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Ontology-based semantic similarity: A new feature-based approach

David Sánchez, Montserrat Batet, David Isern, Aida Valls
2012 Expert systems with applications  
We also present a new ontology-based measure relying on the exploitation of taxonomical features.  ...  In recent years, ontologies have grown in interest thanks to global initiatives such as the Semantic Web, offering an structured knowledge representation.  ...  Feature-based measures Feature-based methods try to overcome the limitations of path-based measures regarding the fact that taxonomical links in an ontology do not necessary represent uniform distances  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2012.01.082 fatcat:xc5prdrub5grdl3qitwd3a37fe

Models and exploratory models

Fiora Salis
2017 Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A  
In his own words: Just as an experiment does not always serve the function of testing a theory, neither does a model always have to render an empirical phenomenon amenable to subsumption under a pre-existing  ...  For example, in a paper called 'From lamprey to salamander: an exploratory modeling study on the architecture of the spinal locomotor networks in the salamander', Bicanski et al. (2013) present a computational  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.shpsa.2017.04.004 fatcat:lbeffbtajjdipev5ceyu2vj3yu

Ontology-Based Formal Modeling of the Pedagogical World: Tutor Modeling [chapter]

Riichiro Mizoguchi, Yusuke Hayashi, Jacqueline Bourdeau
2010 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
Paying close attention to the importance of modeling tutoring actions, we have developed an ontology of learning/instructional theories, named OMNIBUS, in the ITS domain.  ...  Drawing on our long experience in ontological engineering research, this chapter discusses the modeling of tutoring actions as well as target-world modeling per se, using an example of learning/instructional  ...  these scenarios are based.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14363-2_11 fatcat:z3ovx4r3cjcz3i62maj6vrd4xu

3LConOnt: a three-level ontology for context modelling in context-aware computing

Oscar Cabrera, Xavier Franch, Jordi Marco
2017 Journal of Software and Systems Modeling  
model based on some competence questions; and 3) reusability in existing ontologies by importing the needed module or level of the model.  ...  Context-aware computing is the ability of services and applications to adapt and react to context changes. Context modelling is a core feature of context-aware computing.  ...  ., policies that can change dynamically given the changes of another context information, emergency in the state and status of the patient, etc.). Scenario 10 -Smart call scenario.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10270-017-0611-z fatcat:ufb5hihe4nb7vdc4al4s33zy54

Model migration and rough edges: British actuaries and the ontologies of modelling

Arjen van der Heide
2019 Social Studies of Science  
it is that migrates; and a practice-based view, which focuses on modelling as an activity, and understands a model as intricately entangled with its context of use.  ...  The risk-neutral modelling ontology provided an 'objective' alternative to the traditional actuarial models, which explicitly required actuaries to make 'prudent' judgments.  ...  The case study is based on a historical sociology of the changing evaluation practices in UK life insurance.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0306312719893465 pmid:31808731 fatcat:wsd2aq4pezchfcpasa67xb53fq

Agent-based modelling of socio-ecological systems: Models, projects and ontologies

Nicholas M. Gotts, George A.K. van Voorn, J. Gareth Polhill, Eline de Jong, Bruce Edmonds, Gert Jan Hofstede, Ruth Meyer
2018 Ecological Complexity : An International Journal on Biocomplexity in the Environment and Theoretical Ecology  
We argue that agent-based models (ABMs) are an essential tool in an SES modelling project, but their expressivity, which is their major advantage, also produces problems with model transparency and validation  ...  Modelling choices need to be as transparent as possible, and to be based on analysis of the purposes and limitations of modelling.  ...  Since relationships represented in ontologies may be 705 spatio-temporal, an ontology can encode a spatial layout, or a scenario taking place over time also help modellers to keep in mind that the ontologies  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2018.07.007 fatcat:cb2ajhackzepzaqpopyctrjd4a

Probabilistic Knowledge-based Characterization of Conceptual Geological Models

Júlio Hoffimann, Sandro Rama Fiorini, Breno de Carvalho, Andres Codas, Carlos Raoni, Bianca Zadrozny, Rogério de Paula, Oksana Popova, Maxim Mityaev, Irina Shishmanidi, Anastasiia Gorelova, Zoya Filippova
2021 Applied Computing and Geosciences  
A B S T R A C T The construction of conceptual geological models is an essential task in petroleum exploration, especially during the early stages of investment, when evidence about the subsurface is limited  ...  In this task, geoscientists recreate the most likely geological scenarios that led to potential accumulation of reserves in a target block, based on past experience, historical analogues, and interpreted  ...  to ontology patterns in knowledge bases.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.acags.2021.100055 fatcat:lyooseoug5bvnpy7szuxbjwrdu

