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Exploitation of optical interconnects in future server architectures

A. F. Benner, M. Ignatowski, J. A. Kash, D. M. Kuchta, M. B. Ritter
2005 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
The potential impacts of optical interconnect technology on future server designs are also reviewed.  ...  As optical technology improves and link frequencies continue to increase, optical links will be increasingly considered for shorter, higher-bandwidth links such as I/O, memory, and system bus links.  ...  optical interconnect technologies that may be integrated into future server systems.  ... 
doi:10.1147/rd.494.0755 fatcat:kn642j4yczc2nja77r2ejxo6xa

Energy-Efficient Big Data Analytics in Datacenters [chapter]

Farhad Mehdipour, Hamid Noori, Bahman Javadi
2016 Advances in Computers  
Future datacenters infrastructure including interconnection network, storage and servers should be able to handle big data applications in an energy-efficient way.  ...  The volume of generated data increases by the rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT), leading to the big data proliferation and more opportunities for data centers.  ...  The desired future architecture for intra-datacenter interconnection will be all-optical connections with switching in the optical domain as shown in Fig. 5 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/bs.adcom.2015.10.002 fatcat:xpecmdmje5avvphkdrdnyv4fqi

Short-Range, Wireless Interconnect within a Computing Chassis: Design Challenges

Patrick Chiang, Sirikarn Woracheewan, Charles Hu, Lei Guo, Rahul Khanna, Jay Nejedlo, Huaping Liu
2010 IEEE Design & Test of Computers  
NEXT-GENERATION COMPUTING systems, from highperformance server farms to battery-constrained mobile devices, consist of several microchips on a single PCB substrate.  ...  Emerging Interconnect Technologies for Gigascale Integration Editor's note: This article advocates the use of short-range wireless communication inside a computing chassis.  ...  We thank Krishnamurthy Soumyanath, Randy Mooney, and Mohan Kumar for their support of this project, and we thank Mosis and LSI for their help and support of the chip fabrication and testing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mdt.2010.56 fatcat:iwam3tewinaitpbwvi6eiog6wa

dReDBox: Materializing a full-stack rack-scale system prototype of a next-generation disaggregated datacenter

M. Bielski, I. Syrigos, K. Katrinis, D. Syrivelis, A. Reale, D. Theodoropoulos, N. Alachiotis, D. Pnevmatikatos, E.H. Pap, G. Zervas, V. Mishra, A. Saljoghei (+7 others)
2018 2018 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE)  
Current datacenters are based on server machines, whose mainboard and hardware components form the baseline, monolithic building block that the rest of the system software, middleware and application stack  ...  software-defined wiring of resources is supported by a full-fledged Type-1 hypervisor that can execute commodity virtual machines, which communicate over a low-latency and high-throughput software-defined optical  ...  Optical interconnection between dCOMPUBRICK and dMEM-BRICK. Fig. 7 . 7 BER Vs receiving optical power for both dBRICKS. dCOMPBRICK and dMEMBRICK are interconnected through ch-1 and ch-8.  ... 
doi:10.23919/date.2018.8342174 dblp:conf/date/BielskiSKSRTAPP18 fatcat:k5jelnqsp5fs3lmi3qoxnkkkwm

Server I/O networks past, present, and future

Renato John Recio
2003 Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Network-I/O convergence experience, lessons, implications - NICELI '03  
This paper will describe the requirements customers place on server I/O networks; the various fabric types and interconnects that have been used to satisfy those requirements; the technologies that are  ...  As a result several fabric types evolved and several interconnects emerged to satisfy a subset of the requirements.  ...  The four major standards-based interconnects are: • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Family is a lowcost interconnect that is used to attach memory mapped I/O adapters to desktop systems and servers  ... 
doi:10.1145/944748.944749 fatcat:mpsgonhiw5d6tiqvr7pzbytuvi

Server I/O networks past, present, and future

Renato John Recio
2003 Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Network-I/O convergence experience, lessons, implications - NICELI '03  
This paper will describe the requirements customers place on server I/O networks; the various fabric types and interconnects that have been used to satisfy those requirements; the technologies that are  ...  As a result several fabric types evolved and several interconnects emerged to satisfy a subset of the requirements.  ...  The four major standards-based interconnects are: • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) Family is a lowcost interconnect that is used to attach memory mapped I/O adapters to desktop systems and servers  ... 
doi:10.1145/944747.944749 fatcat:4ytmiuwahba6jgf4y2d7kq2pey

Disaggregated memory for expansion and sharing in blade servers

Kevin Lim, Jichuan Chang, Trevor Mudge, Parthasarathy Ranganathan, Steven K. Reinhardt, Thomas F. Wenisch
2009 SIGARCH Computer Architecture News  
Analysis of technology and application trends reveals a growing imbalance in the peak compute-to-memory-capacity ratio for future servers.  ...  This remote memory blade can be used for memory capacity expansion to improve performance and for sharing memory across servers to reduce provisioning and power costs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback. This work was partially supported by NSF grant CSR-0834403, and an Open Innovation grant from HP.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1555815.1555789 fatcat:nxo6l6offfdeze5olhvwekwswu

