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Methods in Medical Research. Volume 5.A. C. Corcoran , Lyman C. Craig , Melvin Cohn

Paul A. Lembcke
1954 The Quarterly review of biology  
Corcoran, Editor-in-Chief; Lyman C. Craig, A. C. Corcoran, and Melvin Cohn, editors. The Year Book Publishers, Chicago. $7.50. xiii + 394 pp.; ill. 1952.  ...  Chapman, Paul R. David, William L. Fleming, Lloyd Florio, Lenor S. Goerke, Ernest M. Gruenberg, Edward M. Holmes, Jr., James C. Me- Cullough, John J. Phair, L. E. Powers, Frank Princi, Milton I.  ... 
doi:10.1086/400343 fatcat:ylvspgkyoncdxi2ihav7os7bzy

Euthanasia and Related Practices Worldwide

Michael J Kelleher †, Derek Chambers, Paul Corcoran, Helen S Keeley, Eileen Williamson
1998 Crisis  
The present paper examines the occurrence of matters relating to the ending of life, including active euthanasia, which is, technically speaking, illegal worldwide. Interest in this most controversial area is drawn from many varied sources, from legal and medical practitioners to religious and moral ethicists. In some countries, public interest has been mobilized into organizations that attempt to influence legislation relating to euthanasia. Despite the obvious international importance of
more » ... nasia, very little is known about the extent of its practice, whether passive or active, voluntary or involuntary. This examination is based on questionnaires completed by 49 national representatives of the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP), dealing with legal and religious aspects of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, as well as suicide. A dichotomy between the law and medical practices relating to the end of life was uncovered by the results of the survey. In 12 of the 49 countries active euthanasia is said to occur while a general acceptance of passive euthanasia was reported to be widespread. Clearly, definition is crucial in making the distinction between active and passive euthanasia; otherwise, the entire concept may become distorted, and legal acceptance may become more widespread with the effect of broadening the category of individuals to whom euthanasia becomes an available option. The "slippery slope" argument is briefly considered.
doi:10.1027/0227-5910.19.3.109 pmid:9884456 fatcat:wh32uoqxhvdwbfykiimodaagbi

A Study of the Irish System of Recording Suicide Deaths

Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
2010 Crisis  
Corcoran & E. Arensman: Irish System of Recording Suicide Deaths  ...  , Williamson & Petridou, 2003; Kelleher, Corcoran, Keeley, Dennehy & O'Donnell, 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000026 pmid:20801747 fatcat:k77fjoj7hvfpbp2hrx4apcrvi4

A Study of the Irish System of Recording Suicide Deaths

Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
2010 Crisis  
Corcoran & E. Arensman: Irish System of Recording Suicide Deaths  ...  , Williamson & Petridou, 2003; Kelleher, Corcoran, Keeley, Dennehy & O'Donnell, 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.1027/0027-5910/a000026 pmid:20801747 fatcat:h3cig3bpwnd7zoiuo3um6woane

Suicide and Other External-Cause Mortality Statistics in Ireland

Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman, Desmond O'Mahony
2006 Crisis  
Corcoran Corcoran National Suicide Research Foundation 1 Perrott Avenue College Road Cork Ireland Tel. +353 21 4277499 Fax +353 21 4277545 E-mail Crisis 2006; Vol. 27(3):130-134  ...  Data relating to the number of such deaths that were registered by the CSO in each year of this study period were obtained from the relevant reports (Central Statistics Office Occurred Registered Paul  ... 
doi:10.1027/0227-5910.27.3.130 pmid:17091823 fatcat:bmutofj6oncohdcl2dn2s6jhnq

Perfect and ε-Perfect Simulation Methods for the One Dimensional Kac Equation [article]

Jem Corcoran and Dale Jennings and Paul VaughanMiller
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We review the derivation of the Kac master equation model for random collisions of particles, its relationship to the Poisson process, and existing algorithms for simulating values from the marginal distribution of velocity for a single particle at any given time. We describe and implement a new algorithm that efficiently and more fully leverages properties of the Poisson process, show that it performs at least as well as existing methods, and give empirical evidence that it may perform better
more » ... t capturing the tails of the single particle velocity distribution. Finally, we derive and implement a novel "ε-perfect sampling" algorithm for the limiting marginal distribution as time goes to infinity. In this case the importance is a proof of concept that has the potential to be expanded to more interesting (DSMC) direct simulation Monte Carlo applications.
arXiv:1603.01551v1 fatcat:yyhzlgmevrextjavt4dhye3uxi

