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Perpetually Dominating Large Grids [article]

Ioannis Lamprou, Russell Martin, Sven Schewe
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We study rectangular grids and provide the first known general upper bound on the m-eternal domination number for these graphs.  ...  Our novel strategy implements a square rotation principle and eternally dominates m × n grids by using approximately mn/5 guards, which is asymptotically optimal even for ordinary domination.  ...  This function appears in [6] and is central to providing an optimal dominating set for sufficiently large finite grids.  ... 
arXiv:1611.08204v3 fatcat:u43m253ncvaqhc6lycohf235cy

Disentangling effects of climate and land use on biodiversity and ecosystem services - a multi-scale experimental design [article]

Sarah Redlich, Jie Zhang, Caryl Benjamin, Maninder Singh Dhillon, Jana Englmeier, Joerg Ewald, Ute Fricke, Cristina Ganuza, Maria Haensel, Thomas Hovestadt, Johannes Kollmann, Thomas Koellner (+13 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The suggested design expands upon previous research in covering a significant range of environmental gradients and including a diversity of dominant land-use types at different scales within different  ...  i we then calculated , is the j th Pearson's r coefficient resulting from random selection of that specific 244 forest dominated grid cell i, and n is the number of times that grid cell i was included  ...  (C) Select grid cells dominated by the respective land-use type (here forest, dark 276 green) and create land-use specific heatmaps of mean correlations between landscape 277 composition and configuration  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.03.05.434036 fatcat:zctkisn2jva2bmt4ac6o6q6a3m

Structure of the deactive state of mammalian respiratory complex I [article]

James N Blaza, Kutti R Vinothkumar, Judy Hirst
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
here and consistent with a large proportion of inactive enzyme.  ...  Many proteins denature at the large air-water interface present during cryoEM grid formation (43), so class 1 and 2 molecules may augment the class 3 population, or become more completely denatured and  ... 
doi:10.1101/165753 fatcat:3xrgmuizwjhtvap5zuuwottlom

Restructuring of genomic provinces of surface ocean plankton under climate change [article]

Paul Frémont, Marion Gehlen, Mathieu Vrac, Jade Leconte, Patrick Wincker, Daniele Iudicone, Olivier Jaillon
2020 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
In this case, 568 presence probabilities of dominant provinces are not used anymore. Instead, each ocean 569 grid point is assigned to the dominant provinces or the phate clusters.  ...  the grid cell area.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.10.20.347237 fatcat:enuscfgyfbbrbp2qz6v6oteezu

Habitat heterogeneity reduces the richness of ant species by increasing abundance of the local dominant species [article]

Bruno Travassos-Britto, Pedro Luis Bernardo da Rocha
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
However, the structural heterogeneity affects the distribution of dominant individuals.  ...  However, in a second analysis, we concluded that heterogeneity could affect the abundance of the dominant species.  ...  These 194 pitfall traps were arranged in a sampling grid with 17 lines and 7 columns placed 10 m apart, 195 with a total area of 11,200 m² per grid.  ... 
doi:10.1101/316430 fatcat:txwkoenddzcp7euzeezqfdyi2y

Bycatch mitigation could prevent strong changes in the ecological strategies of seabird communities across the globe [article]

Cerren Richards, Robert S. C. Cooke, Diana E. Bowler, Kristina Boerder, Amanda E. Bates
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Specifically, changes in dominant foraging and diet guilds, and shifts towards communities with faster reproductive speeds (larger clutch sizes and shorter generation lengths) and smaller body masses could  ...  For continuous 136 data, CWM is the mean trait value of all species present in each 1º grid cell, and for categorical 137 data, CWM is the most dominant class per trait within each 1º grid cell.  ...  Below 40°N, we find surface foragers 192 may remain the dominant foraging guild without bycatch intervention (Fig. 2), but their 193 find that mitigating bycatch could prevent large shifts in traits  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.05.24.445481 fatcat:cf7vtn32b5herieoqnlhgzmip4

Functional diversification enabled grassy biomes to fill global climate space [article]

Caroline E. R. Lehmann, Daniel M. Griffith, Kimberley J. Simpson, T. Michael Anderson, Sally Archibald, David J. Beerling, William J. Bond, Elsie Denton, Erika J. Edwards, Elisabeth J. Forrestel, David L. Fox, Damien Georges (+13 others)
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
However, the large grassy component of many global biomes is often neglected in their descriptions, thereby ignoring these important ecosystem processes.  ...  Here, we compile available data to determine the global distribution of grassy vegetation and key traits related to grass dominance.  ...  Focusing on dominant 75 and characteristic species provides one way to explore links between evolutionary history and 76 ecosystem ecology at large scales (14) .  ... 
doi:10.1101/583625 fatcat:bvpzatcv65a7zixch44o4rgjsa

Intermediate Migration Yields Optimal Adaptation in Structured, Asexual Populations [article]

