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Optimal Placement of Multiple Visual Sensors [chapter]

Eva Hörster, Rainer Lienhart
2009 Multi-Camera Networks  
An important issue in designing sensor arrays is the appropriate placement of the visual sensors such that they achieve a predefined goal.  ...  Many novel multimedia systems and applications use visual sensor arrays.  ...  Problem Statement There are many problems that could be considered in the placement of multiple visual sensors. Here we focus on four problems. Variations can be tackled in a similar fashion.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-374633-7.00007-0 fatcat:fgxzgofctneklk3qpmtfa4c5e4

Optimal visual sensor planning

Jian Zhao, Sen-ching S. Cheung
2009 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems  
Using this visibility model, a novel BIP algorithms are proposed to find the optimal camera placement for tracking visual tags in multiple cameras.  ...  The design of such a visual sensor network is a challenging problem due to the complexity of the environment, self and mutual occlusion of moving objects, diverse sensor properties and a myriad of performance  ...  In section II we develop the visibility model for the "visual tagging" problem based on the probability of observing a tag from multiple visual sensors.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2009.5117711 dblp:conf/iscas/ZhaoC09 fatcat:my6yaa6i4vetle43ox27kdsjmq

A Preliminary Study on Optimal Placement of Cameras [article]

Lin Xu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This paper primarily focuses on figuring out the best array of cameras, or visual sensors, so that such a placement enables the maximum utilization of these visual sensors.  ...  To solve the problem, the coverage problem is first defined subject to the capabilities and limits of cameras. Then, poses of cameras are analyzed for the best arrangement.  ...  In this case, optimal placement of cameras is critical.  ... 
arXiv:1910.12053v1 fatcat:uqg762gnbvaslgvxqjjfqtdhxa

Optimal Placement of Roadside Infrastructure Sensors towards Safer Autonomous Vehicle Deployments [article]

Roshan Vijay, Jim Cherian, Rachid Riah, Niels de Boer, Apratim Choudhury
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a novel methodology towards obtaining an optimal placement of V2X (Vehicle-to-everything) infrastructure sensors, which is particularly attractive to urban AV deployments, with  ...  Therefore these sensors must be placed strategically and optimally to yield maximum benefits in terms of the overall safety of road users.  ...  This results in optimal placement even while considering worst case scenarios with multiple 3D obstacles.  ... 
arXiv:2110.01251v1 fatcat:czqhy7cdwbd5dclvpdvcbhwygi

WSN Nodes Placement Optimization Based on a Weighted Centroid Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm

Hong Yin, Ying Zhang, Xu He
2018 Algorithms  
Aiming at optimal placement of wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes of wind turbine blade for health inspection, a weighted centroid artificial fish swarm algorithm (WC-AFSA) is proposed.  ...  Optimal sensor placement is realized by minimizing the maximum off-diagonal elements of the modal assurance criterion as the objective function.  ...  There are better optimization effects when optimizing the sensor placement of the blade.  ... 
doi:10.3390/a11100147 fatcat:clxqcpcwrjhqhhpa267b6opcbi

Coverage optimization to support security monitoring

Alan T. Murray, Kamyoung Kim, James W. Davis, Raghu Machiraju, Richard Parent
2007 Computers, Environment and Urban Systems  
The approach is applied in the context of video sensor placement in an urban area, illustrating the various tradeoffs that can be identified using optimization-based techniques.  ...  The placement of sensors to support security monitoring is obviously critical as it will directly impact the efficacy of allocated resources and system performance.  ...  Identifying an optimal configuration of multiple sensors in order to observe the greatest total area with a given number of sensors is a combinatorial optimization problem.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2006.06.002 fatcat:kycptldfl5azpcctolwej77ua4

Design Analysis of a High-Resolution Panoramic Camera Using Conventional Imagers and a Mirror Pyramid

Hong Hua, Narendra Ahuja, Chunyu Gao
2007 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
Using a dual mirror pyramid (DMP) panoramic camera as an example, in this paper, we examine how the pyramid geometry, and the selection and placement of imager clusters can be optimized to maximize the  ...  overall panoramic FOV, sensor utilization efficiency, and image uniformity.  ...  Optimizing Sensor Efficiency The utilization efficiency of the sensor, e, is defined as the ratio of the area covered by the nonoccluded reflective visual field to that of the image sensor.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2007.33 pmid:17170487 fatcat:wurrx4zf5vfyjjde6o3rab4kby