Suicide and marital status in Northern Ireland

Paul Corcoran, Aaron Nagar
2009 Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology  
Introduction Studies show marriage to be protective against suicide though with variation in the extent to which suicide rates are higher among the never married, separated or divorced and widowed. We examined suicide in Northern Ireland by marital status and examined whether the observed variation differed by sex and age. Methods Data relating to all 1,398 suicide deaths (ICD-9 E950-959 and ICD-10 X60-84) registered in 1996-2005 were analysed using Poisson regression. Results The total, male
more » ... d female age-standardised suicide rates were 8.4, 13.6 and 3.3 per 100,000, respectively. Never marrying increased male suicide risk and its effect increased with age (incidence rate ratio (IRR) among 20-34 year-olds = 1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.19-1.84; IRR among over 55 year-olds = 2.33, 95% CI = 1.55-3.50). Never marrying was a risk factor for women only if aged 20-34 years (IRR = 3.05, 95% CI = 1.70-5.47). Among over 55 year-olds, widowhood increased risk of male suicide only (IRR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.64-3.70) whereas divorce was associated with an almost threefold increase in male (IRR = 2.61, 95% CI = 1.39-4.88) and female (IRR = 2.57, 95% CI = 0.89-7.42) suicide relative to married persons. The effect of divorce was far more pronounced in 20-34 yearold men (IRR = 5.59, 95% CI = 3.58-8.67) and women (IRR = 9.46, 95% CI = 3.81-23.37). Conclusions In Northern Ireland, marriage protects both sexes against suicide though men more so than women. Divorced young men, in particular, are a population at high risk of suicide.
doi:10.1007/s00127-009-0120-7 pmid:19763365 fatcat:froofcmeqvbbdo2iciwukvbg6q

Review of Vincent's Theories de l'etat et problemes coloinaux (XVIe-XVIIIe siecle)

Paul Corcoran
2019 Locke Studies  
A review of Gregoire Vincent's Theories de l'etat et problemes coloniaux (XVIe-XVIIIe siecle) (Paris: Honore Champion).
doi:10.5206/ls.2019.6305 fatcat:ad2e62vckndsvnthxojgcgqkji

Suicide and deliberate self harm in older Irish adults

Paul Corcoran, Udo Reulbach, Ivan J. Perry, Ella Arensman
2010 International Psychogeriatrics  
Correspondence should be addressed to: Paul Corcoran, National Suicide Research Foundation, 1 Perrott Avenue, College Road, Cork, Ireland. Phone: +353 21 4277499; Fax: +353 21 4277545.  ...  (Hawton and Harriss, 2008b) and Ireland (Corcoran et al., 2003) showed the rate ratio of deliberate self harm to suicide to decrease markedly with increasing age.  ...  Corcoran designed the registry upon which much of the study is based. P. Corcoran carried out the statistical analysis and drafted the manuscript. U. Reulbach drafted the Introduction.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1041610210001377 pmid:20716390 fatcat:3l44cx7iqfgmrajbcp4yrauoqm


John E. Moore, Deborah Corcoran, James S.G. Dooley, S�amus Fanning, Brigid Lucey, Motoo Matsuda, David A. McDowell, Francis M�graud, B. Cherie Millar, Rebecca O?Mahony, Lisa O?Riordan, Michele O?Rourke (+4 others)
2005 Veterinary Research  
[177] did not consider the possible involvement of the ribosomal structural proteins, whereas Corcoran and Fanning (unpublished) sequenced several L4 and L22 genes and defined associated polymorphisms  ...  This three gene operon efflux pump system contributes to multidrug resistance (MDR) in C. jejuni and probably in C. coli also (Corcoran and Fanning, unpublished) and consists of an inner-membrane transporter  ... 
doi:10.1051/vetres:2005012 pmid:15845230 fatcat:hkqam3llpbhmvlp5ygat4k64di

