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Multi-Agents for Microgrids

Salem Al-Agtash, Nisrein Al-Mutlaq, Mohamed Elabbas, Asma Alkhraibat, Mohamad Al Hashem
2021 Energy and Power Engineering  
Agents provide a normal operation in a grid-connected mode and a contingency operation in an islanded mode for fault handling.  ...  In a simulated fault incident, agents coordinate and adjust to a normal operation in 0.012 seconds, a negligible time for microgrid restoration.  ...  Conclusion A novel decentralized multi-agent system is presented for MG operations in both grid-connected and islanded modes.  ... 
doi:10.4236/epe.2021.137020 fatcat:6q2435udczhedgjffjmjjzojfu

Securing critical loads in a PV-based microgrid with a multi-agent system

Manisa Pipattanasomporn, Hassan Feroze, Saifur Rahman
2012 Renewable Energy  
A case study is presented to demonstrate the agents' abilities to island the PV-based microgrid in the event of an external fault, secure critical loads, and resynchronize the microgrid to the main grid  ...  Simulation results indicate that the multi-agent system can isolate and stabilize the PV-based microgrid within half an electrical cycle.  ...  During the normal-mode operation, a microgrid runs as a part of the local utility and coordinates its internal distributed energy resources (DERs) and loads for the most optimal operation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.07.049 fatcat:zge5kmuj2barjaufjyjw7g2gja

Multi-microgrid Energy Management Systems: Architecture, Communication, and Scheduling Strategies

Bin Zhou, Jianting Zou, Chi Yung Chung, Huaizhi Wang, Nian Liu, Nikolai Voropai, Daosen Xu
2021 Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy  
Furthermore, various energy scheduling and control strategies of MMGs for interactive energy trading, multi-energy management, and resilient operations are thoroughly analyzed and investigated.  ...  Lastly, some challenges with great importance in the future research are presented. Index Terms--Energy management system (EMS), microgrid, communication, renewable energy, multi-energy system. .  ...  Microgrids 2 and 4 are three-phase microgrids, while microgrid 3 is a single-phase microgrid. Each microgrid can operate in the islanded or grid-connected mode.  ... 
doi:10.35833/mpce.2019.000237 fatcat:wmuxy6fpnrbbzmnwn6rjc7vbiq

Microgrids: Experiences, barriers and success factors

Mariya Soshinskaya, Wina H.J. Crijns-Graus, Josep M. Guerrero, Juan C. Vasquez
2014 Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews  
Acronyms greenhouse gas (GHG); distributed generation (DG); distributed energy resources (DER); distributed storage (DS); Distribution System Operator (DSO); Independent Power Producer (IPP); Microgrid  ...  development (R&D); Power Flow and Quality Management System (PoMS)  ...  Sjef Cobben, Hiroshi Irie, and Fernando Lanas for taking the time and energy to respond to the questionnaires and follow-up questions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.198 fatcat:d7kk2aju5jhthop2eq3l6noysa

A review of microgrid development in the United States – A decade of progress on policies, demonstrations, controls, and software tools

Wei Feng, Ming Jin, Xu Liu, Yi Bao, Chris Marnay, Cheng Yao, Jiancheng Yu
2018 Applied Energy  
Supported by favorable federal and local policies, microgrid projects can provide greater energy stability and resilience within a project site or community.  ...  Software tools for microgrid design, planning, and performance analysis are illustrated with each tool's core capability.  ...  It is responsible for providing control, regulation, and optimization services to microgrids during different modes of operation (e.g., grid-connected model, islanded mode, and the transitions between  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.096 fatcat:m35q3xjcpfaoxlzgmclp43csni

A Comprehensive Review on Integration Challenges, Optimization Techniques and Control Strategies of Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid

Omar Azeem, Mujtaba Ali, Ghulam Abbas, Muhammad Uzair, Ayman Qahmash, Abdulmohsen Algarni, Mohammad Rashid Hussain
2021 Applied Sciences  
This paper discusses major issues regarding the hybrid microgrids, the integration of AC and DC microgrids, their security and reliability, the optimization of power generation and load management in different  ...  scenarios, the efficient management regarding uncertainty for renewable energy resources, the optimal placement of feeders, and the cost-effective control methodologies for the hybrid microgrid.  ...  The authors are also thankful to the Department of Electrical Engineering, The University of Lahore, Pakistan, for providing facilities to conduct this research.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11146242 fatcat:274dmqmkzzfo7ojow2s75jr3wi

Dual Layered Architecture for Multi Agent Based Islanding and Load Management for Microgrids

Al Kulasekara, Ktmu Hemapala, Rarc Gopura
2015 Journal of Power and Energy Engineering  
These microgrids can be operated either in island mode, where the local loads are fully supplied by the local generation, or in grid connected mode, where the microgrid is either exporting or importing  ...  This paper proposes a novel dual layered multi agent system (MAS) based control system for the use in microgrid operations.  ...  connected mode: While the microgrid is in grid-connected mode, the total demand is 30 kW, with 15 kW critical loads and 15 kW non-critical loads.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jpee.2015.35003 fatcat:zyl2jpujyndg5l34vod3s4mrcm

