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Normal Adult Aging and the Contextual Influences Affecting Speech and Meaningful Sound Perception

Jennifer Aydelott, Robert Leech, Jennifer Crinion
2010 Trends in Amplification  
by younger adults with a similar degree of high-frequency hearing loss (Dubno, Dirks, & Morgan) leading to communication difficulties and social isolation (Weinstein & Ventry).  ...  between auditory and cognitive abilities are critical but also how they are modulated in the brain.  ...  activation of memory representations based on the sensory input, whereas the interference effect for unrelated words depends on the generation of semantic expectancies, which may be relatively slow to  ... 
doi:10.1177/1084713810393751 pmid:21307006 pmcid:PMC4111406 fatcat:nbcvb2hiird6xjhoht3hjjuroy

Visual processing skill barriers in students with Arabic as a first language

Jennifer Ball
2016 Learning & Teaching in Higher Education: Gulf Perspectives  
, as there are still differences at word level.  ...  At the level of letter recognition, it is possible the features of the letters may require different attentional focus.  ... 
doi:10.18538/lthe.v13.n2.252 fatcat:jr4cvcj4vrgodjmfubtob6s4hu

Language Differences in the Brain Network for Reading in Naturalistic Story Reading and Lexical Decision

Xiaojuan Wang, Jianfeng Yang, Jie Yang, W. Einar Mencl, Hua Shu, Jason David Zevin, Wang Zhan
2015 PLoS ONE  
the posterior temporal sulcus was more active for English than for Chinese.  ...  In one, participants read short stories under conditions that approximate natural reading, and in the other, participants decided whether individual stimuli were real words or not.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Zhichao Xia for his work on data collection, and Ken Pugh and Mark Seidenberg for comments on an earlier draft. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124388 pmid:26017384 pmcid:PMC4446262 fatcat:lco5gk7tmzgnjnrvr6uwmlnncm

Mapping of verbal working memory in nonfluent Chinese–English bilinguals with functional MRI

Gui Xue, Qi Dong, Zhen Jin, Chuansheng Chen
2004 NeuroImage  
On a different task (i.e., the phonological tasks), they were asked to make judgment whether the target word rhymed with the other word.  ...  On a different task (i.e., the phonological tasks), they were asked to make judgment whether the target word rhymed with the other word.  ...  The use frequency (based on published indices of word use) and length (i.e., number of syllables for English words and number of strokes for Chinese words) of words were carefully matched across the three  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.01.013 pmid:15109992 fatcat:do4u7ljlcjasxbcrk2afkapcda

Top-down modulation of ventral occipito-temporal responses during visual word recognition

Tae Twomey, Keith J. Kawabata Duncan, Cathy J. Price, Joseph T. Devlin
2011 NeuroImage  
Participants performed two different types of lexical decision tasks that focused on either visual or nonvisual properties of the word or word-like stimuli.  ...  Such interactive processing at the neural level is in agreement with cognitive and computational models of reading but challenges some of the assumptions made by current neuro-anatomical models of reading  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Sarah White for providing the stimuli for pre-testing; Caroline Ellis, Odette Megrin, Stephanie Burnett and Sue Ramsden for their help in collecting the data in the pilot  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.01.001 pmid:21232615 pmcid:PMC3221051 fatcat:b7ew3pjktna2zomcbus4edcgfi

The Link Between a Set of Tangram-Based Tasks and Chinese and English Reading and Related Skills Among Chinese Kindergarteners

Simpson W. L. Wong, Rebecca Wing-yi Cheng, Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow, Sandrine Man-Chi Chung
2019 AERA Open  
We developed five games and tested them on a sample of 102 Chinese kindergarteners. The participants were aged 4 to 5 years and were learning English as a second language.  ...  Further regression analysis confirmed that the tangram hand-copying game predicted unique variances for visual-orthographic skills and word identification abilities in Chinese and English.  ...  preschoolers who are at risk of specific learning difficulties.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2332858419829723 fatcat:crfbrf2sufaxpnyhvq2dwenj6m

Implementation of a Brain Training Pilot Study For People With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Frank Knoefel, Caroline Gaudet, Rocio López Zunini, Michael Breau, Lisa Sweet, Bruce Wallace, Rafik Goubran, Vanessa Taler
2018 Canadian Geriatrics Journal  
Participants went to local sites and completed brain training for one hour three times per week for nine weeks.  ...  This pilot study was not powered to detect clinical changes. Future trials should consider recruitment criteria, intervention duration, scheduling, and study location.  ...  Cognitive Testing and ERP Changes This pilot was not powered to detect pre/post differences.  ... 
doi:10.5770/cgj.21.304 pmid:30271511 pmcid:PMC6136908 fatcat:snzam6kmh5gg5bnjhxotwbangi

Using CALL–based supplementary program for developing basic English reading skills of primary stage pupils with academic learning difficulties

