choice experiment designs with extra preference information

Jordan J. Louviere, Deborah Street, Leonie Burgess, Nada Wasi, Towhidul Islam, Anthony A.J. Marley
2008 Journal of Choice Modeling  
We show how to combine statistically efficient ways to design discrete choice experiments based on random utility theory with new ways of collecting additional information that can be used to expand the  ...  utility functions and non-generic/labeled options/attributes.  ...  We also gratefully acknowledge helpful suggestions and comments from Don Anderson, Michael Keane, Joffre Swait and Ken Train on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1755-5345(13)70025-3 fatcat:phladp4hznbrjdspbtdoaxdqsy

Corporate Preferences for Domestic Policy Instruments Under a Sectoral Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Shanxi Province in China

Shuai Gao, Wenjia Cai, Wenling Liu, Can Wang, ZhongXiang Zhang
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Dissemination and the popularization of knowledge are also important to help companies learn how to improve energy efficiency.  ...  Under the policy with mandatory installation-level targets, it suggests that policymakers should focus on status of energy use management and internationalization orientation.  ...  Acknowledgements The research was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 71273153) and Clean Development Mechanism CDM Fund of China (no. 2012036).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2515837 fatcat:defrk5tj2vgfrp7koixf4grg2i

Corporate Preferences for Domestic Policy Instruments Under a Sectoral Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Shanxi Province in China

Shuai Gao, Wenjia Cai, Wenling Liu, Can Wang, ZhongXiang Zhang
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Dissemination and the popularization of knowledge are also important to help companies learn how to improve energy efficiency.  ...  Under the policy with mandatory installation-level targets, it suggests that policymakers should focus on status of energy use management and internationalization orientation.  ...  Acknowledgements The research was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 71273153) and Clean Development Mechanism CDM Fund of China (no. 2012036).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2734483 fatcat:plcwf4b4undr5buwcnlqzul2ie
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 24,796 results