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Hearing Protectors: Topicality and Research Needs

Pierre Canetto
2009 International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics  
Nevertheless, these devices are widely used and are in fact often necessary. Selection of an HPD should take into account comfort and the capacity for perceiving external signals, when they are worn.  ...  This paper introduces a number of avenues for research, which could be of assistance in improving HPD selection, qualification and design. occupational noise hearing protectors human behaviour attenuation  ...  The derating method used in Europe has the major advantage of being simple and easy to implement. However, there are certain reservations.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10803548.2009.11076795 pmid:19534847 fatcat:xqkb3ztgxrbn7mk6trzkayxs6e

Ozone: A Pollutant and a Protector Gas

Thaneshwar Subedi
2017 Janapriya Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies  
Amount of ozone can be determined by colorimetric method. It is poisonous gas near the earth surface in biosphere and protective shield in stratosphere.  ...  <p>The natural balance of ozone in the stratosphere is due to continuous formation of ozone from oxygen and dissociation of it into oxygen in presence UV radiation.  ...  The highest concentration of ozone occurs at altitude from 26 to 28 km in the tropics and from 12 to 20 km towards the poles.  ... 
doi:10.3126/jjis.v5i0.17845 fatcat:vng43zo5ever5kcknpqmcz6sli

Constitutionalism as Protector or Disrupter of Nationalism:A Selected Central, Eastern European and Eurasian Review

David M. Kirkham
2004 Connections The Quarterly Journal  
That means a culture in which all members of the society-including government, the press, and citizens at large-understand, accept, and work to protect the basic principles of constitutionalism, i.e.,  ...  There are the pragmatic motives, for example, of the non-idealists, who simply seek international recognition and membership in those organizations that promise protection and prosperity, such as NATO  ...  The bulk of the remainder of this article will sample four "new" constitutions from the region ranging from Eastern Europe to Central Asia in an examination of the language they use to protect or promote  ... 
doi:10.11610/connections.03.4.05 fatcat:g57uquev5rd3pecz5qcyluvzvm

New ISO standards for hearing protectors

Torben Poulsen
2000 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
These are used for calculating assume protection values ͑APVs͒ that are incorporated in calculations of the NRR in the United States and the SNR and HML in Europe and elsewhere.  ...  In 85 dBA noise, masked thresholds were significantly lower when any protector was worn, as compared to the unoccluded condition, lending support for the use of hearing protection with normal hearers when  ...  The latter method, designated as Method B, requires the use of audiometrically experienced subjects who are naive in the use of hearing protection.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4743748 fatcat:tzupe2dywvdlba4cl35xczgrqq

Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in older people

Nancy Santesso, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
2014 The Cochrane library  
Ten other economic evaluations modelled the possible impact of provision of hip protectors in different health delivery systems in North America and Europe.  ...  Their results for hip fractures were sensitive to the magnitude of the ICC which they used; use of values of 0.026 and lower gave significant results.  ...  Economic evaluations of the use of hip protectors were not included in the original protocol. I N D E X T E R M S  ... 
doi:10.1002/14651858.cd001255.pub5 pmid:24687239 fatcat:h5ojfizf3rdb5izffhmozlafsm

The parakeet protectors: Understanding opposition to introduced species management

Sarah L. Crowley, Steve Hinchliffe, Robbie A. McDonald
2018 Journal of Environmental Management  
These comparative cases enable us to identify (a) 85 important patterns in the drivers and processes of opposition and (b) alternative 86 management approaches and outcomes that could inform future initiatives  ...  We also briefly explore our identification of patterns and 96 connections between management disputes in the UK and USA, including the 97 repeated failure of management initiatives.  ...  Acknowledgements 785 The authors are grateful to all participants of this study for their time and contributions, 786 to members of ParrotNet and to Jamie Lorimer for valuable discussion about this 787  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.11.036 pmid:29305043 fatcat:lm3dzmr7wncgfkib27oh4e7nau

A new hearing protector rating: The Noise Reduction Statistic for use with A weighting (NRSA)

Elliott H. Berger, Dan Gauger
2004 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Justification for this recommendation stems from consideration of the inter-wearer variation in fitting, the variation in noise spectra, and the accuracy of the basic measurements of hearing protector  ...  The conclusion is that a Noise Reduction Statistic for use with A weighting (NRS A ), an A -A' rating computed in a manner that considers both inter-subject and inter-spectrum variation in protection,  ...  The prior papers were written by authors in Australia and Europe where the preponderance of HPDs that are utilized for occupational hearing conservation is more heavily weighted towards earmuffs than earplugs  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4780174 fatcat:cpnthodmfjgw3mzpgfmusggnde

Questionnaire investigation of musicians' use of hearing protectors, self reported hearing disorders, and their experience of their working environment

Heli Laitinen, Torben Poulsen
2008 International Journal of Audiology  
The three orchestras are acknowledged for their time and cooperation on this investigation. Part of this investigation was presented at Euronoise 2006 (Laitinen & Poulsen, 2006) .  ...  Acknowledgements This study was completed under the EC Marie Curie Host Fellowships program 'Early Stage Research Training' (EST).  ...  The group 'other' was small and was therefore not included in further analyses. Use of hearing protectors The use of hearing protectors is summarized in Table 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1080/14992020801886770 pmid:18389411 fatcat:3j2zbhcorbe57o4r3c253x4nta

