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PEAS, the first instantiation of a comparative framework for evaluating parsers of French

V. Gendner, G. Illouz, M. Jardino, L. Monceaux, P. Paroubek, I. Robba, A. Vilnat
2003 Proceedings of the tenth conference on European chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics - EACL '03   unpublished
This paper presents PEAS, the first comparative evaluation framework for parsers of French whose annotation formalism allows the annotation of both constituents and functional relations.  ...  A test corpus containing an assortment of different text types has been built and part of it has been manually annotated.  ...  Therefore, the need for a complete comparative evaluation framework -including a pivot annotation formalism, a reference treebank, evaluation metrics and the associated software -is increasing.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1067737.1067757 fatcat:7kgddb7r6rez5ieisv6jeyffi4

Automatic Acquisition and Expansion of Hypernym Links

Emmanuel Morin, Christian Jacquemin
2004 Language Resources and Evaluation  
This paper proposes to bridge the gap between term acquisition and thesaurus construction by offering a framework for automatic structuring of multi-word candidate terms with the help of corpus-based links  ...  Recent developments in computational terminology call for the design of multiple and complementary tools for the acquisition, the structuring and the exploitation of terminological data.  ...  Process The Prométhée system is now evaluated for the semantic acquisition of hypernym relationships from the French [AGRO-ALIM] corpus.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10579-004-1926-2 fatcat:7jmqws745fhutglojqga2a7r3q

Getting Past the Language Gap: Innovations in Machine Translation [chapter]

Rodolfo Delmonte
2012 Mobile Speech and Advanced Natural Language Solutions  
Perhaps best known is the Apertium framework, used for systems for Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese and Basque.  ...  Section "Evaluation Methods and Tools" will comprise an overview of evaluation methods and section "MT for the Future" will briefly give an overview of what in my opinion may constitute the future of MT  ...  EnConverter is a language independent parser that provides synchronously a framework for called the DeConverter.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6018-3_6 fatcat:2njkc6meabhaxosl4wircumfjm

A Survey on Teaching and Learning Recursive Programming

2014 Informatics in Education. An International Journal  
After a short history of the advent of recursion in programming languages and its adoption by programmers, we present curricular approaches to recursion, including a review of textbooks and some programming  ...  We cover the usage in schools of the Logo programming language and the associated theoretical didactics, including a brief overview of the constructivist and constructionist theories of learning; we also  ...  The author thanks the following researchers for providing preprints, hard copies and otherwise helpful information: Nell Dale, C.  ... 
doaj:1f52d79b705445b2930b35c178722510 fatcat:a2fffzbierfarnwwwntve5jvoq

Unsupervised Language Acquisition: Theory and Practice [article]

Alexander Clark
2002 arXiv   pre-print
I present three novel algorithms for learning various parts of natural languages: first, an algorithm for the induction of syntactic categories from unlabelled text using distributional information, that  ...  ; thirdly an algorithm for the unsupervised induction of a context-free grammar from tagged text.  ...  will utter "Eat your peas!"  ... 
arXiv:cs/0212024v1 fatcat:lsrnihurufcrrk76ygfmlpk4cu

Lexikos 8

Lexikos Lexikos
2012 Lexikos  
Acknowledgements The editor of Lexikos wishes to extend a word of gratitude to all those who submitted articles for publication in this edition, the Editorial Committee responsible for the evaluation of  ...  The report ends with excerpts from evaluations provided by participants, and with a reference to the second planned training course, SALEX '98.  ...  Using header information for making a sub corpus As a simple example of the use of the feature/value pairs of the headers for the design and extraction of subcorpora, as well as for the evaluation and  ... 
doi:10.5788/8-1-939 fatcat:oi455or2ljevjgpudtu7mkn6ue

Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali / Working Papers in Linguistics and Oriental Studies, Vol. 6, 2020. Full Issue

Maria Rita Manzini, Leonardo Maria Savoia
2020 Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali  
A special thank goes to Adina Bleotu for helping us with Romanian data and to Rafeu Sichel-Bazin for the Occitan data. This work is the result of the collaboration of the authors in all respects.  ...  The same request was made to the Emilia-Romagna Gramsci Foundation, which keeps a digital archive of political posters of the election campaigns of 1948 and subsequent dates.  ...  In the same way as the French-type varieties, prenominal possessives, for instance in the case of the first person forms present a specialized morphology, illustrated in (22a), which is different from  ... 
doi:10.13128/qulso-2421-7220-9755 doaj:6ec7fb567aed4ea48db2067e36c0faf1 fatcat:hszah3xm65fmtdmozqtlzxpcje

Counterfactual Memorization in Neural Language Models [article]

