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Peer-to-Peer Caching Schemes to Address Flash Crowds [chapter]

Tyron Stading, Petros Maniatis, Mary Baker
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
By redirecting requests for that resource uniformly to the created caches, Backslash helps alleviate the effects of flash crowds.  ...  We describe Backslash, a collaborative web mirroring system run by a collective of web sites that wish to protect themselves from flash crowds.  ...  We are grateful to them for the unfaltering motivation, guidance and feedback they provided during the formulation of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45748-8_19 fatcat:2lkcsnj3dfhupm4jcxg3ip4bay

FCAN: Flash Crowds Alleviation Network Using Adaptive P2P Overlay of Cache Proxies

C. PAN
2006 IEICE transactions on communications  
This paper models and presents FCAN, an adaptive network that dynamically optimizes the system structure between peer-to-peer (P2P) and client-server(C/S) configurations to alleviate flash crowds effect  ...  FCAN constructs P2P overlay on cache proxy server layer to distribute the flash traffic from origin server.  ...  It sends the alarm to all Member Peers to transit into anti-flash-crowd status with necessary information, such as flash object lists, neighbor lists and etc., then pushes un-cached hot objects to the  ... 
doi:10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.4.1119 fatcat:5vlas7fknzed3csdztmed25vny

On-Demand Multicast Streaming Using Collaborative Prefix Caching [chapter]

John Paul O'Neill, Jonathan Dukes
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An architecture is proposed in which edge-resources in a peer-to-peer network assist in the provision of fullyinteractive on-demand streaming services based on multicast.  ...  This approach represents a synergy between multicast batching, proxy prefix caching and collaborative caching of media content.  ...  If a scheme that selects the longest available incomplete prefix is used, then the effect of flash crowds is reduced further.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04994-1_3 fatcat:o3bkco3ayjd2bpskeezzki6naa

Strategies of Collaboration in Multi-Channel P2P VoD Streaming

Zhi Wang, Chuan Wu, Lifeng Sun, Shiqiang Yang
2010 2010 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference GLOBECOM 2010  
crowds.  ...  As compared to live peer-to-peer (P2P) streaming, modern P2P video-on-demand (VoD) systems have brought much larger volumes of videos and more interactive controls to the Internet users.  ...  extreme scenarios such as unexpected flash crowds.  ... 
doi:10.1109/glocom.2010.5683226 dblp:conf/globecom/WangWSY10 fatcat:bhdx7f5u4bbcjfojtapxnvcnnu

Proactive hot spot avoidance for Web server dependability

P. Felber, T. Kaldewey, S. Weiss
2004 Proceedings of the 23rd IEEE International Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems, 2004.  
a peerto-peer fashion, with each peer contributing to, and benefiting from, the service.  ...  We have conducted a comprehensive experimental evaluation, which demonstrates that our techniques are effective at dealing with flash crowds and scaling to very high request loads.  ...  Acknowledgments: We are extremely grateful to Sean Adams for kindly providing us with the anonymized Web logs of the flash crowd analyzed in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/reldis.2004.1353031 dblp:conf/srds/FelberKW04 fatcat:2jdjtedosjewdfscgijz5o4yy4

The effectiveness of request redirection on CDN robustness

Limin Wang, Vivek Pai, Larry Peterson
2002 Proceedings of the 5th symposium on Operating systems design and implementation - OSDI '02  
Such systems distribute client requests to an appropriate server based on a variety of factors-e.g., server load, network proximity, cache locality-in an effort to reduce response time and increase the  ...  We use large-scale detailed simulations to evaluate the various strategies.  ...  of a flash crowd or DDoS attack.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1060289.1060321 fatcat:45chlvmmxzgjfbvi3ff635j4i4

The effectiveness of request redirection on CDN robustness

Limin Wang, Vivek Pai, Larry Peterson
2002 ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review  
Such systems distribute client requests to an appropriate server based on a variety of factors---e.g., server load, network proximity, cache locality--in an effort to reduce response time and increase  ...  We use large-scale detailed simulations to evaluate the various strategies.  ...  of a flash crowd or DDoS attack.  ... 
doi:10.1145/844128.844160 fatcat:fejh7rjzu5bidfjh2lr7dadf74

Provide VoD Service in Peer-to-Peer Network using Offset Ranking and Epidemic Diffusion

Xing Chen, Qing Yang
2009 2009 6th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference  
The Peer-to-Peer solution provides a service model that is attractive for Video-on-demand (VOD).  ...  In this paper, we utilize two-scale list of peers, which is composed of R-peers and S-peers, to locate collaborator and support VCR operation.  ...  In tree-based P2P VoD system [10] [11] [12] , Cache-and-relay applies the interval caching idea to address the asynchronous issue.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccnc.2009.4784857 dblp:conf/ccnc/ChenY10 fatcat:mflfwbqn3rg65hqh6iuhxco6py