Vitamin D as A Protector of Arterial Health: Potential Role in Peripheral Arterial Disease Formation

Smriti Murali Krishna
2019 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Furthermore, epigenetic evidence shows that a more holistic approach towards PAD prevention that incorporates a healthy lifestyle, adequate exercise and optimal nutrition may be more effective in protecting  ...  With a rise in the rate of aging population worldwide, the number of people diagnosed with PAD is rapidly increasing.  ...  The DBP is the major plasma carrier protein of vitamin D and used as a biomarker of vitamin D metabolism. However, the presence of DBP and its use as a reliable biomarker in AAA is contradictory.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms20194907 pmid:31623356 pmcid:PMC6801787 fatcat:n4jdg62rwrewlkwudxdoiasbb4

Hip protectors are cost-effective in the prevention of hip fractures in patients with high fracture risk

R.T.A.L. de Bot, H.D. Veldman, A.M. Witlox, L.W. van Rhijn, M. Hiligsmann
2020 Osteoporosis International  
All studies that investigated the cost-effectiveness in long-term care facilities revealed that hip protector use is a cost-effective strategy for the prevention of hip fractures in elderly.  ...  The aim of this study was to systematically review and critically appraise studies that assessed cost-effectiveness of hip protectors for the prevention of hip fractures and to investigate the effects  ...  Was uncertainty handled by the No use of statistical analysis or sensitivity analysis? Was incremental analysis Yes performed? Was the methodology for data No abstraction stated?  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00198-019-05252-8 pmid:32040600 fatcat:rckusmw6snhmvkj3scgttspg3q

M-Commerce in Canada: An Interaction Framework for Wireless Privacy

Constantinos Coursaris, Khaled Hassanein, Milena Head
2009 Canadian Journal of the Administrative Sciences  
The responsibilities of the interaction parties towards enhancing the privacy of the m-Consumer are then outlined. The paper ends with some conclusions and potential directions for future research.  ...  An overview is presented of the Canadian landscape for both e-Commerce and m-Commerce, followed by a discussion of the needs and concerns of the mobile consumer (m-Consumer).  ...  Protectors are faced with developing and enforcing policies and legislation to protect consumer privacy. Canada was slow to react to privacy concerns compared to the progress made in Europe.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1936-4490.2003.tb00305.x fatcat:a5fvwx6gkvb4jmmnhoono7acr4

The Status of Privacy Enhancing Technologies [chapter]

John Borking
2003 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
This paper explains Privacy-Enhancing Technologies (PETs), their anchoring in the EU Data Protection Directives and other data-protection systems, and how they might contribute to the lawful processing  ...  The EU project PISA (privacy incorporated software agent) will be used as an example of future PET.  ...  A major step towards privacy protection in Europe was the adoption of Convention 108 of the Council of Europe.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35696-9_15 fatcat:vus2qtodobeuvemfbenyvkrlam

Smart Helmet

Nelakurthi Spoorthi Reddy
2021 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Road accidents are increasing day by day because the riders are not using the helmet and due to consumption of alcohol. In today's world, huge numbers of people are dying on road accidents.  ...  If the person is in unconscious state, then message will be sent to the saved numbers in GSM module and sends the location to them by GPS. With the use of Smart Helmet, accident rate can be reduced.  ...  It is appropriate for use in portable alcohol detectors because of its high sensitivity and quick reactivity to alcohol.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2021.35851 fatcat:jck5oqkcejgfdhywvimzlukcye

UNIVERSITY STUDENT ATTITUDES TOWARDS EMPLOYERS ACCESSING THEIR PRIVATE SOCIAL MEDIA

2013 Issues in Information Systems  
Findings indicate that 1) Social Media policies and the laws impacting them are in an evolutionary phase; 2) employer scrutiny of Social Media use by employees is increasing; 3) the impact of Social Media  ...  This study investigates students' perception of risks associated with the use of Social Media as it relates to their search for employment.  ...  The practice of employers requiring employee's passwords is not as commonplace in Europe because such practices breach the Data Protection Act provisions, and may subject employers to discrimination allegations  ... 
doi:10.48009/1_iis_2013_385-393 fatcat:o5gmcgeyjra33hwsu7kdd45deu

Integrated Impact Assessment for Sustainable Hydropower Planning in the Vjosa Catchment (Greece, Albania)

Rebecca Peters, Jürgen Berlekamp, Ana Lucía, Vittoria Stefani, Klement Tockner, Christiane Zarfl
2021 Sustainability  
The Vjosa River, draining parts of Northern Greece and Albania, is one of the few predominantly free-flowing rivers left in Europe; at the same time its catchment is identified an important resource for  ...  in the short and in the long term.  ...  The "Climate Protector" scenario included Potential Evaporation, Land Use Change-Vegetation Cover, Sediment Entrapment, and Protected Area.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13031514 fatcat:gr3mljf3i5c7xmdtqurhanvurq
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