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Inequalities in Open Source Software Development: Analysis of Contributor's Commits in Apache Software Foundation Projects

Tadeusz Chełkowski, Peter Gloor, Dariusz Jemielniak, Christophe Antoniewski
2016 PLoS ONE  
The significant amount of information that has been gathered in the publicly available open-source software repositories and mailinglist archives offers an opportunity to analyze projects structures and  ...  participant involvement.  ...  It is worth noting that open collaboration communities in general follow the "1-9-90 rule" [21, 22] , under which only 1% of community members actively produce content, 9% are generally somewhat active  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0152976 pmid:27096157 pmcid:PMC4838325 fatcat:r22d2d4yazbxnao6tgbbrrg66a

What are the elements of a whole system approach to community-centred public health? A qualitative study with public health leaders in England's local authority areas

Jude Stansfield, Jane South, Tom Mapplethorpe
2020 BMJ Open  
The elements were underpinned by a set of values and principles.ConclusionLocal public health leaders are in a strong position to develop a whole system approach to reducing health inequalities that puts  ...  The elements, values and principles summarise what a supportive infrastructure looks like and this could be further tested with other localities and communities as a framework for scaling community-centred  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank all participants in the study; the local staff who gave their time for interviews, the members of PHE's people's panel who completed the survey and the participants  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036044 pmid:32847905 fatcat:fjxglnhc5fh43o56ilrckr36fi

The labor market in Israel, 2000–2016

Tali Larom, Osnat Lifshitz
2018 IZA World of Labor  
Unlike most OECD countries, Israel experienced a major increase in both employment and participation rates over the last 15 years  ...  Previous work of the authors contains a larger number of background references for the material presented here and has been used intensively in all major parts of this article [2] , [10] .  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.415 fatcat:uounf5kbsfg5pd6bjogcpxnk7y

The labor market in South Korea, 2000–2016

Jungmin Lee
2017 IZA World of Labor  
The labor market stabilized quickly after the 1998 Asian crisis, but rising inequality and demographic change are challenges  ...  Sofern die Verfasser die Dokumente unter Open-Content-Lizenzen (insbesondere CC-Lizenzen) zur Verfügung gestellt haben sollten, gelten abweichend von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten  ...  Source: Author's own compilation using data from the Basic Statistics Survey of Wage Structure. 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 9 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 7 2  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.405 fatcat:ciggmqrxvbfvfeb3vzz4lzwmhu

The labor market in Finland, 2000–2016

Tomi Kyyrä, Hanna Pesola
2018 IZA World of Labor  
Acknowledgments The authors thank the IZA World of Labor editors, Roope Uusitalo, and Seppo Orjasniemi for their helpful suggestions on an earlier draft.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Participation, unemployment, and employment rates (15-64 year-olds) Source: Statistics Finland. Online at: http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/tyti/tau_en.  ...  Figure 6 shows the 99/90, 95/90, 90/50, 90/10, and 50/10 earnings ratios.  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.421 fatcat:gv6vxedhdza2bkbsbq3666mtba

Social Impact Assessment of the Benefit Sharing Mechanism Pilot in Co-management of Special-Use Forest in Vietnam: Case Study at Bach Ma National Park

Nguyen Vu Linh, Nguyen Van Loi, Do Trong Hoan
2015 Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology: A  
To enhance local participation in forest protection and sustainable development in Bach Ma National Park, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam, a benefit sharing mechanism (BSM) based on principles of co-management  ...  , forest protection and sustainable use of non timber forest products (NTFPs) has increased considerably; (3) the policy has also enhanced the awareness and participation of local people in cooperation  ...  the local people living in the Thuong Nhat Commune for their supporting funds, providing the information and very active cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.17265/2161-6256/2015.12.012 fatcat:23oix4nqmnfolkrywvrvp4bsx4

The labor market in Spain, 2002–2016

Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano, Anastasia Terskaya
2017 IZA World of Labor  
Acknowledgments The authors thank anonymous referees and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ...  The authors also wish to thank Mario Izquierdo, Juan Francisco Jimeno, Julián Messina, and Núria Rodríguez-Planas for their helpful comments.  ...  In contrast, significant changes in inequality are shown by the paths of the 50/10 and 90/10 ratios. The former has risen by 15% and the latter by over 18%.  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.403 fatcat:6h53h3sof5ctvpb6gcwq3or5ta

