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H.264/AVC over IP

S. Wenger
2003 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
Next the performance of several possible VCL-and NAL-based error-resilience tools of H.264 are verified in simulations.  ...  It consists of a video coding layer (VCL) which performs all the classic signal processing tasks and generates bit strings containing coded macroblocks, and a network adaptation layer (NAL) which adapts  ...  An analysis of the efficiency of feedback-based error resilience when using H.264 can be found in [2] . D.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2003.814966 fatcat:5ivxtodrlnd3nbtxrwvzaln7sq

Error resiliency schemes in H.264/AVC standard

Sunil Kumar, Liyang Xu, Mrinal K. Mandal, Sethuraman Panchanathan
2006 Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation  
A coded video sequence in H.264/AVC consists of a sequence of 'coded pictures'. A coded picture can represent an entire frame or a single field (for interlaced frame).  ...  H.264/AVC is the newest international video coding standard, jointly developed by groups from ISO/IEC and ITU-T, which aims at achieving improved compression performance and a network-friendly video representation  ...  The analysis of the efficiency of feedback-based error resiliency in H.264/AVC can be found in [7] . Slice structuring is a common error resiliency scheme used in many video compression standards.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jvcir.2005.04.006 fatcat:y5shnfdwzncknd7polvcvu3hz4

Decoding H.264/AVC using prior information and source CONSTRAINTS

Reuben A. Farrugia, Carl J. Debono
2009 2009 Picture Coding Symposium  
The H.264/AVC standard employs a number of errorresilient mechanisms to correct transmission errors.  ...  The proposed solution is compatible with the H.264/AVC with no additional bandwidth requirements. Index Terms-error control, H.264/AVC bitstream, prior information, residual source redundancy.  ...  H.264/AVC [2] offers several coding schemes that enhance the error resilience of the compressed video bitstream.  ... 
doi:10.1109/pcs.2009.5167447 dblp:conf/pcs/FarrugiaD09 fatcat:fkb5tkrco5byzdvtionxv62rea

A Survey of H.264 AVC/SVC Encryption

Thomas Stutz, Andreas Uhl
2012 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
This survey summarizes the latest research results on video encryption with a special focus on applicability and on the most widely-deployed video format H.264 including its scalable extension SVC.  ...  The survey intends to give researchers and practitioners an analytic and critical overview of the state-ofthe-art of video encryption narrowed down to its joint application with the H.264 standard suite  ...  OVERVIEW OF H.264 AVC / SVC The H.264 standard specifies the syntax and semantics of the bitstream together with a normative decoding process [27] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2011.2162290 fatcat:bj6cpb2mwjg6tnpdyukgd6e2t4

Hybrid Person Detection and Tracking in H.264/AVC Video Streams

Philipp Wojaczek, Marcus Laumer, Peter Amon, Andreas Hutter, André Kaup
2015 Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications  
., 2006 ) present a survey on object detection, seg-478 Wojaczek P., Laumer M., Amon P., Hutter A. and Kaup A.. Hybrid Person Detection and Tracking in H.264/AVC Video Streams.  ...  In this paper we present a new hybrid framework for detecting and tracking persons in surveillance video streams compressed according to the H.264/AVC video coding standard.  ...  The algorithm analyzes the type of macroblocks used for compression of videos in the H.264/AVC video coding standard (MPEG, 2010).  ... 
doi:10.5220/0005296704780485 dblp:conf/visapp/WojaczekLAHK15 fatcat:flxx7ddw7fg5nhzdg4js7fuqv4

Watermarking in H.264/AVC Compressed Domain Using CAVLC

Qian Li, Rangding Wang
2013 Journal of Computers  
A new real-time watermarking technique based on H.264/AVC video standard is proposed.  ...  The algorithm works in the compressed domain by embedding watermark bits into quantized DCT coefficients of 4×4 blocks of the I-frame during the Context-based Adaptive Variable Length Coding (CAVLC) process  ...  In this paper, a watermarking algorithm for video integrity certification based on H.264/AVC is proposed.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jcp.8.12.3126-3133 fatcat:7zoxhggu4ffktikdfrl5eehgqm

H.264/AVC substitution watermarking: a CAVLC example

Dekun Zou, Jeffrey A. Bloom, Edward J. Delp III, Jana Dittmann, Nasir D. Memon, Ping Wah Wong
2009 Media Forensics and Security  
This work addresses the watermarking of an entropy coded H.264/AVC video stream.  ...  The pre-embedding analysis can generate a substitution table and the embedder can simply select entries from the table based on the payload.  ...  .), perform the watermarking in the syntax domain, then apply an entropy encode to obtain the marked compressed stream (e.g., [3] for MPEG, [4] for MPEG2, and [5] for H.264/AVC).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.824631 dblp:conf/mediaforensics/ZouB09 fatcat:rbnw4zivjvcxzhmzd3wkhmaa6y

