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Information Presentation in Decision and Risk Analysis: Answered, Partly Answered, and Unanswered Questions

L. Robin Keller, Yitong Wang
2016 Risk Analysis  
From a broader perspective, in the construal level theory literature (69) (70) (71) researchers have identified a similar effect of psychological distances on human decision-making, where psychological  ...  However, what we would really like to see (at least from decision making and risk analysis perspectives), is how it can help to improve decisions. The future research may fall in two branches.  ... 
doi:10.1111/risa.12697 pmid:27653944 fatcat:rsoqv4z3xfcihmhpkissgjs54m

Climate risk perceptions in the Ontario (Canada) electricity sector

A.M. Dowbiggin
2019 Figshare  
This thesis examines management cognition of climate risks in the electricity sector in Ontario (Canada).Risk perception literature is combined with corporate adaptation and risk management literature  ...  In this work, eight exogenous and endogenous factors relating to climate risk are examined for their influence on how management may view a wider spectrum of climate change impacts.  ...  Merna and Althani (2008) W. and Snyder (1981) showed that a predominantly optimism bias and a 'Pollyanna effect' were evident in their analysis of corporate narratives.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.8006312 fatcat:tguaoqtdondare77o2k3l46dvu

Health Risk Perceptions and Consumer Psychology

Geeta Menon, Priya Raghubir, Nidhi Agrawal
2006 Social Science Research Network  
We integrate extant models proposed in social and health psychology and build a theoretical model for examining risk perceptions.  ...  We first define risk, and discuss the importance of studying risk perceptions in the health domain.  ...  Drawing on Construal Level Theory (Trope and Liberman 2000) , they showed that temporal framing mimics the effects of temporal distance such that an "every day" framing makes risks seem more proximal  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.945673 fatcat:o7uy2f44k5dt5gvdy43vadmu4e

Detection of early warning signals for overruns in IS projects: linguistic analysis of business case language

Nick Benschop, Cokky A. R. Hilhorst, Arno L. P. Nuijten, Mark Keil
2020 European Journal of Information Systems  
Drawing on two theoretical perspectivesthe Linguistic Category Model (LCM) and Construal Level Theory (CLT)two sets of rival hypotheses were tested concerning the relationship between project overruns  ...  A contributing factor is the so-called planning fallacy in which people tend to underestimate the resources required to complete a project.  ...  Theory which suggests that a low construal level will improve estimates There also is a theoretical perspective that suggests that a low construal level can improve planning.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0960085x.2020.1742587 fatcat:avsltsvi5ngejpth6tosiwg7am

International Relations and the Psychology of Time Horizons1

RONALD R. KREBS, AARON RAPPORT
2012 International Studies Quarterly  
In this article, we present relevant findings from psychology and behavioral economics, notably those of "construal level theory" (CLT), and explore these findings' implications for three classic questions-international  ...  Scholars of international relations often embed in their theories crucial assumptions about time horizons, and this article seeks to show what differences it makes if we ground these assumptions in what  ...  TABLE 1 . 1 Construal Level Theory Expectations for Decision Making Regarding Near vs.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2478.2012.00726.x fatcat:r45l5mpd35hqpdcneezo57jhi4

Culture-related factors affect sunk cost bias

Carol Y. Yoder, Ruben Mancha, Nupur Agrawal
2014 Behavioral Development Bulletin  
Cultural differences on sunk cost bias were consistent with self-justification theory. In Study 2 a new set of sunk cost scenarios varied environmental use and sustainability themes.  ...  A sunk cost bias occurs when previous choices affect present decisions.  ...  Even though self-construal was not individually effective in predicting sunk cost bias, it is interesting that when Americans were primed counter-to-culture (in ways that highlighted others), they thought  ... 
doi:10.1037/h0101086 fatcat:2fvkyefpybbjngfvmk2xhg6mxy

Seeing the Forest for the Trees: Exploratory Learning, Mobile Technology, and Knowledge Workers' Role Integration Behaviors

Jean-Nicolas Reyt, Batia M. Wiesenfeld
2015 Academy of Management Journal  
We draw upon boundary theory and construal level theory to hypothesize that role integration behaviors shift people from thinking concretely to thinking more abstractly about their work.  ...  , higher construal level, and more exploratory learning activities.  ...  on one team project while attending a client meeting for a different team project.  ... 
doi:10.5465/amj.2013.0991 fatcat:tcimwpdfznec3oubzwa6x5v7eu

