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Passengers information in public transport and privacy: Can anonymous tickets prevent tracking?

Gildas Avoine, Luca Calderoni, Jonathan Delvaux, Dario Maio, Paolo Palmieri
2014 International Journal of Information Management  
Modern public transportation companies often record large amounts of information. Privacy can be safeguarded by discarding nominal tickets, or introducing anonymization techniques.  ...  In this paper we discuss travel information management in the public transport scenario and we present a revealing case study (relative to the city of Cesena, Italy), showing that even anonymous 10-ride  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank LAB ID s.r.l. and, in particular, Francesco Pirola and Daniele Zanoli for the useful information provided on the MiMuovo smart card.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2014.05.004 fatcat:zcsy3oyzdzc4jn7mommwxcwa3y

Privacy for Public Transportation [chapter]

Thomas S. Heydt-Benjamin, Hee-Jin Chae, Benessa Defend, Kevin Fu
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We propose an application of recent advances in e-cash, anonymous credentials, and proxy re-encryption to the problem of privacy in public transit systems with electronic ticketing.  ...  Our system maintains the security required by the transit authority and the user while significantly increasing passenger privacy.  ...  For proofreading and presentation advice we thank Jeremy Barth, Ed Costello, Marc Liberatore, and Boris Margolin. Finally, we thank our anonymous reviewers for their suggestions and encouragement.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11957454_1 fatcat:vxqlocianfewfleqos2w4hrumy

Privacy Friendly E-Ticketing For Public Transport [article]

Jaap-Henk Hoepman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper studies how to implement a privacy friendly form of ticketing for public transport in practice.  ...  The protocols described are inspired by current (privacy invasive) public transport ticketing systems used around the world. The first protocol emulates paper based tickets.  ...  One way to achieve privacy in public transport ticketing is to emulate the traditional use of paper tickets in public transport.  ... 
arXiv:2101.09085v1 fatcat:hzeckokdhven7b2loehekerute

Practical Secure Transaction for Privacy-Preserving Ride-Hailing Services

Chenglong Cao, Xiaoling Zhu
2018 Security and Communication Networks  
Particularly, in the face of a service platform and a payment platform, a passenger is still anonymous.  ...  The analysis shows that the scheme has small communication and computation costs, and it can be effectively applied in the ride-hailing service with privacy protection.  ...  (Grant 2017ZD005), and the Visiting Scholar Projects of Anhui Province for Excellent Young and Middle-Aged Backbone Talents (Grant gxfxZD2016305).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/8053967 fatcat:gayurftj7ner7bpveelp3svxyi

Privacy-Preserving Design of Data Processing Systems in the Public Transport Context

Franco Callegati, Aldo Campi, Andrea Melis, Marco Prandini, Bendert Zevenbergen
2015 Pacific Asia Journal of the Association for Information Systems  
The public transport network of a region inhabited by more than 4 million people is run by a complex interplay of public and private actors.  ...  Second, it traces a research path towards a more effective approach to privacy-preserving data management in the specific context of public transport, both by refinement of current sanitization techniques  ...  Data detailing every trip, collected by public transport operators, previously confined to internal use only, now must be shared and can potentially harm passengers.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1pais.07403 fatcat:aaqh5tyupna5ji5pik6b6qnqle

Security and Privacy in Vehicular Social Networks [article]

Hongyu Jin and Mohammad Khodaei and Panos Papadimitratos
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We showed existing solutions can in fact evolve and address the VSN-specific challenges, and improve or even accelerate the adoption of VSN applications.  ...  We surveyed and presented the state-of-the-art VC systems, security and privacy architectures and technologies, emphasizing on security and privacy challenges and their solutions for P2P interactions in  ...  For example, passengers with same destination in public transportation can share Point of Interest (POI) information around the destination. C.  ... 
arXiv:2001.08014v1 fatcat:7lydpc4ixjgtxl7ynfoge6w4n4

A Privacy-Preserving Ticketing System [chapter]

Kristof Verslype, Bart De Decker, Vincent Naessens, Girma Nigusse, Jorn Lapon, Pieter Verhaeghe
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We can expect that ordering and issuing tickets for events (e.g. soccer matches) will be increasingly done using eID cards, hence, severely threatening the user's privacy.  ...  This paper proposes two alternative ticketing systems that are using the eID card in a bootstrap procedure, but still are providing a high degree of privacy to the user.  ...  Their hybrid ticketing system framework takes the advantage of e-cash, anonymous credentials and proxy re-encryption [10] to alleviate the concern of privacy in public transportation ticketing systems  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-70567-3_8 fatcat:6cqmi3a22fdy7ewg5te4i3md7u

Security and Privacy in RFID Applications [chapter]