Suicide and employment status during Ireland's Celtic Tiger economy

Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
2010 European Journal of Public Health  
Studies have identified employment as a protective factor against suicide. We examined employment status and risk of suicide in Ireland during the 11-year period 1996-2006, a period of economic boom commonly known as the Celtic Tiger. Methods: Data relating to the 5270 suicides and 789 deaths of undetermined intent registered as occurring in Ireland in 1996-2006 and relevant population data were obtained from the Irish Central Statistics Office and analysed using Poisson regression. Results:
more » ... mployment fell from 12% in 1996 to 4% in 2000, a level at which it remained until 2006. Male and female rates of suicide and undetermined death were stable during 1996-2006 though suicide among unemployed men increased. Relative to employment, unemployment was associated with a 2-3-fold increased risk of male suicide and undetermined death but generally a 4-6-fold increased risk in women. Unemployment was associated with greater increased risk of suicide and undetermined death when its level was low (2001-06) than in the period of decreasing unemployment (1996)(1997)(1998)(1999)(2000). Unemployment was a stronger risk factor in men aged 35-54 years and with increasing age in women. Retired persons aged >55 years had a similar risk to their employed counterparts. Being a homemaker was associated with increased risk in women aged >35 years. Conclusion: The current Irish context of rapidly increasing unemployment suggests that rates may rise again as in previous recessions. Appropriate social policy responses are required to mitigate the potential impact of unemployment on suicides.
doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckp236 pmid:20110275 fatcat:k2dd7ewuajduhm3u56tnbewctq

Book reviews

Ronald Barnett, Janet Bohrer, Craig Campbell, Tim Corcoran, Sam Duncan, Lesley Gourlay, Yussra Jamjoom, Roger Marples, Mara B. Martini, Roger Smith OBE, Paul Temple
2011 London Review of Education  
Why knowledge matters in curriculum: a social realist argument, by Leesa Wheelahan, Abingdon, Routledge, 2010, 191 pp., £85.00 (hardback), ISBN10: 0-415-48318-2 Education, epistemology and critical realism, by David Scott, Abingdon, Routledge, 2010, 146 pp., £90.00 (hardback), ISBN10: 0-415-47349-7 These two books each occupy a particular territory but they share a common source of intellectual energy. David Scott's book, Education, epistemology and critical realism, examines ways of
more » ... educational research; Leesa Wheelahan's book, Why knowledge matters in curriculum, explores contemporary approaches in the construction of the curriculum, especially the postcompulsory curriculum. Both books, however, seek to demonstrate, within their own territories, the validity, the power and the superiority of 'critical realism'. As the two books implicitly demonstrate, 'critical realism' -especially as advanced by Roy Bhaskar -has recently become very influential and not only in educational studies but across a broad range of research endeavours. (Both books are part of the series New Studies in Critical Realism and Education, the overall editor of which is Roy Bhaskar himself.) Among the tenets of the philosophy of critical realism are the twofold claims that there is a real -or 'intransitive' -world (hence it is realist and that therefore the 'ontological' realm is important in our knowing enquiries); and that we can attempt to come into a relationship with that world through our 'transitive' enquiries, over which there can be radical dispute engendering debate and even dispute (hence it is critical and that therefore the 'epistemological' realm is also important in our enquiries). This view of the relationship of knowledge and the world produces a 'depth ontology', in which is distinguished the realms of the real, the actual and the empirical. Too often, it is claimed, both curriculum policies and research methodologies underplay the ontological (the 'real') while giving undue prominence to (empirical) surface phenomena. This philosophical stance is brought into play to help the authors as they contend against quite different targets. For Wheelahan, the main target is a perspective on curriculum that has played up a sense that knowledge is 'socially constructed' although, as Wheelahan observes, there has been here a strange unwitting alliance between 'progressive' educationalists and 'conservative' educational attempts to drive forward performative and competence-based curricula. As a result, the sense there is a real world with which the student might struggle to come to grips has been downplayed. This has had a particularly pernicious effect so far as the vocational curriculum is concerned, since it is largely students from poorer backgrounds that follow such curricula. Consequently, such students are liable to become disenfranchised from the conversations of the world that -in the different disciplines -are focused on seriously trying to understand the world. For Scott, the target appears to be principally twofold: positivist methodologies that give undue prominence to immediate experience and pragmatist approaches that look to the practical applicability of research. In their different ways, both approaches adopt limited conceptions of truthfulness in comparison with critical theory and so offer only partial readings of the world.
doi:10.1080/14748460.2011.550445 fatcat:lravjjjpoveqfnxbykv3rkrnze

