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On the Performance Analysis of Dual-Hop Mixed FSO/RF Systems

Emna Zedini, Hamza Soury, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ra4txhbrwnbwzk3lwinyjovpbe" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper presents novel results for the performance analysis of dual-hop free-space optical/radio frequency (FSO/RF) transmission systems where the FSO link is modeled by the Gamma-Gamma distribution  ...  Index Terms-Dual-hop relaying, free-space optics (FSO), pointing errors, Gamma-Gamma, Generalized Nakagami-m, outage probability, average bit-error rate (BER), ergodic capacity.  ...  versus the normalized average SNR of the FSO (S- Fig. 2 : 2 Outage probability of a dual-hop FSO/RF fixed-gain relay system for strong and negligible pointing errors under different turbulence conditions  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/twc.2016.2524685">doi:10.1109/twc.2016.2524685</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5ib6cucgmvdqxjkec5gfywn5p4">fatcat:5ib6cucgmvdqxjkec5gfywn5p4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180722195310/https://repository.kaust.edu.sa/bitstream/handle/10754/595581/07398128.pdf;jsessionid=D1E13D2D35CE9E9B55950A2ED9A54B46?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c0/d6/c0d66a21a81b65d716a42e88ea21c1b033f0c585.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/twc.2016.2524685"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

On the performance of a mixed RF/MIMO FSO variable gain dual-hop transmission system

Liqiang Han, Hongbing Jiang, Yahui You, Zabih Ghassemlooy
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7htih4lbifdrfgkjfts6iewfoa" style="color: black;">Optics Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this work, we propose a mixed radio frequency (RF) and multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) free-space optical (FSO) system based on a variable-gain dual-hop relay transmission scheme.  ...  ratio of the dual-hop relay system based on Meijer's G function.  ...  In [13] , the outage probability (OP) and the average bit error rate (BER) performance of the hybrid RF/FSO system with the fixed-gain AF relay and CSI-assisted AF relay schemes were investigated.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2018.03.033">doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2018.03.033</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pa77527bufh6rgd4q7afkawzlm">fatcat:pa77527bufh6rgd4q7afkawzlm</a> </span>
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A Survey on Recent Work in Hybrid FSO/RF Communication Link

Navdeep Kaur et al., Navdeep Kaur et al.,
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Transstellar Journal Publications and Research Consultancy Private Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/65wf2sncejdspdgl3khx4qfloy" style="color: black;">International Journal of Electronics Communication &amp; Instrumentation Engineering Research and Development</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, simple FSO system faces a drawback of loss of data when transmitted through turbulent atmosphere.  ...  Hybrid FSO/RF) is utilized to provide the information at the receiver. This system provides high bandwidth with unlicensed frequencies along with high speed communication of data.  ...  ElyesBalti, et.al., (2019) presented a dual -hop RF/FSO system using multiple relays based on amplify and forward (AF) with fixed gain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.24247/ijecierdjun20194">doi:10.24247/ijecierdjun20194</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7dho3stlsjclfhqejqnkrdtyb4">fatcat:7dho3stlsjclfhqejqnkrdtyb4</a> </span>
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Performance Analysis of Asymmetric RF/FSO Dual-Hop Relaying Systems for UAV Applications

Jaedon Park, Eunju Lee, Guisoon Park, Bongsoo Roh, Giwan Yoon
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5fjspjtqujectfcv6khzqy3mvq" style="color: black;">MILCOM 2013 - 2013 IEEE Military Communications Conference</a> </i> &nbsp;
Particularly, we derive the average probability of error as well as ergodic capacity upper bound of the asymmetric RF/FSO dual-hop relaying system, in closed-forms.  ...  In this paper, we analyze the performance of a dual-hop relaying system composed of asymmetric radio frequency (RF) and free-space optics (FSO) (RF/FSO) links.  ...  In our previous work [14] , we have derived the outage probability of an asymmetric RF/FSO dual-hop relaying system in a closed-form.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/milcom.2013.280">doi:10.1109/milcom.2013.280</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/milcom/ParkLPRY13.html">dblp:conf/milcom/ParkLPRY13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4er3rzgozjg77pdms2dyufbzny">fatcat:4er3rzgozjg77pdms2dyufbzny</a> </span>
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Unified performance analysis of mixed line of sight RF-FSO fixed gain dual-hop transmission systems

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xu3nssyjojgz5moccrokj4jz7q" style="color: black;">2015 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this work, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop fixed gain relay system over asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified freespace optics (FSO) under the  ...  Index Terms-Asymmetric dual-hop relay system, Free-space optical (FSO) communications, mixed radio frequency (RF)/FSO systems, Nakagami-m fading, atmospheric turbulence, pointing errors, outage probability  ...  asymmetric LOS RF-FSO dual-hop fixed gain relay transmission systems with mixed Nakagami-m RF-unified FSO links, which is a non-trivial contribution.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/wcnc.2015.7127443">doi:10.1109/wcnc.2015.7127443</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/wcnc/ZediniAA15.html">dblp:conf/wcnc/ZediniAA15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gajjuzp4fvahbnx7zol737epja">fatcat:gajjuzp4fvahbnx7zol737epja</a> </span>
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Unified Performance Analysis of Mixed Radio Frequency/Free-Space Optical Dual-Hop Transmission Systems

