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Optimal pricing for peer-to-peer sharing with network externalities [article]

Yunpeng Li, Costas Courcoubetis, Lingjie Duan, Richard Weber
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we analyse how a peer-to-peer sharing platform should price its service (when imagined as an excludable public good) to maximize profit, when each user's participation adds value to the  ...  The bounded utility model fits many infrastructure sharing applications with bounded network value, in which complete coverage has a finite user valuation (e.g., WiFi or hotspot).  ...  . • We study the optimal pricing for a peer-to-peer sharing platform under incomplete information, by considering both the infrastructure and content sharing applications (with bounded and unbounded network  ... 
arXiv:1805.09616v3 fatcat:gxfqopgq3veercp6pftnvovzzq

A mechanism for pricing and resource allocation in peer-to-peer networks

Chetan Kumar, Kemal Altinkemer, Prabuddha De
2011 Electronic Commerce Research and Applications  
In this study, we design a pricing and allocation mechanism for a peer-to-peer (P2P) network that allows users in a firm to effectively share their computing resources.  ...  With this pricing scheme, no individual user has an incentive to overutilize shared resources, thereby avoiding the 'Tragedy of the Commons' for the P2P network.  ...  A mechanism for pricing and resource allocation in peer-to-peer networks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.elerap.2010.07.004 fatcat:5wsplqyy2zduho7dv7p6v2c3tq

Comparing economic incentives in peer-to-peer networks

Panayotis Antoniadis, Costas Courcoubetis, Robin Mason
2004 Computer Networks  
Users who join a peer-to-peer network have, in general, sub-optimal incentives to contribute to the network, because of the externalities that exist between them.  ...  (RTD No IST-2001-34201) the full information optimal as the number of peers in the network becomes large.  ...  Note that in this solution, if it is optimal for any peer to contribute files, then it is optimal for all peers to share files (since the marginal costs and benefits of file sharing are the same for all  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2004.03.021 fatcat:w4omawr4ejdubdbnc7fqlseibm

A Game Theoretic Analysis of Incentives in Content Production and Sharing Over Peer-to-Peer Networks

Jaeok Park, Mihaela van der Schaar
2010 IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing  
designing incentive schemes for P2P networks.  ...  User-generated content can be distributed at a low cost using peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, but the free-rider problem hinders the utilization of P2P networks.  ...  Since for and for , the price will converge to the optimal price starting from any initial price. We compare the above price adjustment process with that in [34] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstsp.2010.2048609 fatcat:jjpdjmwlm5gvvjmjznxiynvvni

Social networks and the firm
Inglês

Sanjeev Goyal, Julien Gagnon
2016 RAUSP: Revista de Administração da Universidade de São Paulo  
The analysis brings out the advantages of using networks to define optimal targets for advertising and also in shaping optimal pricing.  ...  They show that at equilibrium, the price that the monopoly sets for each consumer can be decomposed in three elements: (i) the optimal price without network information, common to all players; (ii) a price  ...  Galeotti and Goyal (2010). (3) For a formalization of this argument see Bala and Goyal (1998). (4) This maximal such group in any network is defined as the "q-core" of a network (see Bollobás, 1984;  ... 
doi:10.5700/rausp1237 fatcat:u2kaydyylreshop65irpljzoa4

Network neutrality and the evolution of the internet

Günter Knieps
2011 International Journal of Management and Network Economics  
Abstract: In order to create incentives for Internet traffic providers not to discriminate with respect to certain applications on the basis of network capacity requirements, the concept of market driven  ...  An economic framework for market driven network neutrality in broadband Internet is provided, consisting of congestion pricing and quality of service differentiation.  ...  There is no social planner to globally optimize capacities and prices for all traffic service networks.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijmne.2011.042578 fatcat:cclhsa3ifvejphtuo4xy7dxhnu

Digital Business Models for Peer-to-Peer Networks: Analysis and Economic Issues

Ramayya Krishnan, Michael D. Smith, Zhulei Tang, Rahul Telang
2006 Social Science Research Network  
Peer-to-peer (P2P) services allow users to share networked resources, notably bandwidth and content, from the edges of the network.  ...  These services have been popularized because of file sharing -particularly the sharing of unlicensed copyrighted files. However, content owners are increasingly exploring the ability of peer-to-peer  ...  The most common solution is using explicit or implicit pricing to endogenize the externality that peers impose on the network.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.917899 fatcat:rbliq3k7pncfxl4rbfpxdkfgjm

