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Polarization and tipping points

Michael W Macy, Manqing Ma, Daniel R Tabin, Jianxi Gao, Boleslaw K Szymanski
<span title="2021-12-14">2021</span>
We conclude that future empirical research needs to pay much closer attention to the identification of tipping points and the effectiveness of possible countermeasures.  ...  We use a general model of opinion change to see if the self-reinforcing dynamics of influence and homophily may be characterized by tipping points that make reversibility problematic.  ...  Tipping points in political polarization are important for two reasons.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2102144118">doi:10.1073/pnas.2102144118</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34876509">pmid:34876509</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8685663/">pmcid:PMC8685663</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kvcq7qwxpncjnerh2xyg7jjcvy">fatcat:kvcq7qwxpncjnerh2xyg7jjcvy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211209204623/https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/118/50/e2102144118.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/32/59/3259a9f1c9508f5a349bef0ec64fac1de7e168f3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2102144118"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8685663" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Inception and breakdown voltages of insulating liquids under DC stress

J. Xiang, Q. Liu, Z. D. Wang
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="IEEE"> 2016 IEEE International Conference on High Voltage Engineering and Application (ICHVE) </i> &nbsp;
To observe the effect of tip radius on streamer inception, the point-plane electrodes configuration with a fixed gap distance of 10 mm and point electrode with the radii of 5 µm, 10 µm, 20 µm and 50 µm  ...  To observe the effect of gap distance on breakdown voltage, a point-to-plane electrode configuration with a fixed tip radius of 10 µm and variable gap distances of 2 mm, 5 mm, 10 mm, 20 mm and 30 mm were  ...  I WEIBULL PARAMETERS OF INCEPTION VOLTAGES WITH VARIOUS TIP RADII AT POINT-PLANE ELECTRODE, NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE POLARITY Oil Type Polarity Tip Radius (µm) Shape Scale 50 % Breakdown Voltage  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ichve.2016.7800894">doi:10.1109/ichve.2016.7800894</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wn5ip6vr4ndmtioqih7as6c6s4">fatcat:wn5ip6vr4ndmtioqih7as6c6s4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180719114544/https://www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/files/47100414/PID4342103.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/17/2d/172dbc0b18916e6b678e56da05498e4fc74c2a0e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ichve.2016.7800894"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

An Invariant Three-polar Representation for R3 Surfaces: Robustness and Accuracy for 3D Faces Description

Majdi Jribi, Faouzi Ghorbel
<span title="2021-11-25">2021</span> <i title="North Atlantic University Union (NAUN)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/baxmrsds5bcrhfe7tma54dssmy" style="color: black;">International journal of computers and communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
A comparison between this representation and the one based on the level curves around the nose tip is established in the sense of the robustness under errors on the nose tip positions.  ...  By considering a pre-selected levels set of this superposition, invariant points are obtained.  ...  We propose to make here a comparison between the three-polar representation and the unipolar one based on only one reference point which corresponds to the nose tip.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.46300/91013.2021.15.10">doi:10.46300/91013.2021.15.10</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vxtfz3tmqngvxpzux7davm4ini">fatcat:vxtfz3tmqngvxpzux7davm4ini</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220203040438/https://www.naun.org/main/UPress/cc/2021/a202012-010(2021).pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8f/36/8f369af56b6eb8dc53f0e1a0e087e49c20298bbf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.46300/91013.2021.15.10"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Subsurface nanodomains with in-plane polarization in uniaxial ferroelectrics via scanning force microscopy

N. A. Pertsev, A. L. Kholkin
<span title="2013-11-21">2013</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lqjgbsoa65gghi2p2esulcqqqm" style="color: black;">Physical Review B</a> </i> &nbsp;
These 180 • nanodomains have polarization directed along the surface and should appear in LiNbO 3 and LiTaO 3 crystals at moderate tip voltages well below 100 V.  ...  Here we show theoretically that unusual domains can be created in uniaxial ferroelectrics when the SFM tip is applied to the crystal surface parallel to the polar axis.  ...  surface at this point to 1/r tip (δ is the distance between the tip apex and the crystal surface).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.88.174109">doi:10.1103/physrevb.88.174109</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/o7bprwzqvna2viiqczsigarn2m">fatcat:o7bprwzqvna2viiqczsigarn2m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200307190810/http://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/73175/1/10.1103-PhysRevB.88.174109.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e1/53/e153662940b8b510bc084666724bd90905d847af.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.88.174109"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

Artificial creation and separation of a single vortex–antivortex pair in a ferroelectric flatland

