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Peer-to-Peer vs. the Internet: A Discussion on the Proper and Practical Location of Functionality

James P.G. Sterbenz, Matthias Bossardt, Georg Carle, D. Hutchison, Hermann de Meer, Bernhard Plattner
Second, where {\em can} functionality be located, given the practical constraints of the modern Internet including closed systems and middleboxes, as well as administrative, legal, and social issues.  ...  Peer-to-peer information sharing has become one of the dominant Internet applications, measured not only in the number of users, but also in the network bandwidth consumed.  ...  Peer-to-Peer vs.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagsemproc.04411.14 fatcat:tina5iibr5bjth6g5k4k4m5wey

On the importance of Internet eXchange Points for today's Internet ecosystem [article]

Nikolaos Chatzis, Georgios Smaragdakis, Anja Feldmann
2013 arXiv   pre-print
More importantly, we illustrate the important role that IXPs play in today's Internet ecosystem and discuss how IXP-driven innovation in Europe is shaping and redefining the Internet marketplace, not only  ...  Internet eXchange Points (IXPs) are generally considered to be the successors of the four Network Access Points that were mandated as part of the decommissioning of the NSFNET in 1994/95 to facilitate  ...  Acknowledgment We are very grateful to Arnold Nipper (DE-CIX) and Henk Steenman (AMS-IX) for answering our questions and providing detailed information about their IXPs.  ... 
arXiv:1307.5264v2 fatcat:fuojutnow5fgvn6knrvqbqiybm

Scalable internet servers

Krishna Kant, Prasant Mohapatra
2000 Performance Evaluation Review  
I/O (both disk and network) that avoids the O/S bottleneck, (c) peer-to-peer I/O with distributed intelligence (e.g., a direct flow of encrypted data from disk to the network interface card (NIC) without  ...  Major Challenges To satisfy the scalability of internet services, the internet research community is likely to face a number of challenges at both the network and server side.  ... 
doi:10.1145/362883.362891 fatcat:qsucvuccjrf5xau7nw7tbhkkhi

The Neubot project: A collaborative approach to measuring internet neutrality

Juan Carlos De Martin, Andrea Glorioso
2008 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society  
The Internet was designed to be neutral with respect to kinds of applications, senders and destinations.  ...  The collected data will allow constant monitoring of the actual state of the Internet, enabling both a deeper understanding of such crucial infrastructure and a more reliable basis for discussing network  ...  The authors wish to thank Mr Gianluigi Pignatari who, as part of his thesis work at the Politecnico di Torino, is greatly contributing to develop the first release of Neubot.  ... 
doi:10.1109/istas.2008.4559763 dblp:conf/istas/MartinG08 fatcat:d7d3c63kgneajpouozngauzyry

Network Applications of Bloom Filters: A Survey

Andrei Broder, Michael Mitzenmacher
2004 Internet Mathematics  
The aim of this paper is to survey the ways in which Bloom filters have been used and modified in a variety of network problems, with the aim of providing a unified mathematical and practical framework  ...  A Bloom filter is a simple space-efficient randomized data structure for representing a set in order to support membership queries.  ...  The authors would like to thank our many colleagues and the anonymous referees that pointed us to related work and helped us improve the presentation of the material.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15427951.2004.10129096 fatcat:ks7d2dy34nahtobvcla6twij7a

Spot Transit: Cheaper Internet Transit for Elastic Traffic [article]

Hong Xu, Baochun Li
2013 arXiv   pre-print
We advocate to create a spot Internet transit market, where transit is sold using the under-utilized backbone capacity at a lower price.  ...  We propose a simple analytical framework with a general demand function, and solve the pricing problem of maximizing the expected profit, taking into account the revenue loss of regular transit when spot  ...  They are located in key hub locations around the world, and serve a significant portion of the Internet traffic [18] .  ... 
arXiv:1309.6422v1 fatcat:4p6b6wuxijhzfhybgpa66tdozq

Two decades of internet video streaming

Baochun Li, Zhi Wang, Jiangchuan Liu, Wenwu Zhu
2013 ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)  
Over the past two decades, research on video streaming over the Internet has received a tremendous amount of research attention from both academia and industry.  ...  This paper reviews existing results over the past two decades in video streaming, with a focus on peer-to-peer streaming protocols, the effects of social media, and the migration to HTTP streaming.  ...  Therefore, a proper incentive mechanism is critical to the performance of a peer-to-peer video streaming system.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2505805 fatcat:3unp6isypnbxxdolax3cbyhjki

Internet Telephony [chapter]

