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Moving from exascale to zettascale computing: challenges and techniques

Xiang-ke Liao, Kai Lu, Can-qun Yang, Jin-wen Li, Yuan Yuan, Ming-che Lai, Li-bo Huang, Ping-jing Lu, Jian-bin Fang, Jing Ren, Jie Shen
2018 Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  
High-performance computing (HPC) is essential for both traditional and emerging scientific fields, enabling scientific activities to make progress.  ...  We then present a perspective of future HPC technology evolution and revolution, leading to our main recommendations in support of zettascale computing in the coming future.  ...  Suggestions for zettascale computing We think that the roadmap for future HPC development can be summarized in three phases. From now to 2025, the system performance will increase to 2-3 Eflops.  ... 
doi:10.1631/fitee.1800494 fatcat:2pmrh3nfkjesragc7zk4wafhtu

Optical network technologies for HPC: computer-architects point of view

Michihiro Koibuchi, Ikki Fujiwara, Kiyo Ishii, Shu Namiki, Fabien Chaix, Hiroki Matsutani, Hideharu Amano, Tomohiro Kudoh
2016 IEICE Electronics Express  
However, conventional HPC systems still use packet networks with electric switches. Only active optical cables for inter-cabinet long links are borrowed from optical network technologies.  ...  Optical network technologies, such as circuit switching, wavelength division multiplex and silicon photonics, have been considered for high-performance computing (HPC) systems to achieve low communication  ...  Her research interests include the areas of photonic network system and optical node architecture. She is a member of IEICE and IEEE.  ... 
doi:10.1587/elex.13.20152007 fatcat:t7dfdiecxzbzrijcrckoar4inm

Networks for Computing Needs

Ashwin Gumaste
2018 Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy  
There is a strong research push towards inculcating photonics technologies as an enabler for chip-to-chip communication, popularly called as optical interconnects.  ...  Networks for Computing As HPC system grow, the underlying interconnection fabric i.e., the network becomes important.  ... 
doi:10.16943/ptinsa/2018/49339 fatcat:4o2vdd2vjzamjb2ye2ugysr7bu

Future HPC Technologies

Jean-François Lavignon
2020 Zenodo  
The last section presents some recommendations for Europe to strengthen its position in technologies relevant for future HPC system.  ...  The current technologies used for HPC systems will not be able to sustain the performance increase requested by the HPC/HPDA/AI1 application communities.  ...  Why do we need new technologies for future HPC systems?  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4106742 fatcat:ybxhgen7nzet7i7bubwou2u55a

Correlated, Real Time Multi-spectral Sensor Test and Evaluation (T&E) in an Installed Systems Test Facility (ISTF) Using High Performance Computing [chapter]

John Kriz, Tom Joyner, Ted Wilson, Greg McGraner
2001 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Military aircraft are increasingly dependent on the use of installed RF and Electro-optical sensor systems and their data correlation/fusion to contend with the increasing demands and complexities of multi-mission  ...  Therefore, simultaneous, and correlated, ground-based T&E of multiple installed RF and Electro-optical (EO) sensors and avionics systems/subsystems is used to optimize the use of scarce flight testing  ...  The modular design enables reconfiguration to incorporate enhancements in other spectra bands and radar modes as necessary to accommodate future systems.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45718-6_57 fatcat:mlgjmedrcnbv5hu6awgcixlxea

All-optical packet/circuit switching-based data center network for enhanced scalability, latency, and throughput

Jordi Perello, Salvatore Spadaro, Sergio Ricciardi, Davide Careglio, Shuping Peng, Reza Nejabati, George Zervas, Dimitra Simeonidou, Alessandro Predieri, Matteo Biancani, Harm S. Dorren, Stefano Lucente (+13 others)
2013 IEEE Network  
This article reviews the current DC and high-performance computing (HPC) outlooks, followed by an analysis of the main requirements for future DCs and HPC platforms.  ...  The FP7 European Project LIGHTNESS foresees extending the capabilities of today's electrical DCNs through the introduction of optical packet switching and optical circuit switching paradigms, realizing  ...  Ben Yoo from the University of California Davis for his valuable comments on the article. This work has been supported by the FP7 European Project LIGHTNESS (FP7-318606).  ... 
doi:10.1109/mnet.2013.6678922 fatcat:rx7yhdg3lndd5mppg6cloo7cmi

The Impact of Optics on HPC System Interconnects

Mike Parker, Steve Scott
2009 2009 17th IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects  
Optical links are finally making sense for HPC system interconnects  Cray is now designing our first hybrid electrical/optical network  Performance and price-performance of optical networks is relatively  ...  Some Conclusions from that 1997 Talk Optics are really expensive compared to electrical signaling  Copper's doing just fine for current MPPs and for the foreseeable futureOptics are useful where you  ...   Broadcast-based networks  Have the expense of listening to everyone, but most traffic is not for you!  ... 
doi:10.1109/hoti.2009.21 dblp:conf/hoti/ParkerS09 fatcat:w4jlewdpdvhftckw5kt5qy7lcy

Eurolab-4-HPC Long-Term Vision on High-Performance Computing [article]

