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Data-Assisted Persona Construction Using Social Media Data

Dimitris Spiliotopoulos, Dionisis Margaris, Costas Vassilakis
2020 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
This work may be used to model personas and recommend suitable ones to designers of other products, such as advertisers, game designers and moviegoers.  ...  The results show that the topic information-driven constructed personas are perceived as having better clarity, completeness and credibility.  ...  Transparency in data-driven generated personas is achieved by providing the sources of the information on the personas.  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc4030021 fatcat:3wk7ba5aavc5ppwvieqt6kviea

Designing for imaginary friends: information architecture, personas and the politics of user-centered design

Adrienne L. Massanari
2010 New Media & Society  
This article traces the discursive construction of the 'user' within web design texts and how these texts describe the persona technique.  ...  The analysis suggests that the use of personas is motivated as much by political realities within new media organizations, as it is by the desire to address user needs.  ...  Adoption of personas within organizations may be made more difficult by the perception that they may not be grounded in real data.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444809346722 fatcat:njlfxsduyrdv3ohnw5v36zfhdu

Transparency by design in data-informed research: A collection of information design patterns

Arianna Rossi, Gabriele Lenzini
2020 Computer Law and Security Review  
data subjects/research subjects to appreciate and determine the permissible use of their data.  ...  To respond to the challenge, this article presents a series of operational strategies for transparent communication in line with legal-ethical requirements.  ...  On the contrary, lack of transparency, deception, and data misuse in digital economies have been the direct cause of the degradation of trust in services (see e.g., the Cambridge Analytica scandal impact  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clsr.2020.105402 fatcat:fww6sljvcbb4hisrol73gsz52m

Explainability as a non-functional requirement: challenges and recommendations

Larissa Chazette, Kurt Schneider
2020 Requirements Engineering  
We assess the relationship between explanations and transparency and analyze its potential impact on software quality.  ...  While there are differences of opinion on the need for built-in explanations, understanding this concept and its impact on software is a key step for requirements engineering.  ...  To the best of our knowledge, there are no studies that focus on the users' opinion on the need for explanations and on the perceived impact of explanations on transparency.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00766-020-00333-1 fatcat:j2773tgy45etlnl7zlunhiko6y

Designer Modeling through Design Style Clustering [article]

Alberto Alvarez, Jose Font, Julian Togelius
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Such suggestions would allow the system to be one step ahead of the designer, offering suggestions for the next cluster, assuming that the designer will follow one of the archetypical design traces.  ...  We present results both in the form of design styles for rooms, which can be analyzed to better understand the kind of rooms designed by users, and in the form of archetypical sequences between these rooms  ...  The work presented in [36] introduced the Designer Preference Model, a data-driven solution that learns from usergenerated data based on their choices while using EDD.  ... 
arXiv:2004.01697v2 fatcat:pgxkjecosfhb7ca674dclcgg3q

Why Won't They Just Adopt Good Research Data Management Practices? An Exploration of Research Teams and Librarians' Role in Facilitating RDM Adoption

Clara Llebot, Hannah Gascho Rempel
2021 Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication  
We also develop three research group personas as a way of navigating the UTAUT model, and as a tool Research Data Services practitioners can use to target interactions between librarians and research groups  ...  The social interactions between the members of a research team are a key element that influences the likelihood of a research group successfully adopting best practices in data management.  ...  Librarians impact several of the direct determinants in the UTAUT model, including effort, social influence, and facilitating conditions.  ... 
doi:10.7710/2162-3309.2321 fatcat:irrmn4hs75cxpb3pzn5kgzlkjq

Human-Centered Explainable AI (XAI): From Algorithms to User Experiences [article]

Q. Vera Liao, Kush R. Varshney
2022 arXiv   pre-print
With the rich application opportunities, explainability has moved beyond a demand by data scientists or researchers to comprehend the models they develop, to become an essential requirement for people  ...  In this chapter, we begin with a high-level overview of the technical landscape of XAI algorithms, then selectively survey our own and other recent HCI works that take human-centered approaches to design  ...  We are also grateful for members of Human-AI Collaboration group and Trustworthy AI department at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, whose work and conversations with us shaped our thinking.  ... 
arXiv:2110.10790v4 fatcat:elmw4vwnmbafvlucuneyqrp2rq

Motivating Users to Manage Privacy Concerns in Cyber-Physical Settings—A Design Science Approach Considering Self-Determination Theory

