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Risk and Ambiguity in Information Seeking: Eye Gaze Patterns Reveal Contextual Behavior in Dealing with Uncertainty

Peter Wittek, Ying-Hsang Liu, Sándor Darányi, Tom Gedeon, Ik Soo Lim
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
Information foraging connects optimal foraging theory in ecology with how humans search for information.  ...  Based on an eye-tracking study of experts' interactions with novel search interfaces in the biomedical domain, we demonstrate that perceived risk shifts the balance between exploration and exploitation  ...  Foraging behavior seems to apply to a much larger domain than just looking for food, such as the optimization of upper and lower extremities of pleasure and pain, gain and loss, benefit and cost, reward  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01790 pmid:27909418 pmcid:PMC5112274 fatcat:o3ak7t5cwnejdbpyihddyz2jty

Human Productivity in a Workspace Shared with a Safe Robotic Manipulator

Catharine L. R. McGhan, Ella M. Atkins
2014 Journal of Aerospace Information Systems  
Tests over a progressively complex set of tasks for the human-manipulator team were conducted.  ...  Nomenclature A, B; : : : = types of scenarios a i−1 = distance fromẐ i−1 toẐ i measured alongX i−1 , in. d i = distance fromX i−1 toX i measured alongẐ i , in.  ...  The authors also thank Jeremy Green, Kevin Matzen, and Ryan Wolcott, the student group involved in the construction of the MM-arm, as well as Gabriel Arroyo, a summer student who conducted several of the  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.54993 fatcat:anwrdhnuqjccpf6r3hggueolma

Innovative Techniques for Evaluating Behavioral Nutrition Interventions

Rachel E Scherr, Kevin D Laugero, Dan J Graham, Brian T Cunningham, Lisa Jahns, Karina R Lora, Marla Reicks, Amy R Mobley
2017 Advances in Nutrition  
Similarly, if eye-tracking technology can enable researchers to get a better sense as to how participants view materials, the materials may be better tailored to create an optimal impact.  ...  in the field.  ...  These location effects can be large: for example, in a 3 3 3 array, the product in the center receives more than double the visual attention and is 60% more likely to be chosen than peripheral items (  ... 
doi:10.3945/an.116.013862 pmid:28096132 pmcid:PMC5227983 fatcat:xt3ug2wycneznezbbyqifmrrue

Ubiquitous Gaze Sensing and Interaction (Dagstuhl Seminar 18252)

Lewis Chuang, Andrew Duchowski, Pernilla Qvarfordt, Daniel Weiskopf, Michael Wagner
2019 Dagstuhl Reports  
Eye tracking is no longer restricted to a well controlled laboratory setting, but moving into everyday settings.  ...  for reliable gaze sensing technology.  ...  In interactive system, the gaze data goes through a number of analytical steps. For each step, the resulting data may be either more or less sensitive.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.8.6.77 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/ChuangDQW18 fatcat:7nfkzimerrb3hpcb25bwy7sf5e

A Kiosk Station for the Assessment of Multiple Cognitive Domains and Enrichment of Monkeys [article]

Thilo Womelsdorf, Christopher Thomas, Adam Neumann, Marcus Watson, Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni, Seyed Ali Hassani, Jeremy M Parker, Kari L Hoffman
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Comparison with Existing Methods: KS-1 is optimized for flexible mounting onto standard apartment cage systems. KS-1 has a robust animal interface with options for gaze/reach monitoring.  ...  KS-1 consists of a frame for mounting flexibly on housing cages, a touchscreen animal interface with mounts for receptables, reward pumps and cameras, and a compact computer cabinet with an interface for  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Kevin Barker and Adrian Mizell for indispensable help with the kiosk design, and Shelby Volden and Seth König for help with initial animal training and Quaddle generation  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.03.06.434198 fatcat:i4v4t7zokrgpnn7nni5pvgonia

A breadth-first survey of eye-tracking applications

Andrew T. Duchowski
2002 Behavoir research methods, instruments & computers  
Acknowledgments I am grateful for helpful suggestions concerning the manuscript made by Keith Rayner and a second anonymous referee. and . New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.  ...  (Springer Series in Neuropsychology) Kieras, D., & Meyer, D. E. (1995).  ...  For disabled users, an eye tracking interface may be an indispensable form of communication (e.g., eye typing).  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03195475 pmid:12564550 fatcat:na74wcybararbplad6wga2ni7e

Technology-Facilitated Diagnosis and Treatment of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Engineering Perspective

Xiongyi Liu, Qing Wu, Wenbing Zhao, Xiong Luo
2017 Applied Sciences  
The rapid development of computer and robotic technologies in the last decade is giving hope to perform earlier and more accurate diagnoses of the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and more effective, consistent  ...  across different sessions, but also makes it possible to focus on a single phenomenon, which is difficult even for a trained professional to perform, and deliver the stimuli according to the treatment  ...  Acknowledgments: This article was supported in part by the Cleveland State University Graduate Faculty  ... 
doi:10.3390/app7101051 fatcat:7nnmhieeu5chzg37zdvp6nswhe

An integrated theory of language production and comprehension

Martin J. Pickering, Simon Garrod
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We show how these accounts explain a range of behavioral and neuroscientific data on language processing and discuss some of the implications of our proposal.  ...  We show (a) how speakers and comprehenders use covert imitation and forward modeling to make predictions at these levels of representation, (b) how they interweave production and comprehension processes  ...  Therefore, lexical selection is a more demanding process for bilinguals than for monolinguals.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12001495 pmid:23789620 fatcat:iysayp5tujgffkbwtjwxx23e3m