Disaggregated memory for expansion and sharing in blade servers

Kevin Lim, Jichuan Chang, Trevor Mudge, Parthasarathy Ranganathan, Steven K. Reinhardt, Thomas F. Wenisch
2009 Proceedings of the 36th annual international symposium on Computer architecture - ISCA '09  
Analysis of technology and application trends reveals a growing imbalance in the peak compute-to-memory-capacity ratio for future servers.  ...  This remote memory blade can be used for memory capacity expansion to improve performance and for sharing memory across servers to reduce provisioning and power costs.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback. This work was partially supported by NSF grant CSR-0834403, and an Open Innovation grant from HP.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1555754.1555789 dblp:conf/isca/LimCMRRW09 fatcat:jmxooums7nbb7kpj7xwmzkgpra

Energy challenges in optical access and aggregation networks

Daniel C. Kilper, Houman Rastegarfar
2016 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
Transitioning to optical interconnect technologies creates an opportunity to fill both the bottleneck created by the valley and interconnect limitations on the processor peak.  ...  For optical interconnects to be competitive on-chip, they need to reach 100 fJ bit −1 performance levels [5] .  ...  The authors acknowledge Nasser Peyghambarian for his support and encouragement.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0435 pmid:26809581 fatcat:5qxv24zftbhftfvurk2z7nw76a

Optical interconnects: out of the box forever?

Dawei Huang, T. Sze, A. Landin, R. Lytel, H.L. Davidson
2003 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  
Based on a variety of optimization criteria, recent research has suggested that optical interconnects are a viable alternative to electrical interconnects for board-to-board, chip-to-chip, and on-chip  ...  However, the design of modern high-performance computing systems must account for a variety of performance scaling factors that are not included in these analyses.  ...  Nettleton, of Sun Microsystems, for very useful discussions, and for providing detailed information about the real behavior of source synchronous interconnects in a large system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstqe.2003.812506 fatcat:jwmuzkrftfddjgf746bpf2r54u

Composable architecture for rack scale big data computing

Chung-Sheng Li, Hubertus Franke, Colin Parris, Bulent Abali, Mukil Kesavan, Victor Chang
2017 Future generations computer systems  
Through empirical approaches, we develop assessment of the opportunities and challenges for leveraging the composable architecture for rack scale cloud datacenters with a focus on big data and NoSQL workloads  ...  Through empirical approaches, we develop assessment of the opportunities and challenges for leveraging the composable architecture for rack scale cloud datacenters with a focus on big data and NoSQL workloads  ...  The goal is to quantify the memory usage of a popular graph algorithm in order to identify opportunities for running it in a composable memory environment.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2016.07.014 fatcat:bf7rs7plxrb5beczlbljmze3dq

dReDBox: A Disaggregated Architectural Perspective for Data Centers [chapter]

Nikolaos Alachiotis, Andreas Andronikakis, Orion Papadakis, Dimitris Theodoropoulos, Dionisios Pnevmatikatos, Dimitris Syrivelis, Andrea Reale, Kostas Katrinis, George Zervas, Vaibhawa Mishra, Hui Yuan, Ilias Syrigos (+4 others)
2018 Hardware Accelerators in Data Centers  
Memory and hardware accelerators can be dynamically assigned to processing units to boost application performance, while high-speed, low-latency electrical and optical interconnect is a prerequisite for  ...  This introduces various challenges at the system design level, requiring elastic hardware architectures, efficient software support and management, and programmable interconnect.  ...  Fig. 8 . 8 Sample tray architecture with multiple bricks interconnected through optical and electrical interconnection networks.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-92792-3_3 fatcat:3aleh7wb2jfu5fhriswistv5oy

Adaptive virtual infrastructure planning over interconnected IT and optical network resources using evolutionary game theory

M. P. Anastasopoulos, A. Tzanakaki
2012 2012 16th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM)  
This paper focuses on integrated optical network and IT infrastructures in support of the Future Internet and its new emerging applications.  ...  For further details on this issue the reader is referred to [5] . 4) The planned VI must have adequate IT server resources such as CPU, memory, disk storage to support all requested services.  ...  for processing demands on server .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ondm.2012.6210210 dblp:conf/ondm/AnastasopoulosT12 fatcat:6bbcoezmnfecjpiedmgu4arcbm

Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J.M. Van Campenhout, H. Thienpont
2006 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  
Recent advances in the development of optical interconnect technologies suggest the possible emergence of optical interconnects within distributed shared memory (DSM) machines in the near future.  ...  Index Terms-Broadcasting, optical interconnections, reconfigurable architectures, shared memory systems.  ...  in the recent years on the optical broadcast component and for providing the photograph shown in Fig. 3 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstqe.2006.876158 fatcat:ukwrp6o475c4pmrv6hki6txhli

Re-architected Cloud Data Center Networks and Their Impact on the Future Internet [chapter]

Christian Esteve Rothenberg
2010 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Finally, we speculate on the potential impacts of such utility computing developments in shaping the future Internet by driving incentives of adoption of new protocols and architectural changes.  ...  low-cost powerful utility computing facilities includes large-scale (geo)distributed application programming, innovation in the infrastructure (e.g. energy management, packing), and re-thinking how to interconnect  ...  The following domains can be identified as distinctive areas of opportunities for optical technologies: 1) Intra-DCN with all-optical technology, potentially with multiple lambdas per port and WDM-based  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-13247-6_10 fatcat:a5ynpr45bnhznpremsjdykw7gu
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