Arthur Covert III, Claus O Wilke
2014 bioRxiv   pre-print
The grid wraps around itself to form a torus (donut shape) and new digital organisms are born into the adjacent grid cells.  ...  This large single population served as a control for the migration treatments ( Figure 1A ).  ... 
doi:10.1101/003897 fatcat:lyt3hwoevvbh3odnbgwrcw7fte

Gene expression drives the evolution of dominance [article]

Christian D. Huber, Arun Durvasula, Angela M. Hancock, Kirk E. Lohmueller
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
However, despite its importance, the degree of dominance has yet to be quantified in natural populations.  ...  Dominance is a fundamental concept in molecular genetics and has implications for understanding patterns of genetic variation, evolution, and complex traits.  ...  For the inbreeding population, 552 compute the expected SFS for a 1D grid of N e s values, fixing h to 0.5.553 3. Start at a certain vector of dominance and DFE parameters (Θ h, Θ DFE ).  ... 
doi:10.1101/182865 fatcat:ss5st2jn4bcifo4am7oiqfs6ga

The impacts of humans on animal genetic diversity worldwide [article]

Katie L Millette, Vincent Fug&egravere, Chloé Debyser, Ariel Greiner, Frédéric J. J. Chain, Andrew Gonzalez
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Geographic distance was a strong driver of genetic diversity among sequences at large spatial scales.  ...  Likewise, the probability of spatial mismatch between the sequence data and the 285 land use variables should be greater for large grid cells (e.g., the grid cell as a whole could have a 286 large proportion  ...  Genetic diversity would be expected to increase with 259 grid cell size as distant (potentially isolated) individuals are grouped into large populations.  ... 
doi:10.1101/527739 fatcat:n35dudoy35gavdzgmtu72vjmlq

LARGE EDDY SIMULATION OF THE DIFFUSION PROCESS OF NUTRIENT-RICH UP-WELLED SEAWATER

Takuma Kogawa, Shigenao Maruyama, Masud Behnia, Masasazumi Chisaki, Junnosuke Okajima, Atsuki Komiya
2013 Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer  
This vertical pipe is based on the principal of perpetual salt fountain.  ...  Two turbulence modeling approaches were examined: k-ε model and Large Eddy Simulations (LES).  ...  GENERAL GUIDELINES Governing Equations In Large Eddy Simulation, the grid scale (GS) and sub-grid scale (SGS) are separated by filtering the Navier-Stokes equations as shown in Eqs. (1)-(4) below.  ... 
doi:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3002 fatcat:wqvymcewybclfbnugxfil6n6he

'Society Must Be Defended': Lectures at the College de France

Mark Cote
2004 Canadian Journal of Communication  
Foucault undertakes a bold gambit: not only does he put power-knowledge-subjectivity in the midst of a perpetual struggle between domination and resistance; he locates ruptures in the edifice of sovereignty  ...  While some have taken him up through discourse analysis and others via a focus on the body, by and large he has been out of disciplinary bounds through his rejection of "ideology" and his famous contretemps  ...  It is this grid of intelligibility-polyvalent counter-histories-that sovereign power must guard against, disassemble and capture.  ... 
doi:10.22230/cjc.2004v29n3a1488 fatcat:2yyi55pb7vbfblnmw4lsvrhtwq

Page 85 of Austral Ecology Vol. 12, Issue 1 [page]

1987 Austral Ecology  
from grasses to shrubs over large areas since European settle- ment (Jackson 1°73).  ...  This research was largely funded by a grant from the National Heritage Commission to the Tasmanian Conservation Trust Inc.  ... 

Significant competitive dominance in mid-latitude European plant communities [article]

Jose A Capitan, Sara Cuenda, Alejandro Ordonez, David Alonso
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
Our approach bridges the gap between modern coexistence theory and large-scale species distribution data analysis.  ...  Our analysis suggests competitive dominance as a plausible mechanism underlying community assembly patterns over continental scales.  ...  The distribution of flora is geographically de-59 scribed using equally-sized grid cells (∼ 50 × 50 km) based on the Universal Transverse Mercator projection and the Military Grid Reference System, see  ... 
doi:10.1101/056309 fatcat:5wjkzwzlnbalxni5da3zf62rru

During hippocampal inactivation, grid cells maintain their synchrony, even when the grid pattern is lost [article]

Noam Almog, Gilad Tocker, Tora Bonnevie, Edvard Moser, May-Britt Moser, Dori Derdikman
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Here we re-analyzed data from Bonnevie et al. (2013), in which the hippocampus was inactivated and grid cells were recorded in the MEC, to investigate whether grid cells form an intrinsic network in the  ...  Our analysis revealed evidence of network coherence in grid cells even in the absence of hippocampal input to the MEC, both in regular grid cells and in those that became head-direction cells after hippocampal  ...  Last, some grid cells became head-direction cells during hippocampal 127 inactivation, and their spatial correlations were less dominant; nonetheless, temporal correlations 128 persisted equally.  ... 
doi:10.1101/592006 fatcat:sjpjgoucmvahhlkiiaqgx2xuwa
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