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Persistence in Voting Behavior: Stronghold Dynamics in Elections [chapter]

Toni Pérez, Juan Fernández-Gracia, Jose J. Ramasco, Víctor M. Eguíluz
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
A quantitative definition of a stronghold by means of persistence in time of fluctuations in the voting spatial distribution is introduced, and results from the US Presidential Elections during the period  ...  levels, with data in the US presidential elections.  ...  Results Pursuing the topic of persistence and changes in opinion, as expressed by voting results, we have investigated the strongholds of both parties in USA.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16268-3_18 fatcat:wumsjs62h5cfdgiadwxw22mnpi

Voting: A Behavioral Analysis

Max Visser
1996 Behavior and Social Issues  
In this article a behavioral analysis of voting is presented and a derived behavioral model is empirically tested on data from a Dutch election survey.  ...  The behavior of voting for a party in an election has important social implications, yet, due to strong mentalistic influences in electoral research, it has rarely been studied from the behavior analytical  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Dynamic model of voting behavior Parents VISSER the voting choice is unknown (cells [1.2] and [2.2]).  ... 
doi:10.5210/bsi.v6i1.279 fatcat:2pp2wp3px5hcbe6ldr5c4rv45y


2018 Ekonomichna ta Sotsialna Geografiya  
The study reveals intraregional variability in the territorial patterns of voting behavior in Ukraine in 2002-2014.  ...  The study also reveals region-specific voting patterns of cities and territorial outliers, which are bounded by administrative borders places with unique voting behavior.  ...  of voting behavior in the country.  ... 
doi:10.17721/2413-7154/2018.80.4-17 fatcat:lpt3ssrnf5dwxb26rjjgzl76mq

Inheritance and the Dynamics of Party Identification

Martin Kroh, Peter Selb
2009 Political Behavior  
Traditionalists conceive of partisanship as a largely affective attachment to a political party that emerges in childhood through parental influences and tends to persist throughout life.  ...  Sofern die Verfasser die Dokumente unter Open-Content-Lizenzen (insbesondere CC-Lizenzen) zur Verfügung gestellt haben sollten, gelten abweichend von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten  ...  Introduction Despite the centrality of party identification 1 in studies of voting behavior and elections, scholars continue to disagree vehemently on its nature and meaning (for a recent overview, see  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11109-009-9084-2 fatcat:qowjmy2lyfebzo6tp4wldhs4da

Pre-election violence and territorial control: Political dominance and subnational election violence in polarized African electoral systems

Michael Wahman, Edward Goldring
2020 Journal of Peace Research  
We hypothesize that pre-election violence will be particularly common in opposition strongholds.  ...  For locally dominant parties, violence is a tool to shrink the democratic space in their strongholds and maintain territorial control.  ...  While concentrating mainly on micro-level behavioral consequences of violence (e.g. vote choice or decisions to abstain or participate in voting), earlier work on preelection violence paid insufficient  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022343319884990 fatcat:y2xaxlwz3zasxlgrral26gthle

The Power of Proximity: Strategic Decisions in African Party Politics

Alexander Stroh
2009 Social Science Research Network  
An in-depth evaluation of detailed election data from Burkina Faso shows that strategies which rely on personal proximity between the voter and the candidates influence the parties' success to a great  ...  At the same time, the idea that ethnicity is a very special feature of African party politics persists.  ...  Even at first glance, Table 1 Step three must deepen the discussion on participation strategies in order to generate a better understanding of the persistence and dynamics of party success patterns  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1356649 fatcat:sbn7notuxndd7f5b4uumits6uu

Political partisanship influences behavioral responses to governors' recommendations for COVID-19 prevention in the United States

Guy Grossman, Soojong Kim, Jonah M Rexer, Harsha Thirumurthy
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Effects were larger in Democratic- than in Republican-leaning counties, a pattern more pronounced under Republican governors.  ...  Political partisanship influences citizens' decisions to voluntarily engage in physical distancing in response to communications by their governor.  ...  "Trump vote margin" is county i's vote margin for President Trump in the 2016 election. Republican counties are those in which Trump's vote margin in 2016 was greater than zero.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2007835117 pmid:32934147 pmcid:PMC7533884 fatcat:57erjgiwszfivia2akwpf4iyeu

The Emergence and Development of Ethnic Strongholds and Frontiers of Collective Violence in Jos, Nigeria

