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Opinions are Made to be Changed: Temporally Adaptive Stance Classification [article]

Rabab Alkhalifa, Elena Kochkina, Arkaitz Zubiaga
2021 pre-print
We propose a novel approach to mitigate this performance drop, which is based on temporal adaptation of the word embeddings used for training the stance classifier.  ...  We propose and compare several approaches to embedding adaptation and find that the Incremental Temporal Alignment (ITA) model leads to the best results in reducing performance drop over time.  ...  Our objective is to update the representation so as to adapt it to the vocabulary change and to maximise persistence in stance classification for any pair and .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3472720.3483620 arXiv:2108.12476v1 fatcat:c2fbwgf63jeezpxrhmj4c5fmdm

Changing Codes and Changing Constitutions

Hoi Kong
2005 Les Cahiers de droit  
Taken together, these features of a code ensure its capacity to adapt to societal change, without having to be constantly amended 21 .  ...  to such change, to amend the code itself or to offer a judicial opinion about such change.  ... 
doi:10.7202/043859ar fatcat:s6rrtbpvnvgbdkxfh2ovyfinqu

Capturing Stance Dynamics in Social Media: Open Challenges and Research Directions [article]

Rabab Alkhalifa, Arkaitz Zubiaga
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Evolving dynamics in linguistic and behavioural patterns observed in new data require adapting stance detection systems to deal with the changes.  ...  Opinion mining is a problem that can be operationalised by capturing and aggregating the stance of individual social media posts as supporting, opposing or being neutral towards the issue at hand.  ...  In our survey we urge for the need of introducing temporal dynamics into stance datasets to allow more temporal adaptability to capture stance dynamics.  ... 
arXiv:2109.00475v2 fatcat:delkpiwdlrgmlljboyjm6v6gpu

Climate change communication from cities in the USA

Constantine Boussalis, Travis G. Coan, Mirya R. Holman
2018 Climatic Change  
While experts generally agree that local level adaptation and mitigation policies are critical to avoiding the worst climate impacts, the degree to which cities communicate climate change issues to their  ...  constituents has yet to be fully explored.  ...  This discourse has the potential to shape public opinion about the need for climate action, the appropriate means of mitigation and adaptation, and the policies relating to climate change.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-018-2223-1 fatcat:vlxgkloworehff6xiaqevcztwu

Explaining information systems change: a punctuated socio-technical change model

Kalle Lyytinen, Mike Newman
2008 European Journal of Information Systems  
It uses sociotechnical event sequences and their properties to explain how a change outcome emerged. The critical events in these sequences correspond to gaps in socio-technical systems.  ...  Such explanations are located in the middle range and thus avoid the highly abstract and stylized closed-boxed factor models of change, but go beyond the idiographic open box histories of singular change  ...  We are also thankful to Richard Baskerville and two anonymous reviewers for excellent comments. Normal caveats apply.  ... 
doi:10.1057/ejis.2008.50 fatcat:uw57ezdt2vhzncd5nhceyh3zti

Policy change and the narratives of Russia's think tanks

Edwin Bacon
2018 Palgrave Communications  
From the point of view of the political science classification of the extant Russian regime, Russia's post-Soviet 'transition' remains to be resolved in terms of its chosen course even a quarter of a century  ...  positions according to its proximate requirements.  ...  Two caveats need to be noted in regard to this comparison. The first relates to temporalities.  ... 
doi:10.1057/s41599-018-0148-y fatcat:jktich3v5zemfbd4ac5f42v6oe

Comparing the provision of ecosystem services in plantation forests under alternative climate change adaptation management options in Wales

Duncan Ray, Stephen Bathgate, Darren Moseley, Philip Taylor, Bruce Nicoll, Stefania Pizzirani, Barry Gardiner
2014 Regional Environmental Change  
We show that the benefits of achieving this will be to minimise most of the impacts that climate change would otherwise have on the delivery of ecosystem services from forests.  ...  To compare the provision of ecosystem services in plantation forests under alternative climate change adaptation management trajectories, we interpolated climatic variables from the UK 11-member regional  ...  Finally, we are grateful to two reviewers and the guest editor for valuable comments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10113-014-0644-6 fatcat:65glhqpuyjhizexsj6dpa3o64q

How institutions and beliefs affect environmental discourse: Evidence from an eight-country survey on REDD+

