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Pooled Evaluation Over Query Variations

Alistair Moffat, Falk Scholer, Paul Thomas, Peter Bailey
2015 Proceedings of the 24th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM '15  
Conventionally, pooling uses system variations to provide diverse documents to be judged for a topic; different user queries are not considered.  ...  The effect of user query variation on the size of the judging pool is just as strong as the effect of retrieval system variation.  ...  CONCLUSION Our findings can be summarized simply: diversity in the pools of documents for judging arising from user variation is at least as substantial as that from system variation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2806416.2806606 dblp:conf/cikm/MoffatSTB15 fatcat:frqlmmylvvazndyw7ejalo75ve

Retrieval Consistency in the Presence of Query Variations

Peter Bailey, Alistair Moffat, Falk Scholer, Paul Thomas
2017 Proceedings of the 40th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '17  
Overlap (RBO) relative to a centroid ranking over the query variations per topic as a measure of consistency.  ...  In this paper we examine the retrieval consistency of a set of ve systems responding to syntactic query variations over one hundred topics, working with the UQV100 test collection, and using Rank-Biased  ...  Ma Crane, Xiaolu Lu, David Maxwell, and Andrew Trotman assisted greatly, providing the system runs that were analyzed. e UQV100 judgments were generated using resources provided by Microso .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3077136.3080839 dblp:conf/sigir/BaileyMST17 fatcat:3vzdvhjyvnhjfpisvzvb66mrgi

Boosting Search Performance Using Query Variations [article]

Rodger Benham, Joel Mackenzie, Alistair Moffat, J. Shane Culpepper
2018 arXiv   pre-print
However, to date fusion has not been regarded as being cost-effective in cases where strict per-query efficiency guarantees are required, such as in web search.  ...  in multi-stage retrieval systems with little efficiency overhead at query time.  ...  The next section shows how even more complex combinations of fusion over query variations and systems can produce highly effective search results.  ... 
arXiv:1811.06147v1 fatcat:v2hx4h3olfh63bqyaocs5v7ssa

Variations in relevance judgments and the measurement of retrieval effectiveness

Ellen M. Voorhees
2000 Information Processing & Management  
Very high correlations were found among the rankings of systems produced using different relevance judgment sets.  ...  To be viable as a laboratory tool, a collection must reliably rank different retrieval variants according to their true effectiveness.  ...  The analysis of the effect of averaging, including creating Figure 5 , was performed by Paul Over of NIST.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0306-4573(00)00010-8 fatcat:elp7u7k3fjhqpiynhjce7heneq

Variations in relevance judgments and the measurement of retrieval effectiveness

Ellen M. Voorhees
1998 Proceedings of the 21st annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '98  
Very high correlations were found among the rankings of systems produced using different relevance judgment sets.  ...  To be viable as a laboratory tool, a collection must reliably rank different retrieval variants according to their true effectiveness.  ...  The analysis of the effect of averaging, including creating Figure 5 , was performed by Paul Over of NIST.  ... 
doi:10.1145/290941.291017 dblp:conf/sigir/Voorhees98 fatcat:fbbz34opevfgpi3dyafo3ld6xi

Variational Inference for Category Recommendation in E-Commerce platforms [article]

Ramasubramanian Balasubramanian, Venugopal Mani, Abhinav Mathur, Sushant Kumar, Kannan Achan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Category recommendation for users on an e-Commerce platform is an important task as it dictates the flow of traffic through the website.  ...  It is therefore important to surface precise and diverse category recommendations to aid the users' journey through the platform and to help them discover new groups of items.  ...  Mean of the average precision scores over a set of queries i.e. users, gives the MAP.  ... 
arXiv:2104.07748v2 fatcat:cc7z6olimjgtxjxwdfwnq7nnly

Variations on language modeling for information retrieval

Wessel Kraaij
2005 SIGIR Forum  
Variations on Language Modeling for Information Retrieval W. Kraaij -Enschede: Neslia Paniculata. Thesis Enschede -With ref. With summary ISBN 90-75296-09-6  ...  So the system variants are modeled as different levels of the factor system. However, as we mentioned earlier, the across-query variation is much larger than the across-system variation.  ...  In theory the pool should be composed of very diverse systems, in practice the situation if often different.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1067268.1067291 fatcat:h23lp5aqfvfu5iecwnihfme244

MaizeCUBIC: a comprehensive variation database for a maize synthetic population

Jingyun Luo, Chengcheng Wei, Haijun Liu, Shikun Cheng, Yingjie Xiao, Xiaqing Wang, Jianbing Yan, Jianxiao Liu
2020 Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation  
All the original data and corresponding analytical results can be accessed through user-friendly online queries and web interface dynamic visualization, as well as downloadable files.  ...  The database not only includes information for over 14M single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and 43K indels previously identified but also contains 660K structure variations (SVs) and 600M novel sequences  ...  Supplementary Data Supplementary data are available at Database Online.  ... 
doi:10.1093/database/baaa044 pmid:32548639 fatcat:tkrcdd4iujbhzjmenmeb25eso4

