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Paying Attention to Function Words [article]

Shane Steinert-Threlkeld
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Why have human languages evolved to exhibit this division of labor between content and function words? How could such a distinction have emerged in the first place?  ...  All natural languages exhibit a distinction between content words (like nouns and adjectives) and function words (like determiners, auxiliaries, prepositions).  ...  of function words.  ... 
arXiv:1909.11060v1 fatcat:ea74zchsw5euvlqninu5qjyvta

A Corpus and Model Integrating Multiword Expressions and Supersenses

Nathan Schneider, Noah A. Smith
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies  
pay dry the clothes out close attention (to) they pick up where left off __ no attention was paid (to) • 723 reviews • 3,800 sentences • 55,000 words • found 3,500 MWE instances •  ...  2010; Schneider et al., LREC 2014) 13 Noam Chomsky daddy longlegs, hot dog dry out depend on, come across pay attention (to) put up with, give in (to) under the weather cut and dry in  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/n15-1177 dblp:conf/naacl/SchneiderS15 fatcat:ly54tyrc75hx7fzc7ag6pbjhvu

Social (media) jet lag

Elizabeth L. Murnane, Saeed Abdullah, Mark Matthews, Tanzeem Choudhury, Geri Gay
2015 Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing - UbiComp '15  
pay attention in class and more likely to use phone to avoid falling asleep or get bored more easily" Motivation Method Findings Attention Features • Volume: # social interactions daily (  ...  pay attention in class and more likely to use phone to avoid falling asleep or get bored more easily" Motivation Method Findings Attention Features • Volume: # social interactions daily (  ... 
doi:10.1145/2750858.2807522 dblp:conf/huc/MurnaneAMCG15 fatcat:dbaqep5r5vho7bywipdomwvzme

Page 542 of The American Journal of Psychology Vol. 6, Issue 4 [page]

1895 The American Journal of Psychology  
The first is the appeal from the sensory and receptive functions to the active and more directly controllable motor functions. from simple hearing to repeating of the speaker’s words, the taking of an  ...  A classification of the methods employed by the sixty-four who have conscious methods gives the following table : Of the 64 that have some conscious method: 16 pay close attention to the words, repeating  ... 


Charles C. Fries
1948 Language Learning  
Each of the three "function word" meanings attaches to the word have in a particular construction which can be indicated in a brief formula. 11.  ...  The word have can appear in the same structure both as a function word and as a full word verb. 111.  ...  But it also operates as a function word in relation to the following verb pay to make the structure kave + N + inf. 1 They 1 have to have J the students pay. 1W In the second example "They have had  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1948.tb00883.x fatcat:ncvn345x2nax7p4xukqnou72ia

Saliency Learning: Teaching the Model Where to Pay Attention [article]

Reza Ghaeini, Xiaoli Z. Fern, Hamed Shahbazi, Prasad Tadepalli
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Deep learning has emerged as a compelling solution to many NLP tasks with remarkable performances. However, due to their opacity, such models are hard to interpret and trust.  ...  In this paper, we aim to teach the model to make the right prediction for the right reason by providing explanation training and ensuring the alignment of the model's explanation with the ground truth  ...  1 and pays attention to the contributory words.  ... 
arXiv:1902.08649v3 fatcat:7g46fhwi4vdj5d4glauqsu2e5a

An exploratory study on the aspects of vocabulary knowledge addressed in EAP textbooks

Duy Van Vu, Marije Michel
2021 Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics  
This study aims to fill that gap by examining the aspects of vocabulary knowledge that English for Academic Purposes (EAP) textbooks pay attention to.  ...  Results show that grammatical functions, associations, and word parts receive the most attention in the EAP textbooks while written form, constraints on use, and spoken form receive the least attention  ...  We are thankful to the anonymous reviewers and Associate Editor Maria Mos (Tilburg University) whose comments and suggestions helped to improve this article.  ... 
doi:10.51751/dujal9345 fatcat:bwj4njmox5fqnfjesoi4pmzdpa

Page 401 of Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice Vol. 20, Issue 4 [page]

1978 Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice  
RECOMMENDATIONS Previous Institutions Pay Attention to R.R.C.  ...  the institutions pay attention to the recommendations of the Regional Reception Centre’’. > Figures outside parentheses denote percentages. 401  ... 