A Context-Based Error Detection Strategy into H.264/AVC CABAC

Yang Li, Hongkai Xiong, Li Song, Songyu Yu
2006 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo  
By combining an adaptive binary arithmetic coding technique with context modeling, CABAC as a normative part of H.264/AVC has achieved a high degree of adaptation and redundancy reduction.  ...  The presented scheme compares the various error detection methods, and proposes an efficient error detection technique based on CABAC semantics, which is achieved by inserting detective markers denoting  ...  This paper focuses on incorporating context-based error detection scheme by markers into the present advanced coding standard, H.264/AVC.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2006.262539 dblp:conf/icmcs/LiXSY06 fatcat:phsry64qdnf3letgqaip5qi24a

User-friendly H.264/AVC for remote browsing

Pengpeng Ni, Damir Isovic, Gerhard Fohler
2006 Proceedings of the 14th annual ACM international conference on Multimedia - MULTIMEDIA '06  
We propose a transcoding scheme for H.264/AVC video that fully utilizes the benefits of recently proposed SP-and SI-frames to facilitate user-friendly remote stream browsing and editing.  ...  Video-On-Demand, video broadcasting and remote video editing.  ...  MOTIVATION AND APPROACH H.264/AVC is a flexible coding standard with a potential to meet the manifold needs of applications.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1180639.1180773 dblp:conf/mm/NiIF06 fatcat:36clgi74nbcgbfmt7qs4bpxgsm

Adaptation–aware encryption of scalable H.264/AVC video for content security

H. Kodikara Arachchi, X. Perramon, S. Dogan, A.M. Kondoz
2009 Signal processing. Image communication  
The proposed technology relies on keeping syntax elements required for performing the adaptation operations clear (i.e., not encrypted).  ...  The drawback of such a process is that it significantly limits the availability and flexibility of adaptation engines applicable for adapting protected contents on the fly.  ...  Authors would also extend their sincere gratitude to Ubong Ukommi of I-Lab, CCSR, University of Surrey, UK for his invaluable help for performing validation experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.image.2009.02.004 fatcat:szgcney7fzdode6ngmai6l7nmy

Robust decoder-based error control strategy for recovery of H.264/AVC video content

R.A. Farrugia, C.J. Debono
2011 IET Communications  
The undelivered and erroneous content causes significant degradation in quality of experience. The H.264/AVC standard includes several error resilient tools to mitigate this effect on video quality.  ...  This study presents a novel error recovery solution that relies on a joint source-channel decoder to recover only feasible slices.  ...  The error-control strategy presented in this paper is based on the trellis representation published in [38] , which was modified to handle H.264/AVC encoded bitstreams.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com.2010.0717 fatcat:wtgk4ry45vaw5d2xg4277drdru

Content fragile watermarking for H.264/AVC video authentication

K. Ait Sadi, A. Guessoum, A. Bouridane, F. Khelifi
2016 International journal of electronics (Print)  
To ensure the integrity of the H.264/AVC video stream, we introduce an approach based on a content fragile video watermarking method using an independent authentication of each Group of Pictures (GOPs)  ...  Furthermore, its ability to detect the tampered frames in case of spatial, temporal and colour manipulations, is confirmed.  ...  Using the H.264/AVC Rate-Distortion cost function, the best embedding locations are found by a statistical analysis of the MV.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00207217.2016.1242163 fatcat:53poza3lpngerf7cmnvkul6bcm

A Robust H.264/AVC Video Watermarking Scheme with Drift Compensation

Xinghao Jiang, Tanfeng Sun, Yue Zhou, Wan Wang, Yun-Qing Shi
2014 The Scientific World Journal  
A robust H.264/AVC video watermarking scheme for copyright protection with self-adaptive drift compensation is proposed.  ...  Malicious attacks with different quantization parameters (QPs) or motion estimation algorithms can be resisted efficiently, with 80% accuracy on average after lossy compression.  ...  Conflict of Interests The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Acknowledgments  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/802347 pmid:24672376 pmcid:PMC3932276 fatcat:ymkozyv2hvetndjeyakwcfjqlq

Architecture Design of The Hardware H.264/AVC Video Decoder

Mikołaj Roszkowski, Andrzej Abramowski, Michał Wieczorek, Grzegorz Pastuszak
2010 International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications  
Architecture Design of The Hardware H.264/AVC Video Decoder The need for real-time video compression systems requires a particular design methodology to achieve high troughput devices.  ...  The paper describes the architecture of the H.264/AVC decoder able to support SDTV and HDTV resolutions.  ...  H.264/AVC DECODER OVERVIEW A. H.264/AVC Stream Organisation In order to fully understand the way the H.264/AVC decoder works it is necessary to become familiar with the H.264/AVC data-flow.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10177-010-0039-7 fatcat:nhctikbqmngk3atpcrzzejqalu

Effectiveness of Crypto-Transcoding for H.264/AVC and HEVC Video Bit-streams [article]

Rizwan A. Shah, Mamoona N. Asghar, Saima Abdullah, Martin Fleury, and Neelam Gohar
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In addition, the decryption key no longer needs to be exposed at intermediate middleboxes, including when transrating is performed in a cloud datacenter.  ...  Specifically, the paper outlines a joint crypto-transcoding scheme for secure transrating of a video bitstream.  ...  of QPs for H.264/AVC and HEVC is 0-51.  ... 
arXiv:1902.06990v1 fatcat:ar4oivsygzcp3bc3iq6h5mj7tm
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