Microgrids Literature Review through a Layers Structure

Miguel Carpintero-Rentería, David Santos-Martín, Josep M. Guerrero
2019 Energies  
With the foundation of the MG concept, an exhaustive literature review has been developed about the main microgrid layers, such as business, standard, climate, infrastructure or control, and operation.  ...  In this review, an analysis of both research and industrial documents was done.  ...  The operation in [87] is divided into two modes, grid-connected and islanded mode. For both operation modes, flowcharts for optimal dispatch can be found within Chapter 4.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en12224381 fatcat:sdpk7in7cjdtjdfklgg7daxemi

A topological overview of microgrids: from maturity to the future

2021 Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  
The concept of microgrid (MG) has attracted great attention from the system operators for increasing 3 operational effectiveness as well as providing more reliable, sustainable and economic power system  ...  A great deal of literature studies consisting of the traditional MG architecture, encountered challenges and 6 proposed solutions for overcoming them are all examined in detail.  ...  Power sharing, economic dispatch, controlling load-side and generator-side transients should be taken into consideration for MG operation both in islanded mode and grid-connected especially in increased  ... 
doi:10.3906/elk-2012-80 fatcat:vrlnyt2handr3jqbqtps5e7vem

Demonstrations of DC Microgrid and Virtual Power Plant Technologies on the Danish Island of Bornholm

Tatiana Gabderakhmanova, Jan Engelhardt, Jan Martin Zepter, Thomas Meier Sorensen, Knud Boesgaard, Hans Henrik Ipsen, Mattia Marinelli
2020 2020 55th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC)  
The first use case is dedicated to modelling and testing a low-voltage DC microgrid comprising a battery storage, renewable energy sources, and an EV fast charger, towards providing grid services.  ...  Planned research activities for both use cases are described along with results in terms of design and engineering.  ...  The simulations will be run in the islanded and grid-connected operation modes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/upec49904.2020.9209853 fatcat:ypitzl2urzfy5aixvc4tzpfin4

Microgrid Systems: Towards a Technical Performance Assessment Frame

Sophie Marchand, Cristian Monsalve, Thorsten Reimann, Wolfram Heckmann, Jakob Ungerland, Hagen Lauer, Stephan Ruhe, Christoph Krauß
2021 Energies  
A microgrid is an independent power system that can be connected to the grid or operated in an islanded mode.  ...  However, if islanded, microgrids do not benefit from the high inertia of the main grid and can be subject to high variations in terms of voltage and frequency, which challenge their stability.  ...  Based on these technology-independent requirements, the assessment matrix for the reliability of the MG network protection may be used for grid-connected and island operation modes.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14082161 fatcat:n7mzmb553vfuvdfrgbbs6x2v6e

Evolution of the Electricity Distribution Networks—Active Management Architecture Schemes and Microgrid Control Functionalities

Katja H. Sirviö, Hannu Laaksonen, Kimmo Kauhaniemi, Nikos Hatziargyriou
2021 Applied Sciences  
End-customers play a central role in future network operations.  ...  networks considering medium and low voltage grids.  ...  MV: The microgrid operator is responsible for providing electric energy that is safe and high quality in the islanded and grid-connected mode.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11062793 fatcat:iiva7dwiqfcddgztrvj5tf4tme

Impact of Information and Communication Technology Limitations on Microgrid Operation

Mahmoud Saleh, Yusef Esa, Mohamed El Hariri, Ahmed Mohamed
2019 Energies  
A DC microgrid with its communication-based control scheme was modeled to achieve this goal.  ...  Based on this assessment, it offers future prospects regarding the impact of ICT latencies on MGs and, consequently, on the smart grid.  ...  For example, in an islanded mode, it is necessary to optimize the operation of the MG assets, then a centralized or distributed control scheme should be utilized, and, in the case of communication failure  ... 
doi:10.3390/en12152926 fatcat:urtndktrvzd3hiiij6vitxodaa

Efficient Economic and Resilience-Based Optimization for Disaster Recovery Management of Critical Infrastructures

Eng Lau, Kok Chai, Yue Chen, Jonathan Loo
2018 Energies  
Two optimization problems are formulated that resemble the grid operation: normal (grid-connected) and islanded.  ...  Therefore, this paper models a grid optimization module consisting of a mid and low (microgrid) voltage level grid component of an urban grid network for a disaster recovery.  ...  In this case, the conventional is defined as when only grid-connected mode of operation is allowed. In contrast, the optimized grid solution is when there is an islanded operation.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en11123418 fatcat:b3ppspnwebcrfkvudvf572tody

"Energy Sustainability – Survey on Technology and Control of Microgrid, Smart Grid and Virtual Power Plant"

Riaz Khan, Naimul Islam, Sajal K. Das, S. M. Muyeen, Sumaya I. Moyeen, Md. Firoz Ali, Zinat Tasneem, Md. Robiul Islam, Dip K. Saha, Md. Faisal R. Badal, Hafiz Ahamed, Kuaanan Techato
2021 IEEE Access  
Microgrid and smart grid or virtual power plant have become the perfect application of renewable energy. The global market of the microgrid, the smart grid, and the VPP are in high demand.  ...  The retail economy of the smart grid around the world is expected to triple in size that between 2017 and 2023 to reach approximately 61 billion U.S.D and the world market size for smart grid is predicted  ...  Smart grid and microgrid generally operate in two modes. First one is grid-connected way, where all the distributary are connected to the utility grid and the second one is island mode.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3099941 fatcat:a5x3nl2gibchvlm272jey3ovai
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