Variational Hierarchical Dialog Autoencoder for Dialog State Tracking Data Augmentation [article]

Kang Min Yoo, Hanbit Lee, Franck Dernoncourt, Trung Bui, Walter Chang, Sang-goo Lee
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To overcome training issues that arise from training complex variational models, we propose appropriate training strategies.  ...  Due to the inherent hierarchical structure of goal-oriented dialogs over utterances and related annotations, the deep generative model must be capable of capturing the coherence among different hierarchies  ...  ) to evaluate diversity.  ... 
arXiv:2001.08604v3 fatcat:ed4hldwkcnb2boihzhznqrm2t4

Pairwise Context Similarity for Image Retrieval System using Variational Auto-Encoder

Hyeongu Yun, Yongil Kim, Taegwan Kang, Kyomin Jung
2021 IEEE Access  
As supervision for deep-learning-to-hash models, pairwise label similarity which considers two images to be identical if their labels are identical plays a crucial role.  ...  Deep-learning-to-hash models have recently achieved several breakthroughs enabling a fast and efficient image retrieval system.  ...  We randomly sample 5,000 images as training images, 1,000 images as query images, and use remaining 54,000 images as database for the evaluation. • NUS-WIDE [7] : NUS-WIDE consists of 269,648 multilabeled  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3061765 fatcat:ghmaz635irdb7mner2gibigmvy

CNVIntegrate: the first multi-ethnic database for identifying copy number variations associated with cancer

Amrita Chattopadhyay, Zi Han Teoh, Chi-Yun Wu, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang, Liang-Chuan Lai, Mong-Hsun Tsai, Chia-Hsin Wu, Tzu-Pin Lu, Eric Y Chuang
2021 Database: The Journal of Biological Databases and Curation  
CNVs further cause genetic diversity in healthy populations and are predominant drivers of gene/genome evolution.  ...  Human copy number variations (CNVs) and copy number alterations (CNAs) are DNA segments (>1000 base pairs) of duplications or deletions with respect to the reference genome, potentially causing genomic  ...  ERBB2 or erbb2 are both valid entries for gene ErbB2), such that the system will automatically capitalize user input, to reduce query error.  ... 
doi:10.1093/database/baab044 pmid:34259866 pmcid:PMC8278790 fatcat:kjnrxxikq5dmzic3hbgxchpmkm

Genome variation, diversity and evolution

2008 Genomic Medicine  
Thangaraj, 1 Lalji Singh The non-recombining, uniparentally transmitting human Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA are useful tools for tracing population history.  ...  shown in data query interface.  ...  Complete mtDNA analysis showed the maternal gene pool of Ladakhi is highly diverse.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11568-009-9096-3 pmid:19449171 pmcid:PMC2694881 fatcat:ndwdo3hzknhepopkrufdavxde4

SNPfisher: tools for probing genetic variation in laboratory-reared zebrafish

M. G. Butler, J. R. Iben, K. C. Marsden, J. A. Epstein, M. Granato, B. M. Weinstein
2015 Development  
The SNPfisher tools will facilitate the use of SNP variation in zebrafish research as well as vertebrate genome evolution.  ...  Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the benchmark molecular markers for modern genomics. Until recently, relatively few SNPs were known in the zebrafish genome.  ...  This study utilized the high-performance computational capabilities of the Helix Systems and Biowulf cluster at the NIH (http://helix.nih.gov).  ... 
doi:10.1242/dev.118786 pmid:25813542 pmcid:PMC4392598 fatcat:dkfztrb6jva4jjcnzgpobxzzge

Relationship templates for creating scene variations

Xi Zhao, Ruizhen Hu, Paul Guerrero, Niloy Mitra, Taku Komura
2016 ACM Transactions on Graphics  
Our method greatly enhances existing automatic scene synthesis approaches by allowing them to handle complex relationships, as validated by our user studies.  ...  Figure 1 : Our system synthesizes new scenes based on how objects interact with each other in the example scene.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments and constructive suggestions, and the anonymous Mechanical Turk users.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2980179.2982410 fatcat:i4vju6ak5vb3pkj47n7arb2s7i

Cross-modal Variational Auto-encoder for Content-based Micro-video Background Music Recommendation [article]

Jing Yi and Yaochen Zhu and Jiayi Xie and Zhenzhong Chen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a cross-modal variational auto-encoder (CMVAE) for content-based micro-video background music recommendation.  ...  Moreover, the multimodal information is fused by the product-of-experts (PoE) principle, where the semantic information in visual and textual modalities of the micro-video are weighted according to their  ...  For textual information of the micro-videos, observing that Tik-Tok is an international micro-video sharing platform where the languages the users use are diverse, we use the multi-lingual Bert-M model  ... 
arXiv:2107.07268v1 fatcat:5w7v7ywuqjhu3cklth4hlujsx4
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