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Performance characterization of a DRAM-NVM hybrid memory architecture for HPC applications using intel optane DC persistent memory modules

Onkar Patil, Latchesar Ionkov, Jason Lee, Frank Mueller, Michael Lang
2019 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Memory Systems - MEMSYS '19  
We characterize the Optane DC in comparison to DDR4 DRAM with a STREAM-like custom benchmark and measure the performance for HPC mini-apps like VPIC, SNAP, LULESH and AMG under different configurations  ...  Performance characterization of a DRAM-NVM hybrid memory architecture for HPC applications using Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules.  ...  Department of Energy Office of Science and the National Nuclear Security Administration.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3357526.3357541 dblp:conf/memsys/PatilILM019 fatcat:miu5qfkr3va5ppqimx22kodiou

An Empirical Evaluation of NVM-Aware File Systems on Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules

Guangyu Zhu, Jaehyun Han, Sangjin Lee, Yongseok Son
2021 Electronics  
byte-addressable NVM (i.e., the Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Module (DCPMM)).  ...  Finally, we evaluate the performance of the database (i.e., MySQL) on DCPMMs with Ext4 and Ext4-DAX file systems.  ...  Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules Intel Optane DCPMM is the first commercially available byte-addressable NVM product that is based on 3D XPoint technology [4] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10161977 fatcat:pt4ivixlgzdlxicfrxu6xjhfxu

Demystifying the Performance of HPC Scientific Applications on NVM-based Memory Systems [article]

Ivy Peng and Kai Wu and Jie Ren and Dong Li and Maya Gokhale
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This work provides a timely evaluation of representative HPC applications from the "Seven Dwarfs" on NVM-based main memory.  ...  Current NVM technologies have lower performance than DRAM and, thus, are often paired with DRAM in a heterogeneous main memory. Recently, byte-addressable NVM hardware becomes available.  ...  Since the release of real hardware, several works have provided preliminary evaluations of the Intel Optane DC PMM [12] , [21] .  ... 
arXiv:2002.06499v1 fatcat:m6p6biiqincndb3bfn57lvxtzq

Q-Selector-Based Prefetching Method for DRAM/NVM Hybrid Main Memory System

Jeong-Geun Kim, Shin-Dug Kim, Su-Kyung Yoon
2020 Electronics  
We evaluate the Q-selector-based prefetching method with workloads from data mining and data-intensive benchmark applications, PARSEC-3.0 and graphBIG.  ...  Our evaluation results show that the system achieves approximately 31% performance improvement and increases the hit ratio of the DRAM-cache layer by 46% on average compared to a PCM-only main memory system  ...  As shown in Figure 1 , recently Intel officially launched Optane DC persistent memory module (Optane DIMMs) for commercial markets.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9122158 fatcat:tsrauw6it5ayxjozoste4ovz6a

Tuning the Frequency of Periodic Data Movements over Hybrid Memory Systems [article]

Thaleia Dimitra Doudali, Daniel Zahka, Ada Gavrilovska
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Emerging hybrid memory systems that comprise technologies such as Intel's Optane DC Persistent Memory, exhibit disparities in the access speeds and capacity ratios of their heterogeneous memory components  ...  System-level validation of Cori on a platform with DRAM and Intel's Optane DC PMEM confirms its practicality and tuning efficiency.  ...  Optane DC PMEM Platform We have access to a server with Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules (PMEM), which we configure in App Direct mode. The machine contains 375 GB of DRAM and 6 TB of PMEM.  ... 
arXiv:2101.07200v1 fatcat:vfrsyadd65grllfqfmf3pm2f64

Online Application Guidance for Heterogeneous Memory Systems [article]

M. Ben Olson, Brandon Kammerdiener, Kshitij A. Doshi, Terry Jones, Michael R. Jantz
2021 arXiv   pre-print
It evaluates this approach on a state-of-the-art server platform with both conventional DDR4 SDRAM and non-volatile Intel Optane DC memory, using both memory-intensive high performance computing (HPC)  ...  It extends the application runtime layer with automated monitoring and management routines that assign application data to the best tier of memory based on previous usage, without any need for source code  ...  We evaluate our online approach using HPC as well as standard (SPEC ® CPU) computing benchmarks on an Intel ® Cascade Lake platform with two tiers of memory: conventional DDR4 SDRAM and non-volatile Optane  ... 
arXiv:2110.02150v1 fatcat:4aog3w6v3bd2zfhcll7m4npi2m

MOD: Minimally Ordered Durable Datastructures for Persistent Memory [article]

Swapnil Haria, Mark D. Hill, Michael M. Swift
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Relative to the state-of-the-art Intel PMDK v1.5 STM, MOD improves map, set, stack, queue microbenchmark performance by 40%, and speeds up application benchmark performance by 38%.  ...  MOD is motivated by our analysis of real Intel Optane PM hardware showing that allowing unordered, overlapping flushes significantly improves performance.  ...  Introduction Persistent Memory (PM) is here-Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory Modules (DCPMM) began shipping in 2019 [20] .  ... 
arXiv:1908.11850v1 fatcat:5rkdgndnw5b6pnt6rbaoea7qd4

Dynamic Page Placement on Real Persistent Memory Systems [article]