Approximating Optimal Visual Sensor Placement

E. Horster, R. Lienhart
2006 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo  
Many novel multimedia applications use visual sensor arrays. In this paper we address the problem of optimally placing multiple visual sensors in a given space.  ...  Simultaneously it determines the optimal positions and poses of the visual sensors.  ...  An important issue in designing sensor arrays is the appropriate placement of the visual sensors such that they achieve a predefined goal.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icme.2006.262766 dblp:conf/icmcs/HorsterL06 fatcat:tmzrb7f3qnapdg4vfm76nhkkji

Optimal IDS Sensor Placement and Alert Prioritization Using Attack Graphs

Steven Noel, Sushil Jajodia
2008 Journal of Network and Systems Management  
We optimally place intrusion detection system (IDS) sensors and prioritize IDS alerts using attack graph analysis.  ...  The sensor-placement problem we pose is an instance of the NP-hard minimal set cover problem. We solve this problem through an efficient greedy algorithm, which works well in practice.  ...  Our sensor placement is optimal, in that only a minimum number of sensors are needed.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10922-008-9109-x fatcat:zhktqu4xhjc7ffoy5ai24ruzbi

Visually Guided Cooperative Robot Actions Based on Information Quality

Vivek A. Sujan, Steven Dubowsky
2005 Autonomous Robots  
The algorithm is applicable for both an individual agent as well as multiple cooperating agents.  ...  First, an information-based iterative algorithm to intelligently plan the robot's visual exploration strategy is used to enable it to efficiently build 3D models of its environment and task elements.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA in this  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10514-005-6013-2 fatcat:4htwsmfffnfvje22vaiqqex6qq

Robust Placement of Water Quality Sensor for Long-Distance Water Transfer Projects Based on Multi-Objective Optimization and Uncertainty Analysis

Yu Li, Jinggang Chu, Guozhen Wei, Sifan Jin, Tiantian Yang, Bo Li
2021 Sustainability  
contaminant incident consisting of contaminant intrusion location, time and mass, was established to obtain optimal placement of water quality sensor with better robustness in this paper.  ...  sensor placement scheme.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13041834 fatcat:fkbprysnm5delpaldk4nqkxv2u

On optimizing sensor placement for spatio-temporal temperature estimation in large battery packs

Philipp Wolf, Scott Moura, Miroslav Krstic
2012 2012 IEEE 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)  
The process of optimizing the number and location of sensors involves two steps: First, a binary optimization minimizes the number of sensors.  ...  This paper optimizes the number of sensors and their locations for estimating the 2-D spatio-temporal temperature dynamics in large battery packs.  ...  Figure 2 provides a sample visualization of S x for two sensors in the x subdomain. This problem is riddled with multiple local optima.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cdc.2012.6426191 dblp:conf/cdc/WolfMK12 fatcat:5mdnn5izp5adhpubjggqgv5dbq

Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm Based Optimal Sensor Placement

Zhen-rui Peng, Yu Zhao, Hong Yin, An Pan
2015 International Journal of Control and Automation  
The results show that AFSA is more effective than the particle swarm optimization (PSO) method, in achieving optimal sensor placement.  ...  In order to gain more information reflecting bridge health status, with fewer sensors, a method based on artificial fish swarm algorithm (AFSA) is proposed to solve optimal sensor placement (OSP) problem  ...  How to place sensors reasonably has become one of the most importantly problems, which is known as optimal sensor placement (OSP).  ... 
doi:10.14257/ijca.2015.8.4.28 fatcat:dsuydahbprd7zptavpqtvo3l5q

Active vision in robotic systems: A survey of recent developments

Shengyong Chen, Youfu Li, Ngai Ming Kwok
2011 The international journal of robotics research  
The aim of sensor planning is to determine the pose and settings of vision sensors for undertaking a vision-based task that usually requires obtaining multiple views of the object to be manipulated.  ...  A bundle of solutions and methods have been proposed to solve these problems in the past.  ...  Hodge and Kamel presented an automated system for multiple sensor placement based on the coordinated decisions of independent, intelligent agents.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0278364911410755 fatcat:pdpxmt4a5nhdvdojcsassxox6i

Multi-objective optimization for conjunctive placement of hydraulic and water quality sensors in water distribution systems

Ami Preis, Andrew Whittle, Avi Ostfeld
2011 Water Science and Technology : Water Supply  
The proposed method provides a new tool for sensor placements.  ...  In this study a multi-objective sensor network placement model for conjunctive monitoring of hydraulic and water quality data is developed and demonstrated using the multi-objective non-dominated sorted  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work has been supported by the National Research Foundation of Singapore (NRF) and the Singapore -MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) through the Center for Environmental  ... 
doi:10.2166/ws.2011.029 fatcat:ofnlchk4y5fddbmhmuem4j76ky
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