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Prevention is political: political party affiliation predicts perceived risk and prevention behaviors for COVID-19

Marc T. Kiviniemi, Heather Orom, Jennifer L. Hay, Erika A. Waters
2022 BMC Public Health  
Background Many US politicians have provided mixed messages about the risks posed by SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 and whether and to what extent prevention practices should be put in place to prevent transmission  ...  We examined how political party affiliation relates to risk perception for one's own and other people's likelihood of SARS-CoV-2 infection/COVID-19 illness.  ...  Second, we asked participants to report the how much fear they experienced concerning the virus [44] ("How afraid are you of getting COVID-19 in the next 6 months?").  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-022-12649-4 pmid:35164719 pmcid:PMC8842925 fatcat:grlrhsln7bhezhix6tupqzliji

The Democracy of Everyday Life in Disaster

Nancy L. Rosenblum
2020 Democratic Theory  
But COVID-19 differs from physical disasters in ways that alter neighbor interactions. Contamination makes relations more fearful at the same time that isolation makes them more valuable.  ...  When the meaning attributed to the virus is not shared experience of disease and mortality but rabid partisanship, neighbor relations become distorted.  ...  As important as the struggle to understand the biology of COVID-19 and to administer public health responses is another human struggle.  ... 
doi:10.3167/dt.2020.070209 fatcat:cceo2t4tdfczbaxk7pv4nosetq

Exposure and Aversion to Human Transmissible Diseases Predict Conservative Ideological and Partisan Preferences

Brian A. O'Shea, Joseph A. Vitriol, Christopher M. Federico, Jacob Appleby, Allison L. Williams
2021 Political Psychology  
The objective prevalence of and subjective vulnerability to infectious diseases are associated with greater ingroup preference, conformity, and traditionalism.  ...  We discuss these findings in light of theory on parasite stress and the behavioral immune system and with regard to the political implications of the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  ., 2016) , we also expect these effects to be especially strong when disease threats are associated with "foreign" groups (e.g., West Africans in the case of Ebola or Chinese in the case of COVID-19) or  ... 
doi:10.1111/pops.12741 fatcat:ve52jcd3mnehtn2tpeyy3buaua

Governor Partisanship Explains the Adoption of Statewide Mask Mandates in Response to COVID-19

Christopher Adolph, Kenya Amano, Bree Bang-Jensen, Nancy Fullman, Beatrice Magistro, Grace Reinke, John Wilkerson
2021 State Politics & Policy Quarterly  
COVID-19 indicators such as confirmed case or death rates are much less important predictors.  ...  We consider how differences in COVID-19 epidemiological indicators and partisan politics affect when states adopted broad mask mandates, starting with the earliest mandates in April 2020 and continuing  ...  Data on state policy responses to COVID-19, including policies on masks, are available at http://covid19statepolicy.org.  ... 
doi:10.1017/spq.2021.22 fatcat:r5ps3g7ytfcrbe4hmdzkhujxkq

The Effect of Frames on COVID-19 Vaccine Resistance

Risa Palm, Toby Bolsen, Justin T. Kingsland
2021 Frontiers in Political Science  
In order to control the spread of infectious diseases such as COVID-19, it will be important to develop a communication strategy to counteract "vaccine resistance", that is, the refusal to take the COVID  ...  , and the possible role of politics in driving resistance to the vaccine.  ...  This may reflect the fact that with respect to COVID-19 vaccine resistance factors other than partisanship appear to play a more dominant role in resistance to the science (e.g., see Rutjens et al., 2021  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpos.2021.661257 fatcat:jz43mbswtzgxhpxwzkorzfbm6u

Encouraging COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake Through Effective Health Communication

Matt Motta, Steven Sylvester, Timothy Callaghan, Kristin Lunz-Trujillo
2021 Frontiers in Political Science  
Context: Overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic will require most Americans to vaccinate against the virus.  ...  These effects are similar in magnitude irrespective of message source, and the inclusion of pre-bunking information.  ...  Even with these limitations and directions for future research however, our study provides a critical step forward in our understanding of how to improve COVID-19 vaccination compliance.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpos.2021.630133 fatcat:6h6nubs3m5aezibbqnjo7vj5py

COVID-19 and Asian Americans: How Elite Messaging and Social Exclusion Shape Partisan Attitudes

Nathan Kar Ming Chan, Jae Yeon Kim, Vivien Leung
2021 Perspectives on Politics  
Extending theories of social exclusion and elite messaging, we argue that Trump's targeted rhetoric toward Asian Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic pushes the racial group, largely "Independent" or  ...  Our findings suggest that experiences with social exclusion that are driven by elite sources further cement Asian Americans as Democrats.  ...  Anti-Asian Attitudes, and COVID-19.”  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1537592721003091 fatcat:jjuxzrf5znavtprtotqfubldp4

How Culture Wars Delay Herd Immunity: Christian Nationalism and Anti-vaccine Attitudes

Andrew L. Whitehead, Samuel L. Perry
2020 Socius Sociological Research for a Dynamic World  
Prior research demonstrates that a number of cultural factors—including politics and religion—are significantly associated with anti-vaccine attitudes.  ...  The authors conclude by discussing the immediate implications of these findings for a possible coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine.  ...  The implications of these findings are clear: even with the existence of a COVID-19 vaccine in the future, a substantial subset of Americans will likely view it with suspicion and resist receiving it.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2378023120977727 fatcat:vqr5duu2m5dvvjbi6pdrkf7bae