Digital Business Models for Peer-to-Peer Networks: Analysis and Economic Issue

Ramayya Krishnan, Michael D. Smith, Zhulei Tang, Rahul Telang
2007 Review of Network Economics  
Peer-to-peer (P2P) services allow users to share networked resources, notably bandwidth and content, from the edges of the network.  ...  However, content owners are increasingly exploring the ability of peer-to-peer networks to accommodate legitimate content distribution and promotion.  ...  The most common solution is using explicit or implicit pricing to endogenize the externality that peers impose on the network.  ... 
doi:10.2202/1446-9022.1117 fatcat:zs6wj4epkzbf5hdw6scpcj5p7m

The impact of free-riding on peer-to-peer networks

R. Krishnan, M.D. Smith, Zhulei Tang, R. Telang
2004 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2004. Proceedings of the  
Peer-to-Peer networking is gaining popularity as a architecture for sharing information goods and other computing resources.  ...  However, we also show that without external incentives, the level of free-riding in P2P networks will be higher than socially optimal.  ...  They argue since congestion overwhelms other network effects in a wireless network, peering technology with pricing will mitigate the congestion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2004.1265472 dblp:conf/hicss/KrishnanSTT04 fatcat:bnf5la4o6nc55p2ap66y5dl7uy

Evaluating the interdependency between peer-to-peer networks and energy storages: A techno-economic proof for prosumers

Stefan Englberger, Archie C. Chapman, Wayes Tushar, Tariq Almomani, Stephen Snow, Rolf Witzmann, Andreas Jossen, Holger Hesse
2021 Advances in Applied Energy  
Fig. 6 . 6 The annual share of locally traded electricity in a peer-to-peer network by number of participating peers shows a saturating effect as the heterogeneity of peers declines with increasing network  ...  Table 2 Techno-economic results of an exemplary peer-to-peer (P2P) network with three peers and different market schemes for one summer day.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.adapen.2021.100059 fatcat:nu7kd3vktja3hnxmz2rtwi7kum

Pricing and Network Externalities in Peer-to-Peer Communications Networks (Draft) [article]

Sam Chandan, Christiaan Hogendorn
2001 arXiv   pre-print
This paper analyzes the pricing of transit traffic in wireless peer-to-peer networks using the concepts of direct and indirect network externalities.  ...  With pricing and perfect competition, a peering equilibrium is possible and allows many more users on the network at the same time.  ...  Clubs with Price Controls Adjusting the price of a peering connection to reflect the pollution externality follows the usual first-best solution to externality problems in economics.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0109081v2 fatcat:6wffu4qqy5g2vagkbx7e52w5fu

The Virtual Commons: Why Free-Riding Can Be Tolerated in File Sharing Networks

Ramayya Krishnan, Michael D. Smith, Zhulei Tang, Rahul Telang
2003 Social Science Research Network  
With regard to the latter finding, we show that without external incentives, the level of free-riding in peer-to-peer networks will be higher than the socially optimal level, but that quality of service  ...  We also show that network performance can be improved by grouping peers into communities that provide similar value and by providing external incentives to peers to share.  ...  It provides a rational incentive for some users to share content even without altruism or external incentives.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.450241 fatcat:77423c2npfehdnljsiykuckmr4

An Empirical Analysis of Network Externalities in Peer-To-Peer Music Sharing Networks

Atip Asvanund, Karen B. Clay, Ramayya Krishnan, Michael D. Smith
2003 Social Science Research Network  
P eer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing networks are an important medium for the distribution of information goods.  ...  Our research addresses this gap in understanding by measuring the impact of both positive and negative network externalities on the optimal size of P2P networks.  ...  The authors also thank the editors of ISR and three anonymous referees for valuable comments on this research.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.433780 fatcat:bnl4d3ewq5cixlmztrwdyscahu

A study of Nash equilibrium in contribution games for peer-to-peer networks

Jacomo Corbo, Antoni Calvó-Armengol, David Parkes
2006 ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review  
We consider a stylized model of content contribution in a peer-to-peer network.  ...  We also provide a partial characterization of optimal NE graphs and suggest different approaches for how a network designer can promote more efficient graph structures.  ...  We would like to study this in our game, and particularly how the socially optimal networks differ from the optimal equilibrium networks.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1151374.1151388 fatcat:cabkpfpyiva4vakumqm23ebo5u

An Empirical Analysis of Network Externalities in Peer-to-Peer Music-Sharing Networks

Atip Asvanund, Karen Clay, Ramayya Krishnan, Michael D. Smith
2004 Information systems research  
P eer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing networks are an important medium for the distribution of information goods.  ...  Our research addresses this gap in understanding by measuring the impact of both positive and negative network externalities on the optimal size of P2P networks.  ...  The authors also thank the editors of ISR and three anonymous referees for valuable comments on this research.  ... 
doi:10.1287/isre.1040.0020 fatcat:byithe7fqnh27dqyy62yd3lecu
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