Jeongyong Kim, Mujin You, Kwang-Eun Kim, Kanghyun Chu, Chan-Ho Yang
<span title="2019-06-12">2019</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5ng4tynw45brrpy7oteze4cv6u" style="color: black;">npj Quantum Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
Moreover, we demonstrate that the distance between the paired vortex and antivortex can be controlled by dragging the biased tip.  ...  Here we show that a vortex-antivortex pair can be produced by a momentary electric pulse using a tip in a usual Kittel's stripe domain of a BiFeO 3 thin film.  ...  To manipulate the vortex and antivortex point separately, we need to move the vortex point by dragging the biased tip, as shown in Fig. 3b .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-019-0167-y">doi:10.1038/s41535-019-0167-y</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7d2pptxh5vfg3c3ls7nyjo3lcu">fatcat:7d2pptxh5vfg3c3ls7nyjo3lcu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200315083851/https://www.nature.com/articles/s41535-019-0167-y.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&amp;code=b66cb35f-69f6-4acd-ab33-d7ae3786a6ca" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7c/32/7c3276777c79a06a87eea9fcd510223567ef67d2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-019-0167-y"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Andreev nanoprobe of half-metallic CrO2 films using superconducting cuprate tips

C. S. Turel, I. J. Guilaran, P. Xiong, J. Y. T. Wei
<span title="2011-11-07">2011</span> <i title="AIP Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gahdfbfwljgajfxqbum465rt4u" style="color: black;">Applied Physics Letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
The point contacts were estimated to be ≲ 10nm in size, attesting to their ballistic and microscopic nature.  ...  Superconducting tips of YBa_2 Cu_3O_7-x were used to perform point-contact Andreev reflection spectroscopy on half-metallic CrO_2 thin films.  ...  Our point-contact radius was estimated to be ≈ 0.7 -6.0 nm, demonstrating that superconducting cuprate tips can potentially be used to probe electron spin polarization by AR spectroscopy at the nanoscale  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3659411">doi:10.1063/1.3659411</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vpjvmfyskrcctar5z4zov2lcce">fatcat:vpjvmfyskrcctar5z4zov2lcce</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/download/arxiv-1110.5010/1110.5010.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> File Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3659411"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Magnetic Response and Spin Polarization of Bulk Cr Tips for In-Field Spin-Polarized Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Marco Corbetta, Safia Ouazi, Jérôme Borme, Yasmine Nahas, Fabio Donati, Hirofumi Oka, Sebastian Wedekind, Dirk Sander, Jürgen Kirschner
<span title="2012-03-01">2012</span> <i title="Japan Society of Applied Physics"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pucchvqa2nd23o2rzoaa3xmd7u" style="color: black;">Japanese Journal of Applied Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
We extracted a tip spin polarization of 45% at the Fermi energy. We showed that the tip spin polarization can change with a modification of the tip apex. #  ...  The magnetic properties of bulk Cr tips have been investigated by spin-polarized scanning tunneling spectroscopy (SP-STS).  ...  Casari, and M. Passoni for useful discussions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.51.030208">doi:10.1143/jjap.51.030208</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/htvhpvtdercb7mt4viqisyhwpu">fatcat:htvhpvtdercb7mt4viqisyhwpu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160910101642/http://www-old.mpi-halle.mpg.de:80/mpi/publi/pdf/10877_12.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/37/9a/379a4141be669f1c32658eaa5d4618e5f5e7e3d3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.51.030208"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Remote optical addressing of single nano-objects

M Brun, A Drezet, H Mariette, N Chevalier, J. C Woehl, S Huant
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="IOP Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/g5hwjttblnfj5hbaytqsfuuwtm" style="color: black;">Europhysics letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
When the optical tip is positioned some distance away from a hole, surface plasmons in the metal coating are generated which, by turning the polarization plane of the excitation light, transfer the excitation  ...  towards a chosen hole and induce emission from the underlying nano-objects.  ...  . 2b) marked by a black and a red arrow as a function of the polarization direction for points 1, 2 and 5, respectively.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1209/epl/i2003-00275-y">doi:10.1209/epl/i2003-00275-y</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oqniipwhfvgenb5v3vg2k5p6ga">fatcat:oqniipwhfvgenb5v3vg2k5p6ga</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191024095211/https://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0612218v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/af/98/af98e6a5109ad3a4ee8353579535b47b185cf7b6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1209/epl/i2003-00275-y"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Nanoelectromechanics of polarization switching in piezoresponse force microscopy

S. V. Kalinin, A. Gruverman, B. J. Rodriguez, J. Shin, A. P. Baddorf, E. Karapetian, M. Kachanov
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="AIP Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cx63fwaifnhdtbqbjlraxrufii" style="color: black;">Journal of Applied Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
For a realistic tip shape, the domain nucleation process is first order in charge magnitude and polarization switching occurs only above a critical tip bias.  ...  Nanoscale polarization switching in ferroelectric materials by Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM) in weak and strong indentation limits is analyzed using exact solutions for electrostatic and coupled  ...  Wigner Fellow and staff member at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory,  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1866483">doi:10.1063/1.1866483</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yiur3qk25zc4janob5lfbr35xa">fatcat:yiur3qk25zc4janob5lfbr35xa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427090318/https://researchrepository.ucd.ie/bitstream/10197/5335/1/Kalinin_et_al_J_Appl_Phys_2005.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/36/54/3654b2363b2e4d1e5f43b993dadb500d2f503526.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1866483"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Reference layer exchange in spin transfer torque experiment using magnetic-coated nanometric point contacts