2020 مجلة العلوم التربویة بکلیة التربیة بالغردقة  
, issues with articulation, pronunciation problems, issues with word-retrieval and difficulty at text, sentence & word level which reflects on low academic performance.  ...  This is because fluency requires both recognizing most of the words on the page at sight (word recognition) and proper phrasing and intonation that reflects meaning (comprehension) ( Grabe, 2009; Nation  ... 
doi:10.21608/mseg.2020.128014 fatcat:5slaurvyufc2faiomomudoudl4

Combining Non-Pathological Data of Different Language Varieties to Improve DNN-HMM Performance on Pathological Speech

Emre Yılmaz, Mario Ganzeboom, Catia Cucchiarini, Helmer Strik
2016 Interspeech 2016  
In this paper, we investigate the impact of combining speech data from different varieties of the Dutch language for training deep neural network (DNN)-based acoustic models.  ...  Research on automatic speech recognition (ASR) of pathological speech is particularly hindered by scarce in-domain data resources.  ...  at different levels of severity.  ... 
doi:10.21437/interspeech.2016-109 dblp:conf/interspeech/YilmazGCS16 fatcat:ygz5khmp7vfjdbvqnjjzj56uve

Interpreting experience enhances the use of lexical stress and syllabic structure to predict L2 word endings

Cristina Lozano-Argüelles, Nuria Sagarra
2021 Applied Psycholinguistics  
To determine whether the same findings extend to words with non-morphological endings, we investigate whether Spanish monolinguals and advanced learners of Spanish with and without interpreting experience  ...  Participants completed an eye-tracking study where they listened to a sentence while seeing two words and selected the word they heard.  ...  Five non-interpreter learners were removed from the initial sample of 31 non-learner participants to ensure L2 proficiency comparability with interpreter participants.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716421000217 fatcat:eqd3zew6ebdstdumozbjmsigvu

Neural Correlates of Lexical Access during Visual Word Recognition

J. R. Binder, K. A. McKiernan, M. E. Parsons, C. F. Westbury, E. T. Possing, J. N. Kaufman, L. Buchanan
2003 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Contrary to lexicon-based models of word recognition, there were no brain areas in which activation increased with neighborhood size.  ...  on activation of semantic information.  ...  In models based on localist word codes, the main determinant of the summed word node activation level for any given item is its neighborhood size.  ... 
doi:10.1162/089892903321593108 pmid:12729490 fatcat:ynaw3lje5zgmfcxqupemah2iri

Professionally Oriented English Teaching of Future Aviation Industry Professionals

Qabas Jameel Rashid, Natalia Teslenko
2020 Universal Journal of Educational Research  
all, in direct professional activity.  ...  aviation industry professional activity.  ...  They were also informed about terms and conditions of the research carried out and all of the participants of the research agreed to participate in it voluntarily.  ... 
doi:10.13189/ujer.2020.082211 fatcat:orgxzfujdbbgtmqkb5w4yxgnhy

Performance of a Brazilian population sample in the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination: A pilot study

M. Radanovic, L.L. Mansur
2002 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research  
We also performed a correlation analysis between age, gender and educational level and the influence of these variables on the performance of the subjects.  ...  We found no statistically significant differences between genders. Educational level correlated positively with performance, especially in the subtests involving reading and writing.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the students of the Speech Pathology Graduation Course, University of São Paulo, for their important participation in collecting the data.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0100-879x2002000300005 pmid:11887208 fatcat:dcxaqtzmcreslhwna7fhyrjpmq

The Effects of Semantic Clustering on EFL Young Learners' Vocabulary Learning

Jang, Hee-Jin
2014 English Teaching  
The effects of semantic clustering on EFL young learners' vocabulary learning. English Teaching, 69 (3) , 25-47.  ...  For the six weeks of treatment, the two comparison groups were taught the same 40 vocabulary items in different clusters.  ...  Khosravizadeh and Mollaei (2011) investigated how Iranian learners with different levels of academic education retained new English words.  ... 
doi:10.15858/engtea.69.3.201409.25 fatcat:ctanejjervckti7s7frr5zc37i

Neurophysiological indices of the effect of cognates on vowel perception in late Spanish-English bilinguals

Carol A. Tessel, Erika S. Levy, Martin Gitterman, Valerie L. Shafer
2018 Journal of Phonetics  
A special thanks goes to Yan Yu, who although we started together has a knowledge base far greater than I will ever attain!  ...  Phonetic categories from the L2 will, at least initially, be mapped onto phonetic categories from the L1 (Flege, 1995) .  ...  Vowels are often responsible for carrying a significant load of word meaning, and difficulty discriminating vowels at the word level may result in misunderstanding of the message and a high level of frustration  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2018.03.004 fatcat:bxthe6t5tvcz7lgtzpkuhp372e
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