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Pathways through Conspiracy: The Evolution of Conspiracy Radicalization through Engagement in Online Conspiracy Discussions [article]

Shruti Phadke, Mattia Samory, Tanushree Mitra
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The disruptive offline mobilization of participants in online conspiracy theory (CT) discussions has highlighted the importance of understanding how online users may form radicalized conspiracy beliefs  ...  To unpack how conspiracy engagement is related to radicalization, we first characterize the users' journey through CT discussions via conspiracy engagement pathways.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the members of Social Computing and Algorithmic Experiences (SCALE) Lab at University of Washington for their valuable feedback on this work.  ... 
arXiv:2204.10729v1 fatcat:iih2tdti7nbptawa2qt4vsurfa

Conspiracy, anxiety, ontology: Theorising QAnon

James Fitzgerald
2022 First Monday  
While emerging literature provides insights into how QAnon exists online, there is a dearth of theoretical engagement with the questions of why it exists, and what conditions brought it into being.  ...  The paper concludes with a call to explore more empathetic engagement with conspiracy adherents, arguing that until we (re)discover a more inclusive, agonistic politics, QAnon and other fantastical conspiracy  ...  A social psychological study of online discussion of 9/11 conspiracy theories,” Frontiers in Psychology (8 July). doi:, accessed 16 June 2020.  ... 
doi:10.5210/fm.v27i5.12618 fatcat:7tzttdvbynfhpabh3hnu73n27m

Authoritarian Politics and Conspiracy Fictions: The Case of QAnon

Helen Young, Geoff M. Boucher
2022 Humanities  
Why that is the case can be explained in terms of the peculiar nature of fictional representations, combined with the capacity of imaginary worlds, to symbolize real-world concerns in ways that resonate  ...  After reviewing the literature on the conspiracy movement, we argue for QAnon as a conspiracy story, rather than a conspiracy theory, and interpret that story as "structured like a fantasy", giving imaginative  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/h11030061 fatcat:rzvo5o3uzvhdfmsgfl5ak5cftm

Far-Right Online Radicalization: A Review of the Literature

Alice Marwick, Benjamin Clancy, Katherine Furl
2022 The Bulletin of Technology & Public Life  
action, that most people with extremist ideas do not engage in violence, and that many "terrorists" "are not deeply ideological and may not 'radicalize' in any traditional sense." 35 This raises the question  ...  What is Radicalization Other scholars define radicalization as the adoption of a "radical" or "extremist" ideology. 32 n her widely-cited literature review of militant Islam in Europe, security studies  ...  Acknowledgments Acknowledgments The first version of this document was presented at the Social Science Research Council's Workshop on Far-Right Radicalization.  ... 
doi:10.21428/bfcb0bff.e9492a11 fatcat:kzr7wzktang57hftiodamiamk4

Slipping to the Extreme: A Mixed Method to Explain How Extreme Opinions Infiltrate Online Discussions [article]

Quyu Kong, Emily Booth, Francesco Bailo, Amelia Johns, Marian-Andrei Rizoiu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we examine the dynamics of opinion emergence and co-occurrence, and we hint at some pathways through which extreme opinions creep into the mainstream online discourse.  ...  Next, we present detailed case studies of the dynamics of problematic speech in a far-right Facebook group, exemplifying its mutation from conservative to extreme.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was partially funded by the University of Technology of Sydney through a cross-faculty grant, Facebook Research under the Content Policy Research Initiative, and the Commonwealth  ... 
arXiv:2109.00302v3 fatcat:kmakoohqujb6dcykjyfjvsfysq

"The rebirth of the West begins with you!"—Self-improvement as radicalisation on 4chan

Ben Elley
2021 Humanities and Social Sciences Communications  
It addresses how this plays into the history of fascism, looking in particular at the concept of the 'New Man' in Italian fascism, and discusses how a political narrative of conspiracy and resistance to  ...  These posts speak in a style that blends the language of self-help and fitness with far-right propaganda and conspiracies, and are designed to turn the movement from aimless online 'shitposters' into survivalists  ...  It may even be that for some this provides a pathway out of radical belief: the iron pill aims to build many of the elements of 'good lives' that are acknowledged to be helpful in building a pro-social  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41599-021-00732-x fatcat:uexh34qdqrcmdhhps2r7tuhwxu

Hate in the time of coronavirus: exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on violent extremism and terrorism in the West

Francesco Marone
2021 Security Journal  
Building on the scientific literature, this article explores the mixed impact of this unexpected macro-level phenomenon and its consequences on violent extremism and terrorism in the West, in the short  ...  and in the medium to long term.  ...  However, at least during the most acute phases of the pandemic, online radicalization pathways could prevail.  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41284-020-00274-y fatcat:54ljyxjae5elzjd753ymciiszi

