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Studies in Spoken Tibetan, I: Phonemics

Roy Andrew Miller
1955 Journal of the American Oriental Society  
bases for the description of the realisations of the suprasegmental features. 1.1.1 /L/ is the class of low tones, [*] in context or [4*1:°=] in isolation, in syllables with initial /yiynmws§lr/, and  ...  [Caleutta, 1920]), although he states (Grammar, v-vi, Dictionary, v-vi) that he used the Lhasa dialect as his standard.  ... 
doi:10.2307/595036 fatcat:qs34mksm3zbt3d6tylajevbefq

Page 158 of PMLA. Publications of the Modern Language Association of America Vol. 72, Issue 2 [page]

1957 PMLA. Publications of the Modern Language Association of America  
“Comparison of Lin- guistic Systems.” JJ AL, xxu, 273-275. 452. Greenlerg, Joseph H. “The Measure- Bibliography for 1956—General ment of Linguistic Diversity.” Lang, xxxu, 109-115. 453.  ...  For Roman Jakobson (9471 below], pp. 25-30. 457. Brown, Roger W., and Donald C. Hildum. “Expectancy and the Perception of Syllables.” Lang, xxxu, 411-419. 458. Essen, O. von.  ... 

Page 31 of Ethnology Vol. 5, Issue 1 [page]

1966 Ethnology  
laryngeal plus the general vowel, /a/ for the second laryngeal plus the vowel, and Jo/ for the third laryngeal plus the vowell; (6) /sh/ has been used for /?  ...  For the entire world only PIE, Kabardian, and Abaza (another Northwest Caucasian language) have been phonemicized with only one vowel (or no vowel if one chooses to call this “a feature of openness”).  ... 

Canadian Raising, Opacity, and Rephonemicization

William J. Idsardi
2006 Canadian Journal of Linguistics  
The opaque interaction of Canadian Raising and flapping in words such as writer consitutes one of the main arguments for rule ordering in phonology (Chomsky and Halle 1968; Chambers 1975).  ...  Canadian Raising—the phonetic changes in vowel quality and quantity in the diphthongs /ai/ and/ au/ before voiceless consonants—has been of considerable importance to phonological theories ever since Joos  ...  Writing [ʌɪ] for the raised diphthong is mostly a simple convenience.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0008413100004011 fatcat:lfvnnrgcozfd5obffx5oqf647a

Canadian Raising, Opacity, and Rephonemicization

William Idsardi
2006 Canadian Journal of Linguistics  
In this article I offer a small contribution to the surprisingly long-lived debate on the "raised" diphthongs of Canadian English.  ...  Joos 1942 describes the basic pattern of raised diphthongs before voiceless consonants leading to the familiar alternations in (1).  ...  Writing [ʌɪ] for the raised diphthong is mostly a simple convenience.  ... 
doi:10.1353/cjl.2008.0007 fatcat:yj4aesj5areovmltu4qjvh4koy

The Emergence of Palatal Sonorants and Alternating Diphthongs in Old Spanish [chapter]

D. Eric Holt
2003 Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory  
was the reduction of obstruent geminates and the vocalization of syllable-final velars and l, then the simplification of the sonorants nn, ll to n, l in Galician/Portuguese but to palatal ñ, ll in Spanish  ...  Further, the reanalysis of Latin stress led to the formulation of a constraint requiring stressed vowels to be lengthened, and heavy Germanic influence in pre-Old Spanish, including the imposition in a  ...  of the previous generation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-010-0195-3_11 fatcat:dp663j365zfazdxgrxutninbpe

The Danish Vowel System

Niels EGE
1965 Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan  
However, more important than the lack of distributional detail inherent in such tables is the fact that while purporting simply to record all the phonetic facts of speech for the purpose of phonemicization  ...  The first phase consists in a general tension of the entire vocal apparatus (esp. the expiratory muscles), at the beginning of the syllable.  ... 
doi:10.11435/gengo1939.1965.21 fatcat:jbpnz3ffmfcfzpdfpyeitlgba4

High vowel distribution and trochaic markedness in Québécois

Yulia Bosworth
2017 The Linguistic Review  
AbstractThis paper argues for quantity-sensitive, trochaic foot structure in Québécois French, which allows for a unified prosodic account of the variable distribution of tenseness of high vowels in non-final  ...  syllables.  ...  Many thanks go to the reviewers of the manuscript for their many insights and suggestions. High vowel distribution and trochaic markedness  ... 
doi:10.1515/tlr-2016-0009 fatcat:7xgbmdptonb5bgylv4xwto5ht4

