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Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science since 1980 [chapter]

Elizabeth Schier, John Sutton
2014 History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand  
and cognitive studies of philosophy or science.  ...  (1998) , and in Margaret Boden's extraordinary two-volume history Mind as Machine (2006) : the tracking of earlier interdisciplinary interactions between philosophy and cognitive science in Australia  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6958-8_20 fatcat:vzgyayqj7be6pny5mjsvb5aq5a

Philosophy of Cognitive Science [chapter]

Daniel Andler
2009 French Studies In The Philosophy Of Science  
For them, the very idea of a "French cognitive science" or a "French philosophy of cognitive science" is reminiscent of sorry episodes in the history of science (German physics, Soviet genetics,...) and  ...  For some, there is no reason to draw sharp distinctions, or any distinctions at all, between philosophy of psychology, philosophical psychology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of cognitive science or cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9368-5_12 fatcat:llasfyjgsbejfbxphtwnh5skia

Models in Search of Targets: Exploratory Modelling and the Case of Turing Patterns [chapter]

Axel Gelfert
2018 Philosophy of Science  
The long-delayed vindication of Turing's initial model, it is argued, is best explained by recognizing it as an exploratory tool (rather than as a purported representation of an actual target system).  ...  Thus, models often serve as starting points for future inquiry, as proofs of principle, as sources of potential explanations, and as a tool for reassessing the suitability of the target system (and sometimes  ...  Acknowledgments I would like to thank the conference participants at the GWP.2016 meeting in Düsseldorf in March 2016 and at the workshop "Models in Science", held at Lingnan University (Hong Kong) in  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-72577-2_14 fatcat:lr5742z3xzfizd6kq3ew5w6sa4

International Union of History and Philosophy of Science Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science Bulletin no. 11

Risto Hilpinen
1987 Studia Logica: An International Journal for Symbolic Logic  
This paper is about how about how ancient Chinese conceptualized nature and how they used their conceptions and understandings of nature to think about standards of the good, the just, and the valuable  ...  To this day Archimedes is regarded as the embodiment of mathematical creativity, his proofs are considered to be models of mathematical rigour, and his theorems are viewed as symbols of mathematical certainty  ...  The scientific and technological activities and their expression in the scope of diffusion and disclosure of science in four areas of the knowledge, medician, physics, anthropology and agronomy.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00396908 fatcat:mgrd45qn4zfd3nystwqf34jv6m

Some Requirements for Human-Like Robots: Why the Recent Over-Emphasis on Embodiment Has Held Up Progress [chapter]

Aaron Sloman
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The tautology that a robot that acts and perceives in the world must be embodied is often combined with false premises, such as the premiss that a particular type of body is a requirement for intelligence  ...  In particular, the importance of studying some abstract features of the environment about which the animal or robot has to learn (extending ideas of J.J.Gibson) has not been widely appreciated.  ...  Many of the ideas reported in this paper were developed as part of the requirements analysis activities in the EU-funded CoSy robotic project: http: //www.cognitivesystems.org, especially in discussions  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00616-6_12 fatcat:wrs4vqq3djcidlzaxkpg6t4d7q

A dualist-interactionist perspective

John C. Eccles
1980 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
I assume this is an empirical fact about the actual causal relations between mental processes and brains.  ...  This article can be viewed as an attempt to explore the consequences of two propositions. (1) Intentionality in human beings (and animals) is a product of causal features of the brain.  ...  Acknowledgment I am grateful to Jerry Fodor and Georges Rey for comments on an earlier draft.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00005811 fatcat:5oy5bmlxufecpegipox7ibhx7q

Minds, brains, and programs

John R. Searle
1980 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
I assume this is an empirical fact about the actual causal relations between mental processes and brains.  ...  This article can be viewed as an attempt to explore the consequences of two propositions. (1) Intentionality in human beings (and animals) is a product of causal features of the brain.  ...  Acknowledgment I am grateful to Jerry Fodor and Georges Rey for comments on an earlier draft.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00005756 fatcat:wfcpl6apdfhxbcscyeacavkbim

The Post‐Modern Transcendental of Language in Science and Philosophy [chapter]

