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Pictogrammar: an AAC device based on a semantic grammar

Fernando Martínez-Santiago, Miguel Àngel García Cumbreras, Arturo Montejo Ráez, Manuel Carlos Díaz Galiano
2016 Proceedings of the 11th Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications  
For such cases, there are several Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices available.  ...  Some of the most popular AAC devices are based on pictograms, so that a pictogram is the graphical representation of a simple concept and sentences are composed by concatenating a number of such pictograms  ...  Consistent motor patterns for word selection allow the development of automaticity in communication but they are difficult to implement in a low-tech SAAC because of the number of pictograms.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-0516 dblp:conf/bea/SantiagoCRG16 fatcat:btollirtbvdh7ihvrummghdiz4

Designing and Implication of Pictograms in Universities of Tehran (IRAN)

Firouzeh Keshavarzi, Hamedi Mohd Adnana, B. Mohamad, H. Abu Bakar
2017 SHS Web of Conferences  
To provide an efficient contrast, pictograms are often in black and white. Nowadays in different public places and landscape design pictograms are used for perfect communication.  ...  This study resulted in better communication in campus environments. Researcher hope pictograms will find their real and proper role in Iranian art area.  ...  Other university can use our patterns or their own ones to communicate with their target groups.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20173300046 fatcat:vnlvw42lgfdjhgaa4tgf2ppocy

Effect of Risk Communication Formats on Risk Perception Depending on Numeracy

Carmen Keller, Michael Siegrist
2009 Medical decision making  
For the Paling Perspective Scale, we observed the expected pattern in the high-numerate group.  ...  Accordingly, the colon cancer scenario did not evoke the same risk perception pattern.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0272989x09333122 pmid:19525484 fatcat:gdkmt6gtqvdcbjf4zcn3wixg24

Adaptive inputs in an interface for people with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy: Learning and usability

Amparo López-Vicente, Carla Artacho-Pérez, Néstor Jarque-Bou, Rafael Raya, Mariano Lloria, Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Eduardo Rocón
2016 Technology and Disability  
This study concerns the difficulty in accessing computers faced by people with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy (DCP). Thus diminishing their opportunities to communicate or learn.  ...  Regarding the EMG signal, the characterisation of the involuntary patterns of muscle contractions may prevent false positives.  ...  Acknowledgments This study is part of a European Project 287774: ABC "Advanced BNCI Communication" financed by the Seventh Framework Programme, corresponding to the FP7-ICT-2011-7 call.  ... 
doi:10.3233/tad-160446 fatcat:jbzhr4x2ybfkjnj6s3rzba6r7u

Human detection of cultural differences in pictogram interpretations

Heeryon Cho, Toru Ishida, Naomi Yamashita, Tomoko Koda, Toshiyuki Takasaki
2009 Proceeding of the 2009 international workshop on Intercultural collaboration - IWIC '09  
Three U.S. subjects and three Japanese subjects participated in the study to assess the degree of cultural differences in the thirty pictogram interpretations given in the questionnaire.  ...  Findings on how humans detect cultural differences in cross-cultural pictogram interpretations are reported. An open-answer web survey was conducted in the United States and Japan to collect U.S.  ...  All pictograms presented in this paper are copyrighted material, and their rights are reserved to NPO Pangaea.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1499224.1499250 fatcat:yk2jxkqryrbnhiwvhiwhk74fvq

A Preliminary Surveying of the Meaning of Colored Pictogram Instructions for Emergency Settings in Manufacturing

Suopor Hiranchiracheep, Atsuko K. Yamazaki, Wichean Foypikul
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
Pictograms in different seven colors, such as white, black, red, yellow, green, blue and pink, were used in the survey.  ...  The authors surveyed the comprehension of colored pictograms for emergency situations in manufacturing which can be affected by cultural and educational backgrounds.  ...  In this regard, there is an imperative need for the use of pictograms that can represent swift actions for communication among workers with different language backgrounds, especially in emergency situations  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.08.199 fatcat:qq7bsjwyljecjhgt2sub655npq

Creating a better picture of chronic pain: improving pain pictogram designs through systematic evaluation of user responses

Catherine Stones, Peter Knapp, S Jose Closs
2016 British Journal of Pain  
This paper discusses the challenges of visually representing pain qualities in pictogram design.  ...  We demonstrate how, through the robust classification of incorrect responses, it is possible to extract useful comprehension error patterns to inform future design.  ...  Pictorial Systems for Communication in Health Pictures are commonly used in health communication to aid attention, comprehension and recall, and promote adherence.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2049463716657365 pmid:27867507 pmcid:PMC5102096 fatcat:ejnibfckgbeybndslpsvxt4e5y