Jiayi Zhang, Linglong Dai, Yu Zhang, Zhaocheng Wang
<span title="2015-06-01">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/eo7ayeunzba63co4cxddmhlwma" style="color: black;">Journal of Lightwave Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, a unified performance analysis framework of a dual-hop relay system over asymmetric RF/FSO links is presented.  ...  Furthermore, the outage probability for high signal-to-noise ratios and the BER for different modulation schemes are deduced to provide useful insights into the impact of system and channel parameters  ...  Therefore, the mixed RF/FSO dual-hop relay system has been recently proposed [4] - [8] and refers to the case when RF transmission is used at one hop and FSO transmission at the other.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2015.2409570">doi:10.1109/jlt.2015.2409570</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/viqoriioujfmpk6aew2rt5wrfq">fatcat:viqoriioujfmpk6aew2rt5wrfq</a> </span>
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Exact Outage Probability Analysis of the Mixed RF/FSO System With Variable-Gain Relays

Milica I. Petkovic, Zeljen Trpovski
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/om3ffw454zhbbg3oqtn7ogq6fi" style="color: black;">IEEE Photonics Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Index Terms: Free-space optical systems, outage probability, outdated channel state information, partial relay selection, radio frequency systems, variable gain relays.  ...  Abstract: This paper presents a unified analysis of the mixed radio-frequency (RF)/freespace optics (FSO) relaying system, with multiple variable-gain amplify-and-forward relays.  ...  The performance of the mixed RF/FSO system with fixed AF gain relay was analyzed in [7] - [12] , while the RF/FSO system with variable AF gain relay was observed in [12] - [17] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2018.2882611">doi:10.1109/jphot.2018.2882611</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5kjcmgpb6rabzmjatnxfq5zxyy">fatcat:5kjcmgpb6rabzmjatnxfq5zxyy</a> </span>
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Multihop Relaying Over IM/DD FSO Systems With Pointing Errors

Emna Zedini, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="2015-12-01">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/eo7ayeunzba63co4cxddmhlwma" style="color: black;">Journal of Lightwave Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, the end-to-end performance of a multihop free-space optical system with amplify-and-forward channelstate-information-assisted or fixed-gain relays using intensity modulation with direct  ...  The obtained results indicate that the overall system performance degrades with an increase of the number of hops.  ...  Selection combining (SC) and maximum ratio combining (MRC) diversity techniques for a dual-branch transmission system composed of a direct RF link and a dual-hop fixed gain relay RF/FSO system are investigated  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2015.2492244">doi:10.1109/jlt.2015.2492244</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gjaacicyvzc3bd6pkiu5oabluq">fatcat:gjaacicyvzc3bd6pkiu5oabluq</a> </span>
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Unified Performance Analysis of Mixed Line of Sight RF-FSO Fixed Gain Dual-Hop Transmission Systems [article]

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="2014-03-31">2014</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this work, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop fixed gain relay system over asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified free-space optics (FSO) under the  ...  Based on these formulas, we offer exact closed-form expressions for the outage probability, the higher-order amount of fading, and the average bit-error rate of a variety of binary modulations in terms  ...  asymmetric LOS RF-FSO dual-hop fixed gain relay transmission systems with mixed Nakagami-m RF-unified FSO links, which is a non-trivial contribution.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1404.1269v1">arXiv:1404.1269v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jb6otjzdvzg3rn2przsl4h5sd4">fatcat:jb6otjzdvzg3rn2przsl4h5sd4</a> </span>
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All-Optical FSO Relaying Under Mixture-Gamma Fading Channels and Pointing Errors [article]

Nikolaos I. Miridakis and Dimitrios D. Vergados and Angelos Michalas
<span title="2018-10-15">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The performance of all-optical dual-hop relayed free-space optical communication systems is analytically studied and evaluated.  ...  New closed-form expressions are derived regarding some key performance metrics of the considered system; namely, the system outage probability and average bit-error rate.  ...  System Model Consider an all-optical dual-hop relayed FSO system, which consists of a source, relay and destination node; all equipped with a single aperture.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.07539v1">arXiv:1810.07539v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oz43u4e6mzgnvnvwmlgnsmvpii">fatcat:oz43u4e6mzgnvnvwmlgnsmvpii</a> </span>
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Mixed RF/FSO Relaying with Outdated Channel State Information

