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Peer-to-peer file sharing and cultural trade protectionism

Andres Hervas-Drane, Eli Noam
2017 Information Economics and Policy  
We introduce peer-to-peer le sharing as a distinct distribution channel enabled by the Internet that provides access to all media products at a low cost. We report two main ndings.  ...  We examine the Internet's impact on the cross-border distribution of cultural goods and assess its implications for cultural policy and cultural diversity.  ...  The technology has evolved over several generations of Internet applications with newsgroups such as Usenet, centralized server-based exchanges on private or public hosting sites, and peer-to-peer le sharing  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infoecopol.2017.08.002 fatcat:tfpcrcjd4vavncmvehpz73ddle

Peer-to-Peer File Sharing and Cultural Trade Protectionism

Andres Hervas-Drane, Eli M. Noam
2013 Social Science Research Network  
And third, online sharing creates a threat to cultural diversity in the long term.  ...  The question is now how the rapidly emerging internet-centered and sharing-based media distribution mechanisms, such as peer-to-peer le sharing, aect these policies and their underlying rationale.  ...  Peer-to-Peer (p2p) le sharing applications allow participants to supply and demand digital content from one another, enabling content exchange to take place on a large scale and without intermediaries,  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2242653 fatcat:4lgfpzuzkjcodex2wjoqrivbo4

Global Cultural Law and Policy in the Age of Ubiquitous Internet

Mira Burri
2014 International Journal of Cultural Property  
Cultural policy toolkits, in particular at the international level, are still very much offline/analogue and conceive of culture as static property linked to national sovereignty and state boundaries.  ...  The article describes this state of affairs and asks the key question of whether there is a need to reform global cultural law and policy and if yes, what the essential elements of such a reform should  ...  On the possible negative effects of online sharing on cultural diversity and the correlation with cultural quotas, see also Andres Hervas-Draney and Eli Noam, "Peer-to-Peer File Sharing and Cultural Trade  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0940739114000137 fatcat:d42tmh732balbkkqlwed5mypna

Introduction: Digital Nation: Copyright, Technology, Politics

Geoff Stahl, Shane Homan
2013 IASPM@Journal  
Though it is still covered under the full Act, the Amendment only covers peer-to-peer file sharing at the moment, though suggestions have been made that it will be further changed to cover streaming and  ...  The tension between a national focus on intellectual property, for example, with appeals often made to protectionism and cultural nationalism, and the international interests of the recording industry,  ... 
doi:10.5429/2079-3871(2012)v3i1.1en fatcat:v54slruqu5dntjgymuy53japui

Online Sharing and Cultural Globalization

Andres Hervas-Drane, Eli M. Noam
2011 Social Science Research Network  
And third, online sharing creates a threat to cultural diversity in the long term.  ...  The question is now how the rapidly emerging internet-centered and sharing-based media distribution mechanisms, such as peer-to-peer le sharing, aect these policies and their underlying rationale.  ...  Peer-to-Peer (p2p) le sharing applications allow participants to supply and demand digital content from one another, enabling content exchange to take place on a large scale and without intermediaries,  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1793131 fatcat:2ud66zzjevf37hgzfgxn5qdgmu

Sharing: post-scarcity beyond capitalism?

Matthew David
2017 Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society  
They continue to do so as part of a global network economy and culture of free-sharing.  ...  This defence of each company's monopoly control over the distribution of its own content was undone by the development of Napster and subsequent peer-topeer file-sharing services.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cjres/rsx003 fatcat:o65gzx4ldbe6rmr3sfzj4usjay

Intellectual Property & Global Policy

Matthew David, Debora J. Halbert
2016 Global Policy  
Our approach is to evaluate the truth of this premise and conclusion.  ...  If extending IPRs raise prices and thereby increases incentives to infringe, the solution is stronger enforcement and tougher punishments (Patry, 2009).  ...  In contrast, copyright-infringing file-sharing reduces revenues to copyrightholding corporations. In doing so, file-sharing also reduces opportunity costs, relative to live performance.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1758-5899.12381 fatcat:cb7iyjaxxjeznfbfej3pewfgsm

COVID-19 and the 2020 US Presidential Election: Did the Pandemic Cost Donald Trump Reelection?