Update Management in Decentralized Social Networks

Simon Forsyth, Khuzaima Daudjee
2013 2013 IEEE 33rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops  
We propose a technique that provides a structure to support efficient updates for cached data, and we demonstrate the efficacy of our approach through performance studies.  ...  Maintaining replicated data in these systems is challenging due to the high cost of update management.  ...  It does not address updates. CoralCDN is a P2P decentralized CDN intended to help websites deal with flash crowds that has been available since 2004 [2] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdcsw.2013.54 dblp:conf/icdcsw/ForsythD13 fatcat:dpxql4smdnalxkb4g4evjscuvm

Reliable Unicast Streaming with Multiple Peers in IP Networks [chapter]

Florian Unterkircher, Michael Welzl
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We propose an architecture for streaming media in a peer-to-peer network scenario that is robust and efficient, and expected to be advantageous even if links are asymmetric.  ...  The traditional client/server model with its single point of failure and centralized administration has turned out to be a poor fit for file downloads for some applications; the same may apply to streaming  ...  Peer-to-peer based caching and forwarding schemes have been demonstrated that effectivively alleviate the effects of flash crowds [2] [3]. 2.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45745-3_23 fatcat:aenmb2nczfdvphhm663swwhnpu

The Scalability of Swarming Peer-to-Peer Content Delivery [chapter]

Daniel Stutzbach, Daniel Zappala, Reza Rejaie
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Recent peer-to-peer content delivery protocols have demonstrated the feasibility of spreading this load among the clients themselves, giving small web sites the possibility of serving large audiences with  ...  In this paper we use a simulation-based performance evaluation to study the fundamental question of the scalability of swarming peer-topeer content delivery.  ...  For swarming, we provide a more challenging flash crowd by increasing the flash crowd rate to 120 clients per minute!  ... 
doi:10.1007/11422778_2 fatcat:uo5udmnigzhzbmpwwzq4ymu3tm

The design and implementation of a next generation name service for the internet

Venugopalan Ramasubramanian, Emin Gün Sirer
2004 Proceedings of the 2004 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications - SIGCOMM '04  
CoDoNS derives its scalability, decentralization, self-organization, and failure resilience from peer-to-peer overlays, while it achieves high performance using the Beehive replication framework.  ...  This paper describes the design and implementation of the Cooperative Domain Name System (CoDoNS), a novel name service, which provides high lookup performance through proactive caching, resilience to  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Robert Morris, Hari Balakrishnan, Jaeyon Jung, and Emil Sit for providing their DNS traces.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1015467.1015504 dblp:conf/sigcomm/RamasubramanianS04 fatcat:24vi25x33bhaljhxb3lgefayfy

The design and implementation of a next generation name service for the internet

Venugopalan Ramasubramanian, Emin Gün Sirer
2004 Computer communication review  
CoDoNS derives its scalability, decentralization, self-organization, and failure resilience from peer-to-peer overlays, while it achieves high performance using the Beehive replication framework.  ...  This paper describes the design and implementation of the Cooperative Domain Name System (CoDoNS), a novel name service, which provides high lookup performance through proactive caching, resilience to  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Robert Morris, Hari Balakrishnan, Jaeyon Jung, and Emil Sit for providing their DNS traces.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1030194.1015504 fatcat:mmtavzmtbnherlowexzg3rpgmi

Flashback: A Peer-to-PeerWeb Server for Flash Crowds

Mayur Deshpande, Abhishek Amit, Mason Chang, Nalini Venkatasubramanian, Sharad Mehrotra
2007 27th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS '07)  
Unlike previous systems, our approach does not rely on any intermediate nodes to cache content.  ...  Instead, the clients (browsers) create a dynamic, self-scaling Peer-to-Peer (P2P) web-server that grows and shrinks according to the load.  ...  However, we see Flashback not as a replacement for web-caches but as a supplementary mechanism that is useful when Flash crowds appear inspite of web-caches or simply because a web-site does not want its  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdcs.2007.112 dblp:conf/icdcs/DeshpandeACVM07 fatcat:pyowelldbbasvb4y35n47yl23i

An Effective Peer-to-Peer Web Caching System under Dynamic Participation of Peers

Y.-S. RYU
2005 IEICE transactions on communications  
Peer-to-peer (P2P) web caching has been studied recently as it can exploit local caches of peers for web caching without additional infrastructure.  ...  . key words: peer-to-peer system, web caching, internet system, world wide web Young-Suk Ryu  ...  Therefore, it helps a server avoid the flash-crowd problem. But if there is an extreme flash-crowd, the connection overhead itself may overwhelm the server.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.4.1476 fatcat:n6pq4stc75f7rnnvy2bsxc3qqu
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