Measuring Income Inequality

John Creedy
1996 Australian Economic Review  
Summary measures of inequality differ from one another and give different pictures of the evolution of economic inequality over time  ...  Sofern die Verfasser die Dokumente unter Open-Content-Lizenzen (insbesondere CC-Lizenzen) zur Verfügung gestellt haben sollten, gelten abweichend von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten  ...  Acknowledgments The author thanks an anonymous referee and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8462.1996.tb00928.x fatcat:hpvamwnb7ferzehncoeeyzhasm

Measuring income inequality

Ija Trapeznikova, Royal Holloway University of London, UK
2019 IZA World of Labor  
Summary measures of inequality differ from one another and give different pictures of the evolution of economic inequality over time  ...  Sofern die Verfasser die Dokumente unter Open-Content-Lizenzen (insbesondere CC-Lizenzen) zur Verfügung gestellt haben sollten, gelten abweichend von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten  ...  Acknowledgments The author thanks an anonymous referee and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.462 fatcat:jtvuck2bojhizpqbsazh74vqvm

ANXIETY AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING RELATIONSHIP IN INDIVIDUALS WITH VISUALLY IMPAIRED PARENTS

Ezgi Ulu, Mehmet Eyüp Haksal
2021 Near East University Online Journal of Education  
in themselves. 50 individuals were participated in the study whose both of their parents are visually impaired.  ...  In addition, a negative, weak and significant relationship was found between individuals' anxiety and subjective well-being levels.  ...  Acknowledgments This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.  ... 
doi:10.32955/neuje.v4i1.292 fatcat:b7bx4couffg2nlhxy5sjbm2l7m

The labor market in Canada, 2000–2016

W. Craig Riddell
2018 IZA World of Labor  
The author further thanks Yutong Lu for excellent research assistance, Nicole Fortin, David Green, and Thomas Lemieux for helpful comments and the SSHRC for financial support.  ...  Acknowledgments The author thanks an anonymous referee and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ...  Also, they are not made available in a manner that permits calculation of inequality measures such as 90/10 and 90/50 earnings differentials.  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.432 fatcat:4ldkjynv4vfsbjswsbocaamsoe

The labor market in Spain, 2002–2018

Anna Sanz-De-Galdeano, University of Alicante, Spain, and IZA, Germany, Anastasia Terskaya, University of Alicante, Spain
2020 IZA World of Labor  
Version 2 of the article updates the content and figures to 2018.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank anonymous referees and the IZA World of Labor editors for many helpful suggestions on earlier drafts.  ...  ), which measures inequality in the bottom half of the distribution; the 90/50 ratio, which measures inequality in the upper half of the distribution; the 90/10 ratio, which can be viewed as a measure  ... 
doi:10.15185/izawol.403.v2 fatcat:tuwzl4tdg5erfggpqaq4byt5d4

Revisiting the Link between Trade, Growth and Inequality: Lessons for Latin America and the Caribbean

Kimberly Beaton, Aliona Cebotari, Andras Komaromi
2017 IMF Working Papers  
Welch (2003, 2008) to the mid-90s as well as the opening of the post-soviet and post-communist countries in the early 1990s.  ...  60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1997 2002 2007 2012 Table 1 : 1 International Trade and Economic Growth 1/ 1/ This table reports the results of regressions of growth in real GDP per capita on trade  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781475585551.001 fatcat:hfyvdfpmxfg2rbthfg2vscarzi

Inequality in Latin America: ECLAC's Perspective [chapter]

Verónica Amarante, Antonio Prado
2017 Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?  
As put forth in Time for equality: closing gaps, opening trails (ECLAC 2010), the quest for equality is part of the drive to abolish privileges and establish equal rights for all individuals, regardless  ...  In those pioneering writings, the distribution of assets and the concentration of power in the hands of elites were crucial aspects to understand (the lack of) equality in the region.  ...  Annex (see Table A .1) Note: Unweighted statistics Source: Alvaredo and Gasparini (2015) Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-44621-9_12 fatcat:tfctzg4rwfedvnjvk3ex76izce

A comparative analysis between the relation of income distribution and economic regional integration in East Asia and Latin America

Ángela Jeaneth Ospina Enciso
2011 Revista Finanzas y Política Económica  
This paper analyses the relationship between inequality and de facto regional economic integration during the last two decades in Latin America and East Asia Pacific regions, focusing on intra-regional  ...  Research questions explore the relation between inequality and patterns of de facto intra-regional trade.  ...  The fact 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 2 1 9 8 4 1 9 8 6 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 0 1 9 9 2 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 8 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 8 that makes "current globalization" a novelty is that levels of trade and  ... 
doaj:078cce5ffef847b79d4e3c21dfe17124 fatcat:utb6ukjl3jhwzatmy3euhwdjwa
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