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Data-centric networking using multiwavelength headers/labels in packet-over-wdm networks: a comparative study

C. Skoufis, S. Sygletos, N. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, I. Pountourakis, A. Stavdas
2003 Journal of Lightwave Technology  
A physical layer performance comparison between two multiwavelength schemes, i.e., the bit-parallel and the multilevel ( -ary) coded, is carried out using analytic modeling as well as simulation tools.  ...  In this paper, various issues related to packet transportation in dynamically reconfigurable networks are studied and techniques for transmitting the associated signaling are discussed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The simulation tool used in the physical-layer modeling was VPITransmissionMaker from Virtual Photonics Incorporation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jlt.2003.816897 fatcat:pudcsykryrbenlvl3ygacxgriu

An Efficient Way to Optimize Bandwidth using Dedicated Path Protection for Sonet/SDH Network

Deepak Dhadwal
2016 IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering  
Another thing which is most important is to cover the protection of the optical network in case of failure of any path used for data transfer.  ...  The Dedicated and shared path protection mechanism has been used for the efficient use of the SONET/SDH network.  ...  The SBPP scheme with the 1+1 protection scheme in context of CO-OFDM elastic optical networks.  ... 
doi:10.9790/2834-150106065 fatcat:rboatr2r6jh4dkub4xbl4tnsqi

Architectural and technological issues for future optical Internet networks

M. Listanti, V. Eramo, R. Sabella
2000 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Asymmetry of the data flows in an Internet network.  ...  The design of such networks has to take into consideration the peculiar characteristics of Internet traffic.  ...  Most of today's regeneration systems are designed to work with SDH/SONET. In that case it is necessary to packet the IP datagrams into the SDH/SONET frames.  ... 
doi:10.1109/35.868147 fatcat:363hwhmehvgc7lgt4unpxyf6ya

A Survey of Congestion Control Techniques and Data Link Protocols in Satellite Networks [article]

Sonia Fahmy, Raj Jain, Fang Lu, Shivkumar Kalyanaraman
1998 arXiv   pre-print
Satellite communication systems are the means of realizing a global broadband integrated services digital network.  ...  The problems in designing satellite network protocols, as well as some of the solutions proposed to tackle these problems, will be the primary focus of this survey.  ...  SONET SDH with Satellites Some researchers argue in favour of using the Synchronous Optical Network SONET Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SDH in satellite systems.  ... 
arXiv:cs/9809076v1 fatcat:ejo6hzxhxvbchcnfmd7rhsdyd4

Forward error correcting codes in fiber-optic synchronous code-division multiple access networks

Anand Srivastava, Subrat Kar, V.K Jain
2002 Optics Communications  
It is observed that for a BER of 10~9, use of FEC gives a coding gain of 1.4-2.1 dB depending upon the type of coding scheme used.  ...  In optical code-division multiple access (OCDMA) networks, the performance is limited by optical multiple access interference (OMAI), amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise and receiver noise.  ...  In the following analysis, for forward error correction Hamming code with serial scheme (HC-SS) and parallel scheme (HC-PS) is considered.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0030-4018(02)01081-7 fatcat:krhjbvrbmnctthvzeiifqenagu

VIRUS: a pseudo-framing method for cell-based interfaces

Theodore Antonakopoulos, Alex Maniatopoulos, Aggeliki Pantazi, Vassilios Makios
2003 Computer Communications  
The synchronization technique used in this interface is based on the functionality resulting from combining functions of the fiber channel with the basic features of pure asynchronous transfer mode.  ...  This paper presents the coding scheme and the timing recovery method of an interface for high-speed cell-based networks.  ...  As it will be shown in the performance analysis section the value of k affects the interface performance and is a compromise between system performance and system cost.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-3664(02)00133-0 fatcat:r6xiys32sjclhm5zx5lcxaewri

Traffic engineering for ethernet over SONET/SDH: advances and frontiers

Chongyang Xie, Nasir Ghani, Qing Liu, Rolande Kouatang, Wei Shu, Yan Qiao, Minyou Wu, Shuping Peng
2009 IEEE Network  
Hence the extension of Ethernet services over ubiquitous synchronous optical networking/synchronous digital hierarchy (SONET/SDH) timedivision multiplexing (TDM) networks has become a major focus area  ...  This trend has been given impetus by improved multiservice SONET/SDH standards that resolved many of the earlier bandwidth efficiency and scalability concerns of older legacy TDM systems.  ...  Acknowledgments This research has been supported in part by the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mnet.2009.4939259 fatcat:aocplnqvprd75g2pctuobahr7u

Coherent optical communication using polarization multiple-input-multiple-output

Yan Han, Guifang Li
2005 Optics Express  
This analogy further suggests the potential application of space-time coding in wireless communications to optical polarization MIMO systems and relates the problem of polarization-mode dispersion in fiber  ...  Combined with frequency offset and phase estimation algorithms, simulations show that PDM quadrature phase-shift keying signals can be coherently detected by the proposed scheme using commercial semiconductor  ...  In field measurements, the fastest recorded polarization fluctuations are on the order of a few milliseconds. By contrast, the frame duration of a SONET/SDH frame is 125 microseconds.  ... 
doi:10.1364/opex.13.007527 pmid:19498778 fatcat:wwmtuqghqvfspe4tvn3o4hgoru

