Filters








3,459 Hits in 9.8 sec

Orbitofrontal Cortex and Social Behavior: Integrating Self-monitoring and Emotion-Cognition Interactions

Jennifer S. Beer, Oliver P. John, Donatella Scabini, Robert T. Knight
2006 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
, NIMH MH 066737, and the McDonnell Foundation Cognitive and Neurobiological Research Consortium in Traumatic Brain Injury to R.T.K.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by a Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant (NSF BCS 0121970) and National Research Service Award (NIMH MH66574) to J.S.B. and NINDS Grants NS21135, PO NS40813  ...  Social Function of the Orbitofrontal Cortex: Emotion-Cognition Synthesis and Self-monitoring Current theories suggest that two types of variables contribute to the social deficits associated with orbitofrontal  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2006.18.6.871 pmid:16839295 fatcat:csawmp2clzeclo2fluul7vcddy

Symptoms of Frontotemporal Dementia Provide Insights into Orbitofrontal Cortex Function and Social Behavior

I. V. VISKONTAS, K. L. POSSIN, B. L. MILLER
2007 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences  
Recent investigations into the brain substrates of behavioral changes in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) demonstrate that the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) plays a crucial role in normal social and emotional  ...  behavior in the social context.  ...  Miller from the National Institute of Aging, including a Program Project Grant (PO1AG19724) and an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (P50-AG023501), and a Network grant from the Hillblom Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1196/annals.1401.025 pmid:17846163 fatcat:aju3wfmyvzggngapyssh2lngsy

Orbitofrontal cortex mediates pain inhibition by monetary reward

Susanne Becker, Wiebke Gandhi, Florence Pomares, Tor D. Wager, Petra Schweinhardt
2017 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Inter-individual differences in pain modulation by monetary wins relative to losses correlated with activation in the medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC).  ...  anterior insula, anterior-dorsal cingulate cortex and primary somatosensory cortex, which might signify momentto-moment down-regulation of these regions by the mOFC.  ...  Behavioral pain modulation correlated with brain activation in the medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) in the condition with monetary wins and mild pain.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsw173 pmid:28119505 pmcid:PMC5390724 fatcat:tgvjlxohona37p6pp2j43moupi

Disrupted Effective Connectivity Between the Amygdala and Orbitofrontal Cortex in Social Anxiety Disorder During Emotion Discrimination Revealed by Dynamic Causal Modeling for fMRI

Ronald Sladky, Anna Höflich, Martin Küblböck, Christoph Kraus, Pia Baldinger, Ewald Moser, Rupert Lanzenberger, Christian Windischberger
2013 Cerebral Cortex  
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by over-reactivity of fear-related circuits in social or performance situations and associated with marked social impairment.  ...  Thirteen unmedicated SAD patients and 13 matched healthy controls performed a series of facial emotion and object discrimination tasks while undergoing fMRI.  ...  Tröstl for helpful comments on the manuscript, and S. Hackhofer, I. Hofer-Irmler, and S. Kasper for medical support. Conflict of Interest: None declared.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bht279 pmid:24108802 pmcid:PMC4379995 fatcat:kbzkrc7725hylk5vxtig2lz2ga

The Functional Architecture of Human Empathy

Jean Decety, Philip L. Jackson
2004 Behavioral & Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews  
In light of multiple levels of analysis ranging from developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and clinical neuropsychology, this article proposes a model of empathy that involves  ...  Shared neural representations, self-awareness, mental flexibility, and emotion regulation constitute the basic macrocomponents of empathy, which are underpinned by specific neural systems.  ...  The orbitofrontal is essential for regulating emotion, and its damage is associated with a wide range of social emotional deficits, including impaired social judgment and disinhibited behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1534582304267187 pmid:15537986 fatcat:mz7orhpebfa4fhje6fvxmzxgs4

Revisiting the etiological aspects of dissociative identity disorder: a biopsychosocial perspective

Vedat Sar, Martin Dorahy, Christa Krüger
2017 Psychology Research and Behavior Management  
Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology.  ...  On the contrary, DID is an empirically robust chronic psychiatric disorder based on neurobiological, cognitive, and interpersonal non-integration as a response to unbearable stress.  ...  domains: the neurobiology of the orbitofrontal cortex and its protective inhibitory role in the temporal organization of behavior, the development of emotion regulation, the development of the self, and  ... 
doi:10.2147/prbm.s113743 pmid:28496375 pmcid:PMC5422461 fatcat:s7hfn6jdbnay7cuocczrnonon4

Sensory Processing of Art as a Unique Window into Cognitive Mechanisms: Evidence from Behavioral Experiments and fMRI Studies

Ernst Pöppel, Mihai Avram, Yan Bao, Verena Graupmann, Evgeny Gutyrchik, Aline Lutz, Mona Park, Maximilian Reiser, Edmund Russell, Sarita Silveira, Lukasz Smigielski, Caroline Szymanski (+1 others)
2013 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Examples are given from visual art and music using behavioral measures and neuroimaging technology (fMRI).  ...  in sensory processing of naturalistic and surrealistic art, importance and traps of mental frames and prejudices, effect of emotional priming on the central representation of sensory stimuli, value of  ...  Arts, the Institute of Cognition and Communication, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.517 fatcat:4wmowlhy3jfktpmeo4fccmqb3y

