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Optimizing Packet Reception Rates for Low Duty-Cycle BLE Relay Nodes [article]

Nuno Paulino and Luís Pessoa and André Branquinho and Rafael Tavares and Igor Ferreira
<span title="2021-11-29">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
A battery lifetime of 1 year can be achieved with a relay duty cycle of 20%.  ...  Solutions for mesh networks implemented over different wireless protocols exist, like the recent Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) 5.1.  ...  For a policy where the relay immediately forwards a received packet, only 16 % of packets sent by 11 nodes are received by the gateway.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.13414v2">arXiv:2111.13414v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/acvimziesjc7lgril6fhghud3q">fatcat:acvimziesjc7lgril6fhghud3q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211130064533/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2111.13414v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/31/c9/31c9357e6a0274ae3dda36041cef5f6cf434959a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2111.13414v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Improving Bluetooth Mesh Energy Efficiency Using Clustering

Joelton Gotz, Ohara Rayel, Guilherme Moritz
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Sociedad Brasileira de Telecomunicacoes"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/a2clstunbbdoxk4u5ffodjz2yy" style="color: black;">Journal of Communication and Information Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
To further reduce the burden over the Cluster Heads, a Radio Duty Cycling algorithm that requires only a simple modification on the Bluetooth packet transmission logic is proposed.  ...  It is observed that duty cycling provides a 78% improvement on the energy efficiency.  ...  Packet delivery ratio for different radio duty cycles as a function of network size. TTL = 20, average packet generation rate = 10 s.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14209/jcis.2021.17">doi:10.14209/jcis.2021.17</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uw6fmb344bhpxors2n6uaz56oi">fatcat:uw6fmb344bhpxors2n6uaz56oi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210905174851/https://jcis.sbrt.org.br/jcis/article/download/788/527" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/83/06/83069b2a9e0ae00d3040f84d9af4ae57307fcf5a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14209/jcis.2021.17"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Bluetooth Mesh Analysis, Issues and Challenges

Angela Hernandez-Solana, David Perez-Diaz-de-Cerio, Mario Garcia-Lozano, Antonio Valdovinos, Jose-Luis Valenzuela
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
INDEX TERMS Bluetooth low energy, wireless mesh networks, BLE mesh, managed flooding, performance.  ...  BLE is a widely used short-range technology which has gained a relevant position inside the Internet-of-Things (IoT) paradigm development thanks to its simplicity, low-power consumption, lowcost and robustness  ...  Low Power Node (LPN) and Friend Node: A low power node is a node that has the ability to operate within a mesh network at significantly reduced reception duty cycles.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.2980795">doi:10.1109/access.2020.2980795</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nntcox2k7ncorlm57wjszq7ai4">fatcat:nntcox2k7ncorlm57wjszq7ai4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201104035931/http://zaguan.unizar.es/record/89860/files/texto_completo.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b3/ec/b3ec6613787d705427ded02e00f99c7b919d6cad.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.2980795"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A Survey on Energy Conserving Mechanisms for the Internet of Things: Wireless Networking Aspects

Zeeshan Abbas, Wonyong Yoon
<span title="2015-09-25">2015</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
(3GPP) machine type communications, IEEE 802.11ah, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), and Z-Wave.  ...  The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging key technology for future industries and everyday lives of people, where a myriad of battery operated sensors, actuators, and smart objects are connected to  ...  Although the previous solutions considered interesting issues such as a neighbor discovery procedure in BLE and data compression, they did not try to optimize BLE duty cycling features (e.g., BLE Sniff  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s151024818">doi:10.3390/s151024818</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26404275">pmid:26404275</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4634437/">pmcid:PMC4634437</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/h7uypatowrfsjea5e35izhlety">fatcat:h7uypatowrfsjea5e35izhlety</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180726205004/https://res.mdpi.com/def50200a5d971f0e8373b8a7576c1ccbc85e3c9c583d1a17d2d3e8a5a71bf5a7079b53169b9015f6e9e1ee3bef1adcf6f2690eaa590f3bcb4b9fa7fe0693efc9838cdc74ed4ffe5777d342428d9a0a01bb4ce52955eccbcfe4050263e0a91323dfb93f4bcc415b37267addc5804f357c675e7f7b2ec0cb42ea08b2b8186cb4c52bbcb9fb14a7edfb41bedbf892f895c?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/35/f1/35f1805a67caeb88721c6f1b678dc65f6ef18219.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s151024818"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4634437" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

