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Energy-Efficient Deflection-based On-chip Networks: Topology, Routing, Flow Control [article]

Rachata Ausavarungnirun, Onur Mutlu
<span title="2021-12-07">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The second modification is a hierarchical bufferless interconnect design that aims to further improve performance by limiting the number of hops each packet needs to travel while in the network.  ...  The first modification is a minimally-buffered design that introduces limited buffering inside critical parts of the on-chip network in order to reduce the number of deflections.  ...  and High Performance Computing in 2014 [23] , the proceedings of the International Symposium on Networks-on-Chip in 2012 [3] and the proceedings of the International Symposium on High Performance Computer  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.02516v2">arXiv:2112.02516v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vhrsn7lknncgnaxf7ycw6ylzam">fatcat:vhrsn7lknncgnaxf7ycw6ylzam</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211211234019/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2112.02516v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/aa/97/aa97d9f856e51f27ea59751a37bf5aca5fa59a5b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.02516v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Bufferless and Minimally-Buffered Deflection Routing [chapter]

Chris Fallin, Greg Nazario, Xiangyao Yu, Kevin Chang, Rachata Ausavarungnirun, Onur Mutlu
<span title="2013-09-25">2013</span> <i title="Springer New York"> Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip </i> &nbsp;
constitute 80-90% of interconnect power in future systems [7]. 2 In a conventional bufferless deflection network, flits (several of which make up one packet) are independently routed, unlike most buffered  ...  Bufferless deflection routing is able to provide similar network performance to conventional buffered routing when the network carries light to moderate traffic, because deflections are relatively rare  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the anonymous reviewers of our conference papers CHIPPER [17] and MinBD [20] for their feedback.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8274-1_10">doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8274-1_10</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/edzwfbsgo5fi7idw45nnswthya">fatcat:edzwfbsgo5fi7idw45nnswthya</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922070306/http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1369&amp;context=ece" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e9/75/e9750b71b58e6107345a427ed828d226426091f0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8274-1_10"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

CHIPPER: A low-complexity bufferless deflection router

Chris Fallin, Chris Craik, Onur Mutlu
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/n7ljjecrpje5pj66pk4pvx65qu" style="color: black;">2011 IEEE 17th International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture</a> </i> &nbsp;
As Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs) scale to tens or hundreds of nodes, the interconnect becomes a significant factor in cost, energy consumption and performance.  ...  Finally, deflection routing can fragment packets, and the reassembly buffers require large worst-case sizing to avoid deadlock, due to the lack of network backpressure.  ...  We gratefully acknowledge members of the SAFARI research  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/hpca.2011.5749724">doi:10.1109/hpca.2011.5749724</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/hpca/FallinCM11.html">dblp:conf/hpca/FallinCM11</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4birjeoienflhn7n4lz7bkqqqi">fatcat:4birjeoienflhn7n4lz7bkqqqi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829165341/https://users.ece.cmu.edu/~omutlu/pub/chipper_hpca11.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f6/3f/f63f496b345f0bbe4afaa001f9e0363841808eb9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/hpca.2011.5749724"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Transportation-network-inspired network-on-chip

Hanjoon Kim, Gwangsun Kim, Seungryoul Maeng, Hwasoo Yeo, John Kim
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/n7ljjecrpje5pj66pk4pvx65qu" style="color: black;">2014 IEEE 20th International Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture (HPCA)</a> </i> &nbsp;
A detailed evaluation of a 64-core CMP shows that the tNoC improves performance by up to 21% compared with a baseline, buffered hierarchical ring topology while reducing NoC energy by 51%.  ...  In this work, we describe a hierarchical ring topology that we refer to as a transportationnetwork-inspired network-on-chip (tNoC) that leverages principles from transportation network systems.  ...  This work was supported in part by the IT R&D program of MSIP/KEIT (10041313, UX-oriented Mobile SW Platform) and in part by Basic Science Research Program through the NRF of Korea funded by the MSIP (  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/hpca.2014.6835943">doi:10.1109/hpca.2014.6835943</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/hpca/KimKMYK14.html">dblp:conf/hpca/KimKMYK14</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lauey5mn55aqhmvwd7d3ma53oe">fatcat:lauey5mn55aqhmvwd7d3ma53oe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151129073848/http://web.kaist.ac.kr/~jjk12/papers/2014HPCA_2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fd/fd/fdfda9740da32b7a12c8f4898585b0fd775f1af3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/hpca.2014.6835943"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

