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Evolution of the Arden Syntax: Key Technical Issues from the Standards Development Organization Perspective

Robert A. Jenders, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Karsten Fehre, Peter Haug
2016 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine  
Because of demand from knowledge engineers and programmers to improve functionality related to complex use cases, the Arden Syntax evolved to include features typical of general programming languages but  ...  clinical experts in order to facilitate clinical decision support (CDS).  ...  Instead, health care organizations using CDSSs compliant with the Arden Syntax employed knowledge engineers and programmers to reduce the expertise and logic supplied by clinical domain experts into Arden  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artmed.2016.08.001 pmid:27773563 pmcid:PMC6193856 fatcat:6eweruiy5vgl7pvmflpumxv3ki

Cognitive processing differences between novice and expert computer programmers

Allan G. Bateson, Ralph A. Alexander, Martin D. Murphy
1987 International Journal of Man-Machine Studies  
This study demonstrates that expert programmers use semantic mcmory and high-level plan knowledge to direct their programming activities.  ...  Fifty subjects were divided into novice and expert groups based on the number of programming courses taken.  ...  The author found that subjective organization of program statements presented in a multi-trial free-recall format was according to program membership, semantically organized into meaningful program segments  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0020-7373(87)80058-5 fatcat:kaagp2areveodgpbrwqrhf2bli

Expert system prototype of food aid distribution

N Singh
2004 Journal of the American Dietetic Association  
It then applies an artificial intelligence-based expert system to develop a prototype for those processes. Existing data related to monitoring and evaluation program cycles were obtained.  ...  An overall objective of this study was to develop a prototype expert system for monitoring and evaluating food aid by international disaster relief organizations.  ...  Classify and structure the database into domains, facts, and rules according to the CLIPS© 10 expert system syntax. Convert the database into a knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jada.2004.05.152 fatcat:det754odvfelnkbqwoinjp655e

Conversation-Based Natural Language Interface to Relational Databases

Majdi Owda, Zuhair Bandar, Keeley Crockett
2007 2007 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology - Workshops  
Knowledge trees used to overcome the lacking of connectivity between the conversational agent and the relational database, through organizing the domain knowledge in knowledge trees.  ...  The developed prototype system shows excellent performance on common queries (i.e. queries extracted from expert by a knowledge engineer).  ...  Our definition of a knowledge tree in the context of this paper is a tree where the knowledge is organized in a hierarchical structure based on the expert knowledge which has been extracted and developed  ... 
doi:10.1109/wi-iatw.2007.60 fatcat:g3g5jqels5dg5b6iavdkwbseiq

Conversation-Based Natural Language Interface to Relational Databases

Majdi Owda, Zuhair Bandar, Keeley Crockett
2007 2007 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology - Workshops  
Knowledge trees used to overcome the lacking of connectivity between the conversational agent and the relational database, through organizing the domain knowledge in knowledge trees.  ...  The developed prototype system shows excellent performance on common queries (i.e. queries extracted from expert by a knowledge engineer).  ...  Our definition of a knowledge tree in the context of this paper is a tree where the knowledge is organized in a hierarchical structure based on the expert knowledge which has been extracted and developed  ... 
doi:10.1109/wiiatw.2007.4427608 dblp:conf/iat/OwdaBC07 fatcat:m6mdxb3bwrfnxm2gndfjqr6o44

Page 58 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 10, Issue CP1 [page]

1996 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
The procedure collection currently in- cludes a spreadsheet program, a neural-network simulator, an expert system, and a classification program.  ...  The rigidity of programming language syntax is one of the unpleasant aspects of programming. The programmer has to provide the correct syntax before the program can be run successfully.  ... 

Inclusion of Expert Rules into Normalized Management Models for Description of MIB Structure [chapter]

Antonio Martin, Carlos Leo
2008 Robotics Automation and Control  
These activities are becoming supplementary functionalities in the network management, direct expert system involvement.  ...  This technique integrates the Expert System within the Management Information Base. The advantage is that a large problem can be broken down into smaller Open Access Database www.i-  ...  This expert system that integrates the knowledge base and the resources definition into an unique specifications.  ... 
doi:10.5772/5828 fatcat:o7tdhxpzqngixatycy564sedum

