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Patterns of query reformulation during Web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Danielle L. Booth, Amanda Spink
2009 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Query reformulation is a key user behavior during Web search. Our research goal is to develop predictive models of query reformulation during Web searching.  ...  This article reports results from a study in which we automatically classified the query-reformulation patterns for 964,780 Web searching sessions, composed of 1,523,072 queries, to predict the next query  ...  We encourage other Web search engine companies to seek ways to collaborate with the academic research community.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.21071 fatcat:zk36bmlhxve6jkkms57qjdx5sy

Patterns and transitions of query reformulation during web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Mimi Zhang, Amanda Spink, Elhadi Shakshuki
2007 International Journal of Web Information Systems  
Purpose: To investigate and identify the patterns of interaction between searchers and search engine during Web searching.  ...  Value: This research sheds light on the more complex aspects of Web searching involving query modifications.  ...  Therefore, query reformulation is a most popular search tactics. Query reformulation is a crucial step in fulfilling users' information needs during Web searching.  ... 
doi:10.1108/17440080710848116 fatcat:gi3je5tvwfczdovmuqjtdtlh7a

Query Modifications Patterns During Web Searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Amanda Spink, Bhuva Narayan
2007 Fourth International Conference on Information Technology (ITNG'07)  
We examine 2,465,145 interactions from 534,507 users of Dogpile.com submitted 6 May 2005. We compare query reformulation patterns.  ...  This research sheds light on the more complex aspects of Web searching involving query modifications.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Infospace, Inc. for providing the Web search engine transaction log data without which we could not have conducted this research. We also thank Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itng.2007.164 dblp:conf/itng/JansenSN07 fatcat:2xb24uzrnjcjtebqmjn6bbempy

Information Searching Tactics of Web Searchers

Mimi Zhang, Bernard J. Jansen, Amanda Spink
2007 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
This paper examines patterns and features of query reformulation within a Web searching session.  ...  We pursued this study in response to the growing interest in the area of interactions during information searching.  ...  To achieve this goal, we address two research questions: How do people modify their queries during Web sessions? What are the results of people's effort of this query reformulation?  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.14504301105 fatcat:dst4vn66dvehpixrpawoqasdb4

Predicting query reformulation during web searching

Bernard J. Jansen, Danielle Booth, Amanda Spink
2009 Proceedings of the 27th international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems - CHI EA '09  
This paper reports results from a study in which we automatically classified the query reformulation patterns for 964,780 Web searching sessions (composed of 1,523,072 queries) in order to predict what  ...  Findings show that Reformulation and Assistance account for approximately 45 percent of all query reformulations.  ...  The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded portions of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1520340.1520592 dblp:conf/chi/JansenBS09 fatcat:f5zvs6ly6jghna62ypy4ub3csa

Query modification patterns and concept analysis of Web image queries

Youngok Choi
2011 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
This study investigated query modification patterns and concepts used in query construction during users' searching images on the Web.  ...  Findings of the study show that query modification patterns were significantly associated with content collections.  ...  While general characteristics of how users formulate image queries and patterns of reformulation on the Web were reported in studies, unknown is any relationship between query modifications and content  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.2011.14504801264 fatcat:jxsg5h7bdza2hed5j55mvk65ye

Analysis of multiple query reformulations on the web: The interactive information retrieval context

Soo Young Rieh, Hong (Iris) Xie
2006 Information Processing & Management  
This study examines the facets and patterns of multiple Web query reformulations with a focus on reformulation sequences.  ...  Query logs were collected from a Web search engine through the selection of search sessions in which users submitted six or more unique queries per session.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors wish to thank Yong-Mi Kim for her assistance in data analysis and the two anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2005.05.005 fatcat:geg4rqrulrd73ioqzwlrbion54

Use of query reformulation and relevance feedback by Excite users

Amanda Spink, Bernard J. Jansen, H. Cenk Ozmultu
2000 Internet Research  
Examines the use of query reformulation, and particularly the use of relevance feedback by users of the Excite Web search engine.  ...  Identifies the most common pattern of searching and discusses implications for Web search system design. Electronic access The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at  ...  We also acknowledge the assistance of Carol Chang and Agnes Goz from the University of North Texas, the generous support of our institutions for this research and the comments of the anonymous reviewers  ... 
doi:10.1108/10662240010342621 fatcat:yfuglv74iraczp2wc7nq7kpqlq

Term selection patterns for formulating queries: a User study focused on term semantics

