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Cultural differences in positive psychotic experiences assessed with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences-42 (CAPE-42): a comparison of student populations in the Netherlands, Nigeria and Norway

Margriet Vermeiden, Mayke Janssens, Viviane Thewissen, Esther Akinsola, Sanne Peeters, Jennifer Reijnders, Nele Jacobs, Jim van Os, Johan Lataster
2019 BMC Psychiatry  
Positive psychotic experiences were hypothesized to (i) be more frequently endorsed by, and (ii) cause less distress in Nigerian vs. Dutch and Norwegian students.  ...  The current study set out to extend these findings by examining cultural variation in subclinical positive psychotic experiences in students from The Netherlands, Nigeria, and Norway.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Annemarije Busch and Karin Hilbink for their contributions to the data collection in Norway and The Netherlands, respectively. Authors' contributions  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12888-019-2210-8 pmid:31387566 pmcid:PMC6685165 fatcat:chdjqr5akbfh7lu7v2nzobd5yy

Universal properties of mythological networks

Pádraig Mac Carron, Ralph Kenna
2012 Europhysics letters  
As in statistical physics, the concept of universality plays an important, albeit qualitative, role in the field of comparative mythology.  ...  Here we apply statistical mechanical tools to analyse the networks underlying three iconic mythological narratives with a view to identifying common and distinguishing quantitative features.  ...  In comparative mythology, these have statuses similar to that of the Ising model in statistical physics.  ... 
doi:10.1209/0295-5075/99/28002 fatcat:wksyixuavvh4ndk5qm77thfjey

The effects of violent video games on aggression. A meta-analysis

J. Sherry
2001 Human Communication Research  
Results suggest there is a smaller effect of violent video games on aggression than has been found with television violence on aggression.  ...  This study cumulates findings across existing empirical research on the effects of violent video games to estimate overall effect size and discern important trends and moderating variables.  ...  Overall Effect By combining the results of a number of studies and therefore increasing the number of subjects, meta-analysis provides a robust estimate of the overall relationship between two variables  ... 
doi:10.1093/hcr/27.3.409 fatcat:d6e4ign2onfkleezpzahque2pm

The effects of violent video games on aggression.

JL Sherry
2001 Human Communication Research  
Results suggest there is a smaller effect of violent video games on aggression than has been found with television violence on aggression.  ...  This study cumulates findings across existing empirical research on the effects of violent video games to estimate overall effect size and discern important trends and moderating variables.  ...  Overall Effect By combining the results of a number of studies and therefore increasing the number of subjects, meta-analysis provides a robust estimate of the overall relationship between two variables  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2958.2001.tb00787.x fatcat:2mmp42l2rrd3tlq7vosho63z5y

Entertainment capture through heart rate activity in physical interactive playgrounds

Georgios N. Yannakakis, John Hallam, Henrik Hautop Lund
2007 User modeling and user-adapted interaction  
, in this study.  ...  The goal is to construct, using representative statistics computed from children's physiological signals, an estimator of the degree to which games provided by the playground engage the players.  ...  Isaksen from Isaksen Design and parts of their hardware and software implementation were collectively done by A. Derakhshan, F. Hammer, T. Klitbo and J. Nielsen.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11257-007-9036-7 fatcat:ixfaabjgyjb4bpy776k7lbc5qu

The dual nature of escapism in video gaming: A meta-analytic approach

Umer Hussain, Sami Jabarkhail, George B. Cunningham, Jean A. Madsen
2021 Computers in Human Behavior Reports  
The authors included 27 studies having a sample size of N ¼ 28,893 in the two meta-analyses.  ...  The results show that escapism has a significant relationship with both negative (Q (40) ¼ 2411.001, p < .001) and positive outcomes (Q (67) ¼ 6384.554, p < .001).  ...  Robust variance estimation approach-issue of dependency We took into account the potential issue of statistical dependency, which would exist in studies with more than one effect size (Becker, 2000, pp  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chbr.2021.100081 fatcat:mx7oezi3indnhfzom4cojcbg7q

Joining the Islamic State from France between 2014 and 2016: an observational follow-up study

Nicolas Campelo, Laura Bouzar, Alice Oppetit, Hugues Pellerin, Serge Hefez, Guillaume Bronsard, David Cohen, Dounia Bouzar
2018 Palgrave Communications  
with sexuality; and poor insight) combining in eight statistical factors drove individuals towards radicalization.  ...  A new model of radicalization has appeared in Western countries since the 2010s.  ...  and in search of a better world; (6) "Lancelot" usually a male in need for justice and showing heroism, interest in the army and weapons; (7) "Fortress" usually a male with intense sexual fantasies and  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41599-018-0191-8 fatcat:cwosqgekgjgl3jo6x447jcaqly