Henning Schulzrinne
2004 The Practical Handbook of Internet Computing  
The implementation details differ between the master-slave and peer-architectures and among the signaling protocols, so we defer discussion of implementation to the chapters on SIP (Chapter ??)  ...  for a discussion of billing in the Internet context.  ...  This is usually expressed as a number of black to white transitions or lines that can be differentiated. Limited by the bandwidth of the video signal or equipment.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9780203507223.ch6 fatcat:3ljkkei7j5d3lhqedymkwcvpwu

Connectivity in the Commercial Internet

Jacques Crémer, Patrick Rey, Jean Tirole
2003 Journal of Industrial Economics  
We are grateful to Scott Flick, Scott Marcus and Jim Venit, for helpful discussions on the technology and economics of the Internet.  ...  The rst part of the paper discusses the structure of the Internet and shows that there does exist a separate backbone market.  ...  But is there a proper backbone market", or should one consider IBPs as Internet service providers like all others and thus part of a broader market?  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-6451.00132 fatcat:3xnprlc2tbdrzeb43ppaqzkzjm

Black-box analysis of Internet P2P applications

Dario Rossi, Elisa Sottile, Paolo Veglia
2010 Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications  
selection and content diffu- theA” dataset considered in the previous section and the sion algorithms are aware of peer location in the underlying “T” dataset of the current one.  ...  co-located within the LAN of RTT delay and the IP time-to-live (from which we can in- a single institution.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12083-010-0072-4 fatcat:wtqil7grffg65m3uo4s54bfy5u

Internet time synchronization: the network time protocol

D.L. Mills
1991 IEEE Transactions on Communications  
portions of the Internet can be ordinarily maintained to within a few tens of milliseconds, even in cases of failure or disruption of clocks, time servers or networks.  ...  The architectures, algorithms and protocols which have evolved to NTP over several years of implementation and refinement are described in this paper.  ...  Experimental results on measured times and delays in the Internet are discussed in [COL88] , [MIL83a] and [MIL85b] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/26.103043 fatcat:m33ca4zkyrerzhegv6osxwni54

Opportunities and Challenges of Peer-to-Peer Internet Video Broadcast

Jiangchuan Liu, S.G. Rao, Bo Li, Hui Zhang
2008 Proceedings of the IEEE  
This article reviews the state-of-the-art of peer-to-peer Internet video broadcast technologies.  ...  We describe the basic taxonomy of peer-to-peer broadcast and summarize the major issues associated with the design of broadcast overlays.  ...  The deployment status of the practical peer-to-peer broadcast systems are reviewed in Section VI, followed by a discussion on the potential deployment challenges.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2007.909921 fatcat:wkgasvfcejbxjliwxmlj6wmbvu

Estimating Service Quality in Industrial Internet-of-Things Monitoring Applications with Blockchain

Ananda Maiti, Ali Raza, Byeong Ho Kang, Lachlan Hardy
2019 IEEE Access  
The moderation allows better understanding of the system functions and identification of specific problems rather than simply recording the sensor data for a single process.  ...  This paper discusses the use of blockchain to calculate the Service Quality (SQ) in an Industrial IoT for monitoring application.  ...  Asset tracking is the practice of using low cost, usually battery powered IoT devices to track the location and status of a specific package being transported from one place to another.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2948269 fatcat:e7xqxdauzbfhjareczwlnvsd5m

Chinese Internet AS-level topology

S. Zhou, G.-Q. Zhang, G.-Q. Zhang
2007 IET Communications  
We present the first complete measurement of the Chinese Internet topology at the autonomous systems (AS) level based on traceroute data probed from servers of major ISPs in mainland China.  ...  We show that both the Chinese Internet AS graph and the global Internet AS graph can be accurately reproduced by the Positive-Feedback Preference (PFP) model with the same parameters.  ...  one of the host nodes and one peer node.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com:20060518 fatcat:7wsyk7io3fd2neha2sakhm3qfq

Towards an Aggregation-Aware Internet Routing

Yangyang Wang, Jun Bi, Jianping Wang
2012 2012 21st International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN)  
We give a detailed analysis and evaluation on the effect of AIDR using the public BGP traces from RouteViews and RIPE.  ...  Internet is composed of a large amount of autonomous systems (ASes).  ...  A host of that network will possess multiple IP addresses as locators and use one of them as identifiers to identify host communication ends in transport layer.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icccn.2012.6289241 dblp:conf/icccn/WangBW12a fatcat:47eaiwg75bb3bhg5hjip5kdc3q
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