Anna Mastora, Maria Monopoli, Sarantos Kapidakis
2008 2008 Third International Conference on Digital Information Management  
This study aims at investigating query formulation and reformulation patterns within the search procedure focusing mainly on the semantic aspect of submitted queries.  ...  Furthermore, approximately half of the terms users chose for carrying out their searches were actually included in the Eurovoc thesaurus.  ...  Categorisation of term patterns for query reformulation Reformulation is the stage during which the initial stage is adjusted manually or with the assistance of a system [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdim.2008.4746747 dblp:conf/icdim/MastoraMK08 fatcat:prpgedd2ivcklf6syfgt7wn6gu

Defining a session on Web search engines

Bernard J. Jansen, Amanda Spink, Chris Blakely, Sherry Koshman
2007 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
reformulation patterns.  ...  Detecting query reformulations within a session by a Web searcher is an important area of research for designing more helpful searching systems and targeting content to particular users.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Infospace, Inc. for providing the Web search engine transaction log data, without which we could not have conducted this research. We also thank Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.20564 fatcat:aifxosdimnbqjizd6xfy5aibhe

An investigation of the query behavior in task-based collaborative exploratory Web search

Zhen Yue, Shuguang Han, Daqing He
2013 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
We analyze users' query behavior in three dimensions: basic query features (e.g. the number of queries), query reformulation patterns (e.g.  ...  Users employed New and Specialization more often as query reformulation types in collaborative search while people in individual search use Reconstruction more often.  ...  on query features Table 8 : 8 Analysis of query reformulation pattern Table 9 : 9 Summary of statistical test results on query reformulation pattern Performance Table 10 : 10 Analysis of successful  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.14505001091 fatcat:pwcj3hsdejaf5aojwyelioek2a

Assessing effectiveness of query reformulations: Analysis of user-generated information retrieval diaries

Soohyung Joo, Jee Yeon Lee
2011 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Keywords Query reformulation, types of query reformulations, information retrieval dairy, search result improvement  ...  In addition, the pilot analysis investigated the effect of multiple factors on search results improvement, including query reformulation types, user domain knowledge, and familiarity with the system.  ...  Jansen, Spink, and Narayan (2007) classified query modification patterns such as specialization, content change, and generalization during Web search sessions.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.2011.14504801272 fatcat:o67ovz7mfjfobfrxdbw4xcthpu

Users' Interactions with the Excite Web Search Engine: A Query Reformulation and Relevance Feedback Analysis

Amanda Spink, Carol Chang, Agnes Goz, Bernard J. Jansen
2013 Proceedings of the Annual Conference of CAIS / Actes du congrès annuel de l'ACSI  
There has been little research examining how reformulation and relevance feedback is used during Web searching. A total of 985 user search sessions. . .  ...  We conducted a transaction log analysis of 51, 473 queries and 18,113 user sessions on Excite--a major Web search engine.  ...  Without the generous sharing of data by Excite Inc. this research would not be possible. We also acknowledge the generous support of our institutions for this research.  ... 
doi:10.29173/cais466 fatcat:gu3d55u3fban5p3duqk3ygjgwe

Examining collaborative query reformulation

Abu Shamim Mohammad Arif, Jia Tina Du, Ivan Lee
2014 Proceedings of the 37th international ACM SIGIR conference on Research & development in information retrieval - SIGIR '14  
This paper investigates query reformulation behavior in collaborative tourism information searching on the Web.  ...  These findings have implications for the design of query suggestions that could be offered to users during searches using collaborative search tools.  ...  INTRODUCTION Web searching is a process of querying and reformulating queries to satisfy certain information needs.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2600428.2609463 dblp:conf/sigir/ArifDL14 fatcat:kkqudfuubjhirmbppwyjqormii

User-web interactions

Khamsum Kinley, Dian Tjondronegoro
2010 Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Computer-Human Interaction Special Interest Group of Australia on Computer-Human Interaction - OZCHI '10  
Our study findings show wholistic Web users tend to adopt a top-down approach to Web searching, where the users searched for a generic topic, and then reformulate their queries to search for specific information  ...  User-Web interactions have emerged as an important research in the field of information science. In this study, we examine extensively the Web searching performed by general users.  ...  During the entire searching process, the user formulated and reformulated his queries more often, opened several result pages and scanned them quickly.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1952222.1952297 dblp:conf/ozchi/KinleyT10 fatcat:ksdaskinyrdj5ji5j5fessumai
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