NOC'S: Buffered and Bufferless Structure and their design methodologies for High throughput and Low latency

Sujata. S.B
<span title="2020-06-25">2020</span> <i title="The World Academy of Research in Science and Engineering"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/naqzxq5hurh2bp2pnvwitnnx44" style="color: black;">International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
In turn these delays are affected on throughput and latency. Many of the NoC's has buffered and bufferless routers to optimize the area, power consumption and latency.  ...  To know and meet the existing issues and demands related to scalability of number of nodes, their sizes of Network on Chip (NoC) which are important networks for efficient communication to transfer multimedia  ...  We analyzed both 64-thread and 128-thread systems, and our proposed method demonstrates the important developments in system performance.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2020/240932020">doi:10.30534/ijatcse/2020/240932020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kj4yllfklffqrjuaipr2c26jyy">fatcat:kj4yllfklffqrjuaipr2c26jyy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220228045918/http://www.warse.org/IJATCSE/static/pdf/file/ijatcse240932020.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/08/48/08486a209ee81e89967c20416758e30516c28681.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2020/240932020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Ring-Mesh: A Scalable and High-Performance Approach for Manycore Accelerators [article]

Somnath Mazumdar, Alberto Scionti
<span title="2019-04-06">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper, we propose a scalable and efficient Network-on-Chip (NoC) architecture fusing the advantages of rings as well as the 2D-mesh without using any bridge router to provide high-performance.  ...  However, only a few works focused on the interconnection subsystem as a potential source of performance improvement.  ...  It provides buffer support between different levels of the ring hierarchy, and upon the saturation of buffers, flits are deflected in the rings.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.03428v1">arXiv:1904.03428v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/avwhcxwgkzfc5ma5uwcimiex34">fatcat:avwhcxwgkzfc5ma5uwcimiex34</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200825155641/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1904.03428v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b8/11/b811ed4bf1cbbff2f08157c8bfe66ccc8ca6e9f4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.03428v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

The Data Vortex, an All Optical Path Multicomputer Interconnection Network

Cory Hawkins, Benjamin A. Small, D. Scott Wills, Keren Bergman
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ll6bfs5o6bahfinh3u5z2cnyoy" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, the lack of efficient optical buffering requires investigation of new topologies and routing techniques.  ...  In addition, the impact of the number of angles on the overall network performance is studied through simulation.  ...  This work was supported in part by the Department of Defense under contract MDA-904-03-C-0471.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tpds.2007.48">doi:10.1109/tpds.2007.48</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/e6l45v4pubhznbj2mrf3x7kllm">fatcat:e6l45v4pubhznbj2mrf3x7kllm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080221190928/http://users.ece.gatech.edu/~scotty/pdf/Hawkins07-TPDS.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e3/7a/e37a958f33d9ba216c5a47fe5d84ae273a7c9b80.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tpds.2007.48"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Comparative evaluation of FPGA and ASIC implementations of bufferless and buffered routing algorithms for on-chip networks

Yu Cai, Ken Mai, Onur Mutlu
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/vht4ijbhazhhjbamnn273zfk6a" style="color: black;">Sixteenth International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper presents our comparative evaluation of and experiences with realistic FPGA and ASIC designs of state-of-the-art (1) virtual-channel buffered, (2) deflection-based bufferless, and (3) deflection-based  ...  buffered routing algorithms using two different network topologies and network sizes.  ...  Recent work also devised deflection based bufferless router designs for hierarchical ring networks [2, 14, 15] , showing significant energy efficiency benefits, but did not evaluate such designs using  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/isqed.2015.7085472">doi:10.1109/isqed.2015.7085472</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/isqed/CaiMM15.html">dblp:conf/isqed/CaiMM15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/z4anzf72xfhn3asy6uu5crzdwa">fatcat:z4anzf72xfhn3asy6uu5crzdwa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808131039/http://www.istc-cc.cmu.edu/publications/papers/2015/comparative-bufferless-buffered-routers-on-fpga-asics_isqed15.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/86/09/86098d12dc6779fe7baccb72235c93a813a8a504.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/isqed.2015.7085472"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Exploiting New Interconnect Technologies in On-Chip Communication