QoS Enabled Heterogeneous BLE Mesh Networks

Subho Shankar Basu, Mathias Baert, Jeroen Hoebeke
<span title="2021-03-28">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bajb2sq2z5a3beaybwby4ac4w4" style="color: black;">Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is a widely known short-range wireless technology used for various Internet of Things (IoT) applications.  ...  on advertising and packet flooding.  ...  The friendship feature reduces power consumption in low power nodes, aiding power-constrained devices to still participate in a mesh network without 100% duty cycling.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan10020024">doi:10.3390/jsan10020024</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5cpyo36nj5hujilwneoe75eoty">fatcat:5cpyo36nj5hujilwneoe75eoty</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210717051505/https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/8702082/file/8702083" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/21/7e/217ea09c8040a23cd286b9b0a4478dd8c10967ce.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan10020024"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Enabling Low-Latency Bluetooth Low Energy on Energy Harvesting Batteryless Devices Using Wake-Up Radios

Ashish Kumar Sultania, Carmen Delgado, Jeroen Famaey
<span title="2020-09-12">2020</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
Specifically, the BLE friendship feature allows a Low Power Node (LPN) to sleep most of the time. An associated friend node (FN) temporarily stores the LPN's incoming data packets.  ...  In this article, we compare the standard BLE duty-cycle based polling and WuR-based data communication between an FN and a batteryless energy-harvesting LPN.  ...  These features categorize the nodes as a relay, proxy, friend, or low power node. The relay nodes support the re-transmission of data packets that are broadcast by other nodes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s20185196">doi:10.3390/s20185196</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32932578">pmid:32932578</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ivhwwmvanjdd3fekzrv2rmigqe">fatcat:ivhwwmvanjdd3fekzrv2rmigqe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201107131513/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-20-05196/article_deploy/sensors-20-05196.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ca/a1/caa1c96ae3c35a73c5166166301cbb9d598f4dcc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s20185196"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Energy Efficiency in Short and Wide-Area IoT Technologies—A Survey

Eljona Zanaj, Giuseppe Caso, Luca De Nardis, Alireza Mohammadpour, Özgü Alay, Maria-Gabriella Di Benedetto
<span title="2021-03-19">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ccathu4omjd55by7ulzsocssly" style="color: black;">Technologies</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this framework, this survey presents an extensive review of IoT technologies, including both Low-Power Short-Area Networks (LPSANs) and Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWANs), from the perspective of  ...  This process is called duty cycling, with a duty cycle determined as the fraction of time that nodes spend in active state during their lifetime; • Data-driven approaches, designed to reduce the amount  ...  data reception and data packets.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9010022">doi:10.3390/technologies9010022</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/imok6ifey5ei3d5evltyk2mjli">fatcat:imok6ifey5ei3d5evltyk2mjli</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210324010748/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/technologies/technologies-09-00022/article_deploy/technologies-09-00022.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d8/f7/d8f78861fdf3c190b6484fbc1ce4f08d693fdd75.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9010022"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

ACE: A Routing Algorithm Based on Autonomous Channel Scheduling for Bluetooth Mesh Network