Unraveling the History of the Vowels of Seventeen Northern Vanuatu Languages

Alexandre Francois
2005 Oceanic Linguistics  
The phonemicization of new vowels, including diphthongs and long vowels, is shown to result from stress-induced vowel reduction and metaphony.  ...  After describing and classifying the various patterns of sound changes attested, this paper shows how a proper understanding of vowel hybridization proves indispensable for the reconstruction of both the  ...  While the general rule was for Vi to copy the quality of the following vowel (PEOC *bakua 'Calophyllum sp.' > br; POC *katou 'hermit crab' > øtø; POC *kuita 'octopus' > wrt), there was one exception  ... 
doi:10.1353/ol.2005.0034 fatcat:n7wy62brkzbxjnpqv422ray6vy

The phonologisation of redundancy: length and quality in Welsh vowels

Pavel Iosad
2017 Phonology  
I focus on the requirement for featural specifications to obey the Contrastivist Hypothesis, which denies that redundant features can be involved in phonological computation, in the context of a framework  ...  I analyse the phonologisation of a predictable phonological pattern in Welsh, with particular attention to identifying criteria for whether phonologisation has occurred.  ...  [o]; • The feature [lax] covers the class [ɪ ʊ ə] banned from open syllables; The distribution of 'tenseness' vis-à-vis length is largely accounted for by restrictions on [closed] and [lax].  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0952675717000057 fatcat:tw3sezbalvh6xoyxcq4pdb5zpe

Nasalization of the final ā in the rgveda

Alexander Lubotsky
1993 Indo-Iranian Journal  
Nasalization of the final  in the R gveda ALEXANDER LUBOTSKY  1. The final - before a vowel occasionally appears as -  in the R gveda.  ...  This occurs most frequently at the end of an odd numbered pda (pdas a and c of anus t ubh, tris t ubh, jagat, pda a in gyatr and all pdas without avasna in complex metres), but sporadically  ...  The kampa syllable must bear two accents, viz. the svarita and the anudtta, which is indispensable for the correct understanding of the next udtta.  ... 
doi:10.1163/000000093790084415 fatcat:qmabd7zuhze6plr662hlyhracq

The Genetic Unity of Southern Uto-Aztecan

William L. Merrill
2013 Language Dynamics and Change  
The internal structure of the Uto-Aztecan language family has been debated since the late 19th century, when the historical relationships among all of its major subdivisions were first recognized.  ...  Acknowledgments The initial concept for this essay emerged from conversations in 2009 and 2010 with Greta de León and Ives Goddard.  ...  I am grateful to both for their patience and insights and to Goddard for his guidance in preparing a preliminary draft.  ... 
doi:10.1163/22105832-13030102 fatcat:djfrq3zzxjcytpkzmpaucivlf4

Segmental and suprasegmental features of Brokpa

Pema Wangdi
2020 Himalayan Linguistics  
We examine how syllable weight or moraicity plays a determining role in the placement of stress, a major criterion for phonological word in Brokpa; we also look at some other evidence for phonological  ...  This paper analyzes segmental and suprasegmental features of Brokpa, a Trans-Himalayan (Tibeto-Burman) language belonging to the Central Bodish (Tibetic) subgroup.  ...  Visual representation of the four possible word structures vis-à-vis syllable weight A.  ... 
doi:10.5070/h919148641 fatcat:xbhmvxspbraxzouh4y273263r4

Compensatory Lengthening And Structure Preservation Revisited Yet Again [chapter]

Darya Kavitskaya
2017 Zenodo  
A closer examination of the cited counterexamples to de Chene and Anderson's claim reveals certain generalizations.  ...  In their seminal paper, deChene (1979) make a strong claim that pre-existing vowel length contrast is a necessary condition for the phonologization of vowel length through compensatory lengthening.  ...  Kiparsky (2003: 329) notes that Korhonen (1969: 333-335) suggested that only certain allophones have a functional load that allows for the phonemicization with the loss of conditioning environment.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.495438 fatcat:47rkz3tloreglem3fvif7ypsou


1974 Notes and Queries  
For Northumbrian Professor Samuels postulates another, quite different process: the phonemicization of a and @& is due to the loss of /j/ after i-mutation in such forms as _ falla(n)~ fzlla(n), corresponding  ...  Smithers, “‘ Some English Ideophones”’, Archivum Linguisti- cum, vi (1954-5), 73-111.  ... 
doi:10.1093/nq/21-5-182c fatcat:5d55k2cvend4lgh56lcfacu43u
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