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Chapter 1: Philosophy and Biomedical Information Systems [chapter]

Barry Smith, Bert Klagges
Applied Ontology  
Applied ontology is a branch of applied philosophy using philosophical ideas and methods from ontology in order to contribute to a more adequate presentation of the results of scientific research.  ...  Each system developed its own principles of terminology and categorization which were often in conflict with those of other systems.  ...  the interaction between philosophy and various fields of information sciences.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110324860.21 fatcat:p2zwq62jwfaozn6riqhpvcowty

A methodology for constructing of philosophy ontology based on philosophical texts

Jung-Min Kim, Byoung-Il Choi, Hyo-Phil Shin, Hyoung-Joo Kim
2007 Computer Standards & Interfaces  
To implement the philosophy ontology, we develop an ontology management system based on Topic Maps.  ...  An ontology is a crucial factor for the success of the Semantic Web and other knowledge-based systems in terms of share and reuse of domain knowledge.  ...  The presented topic map management system builds philosophy ontology from translated XTM documents and a philosophy knowledge portal to service semantic information to users.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.csi.2006.04.003 fatcat:tozf3jvuhvd6rktzonexdamshu

Working Together in Philosophy and Informatics: An Introduction to the Contributions of the Second International Workshop on Philosophy and Informatics (WSPI 2005) [chapter]

Thilo Deussen, Thomas R. Roth-Berghofer, Gregor Büchel, Bertin Klein
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We thank the contributors, the program committee, and the supporters at DFKI, Kaiserslautern.  ...  Ontologies and Ontology. The design of an information system (IS) starts generally with the construction of a semantic model (e.g., an ERM) of the data, which should be stored in the system.  ...  Philosophy of Information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11590019_66 fatcat:lxb4spd2afgvvfj6wpqr3p6ioa

The double role of ontologies in information science research

Frederico Fonseca
2007 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
We propose to categorize ontologies in theory of Ontology and Information Systems ontologies. Both have an important role in Information Science.  ...  We clarify the two meanings through a comparison between the extensive research on the use of theory of Ontology by Wand & Weber and the work of Guarino in ontology-driven information systems.  ...  We propose to categorize ontologies in theory of Ontology and Information Systems ontologies. Both have an important role in Information Science.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.20565 fatcat:nquevcs7m5bs3gz3wwr5utsgoq

Educating the Information Integration Using Contextual Knowledge and Ontology Merging in Advanced Levels

Husnul Qodim, Herningsih Herningsih, Phong Thanh Nguyen, Quyen Le Hoang Thuy To Nguyen, Apriana Toding
2019 International Journal of Higher Education  
Such systems enable developers to develop an integrated hybrid contextual based system and new concepts to be introduced. This enables the retrival of the information is easier and faster.  ...  This paper defines the methods of educating the information integration by the use of ontologies. For this there are two various architecture are central and peer-to-peer data integration.  ...  Strategies utilized for ontology mapping, including ontology arrangement and ontology consolidating, cover to an enormous degree with those systems for pattern coordinating.  ... 
doi:10.5430/ijhe.v8n8p24 fatcat:wlqrckvg5zg3df2464zkwfokx4

Phenomenological Ontology Guided Conceptual Modeling for Enterprise Information Systems [chapter]

Tomas Jonsson, Håkan Enquist
2018 Msphere  
In a model driven information system, the model directly defines the structure of data presented to its users and should therefore be founded in users knowledge or perception of reality.  ...  This paper describes a draft for a phenomenological ontology for modeling executable conceptual models in accordance with the infological equation.  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Unified Theory of the Husserlian System Fig. 2 . 2 CoreEAF ontological system with Model Language and Ontology Regions in relation to the Husserlian Ontological System.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-01391-2_7 fatcat:a7ocsmm2qraurgigqcugrpyxcq

Philosophy of Information and "New Revolution of Philosophy"

Hongbing He
2017 Proceedings (MDPI)  
The quintessence of Philosophy of information is to introduce the concept of information as one of the most basic concepts of philosophy, and its demonstration of the "ontological" status and universal  ...  Therefore, "outlook of Philosophy" has been reflected, the field of existence can be redistricted, the basic problems of philosophy are completely expressed, and the ontology of philosophy can be reconstructed  ...  Its famous representative is "a synopsis of philosophical information theory" (1985) , "introduction to philosophy of information theory" (1987) and "Philosophy of information-theory, system, method"  ... 
doi:10.3390/is4si-2017-03966 fatcat:t3sdbvsdczbdldsh7c4wxuzbr4