Miguel Marques, Ilia Kuzmin, João Barreto, José Monteiro, Rodrigo Rodrigues
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Nearly a decade after the first proposals for these hybrid architectures, the real technology has finally reached commercial availability with Intel Optane(TM) DC Persistent Memory (DCPMM).  ...  As persistent memory (PM) technologies emerge, hybrid memory architectures combining DRAM with PM bring the potential to provide a tiered, byte-addressable main memory of unprecedented capacity.  ...  Kudryavtsev, “Performance evaluation of the intel optane and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS).  ... 
arXiv:2112.12685v1 fatcat:hhafzc67mzd5hkhp53axfjeina

Revisiting active object stores: Bringing data locality to the limit with NVM

Alex Barcelo, Anna Queralt, Toni Cortes
2021 Future generations computer systems  
Our discussion will focus on the active aspect of the system as well as on the implications of the memory configuration.  ...  Object stores are widely used software stacks that achieve excellent scale-out with a well-defined interface and robust performance.  ...  This work has been partially supported by Intel® under the BSC-Intel collaboration on 3D XPoint™ Technology.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2021.10.025 fatcat:uxkvms5qbnbnrnlm56spdh5ewe

An early evaluation of Intel's optane DC persistent memory module and its impact on high-performance scientific applications

Michèle Weiland, Mark Parsons, Holger Brunst, Tiago Quintino, Nick Johnson, Olivier Iffrig, Simon Smart, Christian Herold, Antonino Bonanni, Adrian Jackson
2019 Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis on - SC '19  
The recently released byte-addressable persistent non-volatile memory technology from Intel, DCPMM, promises to be an exciting opportunity to break with the status quo, with unprecedented levels of capacity  ...  In this paper, we explore the potential of DCPMM in the context of highperformance scientific computing using two distinct applications in terms of outright performance, efficiency and usability for both  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work has been funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement no. 671951.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3295500.3356159 dblp:conf/sc/WeilandBQJISHBJ19 fatcat:h63nt2yssjav7mkc6ix7b5p6tm

Mosiqs: Persistent Memory Object Storage with Metadata Indexing and Querying for Scientific Computing

Awais Khan, Hyogi Sim, Sudharshan S. Vazhkudai, Youngjae Kim
2021 IEEE Access  
We conduct preliminary evaluations on a Intel many-core server equipped with 1.5 TB real Intel Optane DC 3D-XPoint PM. (Section V).  ...  In MCC, each node is equipped with a storageclass non-volatile such as Intel Optane DC PM.  ...  OLCF is home to the world's No. 1 supercomputer, Summit, the future Frontier exascale system and the fastest storage system, Spider, providing billions of core hours to a scientific user base from academia  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3087502 fatcat:vqaurh7hjjbbna6ei46e6mjlva

HPC Systems in the Next Decade – What to Expect, When, Where

Dirk Pleiter, C. Doglioni, D. Kim, G.A. Stewart, L. Silvestris, P. Jackson, W. Kamleh
2020 EPJ Web of Conferences  
HPC systems have seen impressive growth in terms of performance over a period of many years. Soon the next milestone is expected to be reached with the deployment of exascale systems in 2021.  ...  The analysis of upcoming architectural options and emerging technologies allow for setting expectations for application developers, which will have to cope with heterogeneous architectures, increasingly  ...  Configuration Memory technology ∆τ NVIDIA V100 GPU HBM2 20-40 ms Dual-socket Intel Skylake server DDR4 0.4 s Intel Optane DC Memory-attached 3D XPoint 35-140 s Intel DC P4511 2 TByte PCIe-attached  ... 
doi:10.1051/epjconf/202024511004 fatcat:qk4yzblkevb2pkwf3qxderxd2a

Adaptive Versioning in Transactional Memory Systems

Pavan Poudel, Gokarna Sharma
2021 Algorithms  
We implemented our adaptive versioning approach in the latest software transactional memory distribution TinySTM and extensively evaluated it through 5 micro-benchmarks and 8 complex benchmarks from STAMP  ...  and contention scenario but based on appropriate system parameters, so that the performance of a transactional memory system is always better than that is obtained using either eager or lazy versioning  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/a14060171 fatcat:faiwls4l4zgundbbmptlxbqr5u

Advances in Emerging Memory Technologies: From Data Storage to Artificial Intelligence

Gabriel Molas, Etienne Nowak
2021 Applied Sciences  
It begins with the presentation of stand-alone and embedded memory technology evolution, since the appearance of Flash memory in the 1980s.  ...  Then, the progress of emerging memory technologies (based on filamentary, phase change, magnetic, and ferroelectric mechanisms) is presented with a review of the major demonstrations in the literature.  ...  Intel Optane DC Persistent and SSD/Caches memories can achieve 100s ns and 1s µs, respectively, allowing significant improvement of computer architecture [79] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/app112311254 fatcat:pg4iqzg4yfc2vb2lh2mgkyqafq

Exploring Memory Persistency Models for GPUs [article]

Zhen Lin, Mohammad Alshboul, Yan Solihin, Huiyang Zhou
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Considering the importance of GPUs as a dominant accelerator for high performance computing, we investigate persistency models for GPUs.  ...  Through both real-system and simulation evaluations, we show low overheads of our proposed architecture support.  ...  An example PM is Intel Optane DC Persistent Memory [2] , which is a DDR4-connected device supporting 3TB/socket main memory.  ... 
arXiv:1904.12661v1 fatcat:2ofeqybxabb25e2u327qv677fu
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