Perceptions of time in relation to climate change

Sabine Pahl, Stephen Sheppard, Christine Boomsma, Christopher Groves
2015 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change  
its temporal context.  ...  Time is at the heart of understanding climate change, from the perspective of both natural and social scientists.  ...  Construal level theory analyzes these construal processes as a function of distance, and is discussed next.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcc.340 fatcat:ybv2a5g5ybh73amw7irx5a75vy

Perceptions of time in relation to climate change

Sabine Pahl, Stephen Sheppard, Christine Boomsma, Christopher Groves
2014 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change  
its temporal context.  ...  Time is at the heart of understanding climate change, from the perspective of both natural and social scientists.  ...  Construal level theory analyzes these construal processes as a function of distance, and is discussed next.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcc.272 fatcat:z6vkpxnq5baxxpduhw6shdg2na

Factors Affecting Customer Intention to Adopt a Mobile Chronic Disease Management Service

Zhangxiang Zhu, Yongmei Liu, Xianye Cao, Wei Dong
2022 Journal of Organizational and End User Computing  
The authors also verified the differentiating age effect on the service adoption intention from experiential distance perspective of the construal level theory.  ...  The findings can aid MCDMS providers in selecting marketing strategies targeted toward different age groups.  ...  distance perspective of the construal level theory.  ... 
doi:10.4018/joeuc.287910 fatcat:a2q5vslbubcafop3mlvxb7h3vu

Organized Illusions: A Behavioral Theory of Why Corporations Mislead Stock Market Investors (And Cause Other Social Harms)

Donald C. Langevoort
1997 University of Pennsylvania law review  
Dennis, Mandatory Disclosure Theory and Management Projections: A Law and Economics Perspective, 46 MD. L.  ...  Natural optimism should find a willing audience; more strained versions will be greeted with increasing levels of skepticism among mid-level managers-who are just as likely to engage in self-serving construal  ...  My aim here is simply to suggest that this genre of organization theory has the potential to inform a broad range of issues in civil and criminal law, where the anthropomorphic conception of the firm still  ... 
doi:10.2307/3312706 fatcat:ugezka2y4fgi5ecinjskffsnzm

Project Suspensions and Failures in New Product Development: Returns for Entrepreneurial Firms in Co-Development Alliances

Yansong Hu, Peter McNamara, Dorota Piaskowska
2016 The Journal of product innovation management  
The results confirm that prior NPD project suspensions have a stronger value creation effect (or prior failures have a weaker value destruction effect) in the case of exploration alliances in the upstream  ...  In addition, drawing on insights from temporal construal theory, this research predicts that the strength of these effects is contingent on the stage along the exploration-exploitation continuum at which  ...  Thus, construal theory provides a number of insights into drug discovery.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jpim.12322 fatcat:kfrf7zs2ybeqxeo6hrpwpdglmq

Long-Term Bias

Michal Barzuza, Eric Talley
2020 Columbia Business Law Review  
We illustrate sev- eral plausible instantiations of such biases using case studies from three prominent companies where managers have argua- bly succumbed to a form of "long-termism" in their own corpo  ...  A growing literature in behavioral finance and psychology now provides sound reasons to conclude that corpo- rate managers often fall prey to long-term bias—excessive op- timism about their own long-term  ...  That is, for long-term projects, even a moderate level of optimism bias could result in a far larger overestimation of the project's expected value, relative to its objective, expected value.  ... 
doi:10.52214/cblr.v2020i1.7158 fatcat:v5a5ooikfza5zh6e3qj42vo6v4

Assumptions in Decision Making Scholarship: Implications for Business Ethics Research

Kirsten Martin, Bidhan Parmar
2011 Journal of Business Ethics  
Given the breadth of disciplines and approaches within management decision making scholarship, a content analysis of management decision making scholarship produces a greater range of assumptions with  ...  While decision making scholarship in management has specifically addressed the objectivist assumptions within the rational choice model, a similar move within business ethics has only begun to occur.  ...  as risk taking'' (p. 928).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0965-z fatcat:3sfuzh7au5fzjhmqetcfp7xoo4

Long-Term Bias

Michal Barzuza, Eric L. Talley
2019 Social Science Research Network  
A growing literature in behavioral finance and psychology now provides sound reasons to conclude that corporate managers often fall prey to long-term bias-excessive optimism about their own long-term projects  ...  A growing literature in behavioral finance and psychology now provides sound reasons to conclude that corporate managers often fall prey to long-term bias-excessive optimism about their own long-term projects  ...  That is, for long-term projects, even a moderate level of optimism bias could result in a far larger overestimation of the project's expected value, relative to its objective, expected value.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3338631 fatcat:hpisksoo45cdbpgsznvolgjiru
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