Analysis the Importance of the Concept of Objective Non-Reality in the Development of Philosophy

En Wang
2017 Proceedings (MDPI)  
"philosophy of information" system.  ...  Because the existence of "objective but non-reality" is inherently a kind of "crossover" field in the traditional philosophy, it certainty solve the problems of traditional philosophy from the ontology  ...  Acknowledgments: This paper is supported by National Social Science Fund major project "epistemological research of contemporary philosophy based on information technology" (15ZDB019).  ... 
doi:10.3390/is4si-2017-03954 fatcat:gxmevucrsvdqxnf6vlmbja3oua


Mathias Niepert, Cameron Buckner, Jaimie Murdock, Colin Allen
2008 Proceedings of the 8th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries - JCDL '08  
InPhO is a system that combines statistical text processing, information extraction, human expert feedback, and logic programming to populate and extend a dynamic ontology for the field of philosophy.  ...  ontology driven conceptual navigation.  ...  INPHO: THE INDIANA PHILOSOPHY ONTOLOGY PROJECT The scale, complexity, and dynamic nature of many digital reference works calls for sophisticated information management tools to capture and harness their  ... 
doi:10.1145/1378889.1378976 dblp:conf/jcdl/NiepertBMA08 fatcat:aghpczcslvexhmqo5wtjcxupcq

Revisiting ontologies: A necessary clarification

Mauricio Barcellos Almeida
2013 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
The term ontology is employed within philosophy, computer science, and information science with different meanings.  ...  In information science, except for a few papers, there is no initiative toward clarifying what ontology really is and the connections that it fosters among different research fields.  ...  It is worthwhile, at this point, to reinforce the important aforementioned distinction between Ontology in philosophy and ontologies in computer science and information science.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.22861 fatcat:debuz2drqbdzpeififqea77jy4

FOIS introduction

Barry Smith, Christopher A. Welty
2001 Proceedings of the international conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems - FOIS '01  
This introduction to the Second International Coyference on Formal Ontology and Information Systems presents a brief history of ontology as a discipline spanning the boundaries of philosophy and information  ...  We sketch some of the reasons for the growth of ontology in the information science field, and offer a preliminary stocktaking of how the term 'ontology' is currently used.  ...  and of information systems science.  ... 
doi:10.1145/505168.505201 dblp:conf/fois/SmithW01 fatcat:z6xtofd6ezeathp54dq7bcducy

Ontology, Ontologies, and Science

Gary H. Merrill
2011 Topoi  
This paper distinguishes several different models of the relation between philosophical ontology and applied (scientific) ontology that have been advanced in the history of philosophy.  ...  Adoption of a strong participation model for the philosophical ontologist in science is urged, and requirements and consequences of the participation model are explored.  ...  ontology in science.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11245-011-9091-x fatcat:ltynclvmuzhmjn6ldesh6hpez4

Parallax Ontology and the Philosophy of Information

Bradley W. Compton
2015 Library Trends  
within LIS and the philosophy of information.  ...  This paper discusses differing perspectives relevant to library and information studies (LIS) regarding the philosophy of information, primarily disparate accounts of ontology.  ...  However, this is a digression in the defense of philosophy in LIS rather than of the exploration of the philosophy of information and ontology.  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2015.0001 fatcat:mcpadejtbjgbzlwyq3nb5dauxu

Natural Philosophy and Natural Logic

Kun Wu, Zhensong Wang
2018 Philosophies  
(a key advocation in the ontological theory of Kun Wu's philosophy of information).  ...  In this connection, philosophy of information (a key advocation of Kun Wu's philosophy of information) in China is a system of meta-philosophy or supreme philosophy.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the two reviewers for making important and precious suggestions on modification of this paper. And we also thank editors for their hard work.  ... 
doi:10.3390/philosophies3040027 fatcat:5r7lbnvelbcbjdbz4wievkvtae

Ontologies in Knowledge Organization

Luís Miguel Oliveira Machado
2021 Encyclopedia  
We have ontologies viewed, on the one hand, as an evolution in terms of complexity of traditional conceptual systems, and on the other hand, as a system that organizes ontological rather than epistemological  ...  The focus of ontological analysis is the item to model and not the intentions that motivate the construction of the system.  ...  Brief History: From Philosophy to Information Systems The term "ontology" appeared in the 17th century, being attributed, in parallel but without known connection, to Rudolf Göckel and Jacob Lorhard; although  ... 
doi:10.3390/encyclopedia1010015 fatcat:f4yixknp65bnppt4wuthse74f4
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