Analysis and Design of E1 over Ethernet Gateway

Abdul-Bary Raouf Suleiman, Dia M. Ali, Nashwan Z. Hero
2013 International Journal of Computing and Digital Systems  
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) and Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) over Ethernet is regarded as an economical and efficient scheme in the mid-distance of TDM or (SDH) interconnections.  ...  This paper focus on the design and analysis of the E1 to Ethernet protocol converter (Gateway), it based on the frame granularity scheme which takes into account of miniaturization, power, cost and time  ...  The E1 frames will be received at this stage and the performance evaluation in terms of time delay and frame error are performed. Fig. 9 . The proposed test system B.  ... 
doi:10.12785/ijcds/020309 fatcat:syfrrefqkzeczejqzvnllqlbwa

Convergence of IP-Based and Optical Transport Networks [chapter]

Artur Lason, Antonio Manzalini, Giorgos Chatzilias, Lampros Raptis, Didier Colle, Piet Demeester, Mario Pickavet, Monika Jaeger
2000 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
ATM, SONET, SDH).  ...  In this context IP is gaining the role of the integration layer for multiple services.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper has been prepared in the framework of the IST project LION -Layers Interworking in Optical Networks. The Authors wish to thank all project Participants.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-40019-2_15 fatcat:rwnsvjmmq5a2nmtnw77n4acgzq

Ethernet Packet Processor for SoC Application [article]

Raja Jitendra Nayaka, R. C. Biradar
2012 arXiv   pre-print
The design of domain specific processors that require high performance, low power and high degree of programmability is the bottleneck in many processor based applications.  ...  This paper describes the design of ethernet packet processor for system-on-chip (SoC) which performs all core packet processing functions, including segmentation and reassembly, packetization classification  ...  This bit pattern is used by the receiver to synchronize with the bit timing of the frame. The last two bits indicate the beginning of the Ethernet frame.  ... 
arXiv:1207.5138v1 fatcat:oqkyf3ewz5ailjvwxm5g2puyna

Metropolitan area packet-switched WDM networks: A survey on ring systems

Martin Herzog, Martin Maier, Martin Reisslein
2004 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Throughout the article we pay close attention to the key factors that govern the throughput-delay performance of the networks, such as the source vs. destination stripping of the data packets from the  ...  (MAC) protocols employed in the networks.  ...  The support of Martin Herzog by the graduate, interdisciplinary engineering research program (Graduiertenkolleg) in Stochastic Modelling and Quantitative Analysis of Complex Systems in Engineering at the  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2004.5342236 fatcat:nlvxexdwknbwnbcw7rw7collbi

Control Networks and Smart Grid Teleprotection: Key Aspects, Technologies, Protocols, and Case-Studies

Luiz Felipe Fernandes De Almeida, Jose Rodrigo Dos Santos, Luiz Augusto Melo Pereira, Arismar Cerqueira Sodre, Luciano Leonel Mendes, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, Ricardo A. L. Rabelo, Antonio Marcos Alberti
2020 IEEE Access  
A performance analysis test has been performed using the Real-Time Digital Simulator, showing significant reductions in the signal transfer time and in the operation time of schemes when using the model  ...  The SDH network consists of an equipment that operates synchronously.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3025235 fatcat:v5vjzpfkk5cgvluk46ltsjzg64

Next-generation transport solutions for IP backbone networks: benefits of an ASTN-based multilayer OTN network

Jan Spath, Stefan Bodamer, Christoph Glingener, S. J. Ben Yoo, Gee-Kung Chang, Guangcheng Li, Kwok-wai Cheung
2005 Network Architectures, Management, and Applications II  
Network modelling is used to show that in addition to qualitative benefits a transport network based IP backbone solution can lead to a significant reduction of network equipment cost.  ...  in a stable and cost-efficient way.  ...  enhancements to the established transport technologies SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) and SONET (Synchronous Optical Network). • Apart from savings in the equipment investment (Capital Expenditures  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.575564 fatcat:ywaixqta6bcl7cvyymbiidmxmm

ATM and Optics [chapter]

P. Boffi, G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina
1999 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
Some of them consist in the possibility of implementing ultra-high velocity ATM protocol functionality, in the development of freespace packet switching networks, in the solution of the access contentions  ...  In the communication some examples of the ATMJoptics interaction will be given.  ...  Acknowledgments 163 The authors wish to thank Professor Riccardo Melen of Politecnico di Milano for his support and Davide Piccinin, Lorenzo Ghioni, Giovanna Girola and Mauro Scappini for their contribution  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35398-2_16 fatcat:t3bwblgegjamngwgdm3qhy542q
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