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Polarized 3D: High-Quality Depth Sensing with Polarization Cues

Achuta Kadambi, Vage Taamazyan, Boxin Shi, Ramesh Raskar
2015 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)  
Coarse depth maps can be enhanced by using the shape information from polarization cues.  ...  We propose a framework to combine surface normals from polarization (hereafter polarization normals) with an aligned depth map. Polarization normals have not been used for depth enhancement before.  ...  consumer depth sensing with PS [48, 15, 40] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccv.2015.385 dblp:conf/iccv/KadambiTSR15 fatcat:4wm3k7z5njc3jdebofk3hzevva

3D Displays

Martin S. Banks, David M. Hoffman, Joohwan Kim, Gordon Wetzstein
2016 Annual Review of Vision Science  
A very active area of technical development has been to build displays that create the correct relationship between viewing parameters and triangulation depth cues: stereo, motion, and focus.  ...  For personal use only. they also support focus cues and in some cases parallax cues. Most of the recent work has been on stereoscopic displays, so we start there.  ...  Consider the example of a high-quality, light-field display with 100 × 100 views, each having high-definition resolution, streamed at 60 Hz.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-vision-082114-035800 pmid:28532351 fatcat:gmwlczgvk5hc3lna2e63v3ubuq

A novel walk-through 3D display

Stephen DiVerdi, Ismo Rakkolainen, Tobias Höllerer, Alex Olwal, Andrew J. Woods, Neil A. Dodgson, John O. Merritt, Mark T. Bolas, Ian E. McDowall
2006 Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIII  
We present a novel walk-through 3D display based on the patented FogScreen, an "immaterial" indoor 2D projection screen, which enables high-quality projected images in free space.  ...  The result is a wallsized, immaterial display that creates an engaging 3D visual.  ...  Additional depth cues Tracking the viewer's position in 3D Motion parallax, achieved by tracking the user's head position, is a strong monoscopic depth cue.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.643286 fatcat:66ojza2rr5cezmvtchd4mg47ma

Task performance using 3D displays [chapter]

T. N. Bardsley, I. Sexton
1995 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
A subjective ranking of 3D display 'quality' was solicited from participants in the evaluation and this is compared with the display ordering derived from the experimental study.  ...  polarisation rotator and passive spectacles, a frame sequential display using active spectacles, and an autostereoscopic (no glasses) system, developed in our laboratory which uses a flat panel display with  ...  The high cognitive load associated with both the target acquisition and tracking tasks, help to ensure the adopted human performance metrics are well sensitised to small differences in display quality,  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34904-6_18 fatcat:ewfzbkf5w5ctblach7clbubmse

Converting 2D Video to 3D: An Efficient Path to a 3D Experience

Xun Cao, Alan C. Bovik, Yao Wang, Qionghai Dai
2011 IEEE Multimedia  
high quality.  ...  The sense of depth, 3D perspective, and 3D shape is profoundly amplified beyond the 3D experience delivered by other visual cues, such as motion, size, surface-luminance gradients, and so on.  ...  high quality.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2011.65 fatcat:rtycc3eagrh5lii7wd2iifl67i

Shape from Polarization for Complex Scenes in the Wild [article]

Chenyang Lei, Chenyang Qi, Jiaxin Xie, Na Fan, Vladlen Koltun, Qifeng Chen
2022 arXiv   pre-print
A key barrier to high-quality scene-level SfP is the lack of real-world SfP data in complex scenes.  ...  We present a new data-driven approach with physics-based priors to scene-level normal estimation from a single polarization image.  ...  Importance of polarization. Polarization contains useful cues about physical 3D information of objects based on Input Iun Input φ Without V With V real-world reflection.  ... 
arXiv:2112.11377v3 fatcat:uvfbwd7f4ne5bnd3ztvfegiogu

Roadmap on 3D Integral Imaging: Sensing, Processing, andDisplay

Bahram Javidi, Artur Carnicer, Jun Arai, Toshiaki Fujii, Hong Hua, Hongen Liao, Manuel Martinez-Corral, Filiberto Pla, Adrian Stern, Laura Waller, Qiong-Hua Wang, Gordon Wetzstein (+2 others)
2020 Optics Express  
The article discusses various aspects of the field including sensing of 3D scenes, processing of captured information, and 3D display and visualization of information.  ...  The paper consists of a series of 15 sections from the experts presenting various aspects of the field on sensing, processing, displays, augmented reality, microscopy, object recognition, and other applications  ...  Acknowledgments Jun Arai sincerely acknowledge fruitful discussions with Dr. Masahiro Kawakita. Disclosures Hong Hua has a disclosed financial interest in Magic Leap Inc.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.402193 pmid:33114917 fatcat:hcht47xbr5fyfed5b6fjpu2h44