Monica Di Gregorio, Caleb Tyrell Gallemore, Maria Brockhaus, Leandra Fatorelli, Efrian Muharrom
2017 Global Environmental Change  
The methods applied here build partially on research undertaken by the Comparing Climate Change Policy Networks program (http://compon.org), led by Jeffrey Broadbent and funded by the National Science  ...  The authors would like to express their deep gratitude to our partners and the individual country teams in the global comparative study, without those work in the research countries this comparative paper  ...  or adapt to the impacts of climate change 31 -Adaptation benefits 58% REDD+ is a financially affordable way to mitigate climate change 02 -Affordable 57% REDD+ schemes will be an important  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.05.006 fatcat:m6ohvlfbdvcdzb5ll3gbpfaxz4

Reframing adaptation to climate change in Portugal: the case of ClimAdaPT.Local [chapter]

João Mourato, Luísa Schmidt, João Ferrão, Alexandra Bussler
2018 Changing societies: legacies and challenges. The diverse worlds of sustainability  
Nevertheless, one must first clarify the concept of change itself to be able to analyse what change adaptation could be promoting.  ...  These are mirrored in Mark Pelling's triple tier classification of adaptation as resilience, transition, or transformation (Pelling 2011): • Resilience -This is the most common approach of adaptation so  ... 
doi:10.31447/ics9789726715054.06 fatcat:4skjkfxkmreltckek4gkfrzmoy

Mapping the ideological networks of American climate politics

Dana R. Fisher, Philip Leifeld, Yoko Iwaki
2012 Climatic Change  
For the first time, issue stances of actors are systematically aggregated in order to measure coalitions and consensus among political actors in American climate politics in a relational way.  ...  Next, we present analysis of statements made during Congressional hearings on climate change over a four year period.  ...  In another portion of the testimony, he notes "there would, however, be costs as the economy adapted to lower emissions levels." 10 The coding was performed by human coders according to a prespecified  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0512-7 fatcat:ivzewsd4fzgzjf3ingxaysrocy

Social Change [chapter]

2017 Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory  
made to be modern (Said 1994) .  ...  However, if the social imaginary changes, as it already has and will undoubtedly continue to do, experience suggests that the CRC may be flexible enough to adapt and cope.  ...  From a Freirean perspective, such labor may be worthwhile, to change society for the empowerment of all.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-287-588-4_100987 fatcat:rdu3lglmifgrzgvtv5ankz2sdy

A changing Arctic - dialogues from the North

Dragana Bojovic, Marta Terrado, Isadora Christel, Francisco Javier Doblas-Reyes, Halldór Jóhannsson, Luisa Cristini, Thomas Jung
2018 Zenodo  
Proceedings of the 5th International Climate Change Adaptation Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, 18 -21 June 2018  ...  Improving evaluative capacity within the sector is one way we can understand if efforts are contributing to successful adaptation.  ...  Notes This study is based on data from one project and can only be roughly extrapolated to similar contexts.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2590955 fatcat:6nibfwoohrh63igcehy3m2dgg4

Different contexts, different "stories"? A linguistic comparison of two development reports on climate change

Kjersti Fløttum, Trine Dahl
2012 Language & Communication  
can be made for ambitious action on climate change.  ...  There is validity to these concerns. But the point remains that a strong economic argument can be made for ambitious action on climate change.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.langcom.2011.11.002 fatcat:22uejfunyzatzdlfoufc6skg2e

COURSE OF LECTURES ON THE BLOOD, AND ON THE CHANGES WHICH IT UNDERGOES DURING, DISEASE

1838 The Lancet  
A variety of classifications of these, each based on a different view of the subject, may be easily made; to the following, however, founded on the portion or quantity of the organ which is displaced,  ...  But these are ployed with advantage, especially if the not the only agencies that modify coagula-blood be procured by adapting the point of tion ; there are some substances which pro-a syringe to an artery  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(02)83911-3 fatcat:er47t66abrhmdhc6meum3lcuji

Climate change, the politics of anticipation and future riskscapes in Africa

Detlef Müller-Mahn, Mar Moure, Million Gebreyes
2020 Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society  
Riskscapes, by contrast, are temporalspatial phenomena, which highlight perception, discourse and practice in relation to multiple risks and uncertainties.  ...  The authors review two conceptual frameworks of risk management and apply them to the context of climate change in Africa, based on case studies in Côte d′Ivoire and Ethiopia.  ...  The authors are grateful for the financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cjres/rsaa013 fatcat:7zh3htmdffc5thf5lua5jxeg2e
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