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Online division of labour: emergent structures in Open Source Software [article]

María J. Palazzi, Jordi Cabot, Javier Luis Cánovas Izquierdo, Albert Solé-Ribalta, Javier Borge-Holthoefer
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The development Open Source Software fundamentally depends on the participation and commitment of volunteer developers to progress.  ...  In this paper we analyse a set of popular open source projects from GitHub, placing the accent on three key properties: nestedness, modularity and in-block nestedness -which typify the emergence of heterogeneities  ...  Introduction Open Source Software (OSS) is a key actor in the current software market, and a major factor in the consistent growth of the software economy.  ... 
arXiv:1903.03375v1 fatcat:sulzw3m7pbg3zijrrxwpk6cxdy

Piracy as Labour Struggle

Gavin Mueller
2016 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
This paper examines the organization of digital piracy in the context of reshaping labor under neoliberalism.  ...  It discusses the practices by which enclosures of intellectual property are resisted by drawing from literature on the labor process, and examining the historical emergence of piratical practice on electronic  ...  The Organization of Early Digital Piracy As commercial software and computer networking increased in power and complexity, a division of labour emerged among dedicated pirates.  ... 
doi:10.31269/triplec.v14i1.737 fatcat:nb4sdsvb5jg3xjqxoptx3kmpva

Programming Immaterial Labour

Stefano Harney
2006 Social Semiotics  
Marx's opening retort ''labour is not the source of all wealth'' once enjoyed canonical status on the Left.  ...  Because Lasalle in fact writes ''Labour is the source of all wealth and all culture'', Marx retorts only that ''Labour is not the source of all wealth''.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10350330500487844 fatcat:h677ffnzzncj7cwbedj5pxmq7q

Labour commodification [chapter]

2020 Global Justice, Markets and Domination  
These new forces need a new division of natural goods, one in Fausto Corvino -9781839102561 Downloaded from Elgar Online at 11/29/2020 08:13:37PM via free access which individual labourers begin to work  ...  Honestly speaking, it is very difficult to analyse this instance of value creation by looking at labour embodied in the software or in its advertising or its selling -at least exclusively.  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781839102561.00006 fatcat:heepkdxoenapfdf3eyc4w5xx7u

ICT-led innovations in labour administration: Sri Lankas labour inspection systems application [chapter]

Sunil Chandrasiri
2021 The Governance of Labour Administration  
Source: Sunil Chandrasiri and Ramani Gunatilaka -9781802203158 Downloaded from Elgar Online at 12/01/2021 01:18:52PM via free access Table 10 10 .1 Sri Lanka's most important labour laws Name of Act  ...  ICTs can also catalyse and enable 'openness' in the transformation of organizations (Islam et al., 2019) .  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781802203158.00018 fatcat:6mg56dadlbbs3ktdp5fk5vcb3i

The Labour of User Co-Creators

John Banks, Sal Humphreys
2008 Convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies  
The article argues that as a hybrid and emergent social network market these relationships introduce a form of creative destruction to labour relations in the context of the creative industries.  ...  Co-creative relations among professional media producers and consumers indicate a profound shift in which our frameworks and categories of analysis (such as the traditional labour theory of value) that  ...  It bears thinking about if these emergent processes are adopted across a wider set of production contexts -from the obvious examples such as social networking sites like FaceBook and Open Source Software  ... 
doi:10.1177/1354856508094660 fatcat:jvl3ou5ecfhermkfj7esjcsmgq

Exercise as Labour: Quantified Self and the Transformation of Exercise into Labour

Chris Till
2014 Societies  
Secondly, the analysis of scholars of "digital labour" and "immaterial labour" will be considered, which will be discussed in relation to what its analysis of the transformations of work in contemporary  ...  This article proposes a previously un-theorised consequence of this large-scale observation and analysis of human behaviour; that exercise activity is in the process of being reconfigured as labour.  ...  I am also indebted to the anonymous reviewers of this paper, whose constructive criticisms improved it immeasurably.  ... 
doi:10.3390/soc4030446 fatcat:z7pftz2zsnh7vgjq4rfkjvgleq

Academic Labour, Digital Media and Capitalism

Thomas Allmer
2017 Critical Sociology  
In doing so, I engage with the history and context of universities in the next section.  ...  of production, and the impact on the working conditions of academics in the digital university.  ...  from online sources, while those students being educated for leadership positions in the elite schools will be versed in personal and socially interactive pedagogies in which high-powered knowledge, critical  ... 
doi:10.1177/0896920517735669 fatcat:dt22ikw7irf7tn5naw32ke77hu