Goran Djordjevic, Milica Petkovic, Aleksandra Cvetkovic, George Karagiannidis
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/onirm7ye2bfobnpwuwaopap5yu" style="color: black;">IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
We investigate the outage probability and the average bit error rate (BER) performance of a dual-hop amplify-andforward (AF) relaying system, composed of a mixed radio frequency (RF)/free-space optical  ...  Furthermore, the outage probability varies for several orders of magnitude depending on the transmitter beam waist.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Guest Editors and the reviewers for their valuable comments and discussions, which considerably improved the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jsac.2015.2432525">doi:10.1109/jsac.2015.2432525</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ubaiudflurcjph5geksy4q3oei">fatcat:ubaiudflurcjph5geksy4q3oei</a> </span>
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Mixed RF/FSO Relaying With Outdated Channel State Information

Goran T. Djordjevic, Milica I. Petkovic, Aleksandra M. Cvetkovic, George K. Karagiannidis
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/onirm7ye2bfobnpwuwaopap5yu" style="color: black;">IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
We investigate the outage probability and the average bit error rate (BER) performance of a dual-hop amplify-andforward (AF) relaying system, composed of a mixed radio frequency (RF)/free-space optical  ...  Furthermore, the outage probability varies for several orders of magnitude depending on the transmitter beam waist.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Guest Editors and the reviewers for their valuable comments and discussions, which considerably improved the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jsac.2015.2433055">doi:10.1109/jsac.2015.2433055</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n6i3ftsekngfza3aaa572l6acu">fatcat:n6i3ftsekngfza3aaa572l6acu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170705071637/http://geokarag.webpages.auth.gr/wp-content/papercite-data/pdf/j153.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8c/b5/8cb5eee26950da319c87b3a4801ea4f281b0ca64.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jsac.2015.2433055"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Dual-Hop Full-Duplex DF Relay Channel with Parallel Hybrid RF/FSO Links

Michalis P. Ninos, Priyadarshi Mukherjee, Constantinos Psomas, Ioannis Krikidis
<span title="2021-09-22">2021</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
The performance of the dual-hop FD system with parallel hybrid RF/FSO links, operating under a hard-switching scheme, is evaluated in terms of the outage probability.  ...  Analytical closed-form expressions are derived for both RF and FSO subsystems as well as for the overall dual-hop hybrid system.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation Foundation, under the projects EXCELLENCE/0918/0377 (PRIME  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5521517">doi:10.5281/zenodo.5521517</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/g3roknykq5bihbzikvkm4cxh7i">fatcat:g3roknykq5bihbzikvkm4cxh7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211002215028/https://zenodo.org/record/5521518/files/Mixed_RF_FSO.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/28/bd/28bd2e9fdd55635984d8056211c508cb385bfed6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5521517"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

Performance Analysis of Mixed Nakagami- $m$ and Gamma–Gamma Dual-Hop FSO Transmission Systems

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/om3ffw454zhbbg3oqtn7ogq6fi" style="color: black;">IEEE Photonics Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Both fixed and variable gain relay systems are studied.  ...  In this paper, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop relay system over the asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified free-space optical (FSO) links under the  ...  Applications to the Performance of Asymmetric Nakagami-m/Unified FSO Relay Transmission Systems With Variable Gain Relay Outage Probability Similar to the OP of the fixed gain relay system derived earlier  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2014.2381657">doi:10.1109/jphot.2014.2381657</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rnvu4fdfdfhcddcwv6vm33bpxa">fatcat:rnvu4fdfdfhcddcwv6vm33bpxa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427143616/http://eprints.gla.ac.uk/170355/1/170355.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/35/80/35803b78be88e71f3d6835cb1bcca623d6d664c6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2014.2381657"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Partial Relay Selection With Outdated Channel State Estimation in Mixed RF/FSO Systems

Milica I. Petkovic, Aleksandra M. Cvetkovic, Goran T. Djordjevic, George K. Karagiannidis
<span title="2015-07-01">2015</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/eo7ayeunzba63co4cxddmhlwma" style="color: black;">Journal of Lightwave Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
We study a dual-hop relaying system, composed of mixed radio frequency (RF)/free-space optical (FSO) links.  ...  The outage probability and average BER dependence on turbulence strength, average signalto-noise ratio (SNR) over RF hop, average electrical SNR over FSO hop, number of relays, and rank of selected relay  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the Associate Editor and reviewers for many valuable comments and discussions that considerably improved the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2015.2416972">doi:10.1109/jlt.2015.2416972</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kbdd7sqrtnb3xmq6lxvilj2iw4">fatcat:kbdd7sqrtnb3xmq6lxvilj2iw4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829105658/http://geokarag.webpages.auth.gr/wp-content/papercite-data/pdf/j149.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/97/a3/97a348dd37529579b8a30c97d79a83a4d9ddee8b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2015.2416972"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>
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