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Ontology-Based Interpretation of Natural Language

Philipp Cimiano, Christina Unger, John McCrae
2014 Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies  
For semantic processing of natural language with either NLP methods or Semantic Web approaches, the authors clearly favor the latter and propose a strictly ontology-driven interpretation of natural language  ...  The main contribution of the book, driving semantic processing from the ground up by a formal domain-specific ontology, is elaborated in ten well-structured chapters spanning 143 pages of content.  ...  The key idea of this book is to place the ontology at the center of such an interpretation process: The domain and all its relevant semantic distinctions are defined in the ontology, thus the natural language  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00561ed1v01y201401hlt024 fatcat:n6jwt7ot25h5los7vojm5d6osm

Bottom-Up Natural Language Processing Based Evaluation of the Fitness of UMLS as a Semantic Source for a Computer Interpretable Guidelines Ontology [chapter]

George Despotou, Ioannis Korkontzelos, Theodoros N. Arvanitis
2022 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
CIGs languages consist of approach specific concepts. More widely used concepts, such as those in UMLS are not typically used. Objective: An evaluation of UMLS concept sufficiency for CIG definition.  ...  Results: A significant number of the guideline text mapped to UMLS concepts. Conclusions: The approach has shown promise and highlighted further challenges.  ...  Acknowledgements Parts of this work were performed as part of Health Data Research (HDR) UK. The authors have not declared any conflicts for this work.  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti220267 pmid:35673205 fatcat:gpfvljuym5cixnavtxugovpzuu

Towards Building Lexical Ontology via Cross-Language Matching

Mamoun Abu Helou, Matteo Palmonari, Mustafa Jarrar, Christiane Fellbaum
2014 Global WordNet Conference  
We present a classification-based semantics for mappings of lexicalized concepts across different languages.  ...  In this paper, we introduce a methodology for mapping linguistic ontologies lexicalized across different languages.  ...  Mapping Semantics in Cross-Language Ontology Matching This section presents the classification-based interpretation for the cross-language mapping problem.  ... 
dblp:conf/wordnet/HelouPJF14 fatcat:6zxfs5vrnbfpxdv23pqhki6eu4

Ontology-Based Natural Language Query Interfaces for Data Exploration

Chuan Lei, Fatma Özcan, Abdul Quamar, Ashish R. Mittal, Jaydeep Sen, Diptikalyan Saha, Karthik Sankaranarayanan
2018 IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin  
We argued the importance of using domain ontologies and entity-based reasoning in interpreting natural language queries.  ...  Connecting these referred elements produces a unique interpretation for the given natural language query based on the ontology semantics.  ... 
dblp:journals/debu/LeiOQMSSS18 fatcat:66g5cfpznnau5kgw3ah4abgtpi

Ontological interpretation of object-oriented programming abstractions

Arvind W Kiwelekar, Rushikesh K Joshi
2013 2013 IEEE 13th International Working Conference on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation (SCAM)  
The ontological card includes a set of syntactic and relational features describing the nature of program elements.  ...  Assigning ontological categories to OO programming abstractions is a task of ontological interpretation.  ...  In the context of natural languages, the process of assigning meanings to language symbols is referred to as interpretation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/scam.2013.6648201 dblp:conf/scam/KiwelekarJ13 fatcat:sccmjf2dlbgt3ap7mj6oklxkzu

An Nlp-Based Approach for Improving Human-Robot Interaction

Yilmaz Kilicaslan, Gurkan Tuna
2013 Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research  
The paper offers some NLP techniques to uncover (fragments of) the ontology hidden in natural language and to generate semantic representations of natural language sentences using that ontology.  ...  A further claim is that the required ontology is implicitly present in the lexical and grammatical structure of natural language.  ...  interpretation of language is integrative, elaborative and inherently conceptual in nature.  ... 
doi:10.2478/jaiscr-2014-0013 fatcat:3lwusplzw5et5iabjldoukmyn4

Ontology-Based Semantic Classification of Unstructured Documents [chapter]

Ching Kang Cheng, Xiaoshan Pan, Franz Kurfess
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An experimental system has been implemented for the analysis of small documents in combination with a limited ontology; an extension to larger sets of documents and extended ontologies, together with an  ...  In a step beyond the use of keywords, we developed a system that analyzes the sentences contained in unstructured or semi-structured documents, and utilizes an ontology reflecting the domain knowledge  ...  The meaning of ontological terms that are not derived directly from a natural language can still be captured by a natural language.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-25981-7_8 fatcat:zn4kqcevzjgudhwqndd2nlylzu

Ontology Design and Reuse with Conceptual Roles [chapter]