Transforming Scholarship to Co-create Sustainable Futures

Ilan Chabay, Ortwin Renn, Sander van der Leeuw, Solène Droy
2021 Global Sustainability  
co-evolution of natural and cultural systems.  ...  institutions Abstract The critical challenge facing humanity is the increasingly urgent need to find and implement pathways that lead humankind into a new stage of dynamic equilibrium that promotes the  ...  Acknowledgement: We acknowledge with gratitude the many enlightening and path-breaking discussions we had with the core members of the GSSF Forum.  ... 
doi:10.1017/sus.2021.18 fatcat:qsddrkuemneelihjrspfjoehtq

Characterizing Abhorrent, Misinformative, and Mistargeted Content on YouTube [article]

Kostantinos Papadamou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this thesis, we shed some light on the degree of problematic content on YouTube and the role of the recommendation algorithm in the dissemination of such content.  ...  While YouTube's recommendation algorithm plays a vital role in increasing user engagement and YouTube's monetization, its role in unwittingly promoting problematic content is not entirely understood.  ...  in those videos and their discussions by the same users over the years, we use the Temporal evolution of the number of unique commenting users per month.  ... 
arXiv:2105.09819v1 fatcat:k2mdclt4orgunnlwb6hnnrka4i

How the Poor Data Privacy Regime Contributes to Misinformation Spread and Democratic Erosion

Wayne Unger
2021 The Columbia Science and Technology Law Review (STLR)  
This Article addresses a root cause of misinformation dissemination —the absence of strong data privacy protections in the U.S.—and its effects on democracy.  ...  These enablers share a root cause—the poor data privacy and security regime in the U.S.At its core, democracy requires independent thought, personal autonomy, and trust in democratic institutions.  ...  This Section discusses the evolution of disinformation and its growth in the digital landscape. There is a long history of disinformation campaigns in the United States.  ... 
doi:10.52214/stlr.v22i2.8668 fatcat:w2wmhk3so5fbjaoram4k5qri5y

Social Media, Political Polarization, and Political Disinformation: A Review of the Scientific Literature

Joshua Tucker, Andrew Guess, Pablo Barbera, Cristian Vaccari, Alexandra Siegel, Sergey Sanovich, Denis Stukal, Brendan Nyhan
2018 Social Science Research Network  
exposure, which has a range of positive effects on civic engagement, political moderation, and the quality of democratic politics, but also facilitates the spread of misinformation. (3) Political exchanges  ...  Cited of the political information being consumed, which limits its potential to increase political knowledge. (2) The consumption of political information through social media increases cross-cutting  ...  33 In fact, the most widely discussed proposal-to flag suspected fake news stories or, even more radically, filter them out-alters the universe of stories user can potentially engage with, rather than  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3144139 fatcat:yfs63h3lhnbl7cziilsvknqucy

Improving Social Media Content Moderation: An Examination of the Flow of Online Conspiracy Theories across Varying Platform Models and Policies

Caroline Lanteri
Through a case study approach, this thesis maps the evolution of the Great Replacement and Stop the Steal conspiracy theories.  ...  It aims to uncover the ways in which social media platform models impact the evolution of conspiracy theories and identify areas for the improvement of content moderation.  ...  Through a case study approach, this thesis maps the evolution of the Great Replacement and Stop the Steal conspiracy theories.  ... 
doi:10.17615/9zwn-3520 fatcat:mpgiq4ne4vhphh75yytlnpsyre

Digital Clusters: How the Net is Marking Us

Luciano Giustini
2017 DigitCult@Scientific Journal on Digital Cultures  
In this context, even due to the algorithms' filtering action, the user, being protagonist of the network and its contents, risks to be confined in large online structures, closed in echo chambers and  ...  diffusion of social networks - touching the topics of false news, fanaticism and online hate speech.  ...  Perception vs Reality False perceptions, one of the significant process in the normal route of human evolution, became a radical connotation with the progress of communication, and especially with the  ... 
doi:10.4399/97888255099086 doaj:d8f31a1f503148de86b975a9dc0e873f fatcat:xdcxap45f5cd5hbfohiwqmzoeu

The Ahistoricism of Legal Pluralism in International Criminal Law

James G. Stewart, Asad Kiyani
2016 Social Science Research Network  
We then qualify this Argentine counterexample by discussing the history of employing divergent criminal procedure in post-WWI trials to show instances when ICL must adopt a unified standard for functional  ...  In this longer version, we also weave the insights from these two examples of criminal procedure throughout the remainder of the piece. for comments on an earlier draft.  ...  a heartfelt attempt to radically restructure its legal system in order to create an Islamic instead of British system.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2710899 fatcat:krf33ycgozfotftpexskyrgsji

Notes from a Small Place

Pnina Werbner
2010 Current Anthropology  
of online research can defuse rather well.  ...  She also discusses the importance of engaged, "public" anthropology; why we should continue to study the local; the ethics of the United Kingdom's Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), and why anthropologists  ... 
doi:10.1086/651041 fatcat:pjcojnoidbatnmiirpxr7xguty
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