John Kim, Kiyoung Choi, Gabriel Loh
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cuk7yvxow5gknlxza65us4b7fi" style="color: black;">IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
The continuing scaling of transistors has increased the number of cores available in current processors, and the number of cores is expected to continue to increase.  ...  We provide an overview of the different technologies that are available and then, investigate how these interconnect technologies impact the architecture of the on-chip communication and the system design  ...  all the layers [42] . 2) Hierarchical, Heterogeneous Topology: A heterogeneous network combines the benefits of different interconnect technologies and can be classified as an hierarchical network or  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jetcas.2012.2201031">doi:10.1109/jetcas.2012.2201031</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3arzyh25zrcybaqc3sqlocus2q">fatcat:3arzyh25zrcybaqc3sqlocus2q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20151129063928/http://web.kaist.ac.kr/~jjk12/papers/2012JETCAS_2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/99/82/99824a1e98e8a7b3e20d32df2fb416cf1b69d155.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jetcas.2012.2201031"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Network-on-Chip Design [chapter]

Haseeb Bokhari, Sri Parameswaran
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Springer Netherlands"> Handbook of Hardware/Software Codesign </i> &nbsp;
Packet-switched network on chip (NoC) is envisioned as a scalable and cost-effective communication fabric for multi-core architectures with tens and hundreds of cores.  ...  In this chapter we focus on on-chip communication architecture design and introduce the reader to some essential concepts of NoC architecture.  ...  The degree of each router in ring interconnect is 3 (two neighbor router + one local resource (core, memory, etc.)). The drawback of ring topology is performance scalability.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7267-9_16">doi:10.1007/978-94-017-7267-9_16</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2rttwll4qvfq7jnvuc3moocy5e">fatcat:2rttwll4qvfq7jnvuc3moocy5e</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190502214934/http://liacs.leidenuniv.nl/~stefanovtp/courses/ES/papers/Ch15_NoC_Design.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/92/54/9254f3561524d2edd62fddbce9997eb12da85ef9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7267-9_16"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

On-the-Fly Adaptive Routing in High-Radix Hierarchical Networks

Marina Garcia, Enrique Vallejo, Ramon Beivide, Miguel Odriozola, Cristobal Camarero, Mateo Valero, Germ'n Rodriguez, Jesus Labarta, Cyriel Minkenberg
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3qrmigawsbhbljazwy2rerl5ni" style="color: black;">2012 41st International Conference on Parallel Processing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Dragonfly networks have been recently proposed for the interconnection network of forthcoming exascale supercomputers.  ...  This paper studies how local link saturation can be common in these networks, and shows that it can largely reduce the performance.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work has been supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, under project TIN2010-21291-C02-02, The HiPEAC Network of Excelence, the Consolider Project CSD2007-00050  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/icpp.2012.46">doi:10.1109/icpp.2012.46</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/icpp/GarciaVBOCVRLM12.html">dblp:conf/icpp/GarciaVBOCVRLM12</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5rchz4vm7rhh7ilfw6by75o7ey">fatcat:5rchz4vm7rhh7ilfw6by75o7ey</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200709171344/https://personales.unican.es/vallejoe/Publications/icpp2012-Adaptive_routing_Dragonfly.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/38/3d/383d819ad66740d9697a025c7a52ea25f5ab5b63.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/icpp.2012.46"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Routing in multihop packet switching networks: Gb/s challenge