How Does Selective Mechanism Improve Self-Attention Networks? [article]

Xinwei Geng, Longyue Wang, Xing Wang, Bing Qin, Ting Liu, Zhaopeng Tu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Specifically, the selective mechanism improves SANs by paying more attention to content words that contribute to the meaning of the sentence.  ...  Self-attention networks (SANs) with selective mechanism has produced substantial improvements in various NLP tasks by concentrating on a subset of input words.  ...  SSANs further enhance the strength by paying more attention to the content words.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00979v1 fatcat:f3e25x3hdng4pjz464bhch74ma


Bahriddinova Nilufar Nasriddin Qizi
2022 Zenodo  
The article below is very helpful for every learner of English as it serves to improve reading  ...  Subsequently, you will be able to guess about the role of unfamiliar words. Pay attention to the use of tenses As you read, pay attention to the use of the tenses of the English language.  ...  Highlight the connecting words As you read, pay attention to the connecting words (also, because, as ... as, although, however).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6379561 fatcat:ad3hirtfijeexknufre6dzune4

The Application and Significance of Discourse Cohesion and Analysis in Practical Teaching of Foreign Language

Junxin Li
2013 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
to improve the quality of foreign language teaching.  ...  So, it's not an ignored strategy to master the theory of discourse cohesion and discourse analysis in the foreign language teaching, and the dependable guarantee to raise the quality of the foreign language  ...  Especially pay attention to the orders of logic affair, the functions and its meaning.  ... 
doi:10.4304/tpls.3.8.1393-1398 fatcat:2diyki5lfbfpffkurddoe6sirq


Dildorakhon Azizovna Ganieva, Candidate Of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Fergana Branch Of Tashkent State University Of Information Technologies, Uzbekistan
The article discusses functionality and intermediate units, their different interpretations in linguistics, including the views of Prague structuralisms.  ...  While Prague linguists pay special attention to function, they emphasize that there are different functions of speech activity, each of which must correspond to different functional languages.  ...  Representatives of this school, relying on the structure of the language, pay close attention to the function of the language and its units.  ... 
doi:10.37547/philological-crjps-02-06-16 fatcat:6bxjbfcxxzejtizqq2astihzcu


B. Imanuel Rekhab Nonutu, Elisabeth Z Oroh, Fivy A Andries
2021 Journal of English Culture, Language, Literature and Education  
ABSTRAK This research aims at: (1) Identifying and classifying types of taboo words in Kombi District, Minahasa Regency. (2) Knowing the function of people using taboo words in Kombi District, Minahasa  ...  Research result: (1) Types of taboo words in Kombi District, Minahasa Regency have 30 types of taboo words that are still remembered and used by several people in villages in Kombi District. (2) The functions  ...  By paying attention to these norms, it is hoped that he can also pay attention to the choice of words he will use in communicating.  ... 
doi:10.53682/eclue.v9i2.2972 fatcat:rmqkdagovzdd3l4olhajt7ec5e

An Analysis of Interpersonal Meanings in Students' Instagram Caption

Hena Rifa Fauziyah, Nunung Nurjannah
2019 Academic Journal Perspective : Education, Language, and Literature  
This research want to know how the interpersonal meanings are realized when the writer exchange their message through indirect illocutionary act in students' instagram caption.  ...  In this research, the analyzes are based on the theory of Functional Grammar and Speech Function proposed by Halliday (1994) and supported with Illocutionary Acts theory proposed by Searle (1979) and Yule  ...  In clause "pay attention to yourself first", the process of pay attention gives an indirect illocutionary act as clauses.  ... 
doi:10.33603/perspective.v7i2.2784 fatcat:7sqv4p5cpjeibnitx4vjic55km

A GRU Model for Aspect Level Sentiment Analysis

Yongping Xing, Chuangbai Xiao
2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
In the same sentence, different words have different influence on the sentiment polarity of aspect, so the key to solve the problem is how to build a relation model between the aspect and the words in  ...  In this paper, by using two recurrent networks, we built a model for sentence and introduced attention mechanism to fuse aspect information, so as to achieve a better effect.  ...  This is because the different words and aspects in the front and back parts of the sentence have different relations. We will pay more attention to the information closely related to aspect.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1302/3/032042 fatcat:m5gxzcnm6fdlzkrddlhy3acaqe
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