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Virtual reality in medicine

G. Szekely, R. M Satava
1999 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
of nuclear weapons-and is becoming an indispensable tool in the development of new products and procedures.  ...  Calculation of the behaviour of these computational models is increasingly replacing experiments on real world objects-for example, in the car industry (tests based on simulated crashes) or in the development  ...  Contrary to the preoperative planning systems, which require an extreme level of accurate registration and alignment of tissue (data fusion), medical and surgical education and training rely more on high  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7220.1305 pmid:10559057 pmcid:PMC1129082 fatcat:i7hwisqrtrge7kit7euxx73gpq

Medical 3D Printing for the Radiologist

Dimitris Mitsouras, Peter Liacouras, Amir Imanzadeh, Andreas A. Giannopoulos, Tianrun Cai, Kanako K. Kumamaru, Elizabeth George, Nicole Wake, Edward J. Caterson, Bohdan Pomahac, Vincent B. Ho, Gerald T. Grant (+1 others)
2015 Radiographics  
(DICOM) images as three-dimensional (3D) printed models capable of providing both tactile feedback and tangible depth information about anatomic and pathologic states.  ...  the existing literature and evidence base on the use of 3D-printed models in medicine and describe future applications of 3D medical printing.  ...  The imaging data may also be a fusion of images from different (even nonmedical) imaging modalities.  ... 
doi:10.1148/rg.2015140320 pmid:26562233 pmcid:PMC4671424 fatcat:ml4ilnpsofgdzjcvvj4yao2eja

Three-Dimensional Printing: Custom-Made Implants for Craniomaxillofacial Reconstructive Surgery

Mariana Matias, Horácio Costa, Horácio Zenha
2017 Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction  
doctors, nursing staff, and secretaries) for their support in the treatment of these patients.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors express their gratitude to all the members of the Plastic, Reconstructive and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery Department of the Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/ Espinho (medical  ...  Acquisition of high-quality volumetric 3D image data of the anatomical structure by CT or MRI for modeling.  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0036-1594277 pmid:28523082 pmcid:PMC5435484 fatcat:mitsaamugnc4fllbpl4uhnuht4

Towards the Virtual Physiological Human [article]

Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Benjamin Gilles, Hervé Delingette, Andrea Giachetti, Marco Agus
2007 Eurographics State of the Art Reports  
Human body representations have been used for centuries to help in understanding and documenting the shape and function of its compounding parts.  ...  The objective of this tutorial is to train students and researchers in the various domains involving the modelling and simulation of the human body for medical purposes.  ...  Standard Computer Graphics techniques, like volume rendering, surface extraction/rendering, can be applied to reach this goal, obtaining photo-realistic representation of organs in 3D.  ... 
doi:10.2312/egt.20071062 fatcat:iyybqfp4nnadhfkaeagp6qr63q

A paradigm for the next millennium: health information science

L L Sadler
1991 Journal of Biocommunication  
Although historically a major concern of both the artist and the scientist was the observation of nature, the two disciplines split when science became more wedded to mathematics and quantification.  ...  Today, with visualization, art and science can again together provide a view of the natural world.  ...  The last step is to edit the images so that the final version is smoothed, shaded, and texture-mapped to produce realistic images of the anatomical structures. Figures 4 and 5.  ... 
pmid:1714893 fatcat:x3t4mic5pzaqbopdkztpbnaqqe

Virtual Reality in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery

Yong Gi Jung, Jung-yon Ko
2018 Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery  
These include: • Multi-slice CT for faster and higher resolution anatomical imaging, • Image fusion, combining functional (PET) and anatomical (CT, X-ray) visualization, Molecular imaging, using high-resolution  ...  Medical Education VR is increasingly being used in medical training and education.  ... 
doi:10.3342/kjorl-hns.2018.00283 fatcat:ih67ctwqy5eytfv6t6qbmgmisa

Computational Planning in Facial Surgery

Stefan Zachow
2015 Facial Plastic Surgery  
Meanwhile, digital patient models can be derived from medical image data with astonishing accuracy and thus can serve for model surgery to derive a surgical template model that represents the envisaged  ...  Preoperative preparation of a treatment concept for the surgical correction of craniofacial deformities requires a comprehensive knowledge about normally developed anatomical structures (anatomical atlases  ...  Aspects of our research were funded by DFN CoDisp (grant # TK 602 NT 202.2), Medical University of Vienna, Klinik Professor Sailer, DFG Research Center Matheon, and 1000shapes GmbH.  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0035-1564717 pmid:26579861 fatcat:e5bnq3bcenhi7ksdf5e6kyfipa

Modern Augmented Reality: Applications, Trends, and Future Directions [article]

Shervin Minaee, Xiaodan Liang, Shuicheng Yan
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, to education and healthcare.  ...  Although it has been around for nearly fifty years, it has seen a lot of interest by the research community in the recent years, mainly because of the huge success of deep learning models for various computer  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Iasonas Kokkinos, Qi Pan, Lyric Kaplan, and Liz Markman for reviewing this work, and providing very helpful comments and suggestions.  ... 
arXiv:2202.09450v2 fatcat:x436ycnvxnhdpfdvhnxkzgbqce