Kingsley L. Madueke
2019 African Studies Review  
Abstract:Contestations over indigene rights and political representation resulted in Christian-Muslim riots in the Nigerian city of Jos where, between 2001 and 2010, over 5,000 people were killed.  ...  It employs an ethnographic study to map the emergence and development of ethnic strongholds and frontiers, two kinds of socio-spatial settings conceptualized to help explain the spread and patterns of  ...  Election Results The 2015 general elections provided a general idea of variations in voting patterns in ethnic strongholds and frontiers.  ... 
doi:10.1017/asr.2018.115 fatcat:svrvdlx5w5ehdpeelwxijxpiju

When Do Legislators Pass on Pork? The Role of Political Parties in Determining Legislator Effort

2009 American Political Science Review  
Examining the CDF in India, we find that legislator effort is significantly lower in constituencies that are party strongholds.  ...  It has implications not only for understanding political incentives and the dynamics of party formation, but also for evaluating the impact of CDFs.  ...  In contrast, the behavior of reserved candidates is not robustly different across party strongholds and non-strongholds (results not reported).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0003055409090054 fatcat:f3ausl3jb5at3f76ltblfwxdfy

When do Legislators Pass on Pork? The Role of Political Parties in Determining Legislator Effort

Philip Keefer, Stuti Khemani
2008 Social Science Research Network  
Controlling for numerous alternative explanations, we find that legislator effort (MPLADS disbursement) is significantly lower in constituencies that are party strongholds.  ...  public policy, but also for the dynamics of party formation and the evaluation of CDFs. .  ...  In contrast, the behavior of reserved candidates is not robustly different across party strongholds and non-strongholds (results not reported).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1136870 fatcat:kqrdyveqrrb3tdd2npaxjc2jae

Factions and Political Competition

Nicola Persico, José C. R. Pueblita, Dan Silverman
2011 Journal of Political Economy  
In doing so, the model provides a unified explanation of two prominent features of public resource allocations: the persistence of (possibly inefficient) policies, and the tendency of public spending to  ...  favor incumbent party strongholds over swing constituencies.  ...  Regardless the politician's ability to attract votes when running for office, conditional on having been elected, in our model his vote-getting ability is irrelevant for his future role in the life of  ... 
doi:10.1086/660298 fatcat:modgq2fdezfyrbiyoftkqrofrq

Election Violence and Voter Turnout in 2019 General Elections: What Role for Political Parties?

Mustapha Salihu, Yahaya Yakubu
2021 European Scientific Journal  
A review of election data shows; voter turnout has been on the decline from 69% in 2003 to 35% in 2019.  ...  Against this, it concludes in the absence of enduring party-voter relations in Nigeria, political parties and politicians alike, resort to vote buying, mobilization of political thugs and in other times  ...  More than often, political parties and voters in Nigeria lack established long-term pacts which might inform voting behavior (Dalton and Klingemenn, 2009).  ... 
doi:10.19044/esj.2021.v17n2p137 fatcat:wo75d53oprgzbnpcyzc2bcm6fy

War and conflict in economics: Theories, applications, and recent trends

Erik O. Kimbrough, Kevin Laughren, Roman Sheremeta
2017 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
Recent empirical literature, employing both laboratory and field data, in many cases confirms the basic implications of conflict theory.  ...  These models vary in details, but their implications are qualitatively consistent, highlighting key commonalities across a variety of conflict settings.  ...  Recent empirical analyses of dynamic contests have illuminated additional factors that can create conflict persistence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2017.07.026 fatcat:wzhqlvevdrfwvei6i2b4pppkuu

The Unstable Voting Behaviour: Tracing of the Voting Behaviour in Indonesia Post-Reformasi Era

Wasisto Raharjo Jati
2021 Jurnal Politica Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri dan Hubungan Internasional  
Article aimed to analyses about construction of voting behavior in Indonesia election implementation.  ...  Secondly, analyzing of voting behavior in Indonesia has been swiftly in every election. It's important to note that main character of voting behavior is swing voters dominated by young residents.  ...  Comparing within rural resident that still trapped into patrimonalistic rule, analysing on voting behavior in urban area is more dynamic and durable.  ... 
doi:10.22212/jp.v12i2.2319 fatcat:jvblzx3wpvbill6j74hue2luoe

Ethno-nationalism and Ethnic Dynamics in Trinidad and Tobago: Toward Designing an Inclusivist Form of Governance [chapter]

Ralph Premdas
2019 The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity  
The persistence of a fundamentally ethicized system of voting preference has in turn impacted on the manner in which political campaigns had been conducted.  ...  in many instances for up to 75% or more of the PP votes in 2010 except for the two Tobago seats and those in the PNM stronghold seats.  ...  In any case, this electoral institution did not emerge as a specific issue during the 2010 elections in Trinidad.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-13-2898-5_167 fatcat:b2eapi77qjddvcvhedan6w6lwi
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