Revisiting the etiological aspects of dissociative identity disorder: a biopsychosocial perspective

Şar V, Dorahy MJ, Krüger C
2017 Psychology Research and Behavior Management  
Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology.  ...  On the contrary, DID is an empirically robust chronic psychiatric disorder based on neurobiological, cognitive, and interpersonal non-integration as a response to unbearable stress.  ...  domains: the neurobiology of the orbitofrontal cortex and its protective inhibitory role in the temporal organization of behavior, the development of emotion regulation, the development of the self, and  ... 
doaj:739ac2e5dbf445149610829a2c656486 fatcat:ofxepfdrj5duveemw2telelza4

What catatonia can tell us about "top-down modulation": A neuropsychiatric hypothesis

Georg Northoff
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This is reflected in one-way connections from prefrontal to motor cortex and the absence of major affective and behavioural symptoms in Parkinson's disease.  ...  Sacks 1989, p. 157) Comparison between Parkinson's disease and catatonia reveals distinction between two kinds of modulation, vertical and horizontal.  ...  Interaction between medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex provides an "internal model of the social and emotional context" (Bechara 1997; Rolls 1998; Shore 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02000109 fatcat:xcgfod6ntnalxij72qcpwx7t4u

Multidimensional apathy: evidence from neurodegenerative disease

Ratko Radakovic, Sharon Abrahams
2018 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
These can be subsumed under a unified Dimensional Apathy Framework: a triadic structure of Initiation, Executive and Emotional apathy.  ...  Distinct cognitive processes may underlie these domains, while selfawareness interplays with all subtypes.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Motor Neurone Disease Association and Motor Neurone Disease Scotland.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2017.12.022 fatcat:g22i6vvjnzdgfgt2uwlorwcutq

Bridging emotion theory and neurobiology through dynamic systems modeling

Marc D. Lewis
2005 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
These mechanisms include nested feedback interactions, global effects of neuromodulation, vertical integration, action-monitoring, and synaptic plasticity, and they are modeled in terms of both functional  ...  The article goes on to describe neural structures and functions involved in appraisal and emotion, as well as DS mechanisms of integration by which they interact.  ...  We thank Marek Drogosz, Tedra Fazendeiro, Poonam Hooda, Yuko Munakata, and Randy O'Reilly for discussion of these ideas.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0500004x fatcat:lrzxfupunjh7pl5slueiwyxmrm

The neurobiology of adolescence: Changes in brain architecture, functional dynamics, and behavioral tendencies

David A. Sturman, Bita Moghaddam
2011 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
In recent years studies have examined the precise nature of these brain and behavioral changes, and several hypotheses link them together.  ...  Adolescence is a period of increased behavioral and psychiatric vulnerabilities. It is also a time of dramatic structural and functional neurodevelopment.  ...  self monitoring and inhibitory control (Ernst and Fudge, 2009 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.04.003 pmid:21527288 pmcid:PMC3222328 fatcat:ihjahuq27netlci2k5tf7spk4e

Genetic, Hormonal, and Neural Underpinnings of Human Aggressive Behavior [chapter]

Pranjal H. Mehta, Stefan M. Goetz, Justin M. Carré
2012 Handbook of Neurosociology  
aggression; (3) testosterone and cortisol influence aggression, likely through modulation of the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex; and (4) environmental risk factors (media violence) and protective factors  ...  The findings indicate that (1) the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) are critical components of the neural circuitry of aggression; (2) the serotonergic system plays a crucial role in modulating  ...  emotion, motivation, and cognition to guide context-appropriate behavior (cf.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-4473-8_5 fatcat:gwydidhwxzffhbhjothb5ghqpi

Neurobehavioral Abnormalities Associated with Executive Dysfunction after Traumatic Brain Injury

Rodger Ll. Wood, Andrew Worthington
2017 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience  
integrating and appraising environmental events in terms of cognitive, emotional and social significance.  ...  Conclusions: The conventional distinction between cognitive and emotional-behavioral sequelae of TBI is shown to be superficial in the light of increasing evidence that executive skills are critical for  ...  Whilst often maintaining a respectable social and emotional veneer, their behavior towards close friends and family was perceived as emotionally indifferent, with a self-indulgent attitude, often with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00195 pmid:29123473 pmcid:PMC5662637 fatcat:dryc7wt6rractba2wouwjpqlm4

Orbitofrontal cortex and aggressive behavior in children ages 11 to 13

Andrómeda Ivette Valencia-Ortiz, Mauricio Consuelos-Barrios, Rubén García-Cruz, Eric García-López
2020 Journal of Basic and Applied Psychology Research  
The objective of this study was to determine the association between the orbitofrontal cortex and aggressive behavior in children from 11 to 13 years old, located in the city of Pachuca, Hidalgo.  ...  social skills play a crucial role in preventing aggressive or violent behavior.  ...  the consequences of behavior and the inability to monitor and control behavior in an accurately way (Pennington, 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.29057/jbapr.v2i3.6018 fatcat:orixzyhwafhariuemcbjefpt4i
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 3,459 results