Minyue Wang, Yeming Li, Jiamei Lv, Yi Gao, Cheng Qiao, Baiqiang Liu, Wei Dong
<span title="2021-12-30">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ikdpfme5h5egvnwtvvtjrnntyy" style="color: black;">Electronics</a> </i> &nbsp;
In ACE, BLE channel resources can be efficiently utilized by a channel scheduling scheme for each node locally and autonomously without any neighborly negotiation.  ...  Bluetooth Mesh is an emerging networking technology, which can be used to organize a massive network with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) devices.  ...  • Noncontinuous scanning state: According to Bluetooth Mesh network specification, the relays or the friend nodes should be scanning with a duty cycle as close as possible 100% to avoid missing any  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11010113">doi:10.3390/electronics11010113</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/x4pnq5buhfdm3oa5jheknhzrte">fatcat:x4pnq5buhfdm3oa5jheknhzrte</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220504222348/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/electronics/electronics-11-00113/article_deploy/electronics-11-00113.pdf?version=1640851777" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b3/ec/b3ec6b73438b26374027406bab8ac4f549eb1b27.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11010113"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Wireless Mesh Networking: An IoT-Oriented Perspective Survey on Relevant Technologies

Antonio Cilfone, Luca Davoli, Laura Belli, Gianluigi Ferrari
<span title="2019-04-17">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hijy7jexkvcipg3tulqv73bck4" style="color: black;">Future Internet</a> </i> &nbsp;
Our goal is to highlight how various communication technologies may be suitable for mesh networking, either providing a native support or being adapted subsequently.  ...  Then, the low-power node P can ask to N for new messages with a rate compatible with its reduced duty cycle, and limiting its power usage.  ...  • Friendship and Low-Power feature: since the standard forces nodes to scan advertisement channels with a 100% duty cycle, this strongly affects the low-energy aspect of BLE advertising precluding the  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11040099">doi:10.3390/fi11040099</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zsuf2bb35rfe7aqrhewcy56vqy">fatcat:zsuf2bb35rfe7aqrhewcy56vqy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503231840/https://res.mdpi.com/futureinternet/futureinternet-11-00099/article_deploy/futureinternet-11-00099.pdf?filename=&amp;attachment=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7e/9e/7e9e0b395ecfa0bd2925f9aa495a2d672f570f4c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11040099"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

25 Years of Bluetooth Technology

Sherali Zeadally, Farhan Siddiqui, Zubair Baig
<span title="2019-09-09">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hijy7jexkvcipg3tulqv73bck4" style="color: black;">Future Internet</a> </i> &nbsp;
We also discuss related issues (including security) and Bluetooth as a driving technology for the Internet of Things (IoT).  ...  For many of us, Bluetooth is an essential technology that we use every day. We provide an insight into the history of Bluetooth and its significant design developments over the last 25 years.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments which helped us improve the quality, content, and organization of this paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11090194">doi:10.3390/fi11090194</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xof43v6hjvck5ewabrg5j5wqga">fatcat:xof43v6hjvck5ewabrg5j5wqga</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200210173514/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/futureinternet/futureinternet-11-00194/article_deploy/futureinternet-11-00194.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/44/64/44648523e8b42e19d5bc703a51e9c9a66863b5cd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fi11090194"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Robust and Resilient Data Collection Protocols for Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks

Daichi KOMINAMI, Masashi SUGANO, Masayuki MURATA, Takaaki HATAUCHI
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Institute of Electronics, Information and Communications Engineers (IEICE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4dhg4rk2rzdyfllkpx64b2rq6a" style="color: black;">IEICE transactions on communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
, Masashi SUGANO † †b) , Member, Masayuki MURATA †c) , Fellow, and Takaaki HATAUCHI † † †d) , Member SUMMARY Robustness is one of the significant properties in wireless sensor networks because sensor nodes  ...  Research (C) 23500097" of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) in Japan.  ...  Acknowledgment This research was supported in part by "Global COE (Centers of Excellence) Program" of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, and "Grant-in-Aid for Scientific  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1587/transcom.e95.b.2740">doi:10.1587/transcom.e95.b.2740</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pf6i5dmp2zb2dpru3ngwf4raya">fatcat:pf6i5dmp2zb2dpru3ngwf4raya</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829180918/http://www.anarg.jp/achievements/web2012/paper/d-kominami12ieice-robustMWSN.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/58/f1/58f195ed9f5b2c76af803c473f43d610023bf1f2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1587/transcom.e95.b.2740"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