Pawe Rotter
2009 Development and Implementation of RFID Technology  
In item-level tagging for example, or in anonymous tickets in public transport, a tag can be temporarily linked to identity.  ...  Contactless smart cards and single-use RFID-based tickets increase convenience and efficiency in public transport and allow additional services to be offered.  ...  UHF tags for sensing applications, surface acoustic wave RFID tags, smart RFID tags), complex RFID systems, security and privacy issues in RFID applications, as well as the selection of encryption algorithms  ... 
doi:10.5772/6527 fatcat:d5dqkchcuvdf7f2e7bw7vo3ziq

Privacy, economics, and price discrimination on the Internet

Andrew Odlyzko
2003 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Electronic commerce - ICEC '03  
Privacy appears to be declining largely in order to facilitate differential pricing, which offers greater social and economic gains than auctions or shopping agents.  ...  The rapid erosion of privacy poses numerous puzzles. Why is it occurring, and why do people care about it?  ...  Laws and regulations to protect privacy enjoy broad support. There are also novel technologies that attract public attention that can protect and enhance privacy [20] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/948005.948051 dblp:conf/ACMicec/Odlyzko03 fatcat:7asaihwcivenlgu75hluuzfcke

Privacy implications of RFID: An assessment of threats and opportunites [chapter]

Marc Lieshout, Linda Kool
2008 The Future of Identity in the Information Society  
Notwithstanding the commercial focus on RFID in logistic processes and -eventually -in the retail sector, the first grand scale uses of RFID will be in public domain applications.  ...  'Privacy by design´ offers interesting opportunities to build in privacy guarantees in the technology, not as an end-of-pipe solution but as an integral design parameter.  ...  Since the card will be the single transport ticket throughout the entire Dutch public transport system, use of the data for a variety of purposes which are not known to the data subjects (the passengers  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-79026-8_9 dblp:conf/ifip9-6/LieshoutK07 fatcat:vjxsnbiqqrgkzmbi5bqyhqp2au

Balancing Security and Privacy in the 21 st Century [chapter]

Chris C. Demchak, Kurt D. Fenstermacher
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Moreover, we argue that whenever behavior and identity are considered together, institutions must have safeguards in place to validate the data and offer an appeals process to redress errors in information  ...  The policy steps taken after 9/11 have fomented a particularly intense and often bitter national debate on privacy versus security.  ...  If the United States Transportation Security Administration analyzes the behavioral information tied to the passenger and determines that she represents a security threat, the TSA can petition for the  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-25952-7_24 fatcat:hv65dc7nnffjvfpxsht3x3zpo4

The impact of privacy and cybersecurity on e-record: The PNR Directive Adoption and the impact of GDPR

Andrea Chiappetta, Andrea Battaglia
2018 Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics  
This paper address this challenge by proposing a comprehensive solution to safeguard and protect such on-line info and to preserve and protect the users' privacy (GDPR) in order to improve the cybersecurity  ...  aspects at EU level with a focus on transports and blockchain.  ...  PNR, in a transparent and audited way of who accesses and what information about a passenger.  ... 
doi:10.14254/jsdtl.2018.3-3.6 fatcat:yyrt7jm3pvbqzkj4cu6mq7oc5e

Privacy in Sensor Webs and Distributed Information Systems [chapter]

J.D. Tygar
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We are seeing rapid development of sensor webs that collect information and distributed information aggregation systems -and these trends are present both in industry and government.  ...  This paper outlines a research agenda for address privacy questions raised by sensors webs and distributed information systems.  ...  to board commercial airplanes -in that way, the passengers could place their carry-on luggage and settle in before the rest of passengers boarded.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-36532-x_6 fatcat:bvmukci6znhlvdx2f4jaq4g6mi

The Perpetual Object of Regulation: Privacy As Pacification

Aaron Henry
2013 Socialist Studies/Études Socialistes  
This article theorizes the relationship of privacy to capital and projects of security and, in doing so, situates privacy in context to pacification.  ...  This process is explored through an examination of the Passenger Flight List agreement (PNR) between the United States and EU member states.  ...  /divided information, travel status of passenger (including confirmations and check-in status) ticketing information, baggage information, seat information including seat number, general remarks (including  ... 
doi:10.18740/s4201v fatcat:e4f5k6hocbfcdnfcluet6q6eqq

Privacy in the Smart City—Applications, Technologies, Challenges, and Solutions

David Eckhoff, Isabel Wagner
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
A lack of privacy can result in discrimination and social sorting, creating a fundamentally unequal society.  ...  To prevent this, we believe that a better understanding of smart cities and their privacy implications is needed.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their insightful and in-depth comments which have helped to greatly improve the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2017.2748998 fatcat:q2iwcfkjevgrpe7vjxt5ugvrjy
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