Sabrina Oppl, Christian Stary
2022 Sustainability  
Engaging in control over individuals by digital means, the data and the artefacts that process privacy-relevant data can be addressed by Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and its established instruments.  ...  Albeit making human beings' lives more comfortable, these systems collect huge quantities of data that may affect human privacy and their digital sovereignty.  ...  "Open Access Funding by the University of Linz"  ... 
doi:10.3390/su14020900 fatcat:fmezvr7m2fbdzhhq2yrlwfr3ti

Under Her Eye: Digital Drag as Obfuscation and Countersurveillance

Harris Kornstein
2019 Surveillance & Society  
about the users and uses of popular technologies, assumptions of the integrity of data, and even approaches to ensuring privacy.  ...  Drawing on queer, trans, and new media theories, this article considers the ways in which drag serves as a form of informational obfuscation, by adding "noise" in the form of over-the-top makeup and social  ...  And of course, many thanks to my co-conspiratorial queens.  ... 
doi:10.24908/ss.v17i5.12957 fatcat:jtar5qscfjfiplmcgiolck66je

Representation of the Snowden Scandal in the Estonian Media: The Construction of Threats and Fear

Mari-Liis Madisson
2017 Folklore  
The Internet is frequently associated with the freedom of expression, horizontal relations between citizens and state authorities, transparent governing, etc., and those characteristics are often interpreted  ...  as signs of the progressive and democratic nature of the medium.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This study was supported by the projects "Semiotic analysis of discourses of e-Estonia" (PHVFI 16937), "Semiotic modelling of self-description mechanisms: Theory and applications" (IUT  ... 
doi:10.7592/fejf2017.69.madisson fatcat:aawbn7uh4nfljlpk5vcc4jlxsm

A multi-perspective digital library to facilitate integrating teaching research methods across the computing curriculum

Anne G. Applin, Hilary J. Holz, William Joel, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Katherine Deibel, Becky Grasser, Briony J. Oates, Gwendolyne Wood
2007 ACM SIGCSE Bulletin  
This dispersion has led to the use of inconsistent terminology when referring to CRM. With no established CRM vocabulary and isolated  ...  The computing research methods (CRM) literature is scattered across discourse communities and published in specialty journals and conference proceedings.  ...  have a positive impact on society.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1345443.1345440 fatcat:id2jjlxp45guhmffyojmzqciwm

Crisis económica y sentimiento antinmigrante: el caso de Andalucía / Economic Crisis and Anti-Immigrant Sentiment: The Case of Andalusia

Sebastian Rinken
2016 Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas (REIS)  
The study shows that attitudes towards immigrants hinge on a complex array of predispositions and perceptions, rather than economic facts and interests per se.  ...  This paper provides three interrelated reasons not to confound perceptions of economic group-threat with hostility toward people of foreign origin.  ...  the impact of economic adversity on sentiment towards immigrants.  ... 
doi:10.5477/cis/reis.156.77 fatcat:buglqgzm5jchpp5xisquyfd3xm

Integrated and Customer-Oriented Material and Process Selection by Sensory Multi-Criteria Decision-Making

Jan-Henrik Schneberger, Jerome Kaspar, Michael Vielhaber
2019 Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design  
AbstractToday, product success more than ever depends on the satisfaction of consumer needs.  ...  During the early phase of product development, requirements acquisition is crucial for later success of products, since specifications are most influenceable at this point.  ...  As an example, processing of aluminum necessarily depends on the respective alloy, since parameters vary significantly and have a huge impact on properties like formability or weldability.  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.123 fatcat:pxx5dm2iwffdbbh56elbhntnoa

Beyond privacy and exposure: ethical issues within citizen-facing analytics

Peter Grindrod
2016 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
We propose that citizens' expectations and implicit permissions for any exploitation of their data require the perception of a fair balance of benefits, which should be transparent (accessible to citizens  ...  We discuss the governing forces for analytics, especially concerning citizens' behaviours and their transactions, that depend on which of three spheres of operation an institution is in (corporate, public  ...  Acknowledgements The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and they do not represent the views for the Alan Turing Institute or its board.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2016.0132 pmid:28336804 fatcat:xkw53hihyzaynefvjsox4bsdta

Introducing a Model of Automated Brand-Generated Content in an Era of Computational Advertising

Guda van Noort, Itai Himelboim, Jolie Martin, Tom Collinger
2020 Journal of Advertising  
Acknowledgments The authors thank the participants of the Thought Leadership Forum (TLF) on Computational Advertising for their stimulating comments, hosted in 2020 by the University of Minnesota Hubbard  ...  School of Journalism and Mass Communication.  ...  However, evaluating the effect of such perception on automated brand-generated content impact reveals a paradoxical effect.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00913367.2020.1795954 fatcat:wtah2rsnc5f5lds7rolt7eyciq
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