Market and Labour Control in Digital Capitalism

Philipp Staab, Oliver Nachtwey
2016 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
These strategies have led to the development of in part isomorphic structures, hence creating a situation of oligopolistic market competition.  ...  and that in this process, capitalist labour will eventually disappear.  ...  by enabling a more frictionless global division of labour.  ... 
doi:10.31269/triplec.v14i2.755 fatcat:43xxwsgunnazpds2khzsuacrai

Online labour index: Measuring the online gig economy for policy and research

Otto Kässi, Vili Lehdonvirta
2018 Technological forecasting & social change  
It measures the utilization of online labour across countries and occupations by tracking the number of projects and tasks posted on platforms in near-real time.  ...  Labour markets are thought to be in the midst of a dramatic transformation, where standard employment is increasingly supplemented or substituted by temporary gig work mediated by online platforms.  ...  our colleagues Gretta Corporaal, Sumin Lee, Gina Neff, Sanna Ojanperä, Godofredo Ramizo, Alex Wood and the participants at the IPP 2016 conference and at the Symposium on Big Data and Human Development in  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2018.07.056 fatcat:ewj5o7ub3zd6fmwskfoa3smmgq

Open education and the emancipation of academic labour

Joss Winn
2015 Journal of Educational Media  
In this paper, I develop my critical position that an emancipatory form of education must work towards the emancipation of teachers and students from labour, the dynamic, social, creative source of value  ...  In making this argument, I first establish the fundamental characteristics of academic labour.  ...  in higher education: open source software (OSS), OpenCourseWare (OCW), open educational resources (OER), open education (OE), open access (OA), massive open online courses (MOOCs), and open data are increasingly  ... 
doi:10.1080/17439884.2015.1015546 fatcat:4teox6nw2rg5nh4pezwzi4ovia

Affective Iconoclasm: Codes of Labour as a Human Characteristic

Melissa Gronlund
2018 Open Cultural Studies  
representations of labour today.  ...  It elaborates this thesis with regards to recent videos by Pierre Huyghe and Sidsel Meineche Hansen, and at a critique of social media labour in a lecture-performance by Jesse Darling, which all draw a  ...  labour and gender norms online.  ... 
doi:10.1515/culture-2017-0051 fatcat:ov3zy4aadzbfzpcwqojwyeliem

Young Canadians' Apprenticeship Labour in User-Generated Content

Tamara Shepherd
2013 Canadian Journal of Communication  
Based on case studies of four young Montréalers engaged in creating user-generated content, the author developed the apprenticeship-type model of UGC labour to denote a process by which online immaterial  ...  The 20- to 24-year-old participants' online activity is seen as a non-remunerated training ground, driven by the promise of notoriety that begets autonomous future employment in areas such as fashion,  ...  Unpaid surplus labour emanating from general intellect can be seen in Terranova's account of the sharing of computer code within the free/libre/open-source software (FLOSS) movement; in Andrew Herman,  ... 
doi:10.22230/cjc.2013v38n1a2598 fatcat:pr7qlmbgezfdpf4j7leof6bwsy

Digital labour and development: impacts of global digital labour platforms and the gig economy on worker livelihoods

Mark Graham, Isis Hjorth, Vili Lehdonvirta
2017 Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research  
Building on those concerns, it then concludes with a reflection on four broad strategies -certification schemes, organising digital workers, regulatory strategies and democratic control of online labour  ...  The article shows that although there are important and tangible benefits for a range of workers, there are also a range of risks and costs that unduly affect the livelihoods of digital workers.  ...  The authors are grateful for the help of all of the freelancers and workers who graciously contributed their time, and patiently answered interview questions.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1024258916687250 pmid:28781494 pmcid:PMC5518998 fatcat:y6puyu2s5jfctf2k662xwmcomy

Digital Labour and the Use-value of Human Work. On the Importance of Labouring Capacity for understanding Digital Capitalism

Sabine Pfeiffer
2014 tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique  
This analytical concept of labouring capacity (Arbeitsvermögen; Pfeiffer 2004) is especially helpful to reveal the dialectics in digital work and its sources of value creation (Pfeiffer 2013).  ...  In the tradition of Marx' Grundrisse Oskar Negt and Alexander Kluge in Geschichte und Eigensinn pointed to the dialectical relationship between the use-value and exchange-value of labour, revealing how  ...  The debates during the Open Source movement, involving demands for publishing the source codes or criticism of software patenting, exactly refer to this dialectical movement.  ... 
doi:10.31269/triplec.v12i2.545 fatcat:lcrw5ftjbjhczda6qzrwsrbgbe
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