A study of ethnic, gender and educational differences in attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines in Israel – implications for vaccination implementation policies

Manfred S. Green, Rania Abdullah, Shiraz Vered, Dorit Nitzan
2021 Israel Journal of Health Policy Research  
Aim To assess ethnic and socio-demographic factors in Israel associated with attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines prior to their introduction.  ...  Background Vaccines for COVID-19 are currently available for the public in Israel.  ...  Consent for publication All authors have approved the content and consent to the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13584-021-00458-w pmid:33741063 pmcid:PMC7977502 fatcat:3kz6a3zfq5f3dnz2as54zpsc7i

Save the Economy, Liberty, and Yourself: Christian Nationalism and Americans' Views on Government COVID-19 Restrictions

Samuel L Perry, Andrew L Whitehead, Joshua B Grubbs
2020 Sociology of religion  
During the COVID-19 pandemic, state and local governments implemented lockdown restrictions that were tremendously polarizing.  ...  Religiosity works in the opposite direction, however. Findings underscore the centrality of Christian nationalism as an ideological driver of far-right discourse shaping COVID-19 responses.  ...  These trends are consistent with the direction of associations we see among males, Republicans, political conservatives, born-again Protestants, and those who are more religious (in other words, all those  ... 
doi:10.1093/socrel/sraa047 fatcat:rpq6cvyfkjhp5l6su5o6ayakwa

Factors Influencing Public Attitudes towards COVID-19 Vaccination: A Scoping Review Informed by the Socio-Ecological Model

Ghadir Fakhri Al-Jayyousi, Mohamed Abdelhady Mabrouk Sherbash, Lamees Abdullah Mohammed Ali, Asmaa El-Heneidy, Nour Waleed Zuhair Alhussaini, Manar Elsheikh Abdelrahman Elhassan, Maisa Ayman Nazzal
2021 Vaccines  
Major hindrances to getting a COVID-19 vaccine include vaccine hesitancy, skepticism, refusal, and anti-vaccine movements.  ...  Several studies have been conducted on attitudes of the public towards COVID-19 vaccines and the potential influencing factors.  ...  Social and organizational factors associated with hesitancy or acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines.  ... 
doi:10.3390/vaccines9060548 pmid:34073757 fatcat:haqnpvbk7jgjhe22iqq35mnjpi

Searching for General Model of Conspiracy Theories and Its Implication for Public Health Policy: Analysis of the Impacts of Political, Psychological, Structural Factors on Conspiracy Beliefs about the COVID-19 Pandemic

Seoyong Kim, Sunhee Kim
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Along with the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, beliefs in conspiracy theories are spreading within and across countries. This study aims to analyze predictors of beliefs in conspiracy theories.  ...  health after COVID-19, all positively influence beliefs in conspiracy theories.  ...  Example conspiracies include that COVID-19 is part of a government bioweapons program, that 5G cell towers are spreading COVID-19, and that pharmaceutical companies are encouraging the spread of COVID-  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph18010266 pmid:33396494 fatcat:d7ofh7vb25cvdia6ncwlf7atei

Affective Governance During the COVID-19 Crisis: Building Leadership, Trust, and Good Citizens

Emiliana De Blasio, Donatella Selva
2021 Tripodos  
Concepts such as emotional govern­ance, affective citizenship and trans­formational leadership point at the way governments are addressing the COVID-19 crisis from an emotional perspective.  ...  This style reverberates in the relationship they seek to build with citizens to stimulate compliance with their decisions and in the use of Facebook to promote positive mes­sages and counter the spreading  ...  Direct Democracy" (with M.  ... 
doi:10.51698/tripodos.2020.47p67-86 fatcat:apkc6dqjf5d5rlsupwlakx675e

Religion in the Age of Social Distancing: How COVID-19 Presents New Directions for Research

Joseph O Baker, Gerardo Martí, Ruth Braunstein, Andrew L Whitehead, Grace Yukich
2020 Sociology of religion  
individuals are affected by the social changes produced by COVID-19.  ...  wide range of contexts, from the most intimate and personal to the most public and global.  ...  necessary to limit the spread of COVID-19.  ... 
doi:10.1093/socrel/sraa039 fatcat:uaroborr7bhhxiwguzwn5skjba

Who is to blame for COVID-19? Examining politicized fear and health behavior through a mixed methods study in the United States

Lisa J. Hardy, Adi Mana, Leah Mundell, Moran Neuman, Sharón Benheim, Eric Otenyo, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg
2021 PLoS ONE  
Researchers used an immediate, mixed methods design to explore sociocultural responses to the virus and identified differences and similarities in anxiety, fear, blame, and perceptions of nation across  ...  Findings reveal heavy associations between lack of safety during a public health crisis and blame of "culture" and government power across the political spectrum.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the time of all people who participated through interviews and questionnaires, the CoRecovered COVID-19 group, and our international partnering researchers  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0256136 pmid:34469453 pmcid:PMC8409642 fatcat:sk3uzeoilzbqrcwepapmrnzela
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