Evaluation of the evidence for the trauma and fantasy models of dissociation

Constance J. Dalenberg, Bethany L. Brand, David H. Gleaves, Martin J. Dorahy, Richard J. Loewenstein, Etzel Cardeña, Paul A. Frewen, Eve B. Carlson, David Spiegel
2012 Psychological bulletin  
The relationship between a reported history of trauma and dissociative symptoms has been explained in 2 conflicting ways.  ...  We examine data related to a series of 8 contrasting predictions based on the trauma model and the fantasy model of dissociation.  ...  Paddock et al. (1998) , for instance, found a statistically significant correlation between dissociation and the robust imagination inflation effect in their young adult college sample.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0027447 pmid:22409505 fatcat:do2im4cplvg5zdfzfad2knjzey

Research Strategies for Health. Based on the Technical Discussions at the 43rd World Health Assembly on the `Role of Health Research in the Strategy for Health for All by the Year 2000'

J Powles
1994 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
Methods for epidemiological surveys of ethnic minority groups. 7 Epidemiol Community Health 1994; 48:107-11. 2 Ballard R, Kalra VS. The ethnic dimensions of the 1991 census: a preliminary report.  ...  If this explanation is valid, there are clear implications in attempting to estimate rates of illness such as schizophrenia in this group of the population.  ...  We have here a wealth of valuable information some of which challenges myth, rumour, and fantasy while other consolidates what common sense tells usthat most people are trying in a responsible way to live  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.48.5.526-b fatcat:btd7spi7bjdyjgs4qp2vigbufe

Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention

J. Lawrence Aber, Joshua L. Brown, Stephanie M. Jones
2003 Developmental Psychology  
Most important, children whose teachers taught a high number of lessons in the conflict resolution curriculum demonstrated positive changes in their social-emotional developmental trajectories and deflections  ...  Four waves of data on features of children's social-emotional development known to forecast aggression/violence were collected in the fall and spring over 2 years for a highly representative sample of  ...  of their role in creating a more peaceful world.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0012-1649.39.2.324 fatcat:sjrk6tdt3rbrxlnrdvbfza6luq

Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention

J. Lawrence Aber, Joshua L. Brown, Stephanie M. Jones
2003 Developmental Psychology  
Most important, children whose teachers taught a high number of lessons in the conflict resolution curriculum demonstrated positive changes in their social-emotional developmental trajectories and deflections  ...  Four waves of data on features of children's social-emotional development known to forecast aggression/violence were collected in the fall and spring over 2 years for a highly representative sample of  ...  of their role in creating a more peaceful world.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0012-1649.39.2.324 pmid:12661889 fatcat:4bd4phvzerfzfnpkrrl4uoaufa

Personality Facets and All-Cause Mortality Among Medicare Patients Aged 66 to 102 Years

Paul T. Costa, Alexander Weiss, Paul R. Duberstein, Bruce Friedman, Ilene C. Siegler
2014 Psychosomatic Medicine  
world" (5) .  ...  Thus, a ĉ (the estimated acceleration coefficient) equal to 1.6 indicates that the effect of a one-unit increase is associated with a (1.6 -1) × 100 = 60% increase in median lifespan.  ... 
doi:10.1097/psy.0000000000000070 pmid:24933014 pmcid:PMC4096682 fatcat:d5vbhskkqzdxhnyln3xkicqfym

Is there a taste for racial discrimination amongst employers?

Alex Bryson, Arnaud Chevalier
2015 Labour Economics  
Instead, we rely on a virtual labour market, the Fantasy Football Premier League, where employers can freely exercise their taste for racial discrimination in terms of hiring and firing.  ...  Instead, we rely on a virtual labour market, the Fantasy Football Premier League, where employers can freely exercise their taste for racial discrimination in terms of hiring and firing.  ...  2013 in Aarhus, the Royal Economic Society 2014 in Manchester, EALE 2014 in Ljubljana, and seminars at the Centre for Economic Performance, the Deutsche Sporthochschule (Koeln), Sussex University and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2015.03.002 fatcat:4wledn7bpzfrhpulurymouzpju

The World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) Guidelines for the biological treatment of paraphilias

Florence Thibaut, Flora De La Barra, Harvey Gordon, Paul Cosyns, John M. W. Bradford
2010 World Journal of Biological Psychiatry  
The primary aim of these guidelines was to evaluate the role of pharmacological agents in the treatment and management of paraphilia, with a focus on the treatment of adults males.  ...  The aim of these guidelines is to improve the quality of care and to aid physicians in clinical decisions. Methods.  ...  Thirion (Head of the Library, Rouen University Hospital, France), for their help in the bibliographical research concerning hormonal treatment.  ... 
doi:10.3109/15622971003671628 pmid:20459370 fatcat:ythv65xwbbhhjhilgziryzpg3u

Reality Status Judgments of Real and Fantastical Events in Children's Prefrontal Cortex: An fNIRS Study

Hui Li, Tao Liu, Jacqueline Woolley, Peng Zhang
2019 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we measured prefrontal activations in children and adults while they performed a reality judgment task.  ...  The present study aimed to examine neural mechanisms underlying the ability to differentiate reality from fantasy.  ...  The statistical analyses were conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 19 (SPSS), and the significance level was set at p < 0.05.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00444 pmid:31992977 pmcid:PMC6933013 fatcat:l2bx3pdjj5hipkuc4yklo2vy6e
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