Theo Ungerer, Paul Carpenter
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The objective of the Eurolab-4-HPC vision is to provide a long-term roadmap from 2023 to 2030 for High-Performance Computing (HPC).  ...  Because of the long-term perspective and its speculative nature, the authors started with an assessment of future computing technologies that could influence HPC hardware and software.  ...  We also see new applications for HPC and HPDA that may influence future HPC systems. Such new applications can only partly be predicted.  ... 
arXiv:1807.04521v1 fatcat:5neetrgubjhnvcajcktpkohrzq

Benchmark analysis of AWGR-based optical tiled architectures for multi-socket HPC boards

Paolo Grani, Roberto Proietti, S. J. Ben Yoo
2015 2015 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (PS)  
We analyze the execution time and energy performance of tiled optical multi-socket HPC boards with all-toall AWGR-based interconnection and with different optimizations techniques under PARSEC benchmarking  ...  future on-chip tiled Chip Multi-Processor systems (CMPs).  ...  in HPC systems is still a critical issue.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ps.2015.7329051 fatcat:hllvs6aczfca3oksanwam4ai44

Accelerating of High Performance Data Centers Using Silicon Photonic Switch-Enabled Bandwidth Steering

Yiwen Shen, Sebastien Rumley, Ke Wen, Ziyi Zhu, Alexander Gazman, Keren Bergman
2018 2018 European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC)  
We demonstrate significant performance improvements for data centers and highperformance computing systems through dynamic bandwidth steering enabled by silicon photonic switches on a physical testbed.  ...  Conclusion We demonstrate the applicability of SiP-enabled bandwidth steering to DC and HPC systems and show 30% to 42% performance improvement when operating the GTC application on our system testbed.  ...  In future work we will apply bandwidth steering to other traffic-intensive DC and HPC applications and utilize SiP switches with greater radices for increased network flexibility, as well as apply our  ... 
doi:10.1109/ecoc.2018.8535322 fatcat:sbu5wuvgondcjg7n4k4utvqnie

PINE: Photonic Integrated Networked Energy efficient datacenters (ENLITENED Program)

Madeleine Glick, Nathan Abrams, Qixiang Cheng, Min Yee Teh, Yu-Han Hung, Oscar Jimenez, Songtao Liu, Yoshitomo Okawachi, Michal Lipson, Alexander Gaeta, Keren Bergman, Leif Johansson (+7 others)
2020 Journal of Optical Communications and Networking  
The PINE program leverages the unique features of photonic technologies to enable alternative megadatacenters and high-performance computing (HPC) system architectures that deliver more substantial energy  ...  In phase 1 of the program, the PINE system architecture demonstrated an average factor of 2.2× improvement in transactions/joule across a diverse set of HPC and datacenter applications.  ...  for datacenters and HPC systems.  ... 
doi:10.1364/jocn.402788 fatcat:evcrlkdyjfeunoy6fhh7aagjdy

Optical Interconnects and Extreme Computing

Keren Bergman, John Shalf, Tom Hausken
2016 Optics and photonics news (Print)  
Bandwidth density and WDM Given the cost and power situations today, where can optics make a difference in enabling exaflop systems?  ...  The capital acquisition cost for a leadership-class computing system is estimated today at about US$100-US$150M, and will likely rise in the future to US$200 million (a figure we will use here for illustrative  ... 
doi:10.1364/opn.27.4.000032 fatcat:7pzboeopqvad7d3jjzpzctxtlu

Paving the way for China exascale computing

Yutong Lu
2019 CCF Transactions on High Performance Computing  
China's supercomputing systems now rank among the world's most powerful supercomputers.  ...  As Moore's Law approaches its limit, the development of exascale supercomputing systems is facing a series of grand challenges in both technologies and applications.  ...  I also want to give my appreciation to the Chinese supercomputing research teams (such as Tianhe team, Sunway team, and others) for their unremitting efforts on the domestic supercomputing systems and  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42514-019-00010-y fatcat:vhj7b4nuenholkqmyzpd6sf3ey

The MANGO FET-HPC Project: An Overview

Jose Flich, Giovanni Agosta, Philipp Ampletzer, David Atienza Alonso, Alessandro Cilardo, William Fornaciari, Mario Kovac, Fabrice Roudet, Davide Zoni
2015 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering  
The MANGO project aims at addressing power, performance and predictability (the PPP space) in future High-Performance Computing systems.  ...  It starts from the fundamental intuition that effective techniques for all three goals ultimately rely on customization to adapt the computing resources to reach the desired Quality of Service (QoS).  ...  future HPC.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cse.2015.57 dblp:conf/cse/FlichAAACFKRZ15 fatcat:e6nezy5itrb33euoosuzgdw5qi

Quantum Computers for High-Performance Computing

Travis S. Humble, Alexander McCaskey, Dmitry I. Lyakh, Meenambika Gowrishankar, Albert Frisch, Thomas Monz
2021 IEEE Micro  
We outline considerations and requirements for the use cases, macroarchitecture, microarchitecture, and programming models needed to integrate near-term quantum computers with HPC system, and we conclude  ...  Quantum computing systems are developing rapidly as powerful solvers for a variety of real-world calculations.  ...  Here we examine how much of the underlying infrastructure for HPC will benefit future QC systems including data management, process scheduling, control, networking, and user management.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mm.2021.3099140 fatcat:ubpmef4h7fcvjcv7qjhod6qoj4
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