Autostereoscopic 3D displays

N.A. Dodgson
2005 Computer  
Autostereoscopic 3D Displays M ost of the perceptual cues that humans use to visualize the world's 3D structure are available in 2D projections.  ...  This is why we can make sense of photographs and images on a television screen, at the cinema, or on a computer monitor.  ...  ; • two projectors, projecting onto a polarity-preserving screen, combined with polarized glasses; and • a double-frame rate display combined with shuttered glasses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2005.252 fatcat:2cdlynnlonfw5hn57zi3rn37ze

Haptic perception disambiguates visual perception of 3D shape

Maarten W. A. Wijntjes, Robert Volcic, Sylvia C. Pont, Jan J. Koenderink, Astrid M. L. Kappers
2009 Experimental Brain Research  
For production a 3D printing technique (high quality stereolithography epoxy resins, precision of 0.1 mm) was used. Two similar versions were made and both were smoothed with sand paper.  ...  The present study shows that the haptic sense complements visual perception of 3D shape.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-009-1713-9 pmid:19199097 fatcat:4anfx3tvojf2pbff364huzhebq

3D Stereoscopy Video Production: Z-Depth Extraction and Optimized Rendering using Foundry Nuke

2019 International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology  
The research paper concludes with validating the assumption of 3D stereoscopy video conversion with film case studies to execute high-end 3d stereo video production quality with roto-based depth map extraction  ...  with optimized render conversion methodology.  ...  Cues can be grouped into three categories: • Oculomotor: This is the cue our eye gives our brain by sensing the position of the eye and the tension of the eye muscles.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijeat.a1926.109119 fatcat:hyycpmyyojfpvpemfro4wi5umq

Visual comfort of binocular and 3D displays

Frank L. Kooi, Alexander Toet
2004 Displays (Guildford)  
Stereoscopic display systems A sub-category of binocular displays are the so-called 'stereoscopic 3D displays' which are used to create a sense of stereoscopic depth [2, 3] .  ...  Interocular crosstalk is typically in the range of 0.1-0.3% with polarization techniques and in the range of 4 to O10% with time-multiplexed 3D displays [22] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.displa.2004.07.004 fatcat:bjpoaqlr4rfo5a3g7periv54x4

Kinetic depth effect and optic flow—I. 3D shape from Fourier motion

Barbara A. Dosher, Michael S. Landy, George Sperling
1989 Vision Research  
Kinetic depth effect Structure from motion Shape identification Fourier motion  ...  failed completely with polarity-alternation even at full contrast. (3) When individual dots were permitted to remain in the image sequence for only two frames, performance showed little loss compared  ...  for a small isolated moving patch quite high.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0042-6989(89)90161-2 pmid:2631400 fatcat:j427ivhvdrelzigt2tjghlzhvy

3D moviemap and a 3D panorama

Michael Naimark, Scott S. Fisher, John O. Merritt, Mark T. Bolas
1997 Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems IV  
Moviemaps are interactive systems which allow "travel" along pre-recorded routes with some control over speed and direction.  ...  Two immersive virtual environments produced as art installations investigate "sense of place" in different but complimentary ways. One is a stereoscopic moviemap, the other a stereoscopic panorama.  ...  See Banff was produced with the Banff Centre for the Arts.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.274471 fatcat:dupodkfdi5hhfbvyc44p5h6m2e

Planar liquid crystal polarization optics for augmented reality and virtual reality: from fundamentals to applications

Jianghao Xiong, Shin-Tson Wu
2021 eLight  
AbstractPlanar and ultrathin liquid crystal (LC) polarization optical elements have found promising applications in augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and photonic devices.  ...  There are two main cues in human's 3D perceptions: vergence cue and accommodation cue.  ...  Lately, it is found that CLC combined with patterned alignment layer can also form high-quality optical components.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s43593-021-00003-x fatcat:4nqp3ut6djfvpijsgtbvwj4gqi

Signal Processing for Stereoscopic and Multi-View 3D Displays [chapter]

Atanas Boev, Robert Bregovic, Atanas Gotchev
2013 Handbook of Signal Processing Systems  
Displays which aim at visualizing 3D scenes with realistic depth are known as "3D displays".  ...  The analysis allows identifying a set of optical properties which are directly related with the perceived quality.  ...  Binocular depth cues are the ones most often associated with "3D cinema".  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6859-2_1 fatcat:46yllwirivaklfkme7ivocethu
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