Chiyuan Zhang, Daphne Ippolito, Katherine Lee, Matthew Jagielski, Florian Tramèr, Nicholas Carlini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We further estimate the influence of each training example on the validation set and on generated texts, and show that this can provide direct evidence of the source of memorization at test time.  ...  In this paper, we provide a principled perspective inspired by a taxonomy of human memory in Psychology.  ...  To mitigate the issue, we implemented a hash based subset sampling predicate that can be evaluated efficiently for each example, and (approximately) select a random subset of a specified size.  ... 
arXiv:2112.12938v1 fatcat:72hizr3uajfyhjad7gssqjxsxi

What exactly is wrong and why? Tutorial Dialogue for Intelligent CALL Systems

Manfred Klenner, Henriëtte Visser
The system enters in a tutorial dialogue with the student, where each explanation (dialogue) step is based on the principles of a single tutorial strategy and a dynamic user model.  ...  We introduce a dialogue-based explanation facility for Intelligent CALL (ICALL) Systems.  ...  For example, the students input for the task of accessing the first element of a list x might be: (car x) (where car is the command to access the first element of a list).  ... 
doi:10.13092/lo.17.787 fatcat:coqnf5jhdbcfnbt3j5eufge2na

Lexikos 6

Lexikos Lexikos
2013 Lexikos  
Secondly, I have considered it much more informative for you (and feasible for me) to provide you in a first instance with a general and in a sense 'empty' framework for the construction and organization  ...  Within the framework of a real lexicographic process, such items are given, for instance, by applying a rule of substitution which reads "Within the framework of the item giving the declension class word  ...  This may be compared to the history of English dic., tionaries generally, the first of which appeared in 1604.  ... 
doi:10.5788/6-1-1019 fatcat:ggmzvnj5yfh7bhm6sfva7pnq5u

Improving statistical machine translation of informal language: a rule-based pre-editing approach for French Forums

Johanna Gerlach, Pierrette Bouillon
Contents List of Figures vii List of Tables ix LIST OF TABLES 4.2 Comparative evaluation results for grammar (agreement) rules . . . . . 4.3 Comparative evaluation results for grammar (mood/tense) rules  ...  To evaluate the impact of these rules, we propose a human comparative evaluation methodology using crowdsourcing. Results show that pre-editing significantly improves the machine translation output.  ...  We describe a human comparative evaluation framework, which allows us to quickly determine whether the translation of a preedited version is better or worse than that of a raw version.  ... 
doi:10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:73226 fatcat:6gp322c7ujhevmvmyrqqumvuvi

Near-nativeness, Optionality and L1 Attrition

Antonella Sorace
The first is that compared to Ll acquirers, L2 learners have the LJ as an additional source of optionality.  ...  There arc recent proposals within a Minimal ist framework (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.26262/istal.v12i1.6664 fatcat:df3ifzxmbfffjdbn7ttfaoqkqy

Hierarchical phrase-based translation with weighted finite state transducers

Gonzalo Iglesias, Adrià de Gispert, Eduardo R. Banga, William Byrne
2009 Proceedings of Human Language Technologies: The 2009 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics on - NAACL '09   unpublished
In this way we are able to build a more efficient decoding tool, taking the advantages of both worlds: the capability of deep syntax reordering with parsing, and the compact representation and powerful  ...  We also propose a new algorithm in the hierarchical phrase-based machine translation framework, called HiFST.  ...  Also supported in part by the GALE program of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Contract No. HR0011-06-C-0022.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1620754.1620817 fatcat:wt33p2f2ljgtreabx7og5mz3qy

PowerAqua: Open Question Answering on the Semantic Web

Vanessa Lopez
Our approach is based on providing a natural language Question Answering interface for the SW, PowerAqua.  ...  A review of literature on ontology-based Question Answering reveals the limitations of existing technology.  ...  For instance, to find an answer to the comparative query "Which rivers in Arkansas are longer than the validity and provenance of the answers for the first queries.  ... 
doi:10.21954/ fatcat:5kgahsjo7vhd5bezhbk32wxkji

Experimental investigations of principle C at the syntax-pragmatics interface

Vera Gor
(McCray 1980)While a few theoretical proposals have been presented to account for the variability in the data (Chien and Wexler 1990, Grodzinsky and Reinhart 1993, Heim 1982, Higginbotham 1985, Reinhart  ...  The findings demonstrate that variation in speakers' acceptability judgments is a result of an interaction between structural and extra-syntactic factors.Typically, when a pronoun c-commands a name, as  ...  Press the green button to proceed to the next screen.  ... 
doi:10.7282/t3-hp5h-zk10 fatcat:oirqeo66vfeirj27sis2f5a2mu
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