Editorial – Agent-Based Modelling for Resilience

George A.K. van Voorn, J. Gareth Polhill, Bruce Edmonds, Gert Jan Hofstede
2019 Ecological Complexity : An International Journal on Biocomplexity in the Environment and Theoretical Ecology  
We argue that agent-based models (ABMs) are an essential tool in an SES modelling project, but their expressivity, which is their major advantage, also produces problems with model transparency and validation  ...  Modelling choices need to be as transparent as possible, and to be based on analysis of the purposes and limitations of modelling.  ...  Since relationships represented in ontologies may be spatio-temporal, an ontology can encode a spatial layout, or a scenario taking place over time .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2019.100775 fatcat:2mp3fbe7eresdob7wdq24yni4q

Concrete utopianism in integrated assessment models: Discovering the philosophy of the shared socioeconomic pathways

Gillian Foster
2020 Energy Research & Social Science  
As an influential methodology and method, the SSPs guide the framing of numerous climate change research questions and how these are investigated.  ...  Although the SSPs were developed by an interdisciplinary group of scientists in a well-documented process, there is no apparent consensus in the literature that answers the question, "What is the philosophy  ...  Supplementary materials Supplementary material associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at doi:10.1016/j.erss.2020.101533.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.erss.2020.101533 fatcat:tti3w4kvlbh53djcrbqy727kne

NLIMED: Natural Language Interface for Model Entity Discovery in Biosimulation Model Repositories [article]

Yuda Munarko, Dewan Mahabub Sarwar, Koray Atalag, David Phillip Nickerson
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
With the Text Feature Index, we annotate phrases resulted by the NLQ Parser (Stanford parser or NLTK parser) into class ontologies.  ...  We also extract class ontology's textual metadata from the BioPortal and CellML and manage it in the Text Feature Index.  ...  BFig. 2 . 2 An annotation of model entity of concentration of potassium located in a CellML describing a mathematical model of the renal distal tubule (Chang and Fujita, 1999) .  ... 
doi:10.1101/756304 fatcat:ovwkizuobree7mfduqyyuu2rke

DoMoRe – A Recommender System for Domain Modeling

Henning Agt-Rickauer, Ralf-Detlef Kutsche, Harald Sack
2018 Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Model-Driven Engineering and Software Development  
We describe an approach in which modeling benefits from formalized knowledge sources and information extraction from text.  ...  Domain modeling is an important activity in early phases of software projects to achieve a shared understanding of the problem field among project participants.  ...  Currently, DoMoRe is used in the context of the AdA project 3 , an interdisciplinary research group in which film scholars work together with computer scientists to support empirical film studies with  ... 
doi:10.5220/0006555700710082 dblp:conf/modelsward/Agt-RickauerKS18 fatcat:y5z2bytw75denorlsces3g5ve4

Definition of a Behavior-Driven Model for Requirements Specification and Testing of Interactive Systems

Thiago Rocha Silva
2016 2016 IEEE 24th International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)  
In order to prevent that test should be written to every type of artifact, we investigate the use of ontologies for specifying the test once and then run it in all artifacts sharing the ontological concepts  ...  For that we propose an approach based on Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) to support the automated assessment of artifacts along the development process of interactive systems.  ...  To answer these questions and to verify our hypotheses, we study in this thesis a new ontological perspective for Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) to describe requirements in a Scenario-based approach  ... 
doi:10.1109/re.2016.12 dblp:conf/re/Silva16 fatcat:wt4bvj4rlzckpne6dytjc2nl4u

Model-Centered Customizable Architectural Design Decisions Management

Lianping Chen, Muhammad Ali Babar, Haiqi Liang
2010 2010 21st Australian Software Engineering Conference  
Architectural Design Decisions (ADD) form a key element of Architectural Knowledge (AK), which plays a vital role in the software architecture process.  ...  between the required model by users and the provided model by the tool.  ...  We sincerely thank the participants of our empirical studies. We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on improving this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/aswec.2010.31 dblp:conf/aswec/ChenBL10 fatcat:eucmxen6iveojkm4lkh5pmd544

The ontological deficiencies of process modeling in practice

Jan Recker, Marta Indulska, Michael Rosemann, Peter Green
2010 European Journal of Information Systems  
We perform an analysis of BPMN using a theory of ontological expressiveness. Through a series of semi-structured interviews with BPMN adopters we explore empirically the actual use of this grammar.  ...  This paper is a first contribution towards a theory-driven, exploratory empirical investigation of the ontological deficiencies of process modeling with the industry standard BPMN.  ...  In particular, it is not clear that conclusions derived from an ontological analysis accurately reflect the way that people employ a process modeling grammar in real-life modeling scenarios.  ... 
doi:10.1057/ejis.2010.38 fatcat:frrskwdr2rcktpbuizv377lqay

Social Modeling and i* [chapter]

Eric S. Yu
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Many different types of models are used in various scientific and engineering fields, reflecting the subject matter and the kinds of understanding that is sought in each field.  ...  Conceptual modeling techniques in software and information systems engineering have in the past focused mainly on describing and analyzing behaviours and structures that are implementable in software.  ...  Most of all, I am deeply indebted to Professor John Mylopoulos, whose vision and open-mindedness made possible my forays into social modeling.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02463-4_7 fatcat:ro2a54uconeedfsdc5ot7lm3aa
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