R.O. Cunha, D.L. Baptista, M. Heinemann, M.F. Kuhn, J.E. Schmidt, L.G. Pereira
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/udrtbyq5wfgvjh6vw44n6f3vki" style="color: black;">Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
We demonstrate that the magnetic layer on the tip may assume the role of a polarizer layer.  ...  We investigate the importance of using nanotips on a point contact spin-transfer torque (STT) experiment.  ...  Geshev and Mario N. Baibich for their helpful revision of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2012.04.043">doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2012.04.043</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/b2x5qqhvpnd55mv4rntqmfv7o4">fatcat:b2x5qqhvpnd55mv4rntqmfv7o4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190417163054/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82417924.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f4/fa/f4faf906826e5f1bbe77040b7debeb2bb4628cda.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2012.04.043"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

The temperature dependence of the spin polarization of field emitted electrons from a W-EuS-vacuum junction

G. Baum, E. Kisker, A.H. Mahan, K. Schröder
<span title="">1976</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/udrtbyq5wfgvjh6vw44n6f3vki" style="color: black;">Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
Annealed at some temperature between 300°C and 600°C the polarization drops to zero at about 16 ± 2 K.  ...  We have measured the temperature dependence P(T) of the electron spin polarization of field emitted electrons from a W-EuS-vacuum junction.  ...  Raith for encouraging support and valuable assistance. This work has been supported by the University of Bielefeld (Project No. 2854).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-8853(76)90004-4">doi:10.1016/0304-8853(76)90004-4</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lmv5qo7etvgrjd3tjwgicqt74u">fatcat:lmv5qo7etvgrjd3tjwgicqt74u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922072206/https://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/download/1775768/2312019" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ca/81/ca81d37ab84f37a08ba74d9249f1a4366f9cb01c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-8853(76)90004-4"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Modelling and experimental verification of tip-induced polarization in Kelvin probe force microscopy measurements on dielectric surfaces

Dennis A. Nielsen, Vladimir N. Popok, Kjeld Pedersen
<span title="2015-11-21">2015</span> <i title="AIP Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cx63fwaifnhdtbqbjlraxrufii" style="color: black;">Journal of Applied Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
difference between the tip and the sample at the scan point.  ...  However, the beam is not expected to have any significant impact on how the dielectric is polarized by the tip at and around the scan point, which serves as a justification for the exclusion of the cantilever  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4935811">doi:10.1063/1.4935811</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/td7aoqyjxvhhtdg4y3jofqgds4">fatcat:td7aoqyjxvhhtdg4y3jofqgds4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180720000338/http://vbn.aau.dk/ws/files/222176451/2015JApplPhys_118_KPFM.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/db/22/db22a953669f102a6f59c2785fde9ef5af658a8f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4935811"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Polarized Tips or Surfaces: Consequences in Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy

T. Hynninen, A. S. Foster, C. Barth
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Surface Science Society Japan"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kypqxxgyz5at5k4ywt64dh2sqa" style="color: black;">e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology</a> </i> &nbsp;
We show that point charges appear as nanometer large spots in Kelvin images, which is due to a long-range electrostatic interaction with the tip apex.  ...  In this work, we present non-contact atomic force microscopy (nc-AFM) and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) simulations of the (001) surface of silver and supported MgO thin films.  ...  Esch and U. Heiz are highly acknowledged. We also acknowledge financial support through the FANAS project NOMCIS.  ... 
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<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180727154930/https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/ejssnt/9/0/9_0_6/_pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/74/ef/74ef85c403551bb025a72fb753a7259123a39021.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1380/ejssnt.2011.6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Plasmonic interference modulation for broadband nanofocusing

Shaobo Li, Shuming Yang, Fei Wang, Qiang Liu, Biyao Cheng, Yossi Rosenwaks
<span title="2021-10-26">2021</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/54xrqqfxuvg2zdfzxmd3huzqxm" style="color: black;">Nanophotonics</a> </i> &nbsp;
The asymmetric geometry consisting of two semicircular slits rotates plasmonic polarization and converts the linearly polarized plasmonic mode to the radially polarized plasmonic mode when the linearly  ...  This paper proposes and experimentally demonstrates an asymmetric fiber tip for broadband interference nanofocusing within its full optical wavelengths (500–800 nm) at the nanotip with 10 nm apex.  ...  The white lines indicate the incident mode with reverse polarization (phase) and the SPP waves at any two antipodal points with same polarization (phase).  ... 
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Page 932 of None Vol. 200, Issue 5 [page]

<span title="">1961</span> <i title="American Physiological Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/None" style="color: black;">None</a> </i> &nbsp;
damage in the vicinity of the polarizing electrode tip.  ...  The positions of the anodal electrode tip at the various polarizing sites along the electrode path through the optic tract were located in relation to the reference point established by electrolysis at  ... 
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