Una cuestión de anatomía: el diseño del pictograma asociado al género femenino

Tania Quindós González, Elena González-Miranda
2015 EME Experimental Illustration Art & Design  
The communicative society by AIGA was thus encoded and it took root around the world. It took great effort to spread the use of the pictogram.  ...  Since the sign has been learned, tackling a communicative action to change it would be, in our opinion, counterproductive. 1 We shall be aware of the fact that pictograms carry an identity, not only corporative  ... 
doi:10.4995/eme.2015.3383 fatcat:uzu32czq45bzvdsvsebzo5zo3i

HIV-TB Treatment Pictogram Tool Designed from Semiotic Analysis for Community Pharmacists in India

J McDonald, R Vaillancourt, P Mishra, Annie Pouliot
2019 Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences  
In conclusion, draft pictograms were successfully developed for use by the community pharmacists in HIV-TB counselling.  ...  HIV-TB Treatment Pictogram Tool Designed from Semiotic Analysis for Community Pharmacists in India expert review and opinion.  ... 
doi:10.36468/pharmaceutical-sciences.519 fatcat:un5xl47c5zdtdemygqmfz52czu

Farmer's behaviors toward pesticides use: insight from a field study in Oriental Morocco

Jamal Benaboud, Mostafa Elachour, Jamal Oujidi, Abdelhafid Chafi
2021 Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology  
The present study aims to assess farmers' knowledge and understand the pattern of use of pesticides in Oriental Morocco.  ...  These results show that the farmers in Eastern Morocco seem to be ignorant of pesticide danger and lack of safety education. They have no idea how to deal with the pictogram on the pesticide label.  ...  The authors would specifically like to thank Dahmani Miloud, Azouzi Mohamed, and Boukheffa Driss; for their valuable help in the field investigation near the farmers.  ... 
doi:10.5620/eaht.2021002 pmid:33499563 pmcid:PMC8207002 fatcat:4h3n44riuzctbhsmhs3dcoljwa

How Many Words Does a Picture Really Tell? Cross-sectional Descriptive Study of Pictogram Evaluation by Youth

Artyom Korenevsky, Régis Vaillancourt, Annie Pouliot, Marine Revol, Evan Steed, Luc Besançon, Marit-Saskia Wahrendorf, Jaimisha R Patel
2013 The Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy  
Communicating health-related instructions with pictograms is useful, but such graphics can be interpreted in different ways.  ...  It is crucial to understand which pictogram components are best for accurate communication.  ...  However, despite complex statistical analysis, no simple trend or pattern was readily observed.  ... 
doi:10.4212/cjhp.v66i4.1269 pmid:23950605 pmcid:PMC3743853 fatcat:epcmmif5g5bubmvktu2kvy5grq

Exploring Cultural Differences in Pictogram Interpretations [chapter]

Heeryon Cho, Toru Ishida
2011 Cognitive Technologies  
In doing so, this thesis utilizes pictograms, a well-known iconic medium of communication which contains both the implicit cultural interpretations as well as explicit semantic interpretations.  ...  To assist pictogram communication between intercultural participants, a method of automatically detecting cultural differences using two cultures' pictogram interpretation words and probabilities is proposed  ...  pictograms in communication.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-21178-2_9 dblp:series/cogtech/ChoI11 fatcat:mlxlf7dpd5dtvhrh53bm5yz5dq

Personalized Shares in Visual Cryptography

Karim Hammoudi, Mahmoud Melkemi
2018 Journal of Imaging  
In existing methods, the surface of key images is not visually pleasant and is not exploited for communicating textual or pictorial information.  ...  Presently, we propose a pictogram-based visual cryptography technique, which generates shares textured with customizable and aesthetic rendering.  ...  ., white patterns in between adjacent circular masks).  ... 
doi:10.3390/jimaging4110126 fatcat:qyswqfx4tzajpbqdawtt5pnuzm

Comprehension of pictograms for pain quality and pain affect in adults with Down syndrome

Nanda C. de Knegt, Carlo Schuengel, Frank Lobbezoo, Corine M. Visscher, Heleen M. Evenhuis, Judith A. Boel, Erik J. A. Scherder
2016 Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability  
Most participants (74%) had pictograms in their direct environment, mainly to communicate activities or objects.  ...  Conclusion Using pictograms may optimise communication about pain for a subgroup of cognitively higher functioning adults with DS.  ...  intellectual disability already use pictograms in daily life for communication.  ... 
doi:10.3109/13668250.2016.1176129 fatcat:wiyrfchhhrhyzjxlcwvhgvk2q4

Small mammal communities in forest ecosystems affected by urbanization

N. F. Chernousova, O. V. Tolkach, O. E. Dobrotvorskaya
2014 Russian journal of ecology  
both in species composition and in parameters characterizing community diversity.  ...  A set of characters has been used to evaluate transformations in forest phytocenoses and their small mammal communities affected by urbanization, compared to conditionally undisturbed phytocenoses (communities  ...  The distribution of pictograms along the D axis has a different pattern: all park forests concentrate in a narrow zone, which also includes control plot F 2.  ... 
doi:10.1134/s106741361405004x fatcat:r7g525gy7bea7ctin4bb7rm2em
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