Marcus Noland, Yiwen Eva Zhang
2021 Social Science Research Network  
By Election Day 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had killed 234,244 Americans and caused the sharpest macroeconomic downturn in US history.  ...  For the second time in a row (and the third time since 2000), the candidate who lost the popular vote would have been elected president of the United States.  ...  Economists were naturally drawn to the notion that Trump's protectionism and populist appeal were tied to economic dislocation caused by trade competition, in some cases specifically with China (Che et  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3807255 fatcat:ezjuzl4mnje33bldiw3dvbo5ca

Trade, the Precautionary Principle, and Post-Modern Regulatory Process

Lucas Bergkamp, Lawrence Kogan
2013 European Journal of Risk Regulation  
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership ("TTIP") has been hailed as an opportunity for the world's two largest consumer markets to expand inter- regional trade, investment and jobs, and to secure  ...  The TTIP negotiating mandate covers three main elements: (i) market access, (ii) regulatory convergence, and (iii) trade rules addressing shared global challenges.  ...  Since both protectionism and false positive risks are trade concerns, there would appear to be a key role for the TTIP negotiators. VIII.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1867299x00003123 fatcat:jwz7i462rnaonndvxck3pkxrdu

Thinking About the Performance of the World Trade Organization: A Discussion Across Disciplines

Manfred Elsig, Bernard Hoekman, Joost Pauwelyn
2016 Social Science Research Network  
barriers and agreeing to policy disciplines Economics Avoiding protectionism during economic crises Economics Increasing trade, integration and specialization Economics Enforcement of commitments  ...  quality of legal reasoning) and factors outside the control of either states or judges (such as relative cultural and political homogeneity of states subject to the court).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2732639 fatcat:tyzbt7sokzc7rciuwdjtonevzm

The Economics of Nationalism

Xiaohuan Lan, Ben G. Li
2015 American Economic Journal: Economic Policy  
All else being equal, increasing a region's foreign trade reduces its economic interests in its domestic market and thus weakens its nationalism.  ...  Our framework also applies to analysis of nationalism across countries and receives support from cross-country data.  ...  To address potential heterogeneity across cities, we also examine the effects of trade on regional attitudes toward Chinese culture and other political ideologies (populism, conservatism, and collectivism  ... 
doi:10.1257/pol.20130020 fatcat:ip2pg4spbnbnfh4l6tq5iop53i

An Analysis of China's Outward Foreign Direct Investment to the EU: Features and Problems

Fan Ying
2014 International Journal of Management and Economics  
regarding economy, society, and culture etc.  ...  This research paper reviews the development of China's outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) to the European Union since the global fnancial crisis, summarizes the apparent characteristics and causes  ...  These nations tend to pressure China by supporting protectionism and oppose China's trade barriers. The second group advocates free trade, and is represented by Finland, Sweden, Denmark and the UK.  ... 
doi:10.2478/ijme-2014-0036 fatcat:tmvhjerp6jbw3jmvqd4h7fndce

Trade Law in a Data-Driven Economy: The Need for Modesty and Resilience

Gregory Shaffer
2021 World Trade Review  
; and threats to personal privacy.  ...  In response to these risks, the article contends that trade agreements should be deferential to national regulation, while supporting mechanisms for regulatory learning and adaptation.  ...  of information sharing, peer review, questioning, and response.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1474745621000069 fatcat:slvu24ig6rd2rohq4qz27r7rom

Ethics and sustainability within SMEs in sub-Saharan Africa: Enabling, constraining and contaminating relationships

Mollie Painter-Morland, Kris Dobie
2014 African Journal of Business Ethics  
What seems to be needed is to expand on and strengthen certain constraining relationships, such as those that exist between peers within a certain industry, professional associations, and civil society  ...  We argue that certain relationships, such as those between SMEs, suppliers, employees and local communities, can be described as enabling.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the research assistance of Ms Hanrie Greebe of the Centre for Business and Professional Ethics in setting up and conducting many of the interviews, and for  ... 
doi:10.15249/4-2-66 fatcat:f2ee7h75pnfjzdfgajoknkqxna

Report on Participatory Scenario Development of Agro-ecological Farming Systems

Elin Röös, Andreas Mayer, Karl-Heinz Erb, Gerald Kalt, Lisa Kaufmann, Sarah Matej, Michaela Clarissa Theurl, Christian Lauk, Adrian Muller, Shon Ferguson, Rob Hart, Pete Smith
2021 Zenodo  
Localisation-for-protectionism do this for reasons of rising nationalism and protectionism, and calls the centrality of the EU into question and promotes further re-nationalization of agricultural policies  ...  The main determinants of the storylines are their level of implementation of agro-ecological farming practises and the localisation of food system (i.e. level of trade within the EU and globally).  ...  We thank all external stakeholders that gave input to the work.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5576227 fatcat:7s3sbwhvyvc45dpptezjjhwkbm
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