C. Baransel, W. Dobosiewicz, P. Gburzynski
<span title="">1995</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dj5kgyxcuzdmhaxvx5dcvfmvce" style="color: black;">IEEE Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
Perhaps the cost of using fixed routing tables describing exactly the network topology will be paid off by the real simplicity of the routing rules and the flexibility of the network structure.  ...  They conclude that the solutions based on deflection routing are the most promising ones and suggest a number of directions for their evolution.  ...  A study of packet loss in high-speed networks interconnecting conventional local area networks can be found in [41] . Buffering Policies: Deflection vs.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/65.386051">doi:10.1109/65.386051</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jsvnv75u5rh4xnect2mdmh3xly">fatcat:jsvnv75u5rh4xnect2mdmh3xly</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20030527155604/http://web.cs.ualberta.ca:80/~pawel/PAPERS/rmhsn.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/15/cf/15cfc2d40fe4a00d1cba496dafdf786cf4b1c660.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/65.386051"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A New Method for Blocking Probability Evaluation in OBS/OPS Networks With Deflection Routing

E.W.M. Wong, J. Baliga, M. Zukerman, A. Zalesky, G. Raskutti
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/eo7ayeunzba63co4cxddmhlwma" style="color: black;">Journal of Lightwave Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
size, the maximal number of allowable deflections, and burst/packet length.  ...  In such networks, deflection routing is used to reduce blocking probability. However, it requires certain wastage due to trunk reservation that must be used to avoid instability.  ...  See [23] for details. • We quantitatively evaluate the performance of OPCA and EFPA with respect to OBS over a range of network topologies including fully meshed networks, ring network and the NSF backbone  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2009.2031123">doi:10.1109/jlt.2009.2031123</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x6eaaph3vzg4dej7iprakvzjsy">fatcat:x6eaaph3vzg4dej7iprakvzjsy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130909010507/http://www.ee.cityu.edu.hk:80/~ewong/papers/A%20New%20Method%20for%20Blocking%20Probability%20Evaluation%20in%20OBS%20or%20OPS%20Networks%20with%20Deflection%20Routing.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/75/d6/75d6e631c43736a0146ba077cb84ce7cb70aacfb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2009.2031123"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Novel Network Architecture for Optical Burst Transport

Chr. M. Gauger
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ntxd3sbgdzdabgzzmv2nnolk6i" style="color: black;">PIK - Praxis der Informationsverarbeitung und Kommunikation</a> </i> &nbsp;
Here, wavelength conversion, fiber delay line buffering, alternative/deflection routing, and their combinations are looked at.  ...  Then, it addresses the simulation methodology and the reference evaluation scenario used in Chapter 6. It discusses metrics for node and network resources as well as for QoS performance.  ...  Also, thanks to Massimo Tornatore for the great time and fun we had and for introducing me to the Italian community of Davis.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1515/piko.2009.0012">doi:10.1515/piko.2009.0012</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hrxftshbwjgi7d4powfrj2jhee">fatcat:hrxftshbwjgi7d4powfrj2jhee</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721005901/https://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/bitstream/11682/2607/1/CompleteVersionGauger.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/15/f8/15f8ab2cacb4c0e6a63371268ced25c646cdf8e5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1515/piko.2009.0012"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> degruyter.com </button> </a>

Novel Network Architecture for Optical Burst Transport [chapter]

Christoph M. Gauger
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wstdnwli3rdejhisu62dmtchd4" style="color: black;">Kommunikation in Verteilten Systemen (KiVS)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Here, wavelength conversion, fiber delay line buffering, alternative/deflection routing, and their combinations are looked at.  ...  Then, it addresses the simulation methodology and the reference evaluation scenario used in Chapter 6. It discusses metrics for node and network resources as well as for QoS performance.  ...  Also, thanks to Massimo Tornatore for the great time and fun we had and for introducing me to the Italian community of Davis.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92666-5_33">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-92666-5_33</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/kivs/Gauger09.html">dblp:conf/kivs/Gauger09</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x5ipyssnfrbexaiwql75tystwe">fatcat:x5ipyssnfrbexaiwql75tystwe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120906055246/http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/Content/Publications/Archive/Ga_Diss_36541.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3c/1f/3c1fc80deb8ddccd1c10b2c9cb72312a4a54c933.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92666-5_33"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>
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