Valuing Health Care: Improving Productivity and Quality

Kenneth J. Arrow, Kamran Bilir, Shannon Brownlee, Robert M. Califf, Robert Cook-Deegan, Frank L. Douglas, Paula Ehrlich, Stephen H. Friend, David Gratzer, Scott E. Harrington, David A. Hyman, Brink Lindsey (+19 others)
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Chemotherapy treatments are, of course, far more personally sensitive than cat food purchases.  ...  Productivity, in lay terms, is the ratio of output to inputs. A more colloquial rendition of the question might be: how can we get a lot more bang for our health care buck?  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2042644 fatcat:kcnqendl4raevdk3vl4g5afch4

Telelife: The Future of Remote Living [article]

Jason Orlosky, Misha Sra, Kenan Bektaş, Huaishu Peng, Jeeeun Kim, Nataliya Kos'myna, Tobias Hollerer, Anthony Steed, Kiyoshi Kiyokawa, Kaan Akşit
2021 arXiv   pre-print
graphics, user state detection, and more.  ...  To help address these limitations in the future, we introduce "Telelife," a vision for the near future that depicts the potential means to improve remote living better aligned with how we interact, live  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank reviewers for their valuable feedback. Special thanks to Michael Nowatkowski from Augusta University for his input.  ... 
arXiv:2107.02965v1 fatcat:guv5yv7mtndnhnkh7wpthjii34

Eyewear Computing – Augmenting the Human with Head-mounted Wearable Assistants (Dagstuhl Seminar 16042)

Andreas Bulling, Ozan Cakmakci, Kai Kunze, James M. Rehg, Marc Herbstritt
2016 Dagstuhl Reports  
gaming, as well as prototyping of VR applications, 2) a list of datasets and research tools for eyewear computing, 3) three small-scale datasets recorded during the seminar, 4) an article in ACM Interactions  ...  In contrast to several previous Dagstuhl seminars, we used an ignite talk format to reduce the time of talks to one half-day and to leave the rest of the week for hands-on sessions, group work, general  ...  A second approach is the creation of hybrid user interfaces, in which heterogeneous interface technologies are combined to complement each other.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.6.1.160 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/BullingCKR16 fatcat:d3p4lmvat5aczhawlazkd2chpa

Technologies for Virtual Reality/Tele-Immersion Applications: Issues of Research in Image Display and Global Networking [chapter]

Tom DeFanti, Dan Sandin, Maxine Brown, Dave Pape, Josephine Anstey, Mike Bogucki, Greg Dawe, Andy Johnson, Thomas S. Huang
2001 Frontiers of Human-Centered Computing, Online Communities and Virtual Environments  
In 1991, we conceived and over several years developed the CAVE virtual reality theater, a room-sized, highresolution, projection-based system that enables users to experience excellent immersion in full  ...  Issues 2.A. Background: Projection-Based VR Technologies The CAVE™ is a multi-person, room-sized, high-resolution, 3D video and audio environment.  ...  (Virtual Director is a joint EVL/NCSA development project. [29] ) • Simulation provides the basis for dynamic behaviors, like responding to the users' actions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0259-5_10 fatcat:alofepmg6jg2pcohydqxklmcpe

SWAET 2018: Scandinavian Workshop on Applied Eye Tracking Abstracts 23-24 August, 2018 Copenhagen Business School Solbjerg Plads 3, SP2.01 2000 Frederiksberg DENMARK Edited by Daniel Barratt, Raymond Bertram, & Marcus Nyström

2018 Journal of Eye Movement Research  
For evaluating whether the data from an eye tracker are precise enough for measuring microsaccades, Poletti and Rucci (2016) advocate that the measure "resolution" be used rather than the more established  ...  Whether looking for your car keys, wallet or simply where your mug is to have a sip of coffee, we engage in this simple task before almost every action.  ...  We conclude that the Tobii Pro Spectrum is a useful tool for microsaccade researchers.  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.11.5.1 pmid:33828710 pmcid:PMC7905738 fatcat:qs5svkolpzhjpltzmbayfx6x3i

Workload-Aware Systems and Interfaces for Cognitive Augmentation [article]

Thomas Kosch
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We provide evidence that the human brain and eye gaze are sensitive to fluctuations in cognitive resting states.  ...  Subsequently, we investigate suitable feedback modalities in a user-centric design process which are desirable for cognitive assistance.  ...  User-Awareness When technology tracks mental states, as well as behavioral data in private settings, the challenge of workload-aware interfaces, is to provide seamless interaction while communicating with  ... 
arXiv:2010.07703v2 fatcat:v3cfq4cs2jhuzlym3za2r4b3le

Proceedings_of_Measuring_Behavior_2014.pdf [article]

Andrew Spink, Egon Van Den Broek, Leanne Loijens, Marta Woloszynowska-Fraser, Lucas P. J. J. Noldus
2020 Figshare  
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Methods and Techniques in Behavioral Research  ...  Tracking data The tracking data of the Lesser Black-backed Gull (here after gull) used for this study was provided by the Avian Research Institute, Wilhelmshaven, Germany and SOVON Dutch Centre For Field  ...  The services offered are available for a broad range of research projects as well as for external users.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.11708187 fatcat:62o74kbgczf2tp2dk64jeszxr4
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