Gianfranco Basti
2017 Epistemology and Transformation of Knowledge in Global Age  
The deep connection between these two coalgebraic constructions is the fact that the topologies of Stone spaces in computer science are the same of the C*-algebras of quantum physics.  ...  In this chapter I discuss the deep mutations occurring today in our society and in our culture, the natural and mathematical sciences included, from the standpoint of the "transcendental of language",  ...  culture-science and philosophy included-as a Post-The illustration of this later completion in fundamental physics, as well as in logic and in computer science, all related with the 'algebra of relations  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.68613 fatcat:zisvl3hvmbdahfu2hu4vvzgopy

The Ghost in the Quantum Turing Machine [article]

Scott Aaronson
2013 arXiv   pre-print
In honor of Alan Turing's hundredth birthday, I unwisely set out some thoughts about one of Turing's obsessions throughout his life, the question of physics and free will.  ...  Other, more metaphysical aspects of free will I regard as possibly outside the scope of science.  ...  It goes without saying that none of the people mentioned necessarily endorse anything I say here (indeed, some of them definitely don't!).  ... 
arXiv:1306.0159v2 fatcat:bhn6y7jtfnex3jr46gh3twkl4i

Towards a Plastic Starting Point: Rethinking Ethical-Political Education with Catherine Malabou [chapter]

Kjetil Horn Hogstad
2020 Cosmopolitanism: Educational, Philosophical and Historical Perspectives  
productive engagement with the natural sciences (mainly cellular biology and neuroscience) from the angle of Continental philosophy.  ...  This set of metaphors -space, distinction between before and after, and a movement in space -gave rise to a distinction between 'this set' and 'its opposites': between change and nonchange; between transitoriness  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-49524-4_10 fatcat:ttqocvonubcenbwg3mrodhwt3u

Robot Betrayal: a guide to the ethics of robotic deception

John Danaher
2020 Ethics and Information Technology  
And third, it argues that the third type of deception is best understood as a form of betrayal because doing so captures the unique ethical harm to which it gives rise, and justifies special ethical protections  ...  about its ethics.  ...  Acknowledgements: My thanks to David Gunkel for inspiring me to write this article and for his recommended reading about the topic.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-019-09520-3 fatcat:jdk6sjim75adrpuxvopuwn4glu

On the Difference between Physics and Biology: Logical Branching and Biomolecules [article]

George Ellis, Jonathan Kopel
2018 arXiv   pre-print
A further major difference is between life in general and intelligent life.  ...  The key link between physics and life enabling this to happen is provided by biomolecules, such as voltage gated ion channels, which enable branching logic to emerge from the underlying physics and hence  ...  We particularly thank Jeremy Butterfield for very useful advice on philosophical aspects of the paper.  ... 
arXiv:1709.00950v10 fatcat:vhysqt23tvabja6aszntgqdmry

Syntactic Analysis [chapter]

2005 Mathematical Models for Speech Technology  
It is interesting to note that the failure to make mathematical reasoning absolute came quickly on the heels of a similar failure in physics to vindicate the Enlightenment philosophy by constructing an  ...  The Objection from the Diversity of the Sciences This argument rests on the proposition that biology, psychology, and sociology are intrinsically different from physics and need not follow the same path  ... 
doi:10.1002/0470020911.ch4 fatcat:vc2vvefb4baffhoe72pnlhd5bq

Ends, Norms, and Representations: Why ask "Why?" in Biology?

Brandon Conley
2018
In the final chapter, I develop a historical and philosophical interpretation of Ernst Mayr's distinction between proximate and ultimate causes and its relation to Niko Tinbergen's "four questions."  ...  Functions are of philosophical interest because the concept plays an important explanatory role in biology, and other sciences, but is apparently teleological and normative -an item's function is its end  ...  The ideas defended herein, including any incorrect ones, are mine, but none of them would have made it onto the page without a great deal of help from others.  ... 
doi:10.7298/x4zc813j fatcat:4mwhqksdi5fplkskozrqntvysy

THE DAWNING OF (MACHINE) INTELLIGENCE

S Shanker
unpublished
Hence, thanks to the aid of communications engineers, mathematicians have been able to play so prominent a role in modern physics and biology.  ...  We can now begin to understand why, as was observed at the outset of this paper, cognitive science has revitalized metaphysics in the philosophy of mind.  ...  locate the influence of key figures is that it encourages one to over look the overriding importance' of the conceptual pressures created by the frameworks in which they operated.  ... 
fatcat:tu7gt2a7xbettk3nsz6ilirz44
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