Jakob Henriksson, Michael Pradel, Steffen Zschaler, Jeff Z. Pan
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We present role-based ontologies as an extension of standard ontologies and define their semantics through a reduction to standard Description Logics, such that existing reasoners can be used.  ...  To cope with this issue, modularization paradigms and reuse techniques must be defined for ontologies and supported by ontology languages.  ...  Formalization of Role-Based Ontologies We formalize role-based ontologies in three parts, based on the methodology described in Section 3. A base ontology only contains natural types.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88737-9_9 fatcat:qfcpwswptjgbviuoy3gplvycgu

Work Out the Semantic Web Search: The Cooperative Way

Dora Melo, Irene Pimenta Rodrigues, Vitor Beires Nogueira
2012 Advances in Artificial Intelligence  
The natural language question is translated into its semantic representation and then answered by consulting the semantics sources of information.  ...  We propose a Cooperative Question Answering System that takes as input natural language queries and is able to return a cooperative answer based on semantic web resources, more specifically DBpedia represented  ...  A study on the usability of Natural Language Interfaces and natural language query languages, over ontology-based knowledge, for the end-users is presented in [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1155/2012/867831 fatcat:ujptv336p5fixas2d5aqhlxo24

Representing and resolving ambiguities in ontology-based question answering

Christina Unger, Philipp Cimiano
2011 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing  
Ambiguities are ubiquitous in natural language and pose a major challenge for the automatic interpretation of natural language expressions.  ...  In this paper we focus on different types of lexical ambiguities that play a role in the context of ontology-based question answering, and explore strategies for capturing and resolving them.  ...  More specifically, we will look at ambiguities in the context of ontology-based interpretation of natural language.  ... 
dblp:conf/emnlp/UngerC11 fatcat:wnmow3ondjeb3hfjp2li3xfl5y

Semantic representations for knowledge modeling of a Natural Language Interface to Databases using ontologies

Juan J. González B., Rogelio Florencia Juárez, Héctor J. Fraire H., Rodolfo A. Pazos, Laura Cruz Reyes, Claudia Gómez Santillán
2015 International Journal of Combinatorial Optimization Problems and Informatics  
to interpret natural language queries that contain superlatives.  ...  Despite the large number of Natural Language Interfaces to Databases (NLIDB) that have been implemented, they do not guarantee to provide a correct response in 100% of the queries.  ...  We use ontologies to model the knowledge of a NLIDB in order to interpret natural language queries and to generate the corresponding SQL queries.  ... 
dblp:journals/ijcopi/BJHPCS15 fatcat:2zamzroserce7fvyzpunifu4qa

Educing knowledge from text: semantic information extraction of spatial concepts and places

Evangelos Papadias, Margarita Kokla, Eleni Tomai
2021 AGILE: GIScience Series  
A lightweight ontology anchored in natural language guides the interpretation of natural language texts and the extraction of relevant domain knowledge.  ...  Natural language texts provide a wealth of knowledge about geospatial concepts, places, events, and activities that needs to be extracted and formalized to support semantic annotation, knowledge-based  ...  Stock and Yousaf (2018) propose an instance-based learning approach for the interpretation of natural language descriptions of location.  ... 
doi:10.5194/agile-giss-2-38-2021 fatcat:p3cp5pzu4nar5akd27ztj7et54

Geo-Informatics-Ontology Model: Review One

S.S Pawar, Prof.P.A Jadhav, prof.S.B Nikam, Prof.S.Z Gawali
2014 International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology  
Ontology language module OWL keeps a track of relations in between objects and features presented by them to form a class hierarchy of ontology in implementation domain, concept, and task ontology.  ...  query reformulation, finally to filter queries no natural language understanding to user modelled solution semantic web i.e.  ...  I express my special thanks to Prof.S.B.Nikam and Bharati Vidyapeeth College of engineering pune.  ... 
doi:10.14445/22312803/ijctt-v13p104 fatcat:ci3rqyhwlzhhrkg5oexjom2c6q

Automated ontology-based customer needs translation and representation

Chen Xingyu, Chen Chun-hsien, Leong Kah Fai
2011 2011 2nd IEEE International Conference on Emergency Management and Management Sciences  
We first employ natural language processing tools to pre-process the customer statements.  ...  However, the process of translation and interpretation of voice of customers (VoC) into customer needs statements involves much imprecise information with linguistic vague descriptions.  ...  Lexical terms are natural language words or phrases which are used to map the need and to explicitly represent the vocabularies of different ontology concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icemms.2011.6015830 fatcat:3alcfcuf3bh77inclsuh6vsjyi

Ontology-based Semantic Interpretation of Cylindricity Specification in the Next-generation GPS

Yuchu Qin, Wenlong Lu, Qunfen Qi, Xiaojun Liu, Liping Zhou, Tukun Li
2015 Procedia CIRP  
This paper proposes an ontology-based approach to interpret the semantics of cylindricity specification on the basis of the categorical data model.  ...  This ontology can interpret the semantics of cylindricity specification explicitly.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51475190 and No. 51275192) and National Basic Research Program of China  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2015.04.054 fatcat:pt5wq2lqlvbublopmxssucwd5y
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