Program comprehension during software maintenance and evolution

A. Von Mayrhauser, A.M. Vans
1995 Computer  
But experts might organize program knowledge in terms of algorithms rather than the syntax used to implement the program."' l Experts have developed efficiently organized specialized schemas,"' often abstracted  ...  knowledge structures by functional characteristics of the domain in which they are experts. For instance, novices might understand a particular program organized according to the program syntax.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.402076 fatcat:435apxnu4zba3kzwuovtlnuzua

ArduCode: Predictive Framework for Automation Engineering [article]

Arquimedes Canedo and Palash Goyal and Di Huang and Amit Pandey and Gustavo Quiros
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This means that new knowledge is not automatically integrated into ArduCode's knowledge base. The new knowledge is manually integrated through a re-training step.  ...  On the other hand, the direct expert input allows the resolution of issues when ArduCode's confidence is low in a prediction, and the direct expert curation can enable the improvement of ArduCode's models  ... 
arXiv:1909.04503v4 fatcat:2kfya3t7knhl7bdqqvrg6ke4km

Page 6 of Interactive Learning International : ILI Vol. 3, Issue 1 [page]

1986 Interactive Learning International : ILI  
A number of models can be described of the introduction of new technology and methods into organizations, focusing on issues of initiative and direction, consultation and modification.  ...  Working with the President of the Royal Statistical Society researchers are progressively incorporating his knowledge into the program, written using APES.  ... 

The Collaborative Problem Based Learning Model Innovation

Endah Hendarwati, Luthfiyah Nurlaela, Bachtiar Syaiful Bachri
2021 Journal of Educational and Social Research  
The study's results are five model syntaxes consisting of problem orientation, organization, collaborative problem solving, presentation and discussion, and evaluation.  ...  The syntaxes and matrix of the model produced are feasible, valid, and practically implemented to produce graduates who have ready and competitive skills.  ...  That is, student knowledge is constructed collectively through multi-directional interactions.  ... 
doi:10.36941/jesr-2021-0080 fatcat:mwfh5izt2rcv3jyjnduftls3ua

The Development of a Visual Output Approach for Programming via the Application of Cognitive Load Theory and Constructivism

Marini Abu Bakar, Muriati Mukhtar, Fariza Khalid
2019 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
The module is validated by three Java programming experts and an instructional design expert on the module content, design and usability aspects.  ...  To enable Java programs to produce graphical and animated outputs, the MJava library was developed and integrated into this module.  ...  Someone expert in programming and have extensive knowledge will learn easily compare to a student who has no direct knowledge of programming.  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2019.0101142 fatcat:d57elrsbj5a5fdiq4lowhuj3ey

It's Like Python But: Towards Supporting Transfer of Programming Language Knowledge [article]

Nischal Shrestha, Titus Barik, Chris Parnin
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Expertise in programming traditionally assumes a binary novice-expert divide.  ...  These results provide guidance for future designs and research directions that can support learning transfer when learning new programming languages.  ...  The card sorting results of the observational and thinkaloud memos are presented in this section, organized into four findings.  ... 
arXiv:1808.09008v1 fatcat:z7ch7fib5neuxcw7tbpyfsuqaq

Web-STAR: A Visual Web-Based IDE for a Story Comprehension System [article]

Christos Rodosthenous, Loizos Michael
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank: Adamos Koumis, for his collaboration in the development of the component that converts natural language to the STAR syntax; Elektra Kypridemou, for her  ...  representation based on directed graphs, (iii) the automatic conversion of the graph to the STAR syntax and vice versa.  ...  Both experts and non-experts, on average, agree that it is easier to understand the background knowledge rules in visual format than in the STAR syntax (M E =3.6, M NE =4.3).  ... 
arXiv:1808.00048v1 fatcat:ru4zwpayevadbe7j7vhj7rwyu4

Reusable Architectural Decisions for DSL Design: Foundational Decisions in DSL Projects

Uwe Zdun, Mark Strembeck
2009 European Conference on Pattern Languages of Programs  
However, so far the documentation of reusable architectural knowledge for DSL design is rather limited.  ...  In particular, we have explored three reusable architectural decisions in this design space: the decision for the type of DSL development process, the decision for the concrete syntax style, and the decision  ...  This means, the concrete syntax is developed together with a domain expert by utilizing the domain expert's domain knowledge.  ... 
dblp:conf/europlop/ZdunS09 fatcat:zylg7zci5zdcpiagggbog3vvz4
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