Anatomical Engineering and 3D Printing for Surgery and Medical Devices: International Review and Future Exponential Innovations

José Cornejo, Jorge A. Cornejo-Aguilar, Mariela Vargas, Carlos G. Helguero, Rafhael Milanezi de Andrade, Sebastian Torres-Montoya, Javier Asensio-Salazar, Alvaro Rivero Calle, Jaime Martínez Santos, Aaron Damon, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Miguel D. Quintero-Consuegra (+21 others)
2022 BioMed Research International  
It uses different techniques and materials based on patients' needs, which allows bioprofessionals to design and develop unique pieces using medical imaging provided by computed tomography (CT) and magnetic  ...  , and medical training.  ...  Acknowledgments The research has been managed and supervised by the Bioastronautics and Space Mechatronics Research Group--BIO&SM (  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/6797745 pmid:35372574 pmcid:PMC8970887 fatcat:zqsskhrqojdwbn6h43slngz5mm

The Rocketbox Library and the Utility of Freely Available Rigged Avatars

Mar Gonzalez-Franco, Eyal Ofek, Ye Pan, Angus Antley, Anthony Steed, Bernhard Spanlang, Antonella Maselli, Domna Banakou, Nuria Pelechano, Sergio Orts-Escolano, Veronica Orvalho, Laura Trutoiu (+5 others)
2020 Frontiers in Virtual Reality  
As part of the open sourcing of the Microsoft Rocketbox avatar library for research and academic purposes, here we discuss the importance of rigged avatars for the Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR, AR  ...  Avatars, virtual representations of humans, are widely used in VR applications.  ...  And to Dave Garagan from Havok for his help in the release of the public library. We also thank Tony Donegan for the language editing.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frvir.2020.561558 fatcat:dcv7utlcq5fr5bhjegpsyidldu

Recent Applications of Three Dimensional Printing in Cardiovascular Medicine

Chiara Gardin, Letizia Ferroni, Christian Latremouille, Juan Carlos Chachques, Dinko Mitrečić, Barbara Zavan
2020 Cells  
The technology is more frequently used for the creation of anatomical 3D models useful for teaching, training, and procedural planning of complex surgical cases, as well as for facilitating communication  ...  Cardiovascular medicine, in particular, is one of the fastest growing area for medical 3D printing.  ...  decision-making, medical education and training, and communication in medical practice [7] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/cells9030742 pmid:32192232 pmcid:PMC7140676 fatcat:elb44223rbbazmmwmqws5lwwna

From survey to representation. Operation guidelines [chapter]

2012 Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images III  
Skorton, and S. Fleagle (1995) . Methods of graph searching for border detection in image sequences with applications to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.  ...  IEEE Transaction On Medical Imaging 14 (1), 42-55. An automatic unsupervised fuzzy method for image segmentation  ...  It is important to underline the role of the volumetric 3D rendering within the medical imaging field.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b12753-91 fatcat:nh3phzgj2rcr3hwvqajsligzoq

X-ray computed tomography and additive manufacturing in medicine: a review

Adam Thompson, Donal McNally, Ian Maskery, Richard K. Leach
2017 International Journal of Metrology and Quality Engineering  
The transition of these technologies from a simple method of medical modelling to a robust method of customised implant manufacture is described, and the state-of-the-art for XCT and AM is examined in  ...  The primary prohibitive factors generally relate to the cost of production across all of the examined applications, as well as the need for further clinical trials in surgical guidance and applications  ...  The authors would like to thank the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC Grants EP/M008983/1 and EP/L01534X/1) and 3T RPD Ltd. for funding this work.  ... 
doi:10.1051/ijmqe/2017015 fatcat:c7f4uvew6za3pi6w6hgeoo5rqe

Industrial and Project Presentations [article]

Felipe A. Lozano, Francisco Serón
2003 Eurographics State of the Art Reports  
and 6th of September 2003.  ...  This volume contains the Industrial and Project Presentations for the 24th annual Conference of the European Association for Computer Graphics, EUROGRAPHICS´03, held in Granada, Spain, between the 1st  ...  We are also grateful to Maritima Valenciana for their support of our research efforts and especially to Eduardo Orellana for his faith in our work.  ... 
doi:10.2312/egid.20031006 fatcat:loh7chebubg2vatd5syfugub24

3D printing for preoperative planning and surgical training: a review

Anurup Ganguli, Gelson J. Pagan-Diaz, Lauren Grant, Caroline Cvetkovic, Mathew Bramlet, John Vozenilek, Thenkurussi Kesavadas, Rashid Bashir
2018 Biomedical microdevices  
Often, due to the anatomical complexity of the surgery site, two dimensional or virtual images are not sufficient to successfully convey the structural details.  ...  Surgeons typically rely on their past training and experiences as well as visual aids from medical imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) for the planning  ...  These powder and starch-based inkjet printed models provided tactile and spatial representation and could be used for medical device development and preoperative testing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10544-018-0301-9 pmid:30078059 fatcat:6nzyovvrtvglrddfcygelykodu
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