TRILO: A Traffic Indication-Based Downlink Communication Protocol for LoRaWAN

Youngjune Oh, Jongwon Lee, Chong-Kwon Kim
<span title="2018-09-10">2018</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6o4hgxplrbehxg4t53ub7zmfha" style="color: black;">Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
LPWAN (Low-Power Wide Area Network) technologies such as LoRa and SigFox are emerging as a technology of choice for the Internet of Things (IoT) applications where tens of thousands of untethered devices  ...  For example, to avoid idle listening, LoRaWAN restricts downlink communications.  ...  The duty cycle is the sum of wake-up times used for beacon reception, for possible poll transmission, and for downlink data frame receptions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6463097">doi:10.1155/2018/6463097</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xub72bsrdfhqlpkh4ak5s4oana">fatcat:xub72bsrdfhqlpkh4ak5s4oana</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190502221827/http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/wcmc/2018/6463097.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5a/07/5a078d4493675ca7b04d890be7b3ab2c91f07f13.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6463097"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> hindawi.com </button> </a>

Comparison of the Device Lifetime in Wireless Networks for the Internet of Things

Elodie Morin, Mickael Maman, Roberto Guizzetti, Andrzej Duda
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
LoRa achieves long lifetimes behind 802.15.4 and BLE for ultra low traffic intensity; SIGFOX only matches LoRa for very small data sizes.  ...  This paper presents a comparison of the expected lifetime for Internet of Things (IoT) devices operating in several wireless networks: the IEEE 802.15.4/e, Bluetooth low energy (BLE), the IEEE 802.11 power  ...  D. 802.11 PSM 802.11 PSM is an energy-optimized mode specified in the 802.11b version. It targets energy efficiency by enabling active/sleep duty cycles for associated nodes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2017.2688279">doi:10.1109/access.2017.2688279</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kjaw6qbahrdqzaqdsbqbs2pk4a">fatcat:kjaw6qbahrdqzaqdsbqbs2pk4a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180726181103/https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01649135/file/FINAL%20Article.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/43/b1/43b112461611cdd930b524367a3c533bb999636c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2017.2688279"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Receiver-initiated medium access control protocols for wireless sensor networks

Xenofon Fafoutis, Alessio Di Mauro, Madava D. Vithanage, Nicola Dragoni
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/blfmvfslmbggxhopuigjdb3jma" style="color: black;">Computer Networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
Historically, data exchange has always been initiated by the node willing to relay data, i.e. the sender.  ...  This allows for new useful properties to be satisfied, novel schemes to be introduced and new challenges to be tackled.  ...  Therefore, a low duty cycling receiver will force the transmitter to waste a significant amount of energy, leading to sub-optimal network performance.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2014.11.002">doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2014.11.002</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rbrjozn5b5dtle5yggubo4bdla">fatcat:rbrjozn5b5dtle5yggubo4bdla</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170505110519/http://eis.bris.ac.uk:80/~xf14883/files/journal/2015_comnet_risurvey.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/48/e6/48e678856c0d88c0112338c54fd5c4156a15ba92.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2014.11.002"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Energy efficiency in wireless sensor networks: A top-down survey

Tifenn Rault, Abdelmadjid Bouabdallah, Yacine Challal
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/blfmvfslmbggxhopuigjdb3jma" style="color: black;">Computer Networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
This research covers several areas going from physical layer optimization to network layer solutions.  ...  On the one hand, energyconstrained sensors are expected to run autonomously for long periods.  ...  It was supported by the French Government, through the program "Investments for the future" managed by the National Agency for Research (Reference ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2014.03.027">doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2014.03.027</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zfkrhg2drzdafcxzshqoeobkv4">fatcat:zfkrhg2drzdafcxzshqoeobkv4</a> </span>
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