Background stressors and deliberate self-harm

Helen S. Keeley, Mary O'Sullivan, Paul Corcoran
2003 Psychiatric bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists  
Aims and Method In this study we aimed to identify negative life events, especially those associated with repetition, in the background histories of patients in a 2-year prospective monitoring study of hospital-treated deliberate self-harm (DSH). Thematic analysis of the narratives recorded during assessment was used to produce general categories of life events. Results In 3031 DSH episodes (n=2287 individuals), women reported more life events than men. Family and interpersonal problems were
more » ... t commonly reported. Reporting a dysfunctional family of origin, a history of sexual abuse and the imprisonment of self or other were associated with repetition retrospectively and prospectively. Clinical Implications The background history of patients who harm themselves should be explored routinely on assessment in order to help establish risk of repetition and to determine appropriate follow-up.
doi:10.1192/pb.27.11.411 fatcat:bo4kxkrpo5dmzjrh5q6us2nzqm

Perioperative Fluid Management Strategies in Major Surgery

Tomas Corcoran, Julia Emma Joy Rhodes, Sarah Clarke, Paul S. Myles, Kwok M. Ho
2012 Anesthesia and Analgesia  
BACKGROUND: Both "liberal" and "goal-directed" (GD) therapy use a large amount of perioperative fluid, but they appear to have very different effects on perioperative outcomes. We sought to determine whether one fluid management strategy was superior to the others. METHODS: We selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the use of GD or restrictive versus liberal fluid therapy (LVR) in major adult surgery from MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed (1951 to April 2011, and Cochrane controlled trials
more » ... er without language restrictions. Indirect comparison between the GD and LVR strata was performed. RESULTS: A total of 3861 patients from 23 GD RCTs (median sample size ϭ 90, interquartile range [IQR] 57 to 109) and 1160 patients from 12 LVR RCTs (median sample size ϭ 80, IQR36 to 151) were considered. Both liberal and GD therapy used more fluid compared to their respective comparative arm, but their effects on outcomes were very different. Patients in the liberal group of the LVR stratum had a higher risk of pneumonia (risk ratio [RR] 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0 to 4.5), pulmonary edema (RR 3.8, 95% CI 1.1 to 13), and a longer hospital stay than those in the restrictive group (mean difference [MD] 2 days, 95% CI 0.5 to 3.4). Using GD therapy also resulted in a lower risk of pneumonia (RR 0.7, 95% CI 0.6 to 0.9) and renal complications (0.7, 95% CI 0.5 to 0.9), and a shorter length of hospital stay (MD 2 days, 95% CI 1 to 3) compared to not using GD therapy. Liberal fluid therapy was associated with an increased length of hospital stay (4 days, 95% CI 3.4 to 4.4), time to first bowel movement (2 days, 95% CI 1.3 to 2.3), and risk of pneumonia (RR ratio 3, 95% CI 1.8 to 4.8) compared to GD therapy. CONCLUSION: Perioperative outcomes favored a GD therapy rather than liberal fluid therapy without hemodynamic goals. Whether GD therapy is superior to a restrictive fluid strategy remains uncertain.
doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318240d6eb pmid:22253274 fatcat:uusmpo56zffzlau4nzjbeyioea

Association of violence with urban points of interest

Joseph Redfern, Kirill Sidorov, Paul L. Rosin, Padraig Corcoran, Simon C. Moore, David Marshall, Shihe Fu
2020 PLoS ONE  
Supporting information Author Contributions Conceptualization: Joseph Redfern, Kirill Sidorov, Paul L. Rosin, Padraig Corcoran, Simon C. Moore, David Marshall.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0239840 pmid:32970775 fatcat:p335bmovp5dppjpkj57fjoslmi
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